significance of rural non farm activity in development




Kazi Samiul Hoque Growth and Impact of Rural Non-Farm Activities on Poverty Reduction

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9064 руб.
Non-farm sector occupies a unique position in rural areas in the socio-economic context of Bangladesh. Developing the non-farm sector in rural areas may strengthen the economy, which is characterized by high rate of unemployment. The purpose of the research was increasing the obtainable growth of rural non-farm activities and find out the barriers what are responsible for horrible economy of RNA. To create employment opportunity according to the growthness. In such circumstances, this study has intended to unfold the development of non-farm sector in rural Bangladesh. For this purpose, the existing condition of non-farm sector, how far it would be possible to create employment opportunity in Baghutia Union under Avainogor Parishad, Jessore District as well as the problem of this sector has been investigated. For this study the qualitative and quantitative information has collected by PRA and structured questionnaire method. Here a model has discovered.This model shows the actual involvement of rural non-farm activities and the growth pattern in a particular area.

Mohanty Pritinanda Rural Development Through Gram Panchayat in Odisha. A Case Study

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5902 руб.
Based on an empirical exercise, the book analyses the role of Gram Panchayat in rural development in the context of a backward state like Odisha. It documents the experiences of women in local governance and their impact on aspects of rural development. The study notes the significance of women's participation in Gram Panchayat for accelerating the development process and identifies the deficiencies of the existing system of local administration in rural areas which could be considered for policy options.

Andrew Fieldsend New Sources of Employment in Rural Areas

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8652 руб.
Historically, the economic contribution of rural areas to regions was clear: it was the provider of farm produce and other raw materials such as coal. Rural employment was evidently based on the exploitation of natural capital. Today, natural capital still strongly characterises the profile of rural employment in the European Union but its effect now goes far beyond the traditional rural sector of agriculture. There are in fact four drivers of rural employment and rural economic prosperity, and these can be structured by two complementary analytical directions, namely 'production' based on (a) renewable and (b) non-renewable resources, and 'consumption' by (a) non-residents and (b) residents of a territory, hence 'Rural Europe 2+2+'. Thus, whether jobs are created through farming, mining, rural tourism or by attracting incomers who set up new businesses, natural capital is a common theme. However, the financial, human, physical and social capitals of rural areas must be improved in parallel with this via an integrated, territorial development approach. In this way, rural areas can become part of a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy in line with the priorities of Europe 2020.

Zugravu Gheorghe Adrian, Turek Rahoveanu Maria Magdalena Rural Economic Development

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8952 руб.
The objective of this book is to ensure food security and protection of natural resources which gives them a role that no other economic activity can not substitute. Agriculture is considered by some economists rather than a strategic sector, serving major factor maintaining ecological balance, which is a priority of sustainable development policies. Food security of each nation, increasing the contribution of agriculture to overall economic growth and social development and environmental protection make this human activity have an important place in the economy and politics of the world.

Akampurira Abraham Rural Development

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1689 руб.
Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: A, Atlantic International University (BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS), course: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT., language: English, abstract: Rural areas in the developing world have remained unattractive to the local population. Developing communities face a challenge of making the rural areas comfortable for human kind. The youth have a tendency of moving from rural to urban areas for better opportunities in employment, services and lifestyles. Rural areas have been economically inactive despite abundant resources in these areas. They are deprived of labor in form of rural urban migration to the urban areas for better opportunities. Poverty in rural areas is the order of the day and this calls poverty measures to address this problem. [...]

Baheeg Saleh, Tayeb El-Sayed, Zaki Amina Mites In Farm Manure

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7677 руб.
Pesticides is the main tool that the most farmers use as urgent and effective method to manage pests. Non target organisms such as predacious mites is one of beneficial organisms which play basic and important role in biological control. Therefor, a survey was conducted to identify the species of non-target mites which inhabiting farm manures especially cattle manure, sheep manure and poultry manure. Meanwhile, the toxicity impact of some pesticides that follow different chemical classes were studied to know their activity on non-target organisms under field conditions.

Richard Crosby A. Rural Populations and Health. Determinants, Disparities, and Solutions

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7094.95 руб.
Health-related disparities remain a persistent, serious problem across the nation's more than 60 million rural residents. Rural Populations and Health provides an overview of the critical issues surrounding rural health and offers a strong theoretical and evidence-based rationale for rectifying rural health disparities in the United States. This edited collection includes a comprehensive examination of myriad issues in rural health and rural health care services, as well as a road map for reducing disparities, building capacity and collaboration, and applying prevention research in rural areas. This textbook offers a review of rural health systems in Colorado, Kentucky, Alabama, and Iowa, and features contributions from key leaders in rural public health throughout the United States. Rural Populations and Health examines vital health issues such as: Health assessment Strategies for building rural coalitions Promoting rural adolescent health Rural food disparities Promoting oral health in rural areas Physical activity in rural communities Preventing farm-related injuries Addressing mental health issues Cancer prevention and control in rural communities Reducing rural tobacco use Rural Populations and Health is an important resource for students, faculty, and researchers in public health, preventive medicine, public health nursing, social work, and sociology.

Follow Me. On the Farm (finger trail board book)

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472 руб.
Trace the trails with your finger to join in the stories in these bright and colourful board books. Follow the trail on each page to help Kitten discover all the fun of the farm. This simple, fun activity introduces your child to pre-writing skills and supports early hand-eye coordination development.

Dr. Sushanta Kumar Mahapatra Livelihood pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India

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9202 руб.
The exploration of rural agricultural labour households believes significance, as they represent a vulnerable section of the rural population, whose percentage has increased drastically in almost all the states in India. An important trend in large number of theoretical and empirical studies on the functioning of rural labour markets has been appeared to explain the patterns of income, employment, extent of earning and indebtedness prevalent among these households. This book analyzes the trend in wages, inter-district and intra-district differences in wage rate and gender differences among the rural agricultural labour households in rural Orissa with a view to understand their livelihood pattern. The book also analyzes pattern of employment, income, extent of indebtedness and earning prevalent among rural landless labourers and agricultural households in rural Orissa. Further, the book discusses the prevailing contractual arrangement of the rural labour market. This book would be very useful for students, academicians, researchers, activists and policy makers for understanding the dynamics of rural labour market, wage determination, livelihood pattern and development.

Amanuel Kussia Integration of Population Variables into Rural Development Programs with Ethiopian Case

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2064 руб.
Scientific Essay from the year 2018 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Demographics, Urban Management, Planning, , language: English, abstract: The main purpose of this essay is to examine the integrations between population variables and rural development in general and food security in particular. A critical review of literature and analysis of secondary data were carried out to understand these dynamic linkages. For all nations, people are the ultimate and the only recipient of development results. Even if the population variables are decisive planning inputs, however, they were ignored and treated as exogenous factors in the process of development planning during the 1950s and 1960s. And so, the resultant problems such as poverty, unemployment, inequality, and other social ills were pervasive and deep-rooted in rural areas of the developing countries. The major reason for this tragedy was belived to be the failure of development theories, policies, and approaches adopted during the 1950s and 60s. It was during the 1970s that the issue of integrating population factors into development planning attracted the attention of some international organizations (such as UN) and vigorously advocated since then. Therefore, so as to balance the pace of the population growth and rural development process, all development actors in Ethiopia should adopt holistic and synergetic approaches in such a way that enhance agricultural productivity and boost investment in rural social a...

Kirti Singh, Meena Ramjee Lal, Mandal Pankaj Kumar Role of Social Capital in Rural Livelihood Promotion

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9064 руб.
This book is reflecting the general overview of rural development and at same time reflecting importance of various factors responsible for it, so in the context of development the role played by social capital is of great importance and among the rural people there is the need to utilize it. The research shows how the role played by social capital is vital for rural livelihood promotion. So the main focus of the book will be on rural livelihood's relation with social capital.

Ejigu Belete Rural-Urban Linkages and Livelihood Diversification

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9502 руб.
The study was conducted in Sebeta town and its hinterland. The main Objective of the study was to assess the Rural-urban Linkages and their Implications for Livelihood Diversification at Household level. The findings of the study are concerned: farmers in the rural kebeles are not market oriented as a result agricultural output did not satisfy the demand of some of urban residents in Sebeta. In this regard, hinterland farmers have shown relatively strong marketing interaction with urban dwellers than urban traders. The study also shows consumption linkages in terms of expenditure on urban goods and selected social services. The study shows there is similarity between hinterland farmers and their urban counterparts to recognize and identify pertinent challenges. The study has identified weak backward and forward production marketing linkage particularly the later is almost non-existent. The rural non-farm sector is promising with more than half of sampled farmers taking part in the activity as their livelihood income source though it has undesirable effect.On the other hand, more than two-third of sampled urban households earn an income from a combination of activities.

David Gibbon Tales from an Itinerant Agronomist

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3064 руб.
Tales from an Itinerant Agronomist covers a lifelong dedication to systems thinking and learning in agriculture and rural development. It follows the author’s own experiences, based at Universities and within International Aid programmes, developing farm and rural livelihood systems for small scale farming families. Covering extended time spent at educational and research institutions over the last 60 years; including Trinidad, Tanzania, Botswana, Sudan, Syria, Nepal and Namibia, and short periods in many other countries. The book looks at cross cutting themes including; the role of animal power in small farm systems, the performance of some agricultural and rural development educational institutions: Leeds University, UWI (Trinidad), University of East Anglia (Norwich,UK), WAU (Netherlands), SLU (Sweden) and a selected analysis of some trends and themes in agricultural research. Enriched by the inputs and experiences from many different farmers, colleagues and partnerships, Tales From an Itinerant Agronomist is suitable for readers with an interest in agriculture, farming, rural development, the environment and sustainability.

Singh Rahul Kumar, Doharey R.K., Singh Samir Pratap Study on impact of SGSY on knowledge, income and employment

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8427 руб.
The Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), a centrally sponsored scheme of Ministry of the Rural Development, is the largest credit based poverty alleviation programme in the world. Poverty in India is widespread with the nation estimated to have a third of the world's poor. The Union Ministry of Rural Development launched a restructured poverty alleviation programme, SGSY with effect from 1st April, 1999, which has replaced Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) and its allied schemes viz., Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM), Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Supply of Improved Tool kits to Rural Artisans (SITRA), Ganga kalyan Yojana (GKY) and Million Wells Scheme (MWS). This book will cater to the needs of students and policy makers in the field of agricultural and social science for the teaching, research and extension. Students, teachers, research scholars shall find the book useful not only to learn the theoretical aspects, but also to conduct practical courses and research work in rural development.

Oyuntuya Shagdarsuren Tackling Isolation in Rural Mongolia

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9739 руб.
Mongolia is an isolated country with a large territory and a small population. Population density of an average of 1.5 persons per square kilometre makes economic growth, human development and environmental sustainability a challenge especially in rural areas. Geographic and social isolation affect rural communities both politically and economically. Isolation results in "information hunger" in rural Mongolia and contributes to poverty growing after the country's transition to market economy in 1990. This work explores the opportunity of using information and communication technologies (ICTs) to address isolation and the lack of information in rural Mongolia. The methodology of the research is based on literature review; qualitative and quantitative evidences are drawn from literature, published and unpublished reports, policy papers as well as internet research. This book is intended for students, researchers and professionals in agriculture and rural development.

David Sanka Laar ICT Implementation in Rural Communities in Developing Countries

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5427 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2005 in the subject Information Management, University of Manchester (IDPM), course: MSc Management and Information Systems, language: English, abstract: There has been a gamut of arguments concerning the role of information and communication technologies in reducing poverty and creating sustainable rural development in developing countries. But most of the studies have centred on case study descriptions, with a handful attempting to analyse the outcomes of these initiatives using a framework that addresses the multiple dimensions of the livelihoods of the rural poor. This dissertation takes a view that ICT can contribute to sustainable rural development when it is implemented and assessed through such a framework geared at building the capabilities and assets of the rural folks and improving the links within and between these people and the organisations and institutions that play a role in rural development. It reviews various paradigms of rural ICT in developing countries and goes on to analyse the implementation and contribution of two of such initiatives to rural livelihoods using the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework. The result revealed that such factors, as the perceptions of practitioners, political contentions and policy environments are the major factors shaping ICT initiatives for the rural poor.

Mesfin Belew Livelihoods and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia

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8789 руб.
In terms of poverty gap, the highest value (i.e.0.472) was obtained in Subsistence Agriculture (SA) livelihoods strategy followed by Subsistence Agriculture combined with Off-farm (SAO) livelihoods strategy. Contrary to this, Semi-commercial Agriculture strategy and Semi-commercial agriculture combined with Off-farm activity (SCAO) found to have relatively low poverty gap value i.e. 0.206 and 0.198 respectively, the latter being the least of all. From this we can understand that the average consumption short fall needed to bring those households below poverty line in SCA and SCAO is 20.6% and 19.8% respectively. Whereas, the average amount of consumption necessary to fill the shortfall of the poor from the poverty line is 47.2% and 46.8% in Subsistence Agriculture and Subsistence Agriculture combined with Off-farm livelihoods strategy, respectively

Khan Muhammad Nasir School Causes in Promoting Challenging Behavior in Pakistan

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6027 руб.
Parents have a significant role in behavior development of students.The book reflects the perceptions of parents towards behavior development at secondary school level in urban and rural areas of Punjab province of Pakistan.The study highlights the factors promoting behavior development in secondary school students in Pakistan.The study is significant for parents, secondary school teachers and behaviorists.

Andrei Besedin Secrets of Building Successful Business Plan for Farm and Rural Business!

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602 руб.
Starting a farm and rural business is an exciting and challenging undertaking. But a good business plan is often one of the keys to a successful business start-up. The real value of creating a business plan is not in having the finished product in hand; instead, the value lies in the process of researching and thinking about your business in a systematic way . No matter how small or large your inventory, bank account, and payroll, planning is essential in every business. To be profitable and sustainable, a farm operation must have a clear understanding of marketing, production, labor, and finances. Taking time to anticipate problems, formulate thoughts, devise a strategy, and evaluate your business will help your business be a success successful.To make your farm and rural business successful, sustainable and profitable we have come up with a powerful short book titled “Secrets of Building Successful Business Plan for Farm and Rural Business.” In this book lie some secrets hidden from you about a successful business plan for your farm business. Apart from the secrets we are going to show you, there are some other benefits our product offers. Some of them are:•The secrets are precise and simple to understand so that you won’t have a headache mastering them•It serves as a perfect reference guide due to the great navigation index it offers•When you are done reading, you will be able to keep track of the most important and right things about your farm and rural business•Reading t...

Esukabatti Gopi, Marella Venkatasubbaiah Single Window Co-Operative Credit Delivery System in Andhra Pradesh

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6452 руб.
Co-operatives play a vital and predominant role in catering the credit needs of small and marginal farm and poor living in rural areas. Co-operatives were introduced in 1904 in India with the enactment of Co-operative Credit Societies Act. The main objective of co-operatives is to help the most distressed class of rural people who were exploited by the rural elite for several years. The Co-operative Act of 1912 was passed to improve their co-operative movement which provided for federal co-operatives in India. Ever since, the credit through co-operatives is significant in the country. As a significant part of the multi-agency approach to credit delivery in India, co-operatives, both the short-term and long-term structure hold an important position, especially in the rural credit scenario and have played a pivotal role in the development of rural credit over the years. The geographical spread of the entire co-operative credit system covers over 74 per cent of rural credit outlets

Kurt Lehberger Modernization in Rural Korea. The Case of Cooperative Farming in South Korea 1984

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1939 руб.
Academic Paper from the year 1984 in the subject Sociology - Basics and General, , language: English, abstract: The study shows the socio-economic development in rural regions in South Korea. The agricultural structure and the agricultural constitution are presented and historical peculiarities are shown. The government program Saemaul Undong - the new village movement - is described and its effects critically questioned. The credit unions and other cooperatives are presented and their benefits for the development of the rural population are evaluated.

Anne-Marie Oomen Pulling Down the Barn. Memories of a Rural Childhood

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2814 руб.
Pulling Down the Barn eloquently recalls author Anne-Marie Oomen’s personal journey as she discovers herself an outsider on her family farm located in western Michigan’s Oceana County, in the township of Elbridge—a couple hundred acres in the middle of rural America. Written as a series of heartfelt interlocking narratives, this collection of essays portrays the realities of farm life: haying, picking asparagus and cherries, the machinery of tractors and pickers; but each chapter also touches upon the more ethereal and rarely articulated: the stoic love that permeates a family, the farmer’s struggle with identity, and the way land can shape a childhood. With its rich language and style, Pulling Down the Barn engrosses the reader in Oomen’s memories—setting beauty and wonder against work and loss—and paints a poignant portrait of growing up in rural Michigan.

Stephanie Iwan Flamme Carbon Moments

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1839 руб.
This is a book of poetry written about living on a farm in rural Nebraska.

Laura Stark The Limits of Patriarchy

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4214 руб.
In the mid-19th century, letters to newspapers in Finland began to condemn a practice known as home thievery, in which farm mistresses pilfered goods from their farms to sell behind the farm master's back. Why did farm mistresses engage home thievery and why were writers so harsh in their disapproval of it? Why did many men in their letters nonetheless sympathize with women's pilfering? What opinions did farm daughters express?This book explores theoretical concepts of agency and power applied to the 19th-century context and takes a closer look at the family patriarch, resistance to patriarchal power by farm mistresses and their daughters, and the identities of those Finnish men who already in the 1850s and 1860s sought to defend the rights of rural farm women.

Cheryl De Ciantis Using an Art Technique to Facilitate Leadership Development

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1177 руб.
As a part of the effort to find new ways to promote the development of leadership, trainers have begun to make use of artistic activities. One such activity is the touchstone exercise, in which people create sculptures that represent their vision and purpose as leaders. This report describes how the exercise is conducted, provides examples of sculptures (or touchstones) produced in programs at the Center for Creative Leadership, and considers the effectiveness of the activity as a means of facilitating leadership development.

Wambui Wainaina Juliet Social and Economic Impacts of Rural Women Participation in Projects

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5214 руб.
Rural women's participation in the development process has been the focus of intensive debates by most international fora in the past years. There are good reasons to focus on, and to emphasize rural women's participation in development. The most fundamental reason is that they play crucial roles in both subsistence and market food production in Africa. Not only are women the majority in rural areas in Africa, but they are responsible for more than 50% of all productive activities, even in those households where men are present.

Εugenia Petropoulou Sustainable Livelihoods in Rural Greece.

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6452 руб.
Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 1999 in the subject Sociology - Habitation, Urban Sociology, grade: PASS, University of Manchester, language: English, abstract: This study is concerned with the relationship between rural livelihoods, local environmental knowledge, state promotion of agricultural development and the environmenr in Alagonia and Logga, two rural communities in southern Greece, Messinia. It uses the concept of sustainability within pluralist theoretical framework in order to investigate the claims that the process of state and EC policies operate on the assumption that local agricultural systems in rural societies are homogenous. This thesis questions such generalisation by arguing that the realities of rural people are local, complex, diverse and dynamic. The study argues that social, environmental, political and cultural factors significantly affect the implementation of top-down policies on rural livelihoods.

Olaf F. Larson, Julie N. Zimmerman, Edward O. Moe Sociology in Government. The Galpin-Taylor Years in the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1919-1953

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5002 руб.
From 1919 through 1953, the U.S. Department of Agriculture housed the Division of Farm Population and Rural Life--the first unit within the federal government established specifically for sociological research. Distinguished sociologists Charles Galpin and Carl Taylor provided key leadership for 32 of its 34 years as the Division sought to understand the social structure of rural America and to do public policy-oriented research. It reached the height of its influence during the New Deal and World War II as it helped implement modern liberal policies in America's farming sector, attempting to counteract the harsh effects of modern industrialism on the rural economy. In addition, the Division devoted resources to studying both the history and the contemporary state of rural social life. Sociology in Government offers the first detailed historical account and systematic documentation of this remarkable federal office. The Division of Farm Population and Rural Life was an archetypal New Deal governmental body, deeply engaged in research on agricultural planning and action programs for the disadvantaged in rural areas. Its work continued during World War II with farm labor and community organization work. Larson and Zimmerman emphasize the Division's pioneering practices, presenting it as one model for applying the discipline of sociology in the government setting. Published in cooperation with the American Sociological Association, Sociology in Government preserves the h...

Till Koglin Neo-liberalising the countryside of Skane - the golf course development in Bara

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2202 руб.
Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2008 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Economic Geography, grade: Pass, Lund University (Department of social and economic geography), 66 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This thesis is a qualitative study of the golf course development in the village of Bara in Skåne. The focus of the analysis is on sustainability, neo-liberalism and planning. It is focused on two themes, namely use of place, which involves aspects of social sustainability, neo-liberalism and planning and impacts on the environment/landscape, which involves ecological sustainability and planning/traffic planning issues. Different theories are used in order to analyse the two themes in the context of the golf course development in Bara. The theories used here are built on academic literature about social and ecological sustainability, planning theory and neo-liberalism. Perkins' theory of commodification of rural spaces, Selberg's model of less impact in the environment by traffic, Clokes and Lapping's theoretical aspects of planning and rural planning, Chan and Lee's theory on social sustainability and Marsden's and Buttel's theory on rural sustainability are of special interest in this thesis. The development in Bara is strongly connected to the local environment and to aspects of economic development. It is therefore important to investigate this kind of rural development to see what impact it has on the environmental and...

Willilo Shedrack Wellin Transport Infrastructure Appraisal

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8652 руб.
The conventional CBA in highway appraisal as conducted in developing countries using HDM-4 Model assumes VOC as sole benefits to justify road infrastructure investments. VOC in this case depends on the traffic volume available and/or using a particular road. However, for the road to attract traffic the road has to be in fairly good condition. In developing countries most of the potential roads are rural in nature and in fairy bad condition. Traffic volume in these roads are very low. These roads are vital in terms of transport of farm produce to market, improving farm gate prices, and community access to schools, health,trade and social networks. The conventional appraisal methodology therefore underestimates benefits and/or value for money that would have been realised if rural roads were improved. Similarly,the approach deprives development right of rural community who are the key in improving cities livelihood. This paper therefore presents ways of incorporating socio-economic benefits in road investment appraisal using the World Bank recommended appraisal tool (HDM-4) for developing countries.

Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan Enhancing food security and poverty reduction in Ghana through non-timber forest products farming. Case study of Sefwi Wiawso District

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1752 руб.
Project Report from the year 2008 in the subject Forestry / Forestry Economics, , course: Human Ecology, 38 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Food insecurity and poverty are the greatest global challenges facing the world today. Their redress is an indispensable requirement for sustainable development in developing countries, particularly in Africa. Poverty continues to be pervasive, intractable and inexcusable in the developing world particularly Sub-Saharan Africa. Extreme poverty ravages the lives of one in every four in the developing world (i.e. 1.2 billion people). The farming of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) is being promoted as a potential solution to the current high rates of malnutrition and poor health of the rural population, the degradation of tropical forests and the spread and intensification of poverty. However, the role of NTFPs in rural development in Ghana remains largely undervalued and understudied. This paper examines the contribution of NTFPs farming in enhancing poverty reduction, food security, sustainable forest management, and livelihoods improvement in the Sefwi Wiawso District (SWD) of the Western Region of Ghana. An exhaustive literature review and analysis of field data collected through administration of questionnaires, interviews and stakeholder consultations indicate that NTFPs are an important tool for addressing poverty amongst marginalised, forest-dependant communities in Ghana. 86% of farmers in SWD depend on ...

Stanislaus Steyn Paridzirai Matindike Peasants. Outcry. Recognize Our Strengths to Help Ourselves.

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8102 руб.
This is a case study on the use of the participatory research approach (PRA) by a Catholic development agency amongst the peasants in Zimbabwe. Similar agricultural projects in literature from other parts of the world were critically reviewed using six common concerns on the impact of PRA on rural development. The researcher, guided by a case study design, collected data through observation, interviews and focus groups over a period of a year. The results of this study showed that agricultural production of the projects had improved. But, like in the reviewed cases, there was not enough evidence to conclude that the improvement was due to the use of PRA. Evidence showed that PRA was being compromised in terms of the quality of farmers' participation, groups remaining informal in nature, underrating the liberating force of PRA, local and national structures remaining intact and non-fulfillment of requisites for planning non-formal education projects. It was recommended that application of PRA should use existing community strengths as the basic foundation of rural development.

Motiur Rahman, Sohel Rana Microcredit as a Tool of Women Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh

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8639 руб.
Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world where women comprise almost 50% of the total population, of whom around 80 percent live in the rural areas. Most women in the rural areas are treated as vulnerable and poorest of the rural poor. In this context the women are largely involved in income generating activities to promote economic growth and social transformation. Over the last two decades a number of non government organizations (NGOs) have emerged in Bangladesh to support the rural poor women by providing them with collateral fee small loans. With that loan they encourages the micro entrepreneurship like poultry, livestock rearing, small verities shop, tea stall, hand looms, handicrafts and transport van. Women involvement in microfinance organization and their entrepreneurship activities makes them financially empowered.

Murthy N.P.S.V.N. Regional Rural Banks in Andhra Pradesh

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9389 руб.
Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) plays a vital role in the agriculture and rural development of India. The RRBs have more reached to the rural area of India, through their huge network. The success of rural credit in India is largely depends on their financial strength. RRBs are key financing institution at the rural level which shoulders responsibility of meeting credit needs of different types of agriculture credit in rural areas. The Banking Commission (1972) recommended establish an alternative institution for rural credit and ultimately Government of India established RRBs as a separate institution basically for rural credit on the basis of the recommendations of the Working Group under the Chairmanship of Shri M. Narasimham (1975). At present in Andhra Pradesh five Regional Rural Banks functioning - Andhra Pradesh Grameena Vikas Bank (APGVB), Andhra Pragathi Grameena Bank (APGB), Chithanya Godavari Grameena Bank (CGGB), Deccan Grameena Bank (DGB) and Saptagiri Grameena Bank (SGB). This study finds and concludes that performance of RRBs has significantly improved Post Merger Scenario in Andhra Pradesh.

Fayera Debel The impact of population growth on forestry development in east Wollega zone

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1789 руб.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Physical Geography, Geomorphology, Environmental Studies, grade: A, Wollega University (Didessa District Education Office), language: English, abstract: Deforestation is a growing problem in many parts of the tropical world and one of the affected countries is Ethiopia. The general objective of this study is to assess the effect of population growth on forest resource in East Wollega Zone in general and Haro Limu woreda in particular. The data used for the study were collected from 89 farm households heads drawn from the four kebeles of Haro Limmu district. Probability proportional to size sampling technique was employed to select the farm households from four peasant associations, which were selected by random sampling techniques. Primary data were collected using a structured questionnaire. In addition, secondary data were extracted from relevant sources to supplement the data obtained from the survey. The result of this study reveals that population growth huge impact on forestry development in the ways of expanding agricultural land, using wood as energy sources and satisfying the input requirements in agricultural activity. Respondents use family planning services in reducing the impact of population growth on the forestry development

council Rural organisation Village Life After The War, Being Special Reports Of Conferences On The Development Of Rural Life Convened By The Rural Organisation Council In 1917

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730 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.

Dr. Iqbal Md Mostafa Migration of Farm Workers to Rural Scotland. Equality, Cultural Capital and the Process of Social and Cultural Transitions

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3964 руб.
The migration of farm workers to rural Scotland is an important issue that relates to the existing theories and research in contemporary equality and cultural capital studies, particularly in regard to the exploration of how and in what ways cultural capital theory can be addressed to study migrants equality claims, the examination of how complex equality models can be used for inquiry into the reinforcement of inequalities in cultural capital and the accumulative effects of such inequality. In particular, the experiences of East European migrant farm workers challenge theoretical perspectives that apply a) an approach of equality claim from cultural capital, which emphasize b) equal right to recognition, and therefore, c) focus on entitlement to equal protection against any discrimination. This book, therefore, offers us a way to explore these experiences with a call for attention to be paid to a large number of East European migrant farm workers who have migrated to rural Scotland to work in low paid jobs marked with low skills. Unlike majority members of a population, migrant farm workers often give up their cultural capital and take up low skilled jobs in order to gain opportunities for success in other spheres in their lives. Critiquing such a trade-off approach, if the sphere of migrants cultural capital is invaded and the cultural capital of local workers (native) is acknowledged, migrants are in a vulnerable position. I also argue although migrants achievements are de...

Chourombo Moses Surviving Drought in Semi Arid Regions of Zimbabwe

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8789 руб.
This book "Surviving drought in semi-arid regions of Zimbabwe" is an in-depth analysis of the dynamics of drought in rural communities of Zimbabwe with a particular focus on Negari area in Mwenezi district of Masvingo province.The study investigates the socio-economic needs, formal and non formal strategies that rural communities develop to meet these needs and also assesses the effectiveness of these strategies during drought periods.Scholars of Development Programmes and Disaster Management studies will find this book instructing and challenging. It is also a good resource for students and general readers.

Emerole Christopher Gender Gaps in Income and Labour to Farms and Labour Market in Nigeria

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4802 руб.
Traditionally, households in developing economies have remained source(s)of labour to farms and off-farms.Gaps however, have existed on issues associated with gender on supply of labour to units where such labour are needed.This study empirically has estimated Full-time equivalence of supplied labour and their associated incomes in farms and rural off-farm works.The investigation is a treatise that not only exposed factors that influenced labour supplies along gender lines to farms and off-farm jobs but estimated gender differences in incomes earned by households.It is a study that will be of great value to researchers on gender issues, and advocates of workers' welfare, and policy makers in their efforts to curb indolence and harmonize farm and off-farm labour management.

Chepkurui Musa Role of Human Resource Development for Youth Leadership in Kenyan SMEs

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4802 руб.
This book addresses the role of human resource development in shaping youth leadership in SMEs. The author has attempted to establish a nexus between human resource development and the leadership success of SMEs. Its major significance is improving leadership in the SMEs sector by enabling young and emerging leaders adopt HRD approaches in responding to business competition and steering their business to success.

Thomas Adams Rural planning and development

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921 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "Ottawa, [s.n.]", 1917 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Rural planning and development. A study of rural conditions and problems in Canada.

Uziel Orit, Kanfer Gil, Lahav Meir The Effects of Erythropoietin on Telomerase in Malignant Cells

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6439 руб.
The study described in this book presents the effects of erythropoietin on Telomerase activity and regulation in malignant and non- malignant non-erythroid cells. Erythropoietin's exposure upregulates telomerase activity in a post translational level by the Lyn/SRC AKT axis. Inhibition of telomerase that shortens telomeres abolished that effect, suggesting that erythropoietin's treatment might be given with anti- telomerase compounds to minimize the upregulation of telomerase in the cancer cells.

George W. Doherty Crisis in the American Heartland. Disasters & Mental Health in Rural Environments -- An Introduction (Volume 1)

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1914 руб.
Who will step up to meet the challenge of the next rural crisis?Rural practice presents important yet challenging issues for psychology, especially givenuneven population distribution, high levels of need, limited availability of rural services,and ongoing migration to urban centers. It is critical that mental health professionals andfirst responders in rural areas become aware of recent research, training and approachesto crisis intervention, traumatology, compassion fatigue, disaster mental health, critical incidentstress management, post-traumatic stress and related areas in rural environments.Critical issues facing rural areas include:Physical issues such as land, air, and water resources, cheap food policy, chemicalsand pesticides, animal rights, corruption in food marketing and distribution, and landappropriation for energy development.Quality of life issues such as rural America's declining share of national wealth, problems ofhunger, education, and rural poverty among rural populations of farmers and ranchers.Direct service issues include the need to accommodate a wide variety of mental healthdifficulties, client privacy and boundaries, and practical challenges.Indirect service issues include the greater need for diverse professional activities, collaborativework with professionals having different orientations and beliefs, program developmentand evaluation, and conducting research with few mentors or peer collaborators.Professional training and development issues...

Giorgio Minotti Cardiotoxicity of Non-Cardiovascular Drugs

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13269.27 руб.
Some drugs which are not aimed at treating heart disease have nevertheless been found to have profound effects on heart muscle. Cardiotoxicity is one of the major forms of toxicity seen in drugs and it accounts for most drug recalls and delays experienced in regulatory approvals.In recent years a number of non-cardiac blockbuster drugs such as terfenadine have been withdrawn from major markets because of cardiotoxicity concerns, while other drugs have either been withdrawn prior to marketing or required labelling changes that significantly restricted their use. In Cardiotoxicity of Non-Cardiovascular Drugs international experts describe the molecular mechanisms and clinical read-outs of cardiac events induced by a broad variety of noncardiovascular drugs. Particular emphasis is paid to the preclinical screening of drug cardiotoxicity. Topics include: metabolic targets of cardiotoxicity regulatory aspects translating molecular mechanisms into clinical trials structure-activity relationships in arrhythmias by antihistamines and psychoactive drugs cardiovascular toxicity of antitumor drugs cardiovascular toxicities of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs cardiovascular toxicities of antiretroviral therapies Cardiotoxicity of Non-Cardiovascular Drugs is an essential guide to this important area of drug development. It will find a place on the bookshelves of researchers, regulators and students in medicinal chemistry, drug development, pharmacology, pharmacy and cardiovascular disease.

My First Farm Colouring Book (with stickers)

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506 руб.
Have fun on the farm with this amazing colouring book! Colour in cats, dogs, horses, pigs and more. Also includes loads of stickers for hours of fun! Bloomsbury Activity Books provide hours of colouring, stickering and activity fun for boys and girls alike. Every book includes enchanting, bright and beautiful illustrations which children and parents will find very hard to resist. Perfect for providing entertainment at home or on the move!

Merga Challa Determining Factors and Impacts of Modern Agricultural Technology Adoption in West Wollega

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5477 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Agrarian Studies, Wollega University (School of graduate studies), language: English, abstract: This study analyzed factors affecting modern agricultural technology adoption by farmers and the impact of technology adoption decision on the welfare of households in the study area. The data used for the study were obtained from 145 randomly selected sample households in the study area. Binary logit model was employed to analyze the determinants of farmers' decisions to adopt modern technologies. Moreover, the average effect of adoption on household incomes and expenditure were estimated by using propensity score matching method. The result of the logistic regression showed that household heads' education level, farm size, credit accessibility, perception of farmers about cost of the inputs and off-farm income positively and significantly affected the farm households' adoption decision; while family size affected their decision negatively and significantly. The result of the propensity score matching estimation showed that the average income and consumption expenditure of adopters are greater than that of non-adopters. Based on these findings it is recommended that the zonal and the woreda leaders extension agents farm and education experts, policy makers and other development oriented organizations have to plan in such a way that the farm households in the study area will obtain sufficient education, credit access...

Metalign Ayehu Rural Poverty Situations and Determinants

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9739 руб.
This book is about a problem that matters 85 percent of the Ethiopian population that not only derive means of livelihood from subsistent agriculture but also account for 89.8 percent of the total poverty. It attempts to look at the rural poverty situation by setting both absolute and food poverty line and computing the poverty head count index (P0), poverty gap index (P1) and poverty severity index (P2). The other core area the book managed to cover is the underlying causes of rural poverty. It investigated the role of fifteen independent variables in terms of determining the probability of the units of analysis (households) to escape rural poverty. By and large, the book is beyond doubt important for researchers and development practitioners operating in the developing world in general and those of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in particular.

Thontteh Esther Oromidayo Housing Development in Riverine Areas of Nigeria

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9364 руб.
The essence of the study is to evolve ways for qualitative housing development and maintenance process that will guarantee habitable housing environment for the rural dwellers taking into consideration its riverine features. Furthermore, this study was carried out to enlighten government, non government organization and professionals on the difficulty of housing development and sustainability in the study area. On this premise, this work evaluated the conditions of housing components, infrastructural facilities, its maintenance, type of building and the satisfaction of the rural dwellers with their environment. The results show that most of the houses were not habitable and maintenance of the houses was poor. This is largely due to the riverine nature, ecological barriers, low quality of materials used, lack of infrastructural and social amenities, sanitary facilities and lack of financial resources. Therefore, strategy for improving the standard of housing and its environs was recommended; that government should support the construction sector or organization with the view of introducing appropriate flood resistant products within the income generating schemes of the rural dweller

Mohammed Fedlu Muzeyen The Role of Informal Sectors for Urban Poverty Reduction

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8789 руб.
Informal sectors play a pivotal role in Urban Poverty Reduction and a lot of rural-urban migrants betrothed in the sector. Among many glitches, Lack of start-up capital, working premises, market linkage and credit are majors hindrances the operators facing on. Policy makers and administrators should give emphasis for the informal sector operators. This finding attempts to get a lot of findings regarding informal sector in Addis Ababa. The findings may serves for Academic, Non- Academic Institution and Researcher working on Development as ingredient for their further Studies.

Pelotshweu Moepeng, Clem Tisdell The Pattern of Livelihoods in a Typical Rural Village

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9189 руб.
Botswana's average economic growth rate of about 8 per cent during 1985-2005 is one of highest in the world. A major contributor of this growth was mining which, in 2005/06, had a 41.4 per cent share of GDP. Various government welfare and empowerment programmes indicate that redistribution of the mineral wealth is widespread in Botswana. In this book, we will show that the pattern of livelihoods in a typical rural village has changed and provide new perspectives regarding the main sources of livelihood in rural Botswana as a result of the rapid developments following the 1980s. In particular, this book will show that contrary to expectations, agriculture is not a major source of income to the rural economy for many poor households, but income transfers from out migrants' members of rural based households is now very important. It will also be shown that the proportion of the poor among the rural population that depends on agriculture is smaller than the non-poor, as is that among the recipients of government transfers. This study has revealed no evidence that suggests transfers to rural areas are invested in productive activities..

Villeneuve François Geometric Tolerancing of Products

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13269.27 руб.
This title describes the various research results in the field of geometric tolerancing of products, an activity that highlights the difficult scientific locks. The collection is of great importance for further innovation in the development of industrial products.

Oliver Rogall Microfinance and Vulnerability to Poverty. The Evidence from Rural Households in Cambodia

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2814 руб.
Low income households are faced with various types of risks, increasing their vulnerability to poverty. In Cambodia, conditions of the rural poor - with the majority engaged in agriculture - are characterized by low productivity, limited capacities in terms of land and assets, volatile income sources, fluctuating farm input and output prices, debt and lack of credit worthiness. A microfinance institution operating in rural Cambodia and aiming to offer financial products to a large number of poor households is Angkor Mikroheranhvatho Kampuchea (AMK) Co. Ltd. Through its internal Market and Social Research Department, AMK staff annually collects socio-economic information about selected loan clients (household profiles, cash-flow analysis), as well as non-clients as a control group. Their survey tool includes questions about household's food consumption, main risk sources and coping strategies. The present research study draws information from this AMK survey database. The measures taken are applied to socio-economic cross-sectional data as of 2006/07 and validated with panel data from 2008.A theoretical framework is developed to examine the mechanisms through which the effects of the AMK services on its clients influence the household's ability to manage risk. It includes measurement aspects of a forward-looking concept of vulnerability to identify and capture its linkages to risks, shocks, and risk strategies of rural households. Secondly it incorporates the dynamic a...

Erin Garvey Higher Education and Development in the Global South

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8102 руб.
Globalization has challenged and changed roles for governments, non-profits, and non-governmental institutions for countries in the Global South. It has similarly spawned the births of numerous manifestations of non-governmental institutions, which potentially complement the approximately 7,000-9,000 higher education institutions that exist worldwide. Improving education is an oft-cited goal of many countries' development efforts-including Kenya, in her most recent Vision 2030 plan for development-yet many scholars and students alike fall short when they deem only primary or secondary education as the main avenues to realize development goals. This exploratory, qualitative study considers if Kenyan higher education public or private institutions play a role in the country's development process.

O'Rourke-Lang Christine Observational Learning of Conditioned Reinforcement

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8514 руб.
Observing is one of the primary ways in which we learn. Investigating the kinds of repertoires that can be acquired through observation is the focus of this book. Specifically, the research presented was aimed at answering the question, can a non-preferred activity be conditioned as a reinforcer through observational learning, without explicit and direct contact with reinforcement? Conditioned reinforcement typically occurs when a previously non-preferred stimulus comes to acquire reinforcing capabilities through a history of pairings with a known reinforcer. Two experiments were performed to test whether the acquisition of conditioned reinforcement would occur through observation only for independent engagement in mathematics, which was identified as being a non-preferred activity of the participants. Overall, the results of the research provided support for a new type of observational learning, observational learning of conditioned reinforcement. The findings of these studies have important implications for classroom instruction in that they suggest the significance of the role of observation of peers in the acquisition of conditioned reinforcers for performance and learning.

Preston S. Pattie The Small Farmer Can. Buyer-Led Approach Rescues Rural Bolivian Families from Poverty

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2714 руб.
Rather than focusing on project assistance, this book emphasizes the success of rural Bolivian families to carry out their own productive business activities. This book tells the story of a successful development project through the eyes of a main participant. The author, Preston Pattie, developed a novel business approach to transform subsistence farmers into suppliers in formal value chains. Through the buyer-led, business approach, the USAID-funded Rural Competitiveness Activity (RCA project) reached 20 thousand Bolivian rural families. Half of these families-ten thousand-have or will overcome poverty in a short time. Rather than emphasizing project assistance, the RCA team facilitated efforts of rural families to carry out their own productive business activities. What appears a subtle difference in focus turned a corner that required the re-engineering of virtually every aspect of project implementation. The need to reform so many varied aspects of project implementation was not foreseen, and the path to take in each case was not pre-determined. Instead each aspect of the RCA project became an endeavor for reform to solve problems as they were identified or to improve performance toward reaching targets. "Pattie has boiled down a lot of complex material very nicely, and his writing style is refreshingly simple, making The Small Farmer Can accessible to a broad range of development professionals."― James T. Riordan, author of We Do Know How: A Buyer-Led Approach t...

Md. Mizanoor Rahman, Jayant K. Routray Peri-Urban Economic Transformation of Bangladesh

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8652 руб.
The book focuses on issues and challenges of economic transformation of the peri-urban area around Rajshahi city of Bangladesh. Peri-urban area is the transitional zone between an urban and its nearby rural area. Characteristically, the area is neither urban nor rural but it gradually attains urban characteristics and spatially shifts from urban to rural area. As a result, the economic setting in term of occupation, income, expenditure capacity, land use, land value, infrastructure, living facilities etc. of the dwellers of this area changes rapidly. And this changing process becomes influenced by a number of factors like location, distance from urban center, road network, transportation system, marketing network, employment opportunities, governmental policies and planning and so on. Though, the urban areas have development plan but due to week implementation of plan a haphazard urban growth can be found that reduces the actual competency of the area. So, it is necessary to implement the existing development plan and initiate integrated rural-urban development plan for better, planed and furnished urban development in Bangladesh.

Bhakthavatsalam K. V. S., Mundinamani S. M., Joycy Rani Dasari Impact Analysis of Paddy Culitvation in the Northern Karnataka

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7389 руб.
The key component of sustainable development is resource use efficiency. In this book the practical aspects of the cost of cultivation aspects across the traditional and the On-Farm Demonstration (OFD) methods of paddy cultivation have been recorded in the Indian State of Karnataka where groundwater is the major source of irrigation. Data have been collected from the farmers following traditional method and the practices demonstrated by the Scientists in the On-Farm Demonstrations.The functional analysis shows that the farmers who followed the scientific method witnessed more yield by using lesser amount of resources when compared to the traditional methods of paddy cultivation. The demonstrations played a key role in creating awareness among those farmers who were not aware of scientific practices.The study has emphasized the need for extension scientists to create more demonstrations and educate the farmers in using the resources efficiently.The book would be of interest to students researchers & professionals in the area of agricultural and rural development.

Stephen Reames Rural Community Policing and Religiosity

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9052 руб.
We are living in the era of community policing. Unfortunately, no extant scholarly literature has examined the effects of community policing practice in smaller, rural communities, especially in the rural West Texas area. Specifically, there is a need to broaden the scope of perspectives to gain more in- depth knowledge of rural community policing practice. In response, a survey was administered to both community leaders and law enforcement leaders in rural West Texas to rate their perception on current and future crime problems, police effectiveness, police training needs, and community leaders' involvement in police training. A discussion of two distinct opportunities that exist in rural West Texas are provided. Each opportunity can be combined and provide a duality of criminal justice services for the non-populous areas of Texas and of the United States. The first opportunity exist in a faith-based correctional facility and second in law enforcement training for rural West Texas.

Lawrence Rasberry Thoughts . Tales From A Country Boy

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1702 руб.
A collection of short stories of a country boy growing up on a rural farm in Louisiana with a few personal thoughts along the way.

Christiane Lange Designing the Rural. A Global Countryside in Flux

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2983.81 руб.
The rural is not what it used to be. No longer simply a site for agricultural production for the city, the relationship between the rural and urban has become much more complex. Established categories such as rural /urban and village/city no longer hold true. Rural and urban conditions have become increasingly blurred, so how can we identify and distinguish their specific characteristics? Where is the rural, and what role does it play in an urbanised world? In developing countries the countryside is a volatile and contradictory landscape: legally designated rural areas look like dense slums; factories intersect fields and farmers no longer farm. In contrast, in developed regions, the rural has become a highly controlled landscape of production and consumption: industrialised agriculture coexists with leisure landscapes for tourism, retirement and recreation. This issue of AD investigates how architects and researchers are critically engaging with the rural as an experimental field of exploration. Contributors: Neil Brenner, Christiane Lange, Charlotte Malterre-Barthes, Sandra Parvu, Cole Roskam, Grahame Shane, Deane Simpson, and Milica Topalovic and Bas Princen Architects: Anders Abraham, Joshua Bolchover and John Lin (Rural Urban Framework), Ambra Fabi and Giovanni Piovene (Piovenefabi), Rainer Hehl, Stephan Petermann (OMA), Huang Sheng Yuan (FieldOffice), and Sandeep Virmani (Hunnarshala)

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Some drugs which are not aimed at treating heart disease have nevertheless been found to have profound effects on heart muscle. Cardiotoxicity is one of the major forms of toxicity seen in drugs and it accounts for most drug recalls and delays experienced in regulatory approvals.In recent years a number of non-cardiac blockbuster drugs such as terfenadine have been withdrawn from major markets because of cardiotoxicity concerns, while other drugs have either been withdrawn prior to marketing or required labelling changes that significantly restricted their use. In Cardiotoxicity of Non-Cardiovascular Drugs international experts describe the molecular mechanisms and clinical read-outs of cardiac events induced by a broad variety of noncardiovascular drugs. Particular emphasis is paid to the preclinical screening of drug cardiotoxicity. Topics include: metabolic targets of cardiotoxicity regulatory aspects translating molecular mechanisms into clinical trials structure-activity relationships in arrhythmias by antihistamines and psychoactive drugs cardiovascular toxicity of antitumor drugs cardiovascular toxicities of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs cardiovascular toxicities of antiretroviral therapies Cardiotoxicity of Non-Cardiovascular Drugs is an essential guide to this important area of drug development. It will find a place on the bookshelves of researchers, regulators and students in medicinal chemistry, drug development, pharmacology, pharmacy and cardiovascular disease.
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