interaction of symbiotic fungus with fenugreek



Interaction of Symbiotic Fungus with Fenugreek Interaction of Symbiotic Fungus with Fenugreek Новинка

Interaction of Symbiotic Fungus with Fenugreek

In India, Herbal formulations are preferred due to lesser side effects and low cost. Medicinal plant wealth faces pressure due to shrinking habitats and overuse. Ttherefore in order to cultivate medicinal plants on a large scale new symbiotic fungus Piriformospora indica has been exploited. The neglected but pharmacologically very important crop Trigonella foenum graecum (Fenugreek) has been investigated to find the influence of P. indica on its growth. An investigation to find increase in the secondary metabolites like diosgenin content, bioactivity of glycosides isolated from the leaves of Fenugreek has been done. A novel approach has also been carried out by making a comparison of glycosides isolated from control and P. indica treated plants to find for any change in functional moeity or mass of the compounds. Therefore the book embodies the work based on investigating the interaction between Fenugreek and mycorrhizal fungus and its further phytochemical analysis.
Effect of NaCl priming on germination behavior of fenugreek Effect of NaCl priming on germination behavior of fenugreek Новинка

Effect of NaCl priming on germination behavior of fenugreek

In order to improve agronomic performance of Fenugreek under salt stress, the present research attempts to apply seed priming technique using NaCl through germination and cultivation tests. During these assays, agronomic and mineral parameters were monitored using saline irrigation to test the tolerance of Fenugreek to salinity. First, we determined the optimal concentration and duration of priming with NaCl; for this reason, Fenugreek seeds were pre-soaked separately in two concentrations of NaCl (4 and 6 g/l) for three duration (12, 24 and 36 h). Results obtained showed that the best combination of pretreatment (concentration and duration) giving the best seed germination is a concentration of 4 g/l and a soaking time of 36 h for NaCl solution. Optimal priming combinations (NaCl: 4 g/l, 36 h) were tested on Fenugreek seeds at different levels of salt stress in laboratory and greenhousse experiments. Results showed that, compared to non-pretreated seeds, seed priming improves germination, growth and yield parameters of Fenugreek. Minerals analyzes showed that plants derived from seeds pretreated with NaCl accumulate more minerals than plants derived from control seeds.
Impact of bioinoculants on economically important plants Impact of bioinoculants on economically important plants Новинка

Impact of bioinoculants on economically important plants

India has great potential to increase the use of bio fertilizers. An endophytic symbiotic fungus Piriformospora indica promotes growth as well as important ingredients of the medicinal as well as economically important plants. It has been established as multipotent organism. In view of its immense importance , the aim of this Doctorate (D.Sc.) study was to investigate the effect of P. indica culture filtrate on the growth of medicinal plant Aristolochia elegans and economic plant Helianthus annus as a model to reckon with. It also envisaged studying conditions of bulk production of the fungus in fermenter to be formulated as bio fertilizer for economic use, Characterization of P. indica culture filtrate by HPTLC analysis, Quantitative analysis of microbial rhizospheric flora ,Scanning Electron Microscopy , Protein Profiling of P. indica and plant roots . Every day more and more functional attributes of this fungus are being brought to the notice. The high potential of multifaceted fungus has tremendous applications in future which will be helpful in improving quality of not only plants but also ultimately of food, nutrition, medicine and overall quality of human life.
Molecular mechanism of Antidiabetic Potential of Fenugreek sprouts Molecular mechanism of Antidiabetic Potential of Fenugreek sprouts Новинка

Molecular mechanism of Antidiabetic Potential of Fenugreek sprouts

This book entitled “Molecular mechanism of antidiabetic potential of Fenugreek sprouts” authored by Dr. Omi Laila, Dr. Imtiyaz Murtaza and Prof. M.Z. Abdin provides a strong scientific evidence for the confirmation of phenolic rich fenugreek sprouts as an excellent antidiabetic remedy.. In this study, an attempt has been made to determine the biochemical and molecular targets of phenolic rich fenugreek sprouts for their hypoglycemic effects under in vitro and in vivo conditions, thereby, creating a valuable approach to a develop functional foods with enhanced diabetes preventing properties. This is the first kind of the report where the germination of fenugreek seeds was found to increase their antdiabetic activity many fold than their respective seeds. Through this research, a mechanistic rationale of germinated fenugreek seeds to be used alone or as an adjuvant to current therapies for the better management of diabetes was demonstrated. This study clearly suggests that the 4th day germinated fenugreek sprouts can be incorporated in pharmaceutical preparations for human health or can be directly consumed as a functional food against diabetes.
The Health and Medicinal Uses of Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum L The Health and Medicinal Uses of Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum L Новинка

The Health and Medicinal Uses of Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum L

The plant fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) dedicated for the maximum beneficial use of the plant for mankind as well as in study of fenugreek biology The objectives of this study were to access the nutritional and medicinal values of plant fenugreek. Like the availability of rich essential amino acids content, dietary fibers and minerals which can categorize the plant as a good nutritional source. The different extracts have been tested for their antimicrobial properties in different pathogenic bacterial strains causing skin and gastrointestinal complications. Another objective was to access the genetic diversity among the different genotypes of fenugreek. RAPD based DNA finger printing have been prepared. Operon series commercial primers with 70% GC content have been used for the RAPD. This technique provided us several species specific or cultivar specific markers. The phylogenetic tree prepared revealed the relative similarity and dissimilarity among these accessions. Different markers have been identified which can be used to characterize the germplasm of fenugreek. These molecular markers can also be used for the characterization of specific traits in breeding programs
Interaction between symbiotic fungi, Rhizobacteria and Plants Interaction between symbiotic fungi, Rhizobacteria and Plants Новинка

Interaction between symbiotic fungi, Rhizobacteria and Plants

Understanding microbes is vital to the past and future of mankind and our planet. Without microbes life is impossible on the earth. Research and biotechnological applications of microbes is a fascinating field of science and increasing being seen as a mainstream tenet of biology. The present book focus on mycorrhizal fungi promise to promote plant growth, maintain plant health, bio- protection against diseases, production with reduced fertilizer, pesticides and nutrient acquisition. The book for researchers and students involved the study of symbiotic microorganisms and plant microbe interactions. The book will be useful for the basic research, biotechnological applications and development of commercial products.
Phage typing and symbiotic effectiveness of lentil Rhizobium Phage typing and symbiotic effectiveness of lentil Rhizobium Новинка

Phage typing and symbiotic effectiveness of lentil Rhizobium

Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik) is one of the most rewarding rabi pulse crops in India and encloses inside its root nodules the microsymbiont Rhizobium leguminosarum. The crop is mostly cultivated in marginal or less fertile lands under rainfed condition, nodulated by soil rhizobia which vary greatly in infectivity and symbiotic effectiveness. Rhizobial inoculation gives variable response to lentil biomass and grain yield. Traditionally, isolation, testing, and selection of single strains with desired properties approach were applied for inoculant development. But still selection of strains is hampered even though the cracking of nodulation and N2-fixation genes in rhizobia. Various abiotic and biotic factors are known to influence the survival of root nodule bacteria in soil. Rhizobiophages are one of the potent biotic factors which play an important role in determining the survival, infectivity, and effectiveness of rhizobial strains in soil. This book currently provide the information regarding selection and the symbiotic performance of isolated phage susceptible/ resistant indigenous rhizobial strains and their interaction with host.
Solvatochromism, Molecular & ionic Recognition: Photophysical Aspect Solvatochromism, Molecular & ionic Recognition: Photophysical Aspect Новинка

Solvatochromism, Molecular & ionic Recognition: Photophysical Aspect

This book deals with a systematic study of (i) Solvation effect in neat solvents, (ii) Supramolecular interaction with fullerenes and (iii) EDA interaction with metal ions involving four different classes of fluorescent probes viz., saturated b-diketones (dk) – dye I, boron diketonate complexes (bf) – dye II, pyrromethene laser dyes (PM) – dye III and meso-tetraphenylporphyrins (TP) – dye IV. Density based theoretical (DFT) calculations of some photophysical parameters for the dye systems were attempted for providing justification in support of host–guest or donor–acceptor type of interaction and the corresponding energies have been calculated, together with molecular orbital and electron density mappings to locate the probable sites of interaction. The rationale behind undertaking the work has been to explore the role of fluorescence probes in terms of the three above mentioned ways of weak interaction.
Diversity of Trigonella in India Diversity of Trigonella in India Новинка

Diversity of Trigonella in India

Fenugreek presents an in-depth review on the Genus Trigonella and particularly the species foenum-graecum. The chemical constituents of the species of Trigonella and the pharmacological properties of seeds are also discussed. In this piece of work one hundred two (102)diverse genotypes of fenugreek has been discussed under the following heads; Introduction, Review literature, Material & Methods, Result, Discussion and Summary.
Field efficiency of B. japonicum on Soybean in Central India Field efficiency of B. japonicum on Soybean in Central India Новинка

Field efficiency of B. japonicum on Soybean in Central India

Soybean has played a significant contribution to the yellow revolution in India.The productivity of this crop is affected by many factors viz. crop genetics, nutrient management and climatic factors. For sustaining the crop productivity under the modern intensive agriculture system, it is imperative to adopt integrated nutrient management approach including inoculation with Biofertilizers. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF) resulting from mutual beneficial interaction between soybean and root nodule bacteria (Rhizobium) provides the major part of the nitrogen nutrition of legumes and is an environmentally benign process. this book is written with objective to evaluate the field efficacy of B. Japonicum strain of various geographical area of Central India in Soybean crop. this book is divided into different chapter viz., Introduction, Review of Literature, Materials and Method, Results and discussion, Summery and Conclusion, References with with fine interpretation.
Fenugreek & Flax Seeds Mucilages Used as a Pharmaceutical Binder Fenugreek & Flax Seeds Mucilages Used as a Pharmaceutical Binder Новинка

Fenugreek & Flax Seeds Mucilages Used as a Pharmaceutical Binder

The objective of the present investigation was to isolate, characterize and compare the Pharmaceutical applications of mucilage isolated from flax seed (Linum Usitatissimum L.) and fenugreek seed (Trigonella foenum graceum L.). Flax is an annual plant of the linaceae family and fenugreek is an annual herb of leguminosae family. These plants have been used since very long time for their medicinal values. Both these plants contain natural polysaccharides which have been employed as food and pharmaceutical excipients because of their bio-compatibility, biodegradability, easy availability and low cost. Fenugreek seeds and flax seeds produce high viscosity mucilage at low concentration levels. The FNM and FXM can be incorporated as a binder, disintegrant, suspending agent, emulsifying agent, direct compression polymer, matrixing agent in novel drug delivery systems.
Identification Of High Seed Yielding And Stable Fenugreek Mutants Identification Of High Seed Yielding And Stable Fenugreek Mutants Новинка

Identification Of High Seed Yielding And Stable Fenugreek Mutants

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) was recently introduced to western Canada as a forage crop. To reach its full potential, high yielding, early maturing fenugreek cultivars that produce good seed yield and quality within 100 frost free days need to be developed. In this study, mutation breeding approach was used on five locally adapted fenugreek genotypes to generate variants showing improved seed yield and yield attributing traits that can be used for cultivar development. Mutant generations of these plants were evaluated in multi-location, multi-year trials, and individual plants were selected for high seed and biomass yield. Seeds from a tetraploid fenugreek line and its diploid parent Tristar were grown under multiple environments to understand effect of environment on seed oil content. In addition, mold resistant fenugreek genotypes were identified by screening a collection of fenugreek accessions against a destructive fungal pathogen Cercospora traversiana.
Interaction of Children with Deafblindness in Kenyan Special Schools Interaction of Children with Deafblindness in Kenyan Special Schools Новинка

Interaction of Children with Deafblindness in Kenyan Special Schools

The purpose of the study was to gather information about the social interaction of children with Deafblindness.A qualitative approach and case study, with interviews, combined with observation plus document analysis were used. Results indicated that the interaction of children with Deafblindness varied both in quality and quantity, among themselves and those around them. There is need for intervention strategies by caregivers at all levels of social development and communication. A qualitative "here" and "now" interaction and further research are needed to investigate both aspects of physical and social environment, and the interactive process between the individual with Deafblindness and the environment
Potential Modeling for Laser-Solid Interaction Zone Potential Modeling for Laser-Solid Interaction Zone Новинка

Potential Modeling for Laser-Solid Interaction Zone

A model is proposed to provide an estimation of the temporal and spatial changes of the potential within the interaction zone between laser and metal surface. The model depends on the real experimental data which were measured around the interaction zone. This model provides an estimation of the charge involved and considers the presence of the hole created by the interaction. It provides for - the first time - the spatial and the temporal variation of the potential which reflects the electric forces and temperature at the interaction zone. It also gives a clear insight of the position of the Knudsen layer. The estimated maximum potential is more than ten times the potential at the surface boundary. This implies that surface potential is due to the interaction of the surface with the plasma rather than the usually believed thermionic emission.
Fusarium oxysporum Fusarium oxysporum Новинка

Fusarium oxysporum

In this investigation, Fusarium oxysporum produced an Acid Protease with optimum activity at pH 6.0. This fungus is rampant in the tropics and can be easily isolated from infected tomato fruits. The industrial production of acid proteases can be encouraged using tomato fruits as substrate for growth of this fungus. Summarily, by engaging procedures reported in this current study, the enzyme can be purified.
Aureobasidium pullulans Aureobasidium pullulans Новинка

Aureobasidium pullulans

Aureobasidium pullulans, popularly known as black yeast, is one of the most widespread saprophyte fungus associated with wide a range of terrestrial and aquatic habitats, in temperate and tropical environment. It is a polymorphic fungus able to grow in single yeast-like cells or as septate, polykaryotic hyphae showing synchronous conditions, with budding cells. This fungus has been exploited potentially for commercial production of various enzymes (amylase, xylanase, and pectinase etc.), single cell protein, alkaloids and a polysaccharide namely pullulan. In the light of the above facts, this review article has emphasized on the orientation, morphology, biochemical characteristics, habitats and its economic potentials with special reference to pullulan.
Interaction of Eugene O'Neill's Characters with Their Living Space Interaction of Eugene O'Neill's Characters with Their Living Space Новинка

Interaction of Eugene O'Neill's Characters with Their Living Space

This book explores the interaction of Eugene O’ Neill’s characters with their living space which includes their interaction with the audience, the world outside that they envision through the opening of a window or a door; and their interaction with every object that is present on stage. This interaction does have a psychological and metaphysical impact on the characters. Even the costumes they wear and the books that they possess have a specific purpose. These unleash the mood and the psychological outlook of the characters. A mere change in costume often tells us about the change in psychological outlook. The objective of this book is to explore this psychological and metaphysical outlook of the characters in selected plays of O’ Neill. The first chapter gives a detailed introduction of the research work. In second chapter, O’Neill’s use of dramatic space is explored. The third chapter focuses on metaphysical interaction of characters with their space and the fourth chapter entails psychological impact.
AMF germplasm AMF germplasm Новинка

AMF germplasm

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus suggest that most fungihave disparate fatty acid profiles and that this maybe a reliable technique to characterize the differentisolates of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus even whilecellular fatty acid composition has already proven tobe valuable method in the differentiation andidentification of bacteria and fungi.Fatty acidcomposition of a fungus can provide valuabletaxonomic information.
Mycorrhizal Symbiosis: Cellular and molecular basis Mycorrhizal Symbiosis: Cellular and molecular basis Новинка

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis: Cellular and molecular basis

Mycorrhizae are indigenous to soil and plant rhizosphere and potential tools for sustainable agriculture. Endomycorrhizae are symbiotic root-fungus associations, formed by nearly more than 80% of terrestrial plants. These symbioses are characterized by bi-directional movement of nutrients where carbon flows to the fungus and inorganic essential nutrients move to the plants, thereby providing a critical linkage between the plant root and soil. As a result, endomycorrhizal plants are often more competitive and better able to tolerate environmental stresses than are non-mycorrhizal plants. In this connection, these symbioses play a key role in natural and agricultural ecosystems through major functions in the enhancement of plant phosphorus and other nutrients, soil fertility & conservation, water economy, alleviation of salt stress, reducing the heavy metal toxicity and biocontrol of pathogenic soil microorganisms.In this book we attempt to present new strategies that might increase functions of these endomycorrhizal fungi with the associated economic plants.This includes the incorporation of specific genes known to up-regulate the VA mycorrhizal interactions with their plant hosts.
Some Biochemical Attributes Of Fenugreek: Some Biochemical Attributes Of Fenugreek: Новинка

Some Biochemical Attributes Of Fenugreek:

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) is an important annual plant belongs to the family Fabaceae. The plant is cultivated worldwide as a semi-arid crop and is used as an herb (dried or fresh leaves), as a spice (seeds), as a vegetable (fresh leaves, sprouts) and herbal medicine (diabetes). Over the last two decades, the scenario had been tremendously changed in consumer use of antioxidants for reducing risk of disease prevention and ailments and are essential dietary factors. So, keeping this view in mind an effort had been taken to enrich the leafy vegetable of the plant with enzymatic and non enzymatic antioxidants and increase seed yield by the supplement of micronutrients (Zn, Mo) and fertilization with vermicompost. In this book, a keen observation had been noted how the antioxidant quantity is changed with the growth of plant. Climatic conditions may vary by place to place but if the book is followed during the cultivation of fenugreek for different doses of treatments and treatment combination then it may be helpful to the researchers and farmers for better production in quality and quantity.
Hypoglycemic activity and Storage Quality of Fenugreek Sprouts Hypoglycemic activity and Storage Quality of Fenugreek Sprouts Новинка

Hypoglycemic activity and Storage Quality of Fenugreek Sprouts

Sprouts are organic foods that are now-a-days gaining a great deal of importance as functional foods. Such types of foods possessing bioactive ingredients have been associated with prevention of oxidative stress related diseases like diabetes and hypertension. In the current study two different cultivars of fenugreek viz. ‘Methi local’ and ‘Methi Shalimar Improved’ were analyzed for the effect of food grade nano particle Chitosan, Folic acid and Vitamin C on the physio-chemical as well as overall antidiabetic activity of fenugreek at different stages of sprouting. Mr. Anwar Hussain is the author of the book. Dr Imtiyaz Murtaza, is the coauthor and major guide of the student. He is an internationally recognized Biochemist and Molecular biologist having 15 years teaching experience, PhD from Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi, published 50 research articles, Visiting Scientist in Universities of Wisconsin, USA & Zurich, Switzerland and initiated Masters in Biochemistry at SKUAST
Rotor-Stator Interaction in Radial Turbomachines Rotor-Stator Interaction in Radial Turbomachines Новинка

Rotor-Stator Interaction in Radial Turbomachines

The interaction between rotating and stationary parts affects the flow field inside both components, modifying the machine performance in terms of operating stability, structural vibrations, noise and pressure pulsations. The aim of this book is to improve the understanding of the rotor-stator interaction phenomena with an extensive in-depth investigation of their characteristics, origin, development and effects on the machine performance. An unusual acoustical approach, aimed at identifying a possible connection between noise emissions and inner fluid-dynamics, was proposed and combined with a PIV experimental analysis in order to study the unsteady flow phenomena developing inside the pump vaned diffuser. These analysis, coupled with a numerical analysis on the same turbomachine, allowed to analyze in-depth the effects of the rotor-stator interaction on the machine flow field and hence on its performance.
Gamma-Rays Interaction with Building Materials Gamma-Rays Interaction with Building Materials Новинка

Gamma-Rays Interaction with Building Materials

Since the discovery of gamma rays, its uses are ever increasing in different fields such as in medicine, industry, agriculture, observational astronomy etc. Hence, there is a dire need of systematical study of the gamma ray interaction processes in different type of materials. For the use of a material at the place of radiation application, one must be acquainted with the basic knowledge of the related interaction phenomena that are occurring in a material. The present work deals with the interaction of medium energy gamma radiations with building materials. The gamma ray interaction parameters viz. mass attenuation coefficient, effective atomic number, buildup factor have been studied. Alongwith the computational work of these parameters, there is good amount of experimental work concerning the studies of transmitted photon spectra of Hg-203, Cs-137 and Co-60 isotopes in building materials. The main emphasis has been given on the contribution of multiple Compton scattering of gamma rays in transmitted photon spectra through the building materials. For present studies, the materials selected are the building materials, which always protect the us from the radiation exposure.
Semantics Enabled Interaction Semantics Enabled Interaction Новинка

Semantics Enabled Interaction

Interaction has been considered as one of the most important activities in human’s life from the antiquity to the modern times. The revolution of information technology has led to the emergence of electronic interaction that involves machines to support and facilitate humans' interaction. Though the research on electronic interaction has achieved large advances in the last decades, there are still critical and challenging problems especially with regards to semantic interaction. Namely, little attention has been paid to devise technology that reflects humans’ natural interaction. Humans need a smart technology that reasons and acts on behalf of them and, consequently, minimize their effort. In order to reflect the human natural interaction, one core problem to face is the semantics in human interaction. In this work, we study the semantics enabled interaction. Our ultimate goal is to develop a technology that maximizes the reflection of human natural way of interacting. We present a theory of the semantic enabled interaction by capturing its definition, procedure and semantics.
Magnetohydrodynamics Some MHD Fluid Flow Problems Magnetohydrodynamics Some MHD Fluid Flow Problems Новинка

Magnetohydrodynamics Some MHD Fluid Flow Problems

When a conducting fluid moves in a magnetic field, electrical fields are induced in the fluid which in turn result in the flow of electric currents. The interaction of the currents with the magnetic fields results in forces which effect the fluid flow pattern and modifications in the magnetic field distributions. The study of this complicated interaction of moving conducting fluid with the magnetic field is the science of MHD which is described by the electromagnetic field equations of Maxwell along with the equations of the fluid dynamics.
Dynamic Soil-Structure Interaction Dynamic Soil-Structure Interaction Новинка

Dynamic Soil-Structure Interaction

Structures have always been constructed over the soil/ground either they are buildings, dams, transportation infrastructure etc. This means the foundations of such structures have always to come in contact with the various types of soil, depending upon the location and geology of the area. Such a study about this interaction between soil & structure is called as Soil-Structure Interaction. The importance of this study becomes more crucial and significant when such structure exists in areas prone to Natural Hazards like High Seismic Zones or High Flooding Areas. The prime focus of this research study is also to consider the interaction between soil & foundation in case of a seismic event and its influence on the structure which than can be described as a study of Soil-Foundation-Structure Interaction.
Effect of some ecological factors on entomopathogenic nematodes Effect of some ecological factors on entomopathogenic nematodes Новинка

Effect of some ecological factors on entomopathogenic nematodes

Biological control of pests using EPN is gaining popularity in the recent past, as it has long-term effect without harmful effects on non-targets. These are highly virulent potential bioagents with broad host range which can bring about quick kill of target insect pests. The EPN can easily be cultured and applied using standard defined methods application equipments. They are compatible with many chemical pesticides and can be incorporated as an important component in the Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) mainly belong to Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae family. The EPNs have symbiotic association with gram positive bacteria (Xenorhabdus spp. with Steinernematids or Photorhabdus spp. with Heterorhabditids). These EPNs normally enter the host through natural openings and release the symbiotic bacteria in the insect haemocoel. The bacteria in turn kills host insect by causing septicemia within 24-48hrs.
Prospective bio-inoculants for Pongamia cultivation Prospective bio-inoculants for Pongamia cultivation Новинка

Prospective bio-inoculants for Pongamia cultivation

Pongamia pinnata (Synonym Millettia pinnata) is a viable source of oil for the mushrooming biofuel industry, source for agro-forestry, urban landscaping, and the bio-amelioration of degraded lands. It also helps in maintaining soil fertility through symbiotic nitrogen-fixation. In promoting the benefits of Pongamia pinnata in agriculture, development of Rhizobial and Arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculants is an added advantage as Pongamia was known for its symbiotic association with microbes. In this book, we described how the rhizobia have been isolated, characterized for their abiotic stress tolerance and plant growth promoting traits. This also deals with consortia formulation of bio-inoculants for sustainable cultivation of Pongamia pinnata.
Genetic Diversity and Genotype by Environment Interaction Genetic Diversity and Genotype by Environment Interaction Новинка

Genetic Diversity and Genotype by Environment Interaction

This book provides statistical and biometrical procedures to analyze genetic diversity and genotype by environment interaction. It is organized into seven chapters: Introduction, Literature review,Geographical patterns of morphological variation, Biochemical diversity analysis, Genetic diversity analysis, Genotype by environment interaction and Summary and conclusion. Literature review deals with phenotypic diversity analysis, Morphological characters as markers, Biochemical composition, DNA molecular markers, Genotype by environment interaction and stability analysis. Geographical pattern of morphological variation will help to study organization of genetic resources based on morphological diversity. Biochemical diversity analysis will asses variation in biochemical variability of genetic resources for selection and hybridization. Genetic diversity analysis will assist for organization of genetic resources and identification of parents for crossing. Genotype by environment interaction compares univariate, bivariate and multivariate stability statistics. This book will be a practical guide for graduate students and researchers.
Numerical simulation of interaction of short pulse lasers with plasma Numerical simulation of interaction of short pulse lasers with plasma Новинка

Numerical simulation of interaction of short pulse lasers with plasma

Development of high power lasers opened a new era of scientific innovations. Now it is possible to study the matter properties under extreme conditions applicable to large number of potential applications. The field of laser-plasma interaction is very vast and wealthy in content. In this thesis we present three basic aspects related to the subject.We have developed a new model for laser interaction with solid targets which is applicable for the laser pulse duration ranging from femtoseconds to picoseconds. The benchmarking of the model is done by testing various special cases. The absorption model is coupled with one dimension radiation hydrodynamics, opacity and equation of state data in order to simulate various experiments. The interaction of laser with atomic cluster is also investigated in this monograph. A new hydrodynamic model for laser cluster interaction is presented. Our model takes into account the radial non-uniformity of the expanding cluster under the influence of incident laser. Finally the laser induced ion acceleration is also studied using one dimensional particle-in-cell code.
An Exploration of Interpersonal functions An Exploration of Interpersonal functions Новинка

An Exploration of Interpersonal functions

If you are fed up with sole speaker teachers, this book sheds light on the learner-learner interaction and teacher-learner interaction. To this end, Hyland's model has been adopted to explore the stance and engagement of Iranian Advanced EFL classroom interactions. learner-learner interaction as the Cinderella of most language classes has been explored to look for any existent pattern. This may pave the ground for the teachers to trigger the authentic learner-learner interaction.
Jenefer Philp Focus on Oral Interaction Jenefer Philp Focus on Oral Interaction Новинка

Jenefer Philp Focus on Oral Interaction

Explores the role of oral interaction for second language learning from cognitive, social, pedagogical and linguistic perspectives, with a focus on research relevant to English language learners aged 5-18 in a variety of classroom contexts.
Effect of mutagens on a medicinal plant Trigonella foenum-graecum L Effect of mutagens on a medicinal plant Trigonella foenum-graecum L Новинка

Effect of mutagens on a medicinal plant Trigonella foenum-graecum L

Aim of the study to improve the genetic variability of a medicinal plant Trigonella foenum-garecum L. through the mutation breeding. After the treatment of mutagens (MMS and SA) it concluded that lower and moderate concentrations of chemical mutagens proved to be efficient in increasing the genetic variability for yield oriented selection in fenugreek and the isolated variants possessed desirable characters associated with higher yield, may be evaluated in future generations for promising performance. Thus the genetic variability induced by mutagenesis may be effectively exploited for the improvement of fenugreek.
Interface for Web interaction with Microsoft Kinect Sensor Interface for Web interaction with Microsoft Kinect Sensor Новинка

Interface for Web interaction with Microsoft Kinect Sensor

Not only in the field of entertainment, there are thousand of projects that are using Microsoft Kinect for Computer-Human interaction; there are many companies which are investing a considerable amount of resources, trying to solve real life problems or developing new products using this fantastic device. Discover in this work, one proposal of using Kinect and JavaFX for Web interaction in the area of Manufacturing Execution Systems.
Social Interaction in Mathematics Classroom Social Interaction in Mathematics Classroom Новинка

Social Interaction in Mathematics Classroom

In Ethiopian context, most of the studies on classroom interaction attempted to investigate the interaction pattern using the vast known Flanders’s Interaction Analysis. These studies focused on investigating the freedom and control of the teacher on the learners. However, it is this explanatory qualitative case study which attempted to investigate the nature of mathematics classroom interaction in city Secondary School, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It took the existing mathematics classroom social norms to understand the nature of interaction in to consideration. It aimed to find out and examine factors that could influence teacher-student and student-student interaction from the social constructivists and symbolic interactionists perspectives. This study focused on the nature of interactions that occurred during regular mathematics classroom activities. The study offers empirical and theoretical reflections on the nature of classroom interaction.
Laccase from a salt tolerant fungus - Potential applications Laccase from a salt tolerant fungus - Potential applications Новинка

Laccase from a salt tolerant fungus - Potential applications

This book gives an account into the production of laccase by a salt tolerant fungi Trichoderma viride and its potential application. The coconut husk retting zone in the estuaries of Kerala, India, a saline environment highly polluted with phenolic compounds, was selected for isolating the fungus. Purification and characterization of laccase, its immobilization and utilization in bioremediation process was given prime importance.
Reality Technologies and Tangible Interaction Reality Technologies and Tangible Interaction Новинка

Reality Technologies and Tangible Interaction

As the computer applications are growing day by day, the demand to interact with them, in an intuitive manner, is increasing. Along with traditional input devices like mouse or keyboard new devices are continuously emerging which provide unique ways of interaction. Certain of these devices exploit the concepts of Augmented Reality (AR) and Tangible User Interfaces (TUIs). Thus, in order to better understand those devices and the interaction involved, it is first required to know the basic concepts behind AR and TUIs. This book “Reality Technologies and Tangible Interaction: A Quick Start Guide” covers these aspects at basic level. The ideas behind AR and TUIs and their merger – which is Tangible Augmented Reality (TAR) – are described and are backed-up with comprehensive literature review. This book acts a simple quick start guide and points to further related resources. This book could be a valuable resource for people working in the domain of human computer interaction, augmented reality, interaction design, and the beginners in the field of tangible and augmented interaction.
Nonverbal Communication in Mandarin Chinese Talk-in-Interaction Nonverbal Communication in Mandarin Chinese Talk-in-Interaction Новинка

Nonverbal Communication in Mandarin Chinese Talk-in-Interaction

Based on naturally occurring audio-video data collected from adult Mandarin Chinese speakers, this book features the first extensive studies of nonverbal aspects of Mandarin Chinese talk-in-interaction with focus on the communicative and pragmatic functions of nonverbal actions used in interaction. The nonverbal forms and functions in Mandarin context are discussed with reference to established categorization of emblems, illustrators, regulators, adaptors and emotional expressions. Nonverbal actions like gaze, head nod, gentle smile and hand touch can be used as nonverbal affiliative devices. Gaze-away/down, gentle smiling and some hand gesture are executed for the purpose of nonverbal mianzi “face” including self-face saving and Other-face saving strategies and limao “politeness” in interpersonal communication. The appropriate knowledge and understanding of Mandarin Chinese nonverbal communication are essential to those wishing to communicate effectively with Chinese speakers.
Physico-chemical and functional properties of Fenugreek seed proteins Physico-chemical and functional properties of Fenugreek seed proteins Новинка

Physico-chemical and functional properties of Fenugreek seed proteins

Plant proteins play a very important role in the human nutrition. The different types of plant proteins form an essential part of what human and animals eat to help them grow and stay healthy, especially if the protein is safe and containing essential amino acids, and possesses other functional properties that reflect the quality of proteins.Like other legumes fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) seed can be considered as a highly nutritive seed since it contains both essential and nonessential amino acid.The seed of fenugreek was also used as supplementation material to improve the protein quality of cereals and tubers, which have low protein content. The seed of fenugreek was widely used in different countries around the world, it is even used medically or as human food ,the seed contains the C27 steriods (such as sapongenin and diosgenin) this steroid is important as starting material in the pharmaceutical industry and medicine .The seed has the ability to significantly reduce serum cholesterol and also to reduce the blood glucose.
Endophytic Fungus - a source of Antimicrobial Nanoparticles Endophytic Fungus - a source of Antimicrobial Nanoparticles Новинка

Endophytic Fungus - a source of Antimicrobial Nanoparticles

Endophytic fungus inhabits such as biotopes. Many endophytic fungi and their metabolites have been reported to have insecticidal and fungicidal activity. Biological approach using an endophytic fungus is a novel way towards the development of safe, environmental friendly, viable and green method for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles in the field of nanotechnology. Several species of endophytes are able to synthesize nanoparticles with potential antimicrobial activity. In the present work, a single step environmental friendly approach is employed to synthesize silver nanoparticles. We have investigated biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using endophytic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus isolated from the leaves of Cannabis sativa and have achieved rapid formation of silver nanoparticles in a short duration.Furthermore, the antimicrobial potential of AgNPs was systematically evaluated. The synthesized AgNPs could efficiently inhibit various clinically isolated pathogens like E. coli, S. albus, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterococcus sp. The current research opens a new avenue for the green synthesis of nano-materials.
Футболка Wearcraft Premium Printio Fungus culture Футболка Wearcraft Premium Printio Fungus culture Новинка

Футболка Wearcraft Premium Printio Fungus culture

Футболка Wearcraft Premium — цвет: белый, пол: Жен. Лето -сезон грибов. Грибникам понравится яркое цветное изображение объекта их вожделения.
Футболка классическая Printio Fungus culture Футболка классическая Printio Fungus culture Новинка

Футболка классическая Printio Fungus culture

Футболка классическая — цвет: белый, пол: Муж. Лето -сезон грибов. Грибникам понравится яркое цветное изображение объекта их вожделения.
Classroom Interaction And Its Influence On The...speaking Skills Classroom Interaction And Its Influence On The...speaking Skills Новинка

Classroom Interaction And Its Influence On The...speaking Skills

As the result of this reserch confirms,the teacher’s much control over the lesson (classroom interaction) was found to be less likely to promote interaction and to facilitate the construction of learning opportunities. So,in Ethiopia where English is used as medium of instruction, (English Langauge) teachers should use ‘teacher –student and Student-student interaction’ in the EFL classroom.Many scholars say classroom interaction, if the activities chosen are on the basis of suitability in terms of language and their (students) age and interest, help learners develop their speaking skills.
Interactive Input Enhancement With Communicative Tasks Interactive Input Enhancement With Communicative Tasks Новинка

Interactive Input Enhancement With Communicative Tasks

This book examines the impact of interaction enhancement plus formal debriefing (IEF), and interaction enhancement plus meaning focused debriefing (IEM)) on the learning of English articles. Interaction enhancement is a treatment that guides learners to focus on form by providing interactional modifications and leads learners to produce modified output within a problem-solving task. This book examines how a communicative instructional technique in which interaction was enhanced by means of teacher feedback affected L2 learning. Studying this book can help EFL teachers and SLA researchers see how interaction enhancement following a communicative task affects EFL learners' acquisition of articles.
Characterization and Symbiotic Effectiveness of Field pea Rhizobia Characterization and Symbiotic Effectiveness of Field pea Rhizobia Новинка

Characterization and Symbiotic Effectiveness of Field pea Rhizobia

This study was initiated to isolate, characterize and evaluate the symbiotic effectiveness of field pea rhizobial isolates from Eastern and Western Hararghae highlands. A total of 25 isolates were induced from soils of each districts. Evaluations of the symbiotic potential of isolates were made in greenhouse on sand culture followed by test of eight effective isolates on soil of Hirna. Experiments were arranged in RCBD with three replications and two controls. Physiological tests were conducted on the eight effective isolates. Presumptive test and cultural characterization result revealed that isolates were root nodule bacteria. 92% of the isolates improved shoot dry weight of the plants over the N- control. Effectiveness rating result also showed that, isolates were effective(1), very effective(23) and ineffective(1). Inoculation results of the eight isolates in soil indicated that the highest dry weight of shoot was recorded by HUFPR20.The isolates showed diverse characteristics in their tolerance of pH, temperature, salt and intrinsic heavy metal resistance. Generally, isolate HUFPR20 is recommended for use as field pea inoculant upon further testing on field condition.
Футболка Рингер Printio Fungus culture Футболка Рингер Printio Fungus culture Новинка

Футболка Рингер Printio Fungus culture

Футболка Рингер — пол: Муж. Лето -сезон грибов. Грибникам понравится яркое цветное изображение объекта их вожделения.
Толстовка Wearcraft Premium унисекс Printio Fungus culture Толстовка Wearcraft Premium унисекс Printio Fungus culture Новинка

Толстовка Wearcraft Premium унисекс Printio Fungus culture

Толстовка Wearcraft Premium унисекс — цвет: белый, пол: Муж. Лето -сезон грибов. Грибникам понравится яркое цветное изображение объекта их вожделения.
Лонгслив Printio Fungus culture Лонгслив Printio Fungus culture Новинка

Лонгслив Printio Fungus culture

Лонгслив — цвет: белый, пол: Муж. Лето -сезон грибов. Грибникам понравится яркое цветное изображение объекта их вожделения.
Детская футболка классическая унисекс Printio Fungus culture Детская футболка классическая унисекс Printio Fungus culture Новинка

Детская футболка классическая унисекс Printio Fungus culture

Детская футболка классическая унисекс — цвет: белый, пол: Муж. Лето -сезон грибов. Грибникам понравится яркое цветное изображение объекта их вожделения.
Футболка классическая Printio Fungus culture Футболка классическая Printio Fungus culture Новинка

Футболка классическая Printio Fungus culture

Футболка классическая — цвет: белый, пол: Жен. Лето -сезон грибов. Грибникам понравится яркое цветное изображение объекта их вожделения.
Rat sleep under the effect of electromagnetic radiation Rat sleep under the effect of electromagnetic radiation Новинка

Rat sleep under the effect of electromagnetic radiation

The electromagnetic radiation emitted from new technological devices forms a real hazard to the biological structure. The most important biological structure ever known is the brain. The interaction of such fields with the brain can cause changes in its function and consequently put the whole organism in danger. Research is now carried on to investigate the interaction mechanisms of EMF with the biological structures and the impact of such fields on the integrity of the organism.
Майка классическая Printio Fungus culture Майка классическая Printio Fungus culture Новинка

Майка классическая Printio Fungus culture

Майка классическая — цвет: белый, пол: Муж. Лето -сезон грибов. Грибникам понравится яркое цветное изображение объекта их вожделения.
Aloe Vera and Trigonella Foenum Graecum on Diabetes Mellitus Aloe Vera and Trigonella Foenum Graecum on Diabetes Mellitus Новинка

Aloe Vera and Trigonella Foenum Graecum on Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes is a metabolic syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia, hyper cholesterolemia and hyper triglyceridemia. Hence, there is a need to search the anti diabetic drugs which apart from lowering the blood glucose levels can also modify the atherogenic lipid profile without producing many side effects. An attempt has been made in the present study to evaluate the comparative property of Aloe vera gel and Fenugreek seeds and also along with the hypoglycemic drug name glibenclamide for 21 days. In the Aloe vera, Fenugreek and glibenclamide treated groups they showed a significant decrease in the levels of blood glucose and Glycosylated haemoglobin in our study. Also there was significant decrease in serum levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) , low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and a concomitant increase in high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C) in Aloe vera, Fenu Greek and Glibenclamide treated groups. Fenugreek treated groups showed a significant decrease in TC, TG, LDL, and VLDL when compared to Aloe vera treated group. The significant decrease in diabetic index in Aloe vera and Fenugreek treated group shows its protection against diabetes mellitus.
Interaction of Electromagnetic Waves and Electron Beams with Plasmas Interaction of Electromagnetic Waves and Electron Beams with Plasmas Новинка

Interaction of Electromagnetic Waves and Electron Beams with Plasmas

With the advent of laser and maser, the wave-plasma interaction emerged as a major rich field of research. To explore the possibility of laser driven fusion, laser-plasma interaction became a subject of worldwide research, revealing many novel nonlinear phenomena including generation and saturation of plasma instabilities, electron acceleration, and ion Coulomb explosion. The work presented in this thesis is related to intense laser-plasma and electron beam-plasma interaction. The development of intense short pulse laser and high current, high-energy electron beams has allowed exploration of new regimes of laser and beam plasma interaction. Enormous progress has been made in inertial confinement fusion, plasma heating, X-ray lasers, free electron laser and charged particle accelerators. In these applications parametric instabilities, self-focusing, self phase modulation and other non-linear phenomena are important. The present thesis deals with these phenomena. This work is relevant to laser-driven fusion, charged particle acceleration, and laboratory plasma heating.

кешбака
Страницы:


The plant fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) dedicated for the maximum beneficial use of the plant for mankind as well as in study of fenugreek biology The objectives of this study were to access the nutritional and medicinal values of plant fenugreek. Like the availability of rich essential amino acids content, dietary fibers and minerals which can categorize the plant as a good nutritional source. The different extracts have been tested for their antimicrobial properties in different pathogenic bacterial strains causing skin and gastrointestinal complications. Another objective was to access the genetic diversity among the different genotypes of fenugreek. RAPD based DNA finger printing have been prepared. Operon series commercial primers with 70% GC content have been used for the RAPD. This technique provided us several species specific or cultivar specific markers. The phylogenetic tree prepared revealed the relative similarity and dissimilarity among these accessions. Different markers have been identified which can be used to characterize the germplasm of fenugreek. These molecular markers can also be used for the characterization of specific traits in breeding programs
Продажа interaction of symbiotic fungus with fenugreek лучших цены всего мира
Посредством этого сайта магазина - каталога товаров мы очень легко осуществляем продажу interaction of symbiotic fungus with fenugreek у одного из интернет-магазинов проверенных фирм. Определитесь с вашими предпочтениями один интернет-магазин, с лучшей ценой продукта. Прочитав рекомендации по продаже interaction of symbiotic fungus with fenugreek легко охарактеризовать производителя как превосходную и доступную фирму.