government by contract – outsourcing the american democracy



Government by Contract – Outsourcing the American Democracy Government by Contract – Outsourcing the American Democracy Новинка

Government by Contract – Outsourcing the American Democracy

Government by Contract – Outsourcing the American Democracy
By the People: Debating American Government, Brief Edition By the People: Debating American Government, Brief Edition Новинка

By the People: Debating American Government, Brief Edition

The past two years have been anything but "politics as usual" in the United States. By The People, Brief Third Edition, reflects the dynamism of American government and politics with new teaching and learning tools that prepare students to ENGAGE, THINK, and DEBATE now more than ever before. In a storytelling approach that weaves contemporary examples together with historical context, By the People: Debating American Government, Brief Third Edition, explores the themes and ideas that drive the great debates in American government and politics. It introduces students to big questions like Who governs? How does our system of government work? What does government do? and Who are we? By challenging students with these questions, the text gets them to think about, engage with, and debate the merits of U.S. government and politics.
BUSINESS PROCESS OUTSOURCING AND LAW ON CONTRACT LABOUR IN INDIA BUSINESS PROCESS OUTSOURCING AND LAW ON CONTRACT LABOUR IN INDIA Новинка

BUSINESS PROCESS OUTSOURCING AND LAW ON CONTRACT LABOUR IN INDIA

This monograph analyses the contract labour issues related to the business process outsourcing (BPO) of information technology enabled services (ITES) in India. India is one of the most popular outsourcing destinations for the ITES services. The Tenth Five Year Plan of the country identified BPO as the sunshine-sector for the country''s economy. It is in this backdrop that this monograph analyses the (contract) labour issues in the BPO-ITES sector. The monograph discusses the evolution of the contract labour system in India. It charts the development of the law relating to contact labour in the country. It analyses whether the existing legal framework of the country is adequate enough to address the issues involving the workers in the BPO-ITES sector. The monograph delineates some concrete proposals to devise a legal regime on contract labour that is attuned to the problems posed by the BPO-ITES sector. This monograph is intended for students and practitioners of Indian labour and law. It can serve as a reference book for researchers working on labour issues in the BPO sector. The monograph would also be a helpful reference for any person engaged with the BPO sector in India.
Four Crises of Democracy Four Crises of Democracy Новинка

Four Crises of Democracy

In Four Crises of Democracy, Alasdair Roberts puts democratic malaise in the United States in perspective. He describes four distinct democratic crises over the past century, and describes how government changed in response to each crisis. The institutions of American democracy, Roberts says, are more flexible than is often appreciated.
Democracy Promotion in Ghana: United States of America Support Democracy Promotion in Ghana: United States of America Support Новинка

Democracy Promotion in Ghana: United States of America Support

Democracy promotion in Ghana provides a critical analysis of the United States of America democratic support to Ghana. The book assesses the contributions of the American Government through various civil society groups at the district level through two major projects: Government Accountability Improves Trust (GAIT) and Enhancing Civil Society Effectiveness at the Local Level ( ECSELL). Through rigorous and systematic methodological approaches, the book establised thought provoking findings which are critical to policy formulation at the international and national levels.
Security Abducted Security Abducted Новинка

Security Abducted

Currently, Venezuela is in a critical state regarding the provision of citizen security. Abysmal crime-related statistics, which have sharply and steadily increased since President Hugo Chavez was elected in 1998, suggest a relationship between the current government and the proliferation of violence there. Of particular threat to Venezuelans is the emergence of a rapidly professionalizing kidnapping industry—one that operates with wide impunity and renders every citizen vulnerable. Furthermore, a parallel business has developed where security privatization reinforces the government’s absolute loss of its monopoly over violence. Once considered a model democracy among its Latin American neighbors, the current crisis of citizen security, as evidenced by the uncontrollable kidnapping situation, indicates that government inefficiencies have directly lowered the quality of democracy afforded to Venezuela’s citizens.
Outsourcing Outsourcing Новинка

Outsourcing

Revision with unchanged content. Outsourcing is a complex process. It is a top management issue and a strategic task to maintain competitiveness and sustainable competitive advantage in a corporation. As a main outcome of this paper the authors developed and created a strategic framework, guided by the aim to increase the quality and efficiency in outsourcing decision processes. It should provide a supportive tool for successful outsourcing decisions in a fast changing environment. Furthermore the authors answer the question whether outsourcing is a path without return or not. The basis for the outcome and the method the authors chose to achieve their findings and concluding framework are: an analysis of the relevant academic publications and a comparison of the main findings with popular scientific literature. Covered topics are outsourcing as a strategic tool for competitiveness, core competence concentration, offshoring versus outsourcing, service outsourcing and ethics in outsourcing. This was followed by an analysis of long term impacts to national economies caused by outsourcing and offshoring activities and qualitative interviews with two Austrian Enterprises. Furthermore expertise knowledge from the worlds top consulting firms has flown into the development of the strategic framework which is an advancement of the “Stage-gate-model” by Robert G. Cooper.
Successful IT Outsourcing: From Choosing a Provider to Managing the Project Successful IT Outsourcing: From Choosing a Provider to Managing the Project Новинка

Successful IT Outsourcing: From Choosing a Provider to Managing the Project

Outsourcing permeates the IT world and has had a profound impact on the work of IS professionals. Nearly all will, at some stage in their careers, work with outsourced services as customer or supplier. Elizabeth Sparrow's insights into the benefits and pitfalls of this complex area will help IS professionals tackle the challenges of outsourcing. Combining relevant background information with practical guidance this book covers the whole outsourcing process, from the initial decision to outsource through to managing the outsourced services on a day-to-day basis. Successful IT Outsourcing considers: - The objectives behind outsourcing - The selection of a service provider - The management and measurement of the performance of outsourced services - The role of the outsourcing contract - Why outsourcing sometimes fails and how to turn failure into successFeatures and Benefits: - Describes the origins of IT outsourcing, and recent developments - Examines the way in which an organization might determine whether to outsource and how it can choose a service provider - Discusses how to develop effective outsourcing relationships- Provides context and advice to assist IS professionals, whose work is being outsourced, as they consider their future careers and the possibility of transferring to a new employer
Toward Democracy: The Struggle for Self-Rule in European and American Thought Toward Democracy: The Struggle for Self-Rule in European and American Thought Новинка

Toward Democracy: The Struggle for Self-Rule in European and American Thought

In this magnificent and encyclopedic overview, James T.Kloppenberg presents the history of democracy from the perspective of those who struggled to envision and achieve it. The story of democracy remains one without an ending, a dynamic of progress and regress that continues to our own day. In the classical age "democracy" was seen as the failure rather than the ideal of good governance. Democracies were deemed chaotic and bloody, indicative of rule by the rabble rather than by enlightened minds. Beginning in the 16th and 17th centuries, however, first in Europe and then in England's North American colonies, the reputation of democracy began to rise, resulting in changes that were sometimes revolutionary and dramatic, sometimes gradual and incremental. Kloppenberg offers a fresh look at how concepts and institutions of representative government developed and how understandings of self-rule changed over time on both sides of the Atlantic. Notions about what constituted true democracy preoccupied many of the most influential thinkers of the Western world, from Montaigne and Roger Williams to Milton and John Locke; from Rousseau and Jefferson to Wollstonecraft and Madison; and from de Tocqueville and J. S. Mill to Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. Over three centuries, explosive ideas and practices of democracy sparked revolutions - English, American, and French - that again and again culminated in civil wars, disastrous failures of democracy that impeded further progress. Comprehensive, provocative, and authoritative, Toward Democracy traces self-government through three pivotal centuries. The product of twenty years of research and reflection, this momentous work reveals how nations have repeatedly fallen short in their attempts to construct democratic societies based on the principles of autonomy, equality, deliberation, and reciprocity that they have claimed to prize. Underlying this exploration lies Kloppenberg's compelling conviction that democracy was and remains an ethical ideal rather than merely a set of institutions, a goal toward which we continue to struggle.
The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government Новинка

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government covers the main areas of study in subnational politics by exploring the central contributions to the comparative study of institutions, behaviour, and policy in the American context.
How do quality metrics influence the price of an outsourcing contract? How do quality metrics influence the price of an outsourcing contract? Новинка

How do quality metrics influence the price of an outsourcing contract?

The focus of this research is on a particular case in which Company B is performing outsourcing services for Company A, a telecommunication company with a considerable bargaining power, in terms of size, over the vendor company. Company A is outsourcing particular segments of its corporate customer service department. Among the reasons for this decision are also the process and quality improvement. When considering the quality measurement and the monitoring policies in this relationship, the measurements applied fall into the classic time related parameters. However, the main challenge mentioned by both companies’ representatives is measuring the end customer satisfaction.
Citizen Participation in China Citizen Participation in China Новинка

Citizen Participation in China

Citizen participation is one of the essential issues for democracy. The value of democracy cannot be realized without citizen participation. Taking citizen participation as citizen power, this book studied on 6 cases which represented different levels of citizen power. The six cases included: participatory budgeting by Township Chinese People'' s Congress, public policy advocacy, NGOs participation in government procurement, participatory governance in urban communities, participation governance by farms'' organization in rural area, and participatory governance among the migrant workers. The book studied the essential mechanism, principles, problem, results, and preconditions of the cases.
Democracy for Hire Democracy for Hire Новинка

Democracy for Hire

This book is a history of political consulting in America, examining how the consulting business developed, highlighting the major figures in the consulting industry and assessing the impact of professional consulting on elections and American democracy. A key focus is on presidential elections, beginning in 1964, and the important role played by consultants and political operatives.
RELIGION OF DEMOCRACY RELIGION OF DEMOCRACY Новинка

RELIGION OF DEMOCRACY

Today we associate liberal thought and politics with secularism. When we argue over whether the nation's founders meant to keep religion out of politics, the godless side is said to be liberal. But the role of religion in American politics has always been far more nuanced and complex than today's debates would suggest and closer to the heart of American intellectual life than is commonly understood. American democracy was intended by its creators to be more than just a political system, and in The Religion of Democracy, historian Amy Kittelstrom shows how religion and democracy have worked together as universal ideals in American culture--and as guides to moral action and the social practice of treating one another as equals who deserve to be free. The first people in the world to call themselves "liberals" were New England Christians in the early republic, for whom being liberal meant being receptive to a range of beliefs and values. The story begins in the mid-eighteenth century, when the first Boston liberals brought the Enlightenment into Reformation Christianity, tying equality and liberty to the human soul at the same moment these root concepts were being tied to democracy. The nineteenth century saw the development of a robust liberal intellectual culture in America, built on open-minded pursuit of truth and acceptance of human diversity. By the twentieth century, what had begun in Boston as a narrow, patrician democracy transformed into a religion of democracy in which the new liberals of modern America believed that where different viewpoints overlap, common truth is revealed. The core American principles of liberty and equality were never free from religion but full of religion. The Religion of Democracy re-creates the liberal conversation from the eighteenth century to the twentieth by tracing the lived connections among seven thinkers through whom they knew, what they read and wrote, where they went, and how they expressed their opinions--from John Adams to William James to Jane Addams; from Boston to Chicago to Berkeley. Sweeping and ambitious, The Religion of Democracy is a lively narrative of quintessentially American ideas as they were forged, debated, and remade across our history.
Islam and Democracy in Indonesia Islam and Democracy in Indonesia Новинка

Islam and Democracy in Indonesia

Indonesia's Islamic organizations sustain the country's thriving civil society, democracy, and reputation for tolerance amid diversity. Yet scholars poorly understand how these organizations envision the accommodation of religious difference. What does tolerance mean to the world's largest Islamic organizations? What are the implications for democracy in Indonesia and the broader Muslim world? Jeremy Menchik argues that answering these questions requires decoupling tolerance from liberalism and investigating the historical and political conditions that engender democratic values. Drawing on archival documents, ethnographic observation, comparative political theory, and an original survey, Islam and Democracy in Indonesia demonstrates that Indonesia's Muslim leaders favor a democracy in which individual rights and group-differentiated rights converge within a system of legal pluralism, a vision at odds with American-style secular government but common in Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe.
Islam and Democracy in Indonesia Islam and Democracy in Indonesia Новинка

Islam and Democracy in Indonesia

Indonesia's Islamic organizations sustain the country's thriving civil society, democracy, and reputation for tolerance amid diversity. Yet scholars poorly understand how these organizations envision the accommodation of religious difference. What does tolerance mean to the world's largest Islamic organizations? What are the implications for democracy in Indonesia and the broader Muslim world? Jeremy Menchik argues that answering these questions requires decoupling tolerance from liberalism and investigating the historical and political conditions that engender democratic values. Drawing on archival documents, ethnographic observation, comparative political theory, and an original survey, Islam and Democracy in Indonesia demonstrates that Indonesia's Muslim leaders favor a democracy in which individual rights and group-differentiated rights converge within a system of legal pluralism, a vision at odds with American-style secular government but common in Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe.
Contract Research in Nigerian Universities Contract Research in Nigerian Universities Новинка

Contract Research in Nigerian Universities

Contract research is an aspect of applied research conducted by academic personnel for a specific client under the terms of a legal contract.As important as contract research is in the university system, it is not clear how far the universities are involved in this new strategy for generating fund for the universities and other benefits they can derive from it. This book provides detailed information about the contract research activities in Nigerian universities covering the following topics: Concept of contract research, Level of awareness of contract research in universities, Sources of information on contract research, Level of involvement of universities in contract research, Strategies for managing contract research, Benefits of contract research, Problems inhibiting university involvement in contract research, Inhibitions in sharing benefits of contract research. The information in this book will enable the university administrators, faculty members, government and industries to establish refined management arrangements for contract research activities and ensure efficient co-ordination and better accountability within the university system.
Inside Job Inside Job Новинка

Inside Job

National decline is typically blamed on special interests from the demand side of politics corrupting a country's institutions. The usual demand-side suspects include crony capitalists, consumer activists, economic elites, and labor unions. Less attention is given to government insiders on the supply side of politics - rulers, elected officials, bureaucrats, and public employees. In autocracies and democracies, government insiders have the motive, means, and opportunity to co-opt political power for their benefit and at the expense of national well-being. Many storied empires have succumbed to such inside jobs. Today, they imperil countries as different as China and the United States. Democracy - government by the people - does not ensure government for the people. Understanding how government insiders use their power to subvert the public interest - and how these negative consequences can be mitigated - is the topic of this book by Mark A. Zupan.
Inside Job Inside Job Новинка

Inside Job

National decline is typically blamed on special interests from the demand side of politics corrupting a country's institutions. The usual demand-side suspects include crony capitalists, consumer activists, economic elites, and labor unions. Less attention is given to government insiders on the supply side of politics - rulers, elected officials, bureaucrats, and public employees. In autocracies and democracies, government insiders have the motive, means, and opportunity to co-opt political power for their benefit and at the expense of national well-being. Many storied empires have succumbed to such inside jobs. Today, they imperil countries as different as China and the United States. Democracy - government by the people - does not ensure government for the people. Understanding how government insiders use their power to subvert the public interest - and how these negative consequences can be mitigated - is the topic of this book by Mark A. Zupan.
Public Sector Outsourcing Contracts Public Sector Outsourcing Contracts Новинка

Public Sector Outsourcing Contracts

Revision with unchanged content. Despite widespread implementation across the industrialised world, public sector outsourcing remains a contentious policy for the simple reason that many outsourcing contracts fail. Critics of outsourcing often argue that the stated efficiency gains are illusory if outsourcing leads to a reduction in the quality of service provision or a reduction in workers’ terms and conditions of employment. In this book, we ask: Do the criticisms of outsourcing have any empirical validity? How can we explain the observed heterogeneity in outsourcing outcomes? In answering these questions, we focus on the role of uncertainty, incentives and transaction costs on contractual relationships. Although the importance of these factors is well-known, there is little empirical work analysing the effect of these factors on public-sector outsourcing arrangements. The results, therefore, should help business, students and government policymakers in identifying factors that affect the efficiency of outsourcing arrangements.
The Role of the Opposition Politics between 1999 and 2008 The Role of the Opposition Politics between 1999 and 2008 Новинка

The Role of the Opposition Politics between 1999 and 2008

This research sought to examine the role of the opposition political formations in Zimbabwe in facilitating changes between 1999 and 2008, which was the period that saw political activism rising beyond the expectations of the government. Apparently, all the other parties had been either neutralized or ‘banned’ before posing any threat to ZANU PF government. The research that was influenced by the Gramscian Model of Hegemony intended to establish whether the opposition parties were necessary in Zimbabwean politics in as far as influencing democracy is concerned. The study had been necessitated by the pressure from the civil society and the electorate on government to allow other political players free space. However, the study indeed did establish some changes that were influenced by the opposition parties particularly MDC.
Why Saudi Companies outsource IS Projects? Why Saudi Companies outsource IS Projects? Новинка

Why Saudi Companies outsource IS Projects?

The purpose of this study is to explore Information Technology (IT) and Information System (IS) outsourcing projects in Saudi Arabia by identifying the potential advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing in an attempt to evaluate its actual impact on organizational improvements and IS industry productivity in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Both methods of quantitative and qualitative have been integrated together with previous research in order to confirm the findings. Findings have revealed a positive impact of adopting outsourcing on IT/ IS projects in the surveyed Saudi organizations. There was a major agreement on the tested outsourcing advantage factors (core competencies, skills, quality, and flexibility) along with maintaining time commitment and financial saving by reducing cost. Risks of processing, selecting vendors or activities, hidden cost, employment, performance, and privacy were major disadvantages. Additionally, Saudi government regulations and local employment system (Saudization) were considered as drivers for the outsourcing option by the majority of the research participants.
UK: Tolerance, Democracy and Openness Vol. 3 UK: Tolerance, Democracy and Openness Vol. 3 Новинка

UK: Tolerance, Democracy and Openness Vol. 3

What are the discussions about 'UK: Tolerance, Democracy and Openness' in UK political arena? This documentation features the transcripts of the unabridged speeches held in the UK Parliament from the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Communities and Local Government (Baroness Andrews), the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government (Hazel Blears), the Minister for Local Government (John Healey) and other MPs' of the UK Parliament. This non-partisan documentation offers the reader a direct glance at the parliamentary debate on 'UK: Tolerance, Democracy and Openness' and the discussions of the Parliamentary members in relation to the political agenda.
Unequal Democracy: The Political Economy of the New Gilded Age Unequal Democracy: The Political Economy of the New Gilded Age Новинка

Unequal Democracy: The Political Economy of the New Gilded Age

The first edition of Unequal Democracy was an instant classic, shattering illusions about American democracy and spurring scholarly and popular interest in the political causes and consequences of escalating economic inequality.This revised and expanded edition includes two new chapters on the political economy of the Obama era. One presents the Great Recession as a "stress test" of the American political system by analyzing the 2008 election and the impact of Barack Obama's "New New Deal" on the economic fortunes of the rich, middle class, and poor. The other assesses the politics of inequality in the wake of the Occupy Wall Street movement, the 2012 election, and the partisan gridlock of Obama's second term. Larry Bartels offers a sobering account of the barriers to change posed by partisan ideologies and the political power of the wealthy. He also provides new analyses of tax policy, partisan differences in economic performance, the struggle to raise the minimum wage, and inequalities in congressional representation.President Obama identified inequality as "the defining challenge of our time." Unequal Democracy is the definitive account of how and why our political system has failed to rise to that challenge. Now more than ever, this is a book every American needs to read.
Decentralization in Zimbabwe Decentralization in Zimbabwe Новинка

Decentralization in Zimbabwe

This contribution analyzes the decentralization project in Zimbabwe. It in particular focuses on the appointment and role of provincial governors. Further, the study critically examines the country’s provincial governance system and its efficacy for bringing about democratic pluralism, ensuring downward accountability, and empowering citizens at the local level. The contribution argues that provinces should be run by democratically elected governors rather than by political appointees. It further maintains that in order to enhance the role of subnational governments in development and democracy, sub-national levels of government, including provinces and local government, should be accorded constitutional recognition. Moreover, it calls for a decentralization of adequate powers and resources to provincial government and other decentralized units. It further maintains that there should be clarity in the definition of the powers and functions within and among the various levels of government in the country.
A Framework for Adoption of BPO in Kenya's Mobile Phone Companies A Framework for Adoption of BPO in Kenya's Mobile Phone Companies Новинка

A Framework for Adoption of BPO in Kenya's Mobile Phone Companies

This research was concern with investigating the factors that affect adoption of business process outsourcing in mobile phone companies in kenya. the study was motivated by the low level of business process outsourcing adoption in these companies amidst high operations cost and shrinking profitability as reported by communication commission of kenya. it is on this premise that the research was concern with investigating the factors that affect the adoption of business process outsourcing. The study developed a framework that can help ease the diffusion of the innovation.
Information Systems/Technology Outsourcing Management Information Systems/Technology Outsourcing Management Новинка

Information Systems/Technology Outsourcing Management

Information systems/technology outsourcing is considered as an approach for information systems/technology management by chief information officers and organizations. Thus it is given due attention by various organizations and management because of the advantages it brings to them. Despite the advantages it brings, IS/IT outsourcing faces problems/challenges and risks at any point in the process that may even lead to failure before its maturity. This study aims to empirically assess how IS/IT outsourcing is managed in Ethiopia, following a case study approach. A currently outsourced information systems development project is used for this study so that a better and detailed understanding of the current practices about the subject can be developed. Furthermore this research tried to identify the problems/challenges that the organization has faced during outsourcing and the possible causes of the problems.
SUICIDE SQUAD V1 TRIAL BY FIRE SUICIDE SQUAD V1 TRIAL BY FIRE Новинка

SUICIDE SQUAD V1 TRIAL BY FIRE

Captured super-villains must go on shady, near-impossible missions in the name of democracy for the government agency known as Checkmate or rot in jail. Most operatives don't make it back alive!
Comparative Contract Law Comparative Contract Law Новинка

Comparative Contract Law

A collection of essays by leading British and American contract and commercial law scholars, comparing fundamental aspects of US and British contract law and assessing their commonalities and divergences.
Localizing Democracy in Albania Localizing Democracy in Albania Новинка

Localizing Democracy in Albania

The term of "democracy" has changed significantly from its original meaning in the "Greek polis" context in terms of methods in achieving the ideal democratic system of governance. From the direct to the representative democracy, participation is the only consistent base of it altogether the public- state relationship and all related issues. Referring to transition countries, the discussion on democracy has a crucial importance. The debate for these countries needs to be localized in the context of local government so to describe the real situation and identify the concrete problems related to democracy. The debate on localized democracy identifies the democratic scale of LG institutions based on policies and process analysis whether they are demand-driven or not. In other words, the scrutiny with this regard focuses on public and social accountability and government responsiveness to people demands. Participatory Budgeting initiatives are considered mechanisms that enhance accountability and improve democracy at local level and will be described in this book in the framework of localized democracy in the Albanian context.
Outsourcing and innovation performance in the UK furniture industry Outsourcing and innovation performance in the UK furniture industry Новинка

Outsourcing and innovation performance in the UK furniture industry

The relationships between outsourcing and innovation performance in the UK furniture manufacturing industry are investigated in this study. This study contributes to the discourse by showing that innovation performance is affected by outsourcing decisions. First, outsourcing peripheral activities has no impact on innovation. Second, performing core activities does have a positive influence on innovation performance. Furthermore, the findings support previous documented relationship found between capabilities and product and process innovation by revealing key enablers, which are particular to the furniture industry. There is a strong correlation between customer-focus strategies and innovation performance. Furniture manufacturers are attuned to customer design preferences through critical buyer channels. Other key findings highlight the association between firm size and innovation and the importance of innovation capabilities for medium size firms.
American Democracy: From Tocqueville to Town Halls to Twitter American Democracy: From Tocqueville to Town Halls to Twitter Новинка

American Democracy: From Tocqueville to Town Halls to Twitter

In this groundbreaking book, sociologist Andrew Perrin shows that rules and institutions, while important, are not the core of democracy. Instead, as Alexis de Tocqueville showed in the early years of the American republic, democracy is first and foremost a matter of culture: the shared ideas, practices, and technologies that help individuals combine into publics and achieve representation. Reinterpreting democracy as culture reveals the ways the media, public opinion polling, and changing technologies shape democracy and citizenship. As Perrin shows, the founders of the United States produced a social, cultural, and legal environment fertile for democratic development and in the two centuries since, citizens and publics use that environment and shared culture to re-imagine and extend that democracy. American Democracy provides a fresh, innovative approach to democracy that will change the way readers understand their roles as citizens and participants. Never will you enter a voting booth or answer a poll again without realizing what a truly social act it is. This will be necessary reading for scholars, students, and the public seeking to understand the challenges and opportunities for democratic citizenship from Toqueville to town halls to Twitter.
Christianity and American Democracy Christianity and American Democracy Новинка

Christianity and American Democracy

Christianity and American Democracy
Evaluation of the Philippine government construction contract Evaluation of the Philippine government construction contract Новинка

Evaluation of the Philippine government construction contract

Researchers of late have started to realize the significance in risk management of investigating the construction practitioners’ risk philosophies. This study examined the risk philosophies of Filipino contractors with the aim of representing their judgements and standpoints as this study review the standard construction contract of the Philippines. Recommendations with justifications on which party/parties should bear the risks were provided in order to improve the contract implementation, especially when the risk event occurs.
Risk Mitigation Model for offshore outsourcing Risk Mitigation Model for offshore outsourcing Новинка

Risk Mitigation Model for offshore outsourcing

Organizations have been operating globally for many years and the realization of the benefits of outsourcing have encouraged firms to explore different areas of the world in search for the suitable suppliers. This study includes the research conducted on the phenomenon of offshore outsourcing. The areas of interest which have been explored include the nature of business operations outsourced, the perceived benefits of outsourcing, the relationship between supplier and buyer when they operate from different countries, the identification of complexities arising in the form of risks affecting both organizations and various mitigation strategies which can be or have been used by the firms. This research is based on the extensive literature review. The data was collected by using secondary data sources. For the purpose of studying the research topics in a specific context, operations of manufacturing firms have been taken into consideration.
Matthew Hill Alan American Politics For Dummies - UK Matthew Hill Alan American Politics For Dummies - UK Новинка

Matthew Hill Alan American Politics For Dummies - UK

The simplest way to get to grips with the American political system American Politics For Dummies is an engaging and accessible guide to the inner workings of the U.S. government, cutting through the political jargon, to give you the facts. The book begins with the basics, including government structure and processes, and later covers current events that make the news. The world of American politics can be bewildering to anyone not born and bred in the U.S.A. This plain-English guide is perfect whether you are a student or simply fascinated by the world's most powerful democracy. From the electoral process to 'special relationships', you discover all you need to know with American Politics For Dummies. • The birth of America – find out about the emergence of the US,from the ideas upon which America was founded to the creation of the US Constitution • Go government – understand the powers of the President, how Congress operates, the function of the Supreme Court and how US laws are created and passed • Party on – discover the ins and outs of elections and political parties, from the electoral process and the two-party system to the voting behaviour amongst Americans • One nation, many identities – get to understand the workings of a truly multicultural society • All the world’s a stage – grasp the grand strategy of the US to understand why the nation acts as it does in international politics 2014 kicks off the latest round of U.S. Congressional election and marks the beginning the 2016 Presidential election cycle. There will be headlines, there will be debate and there will be news. If you're looking to keep up and understand it all, American Politics For Dummies is a great place to start.
Blair's Britain Blair's Britain Новинка

Blair's Britain

"Blair's Britain" explores the central policy dilemmas faced by the Labour Party in government in its second term and beyond: the balance between social justice and economic efficiency; strong government and pluralist politics; and work and home life. The authors explore how social democrats and progressive politicians across Europe in Germany. France, the Netherlands, Scandinavia and the Mediterranean, as well as the United States, have responded to the challenges of globalization and social change - and examine the comparative politics of social democracy across Europe and the rest of the world today.
Democracy: A Life Democracy: A Life Новинка

Democracy: A Life

Democracy is either aspired to as a goal or cherished as a birthright by billions of people throughout the world today - and has been for over a century. But what does it mean? And how has its meaning changed since it was first coined in ancient Greece? Democracy: A Life is a biography of the concept, looking at its many different manifestations and showing how it has changed over its long life, from ancient times right through to the present. For instance, how did the 'people power' of the Athenians emerge in the first place? Once it had emerged, what enabled it to survive? And how did the Athenian version of democracy differ from the many other forms that developed among the myriad cities of the Greek world? Paul Cartledge answers all these questions and more, following the development of ancient political thinking about democracy from the sixth century BC onwards, not least the many arguments that were advanced against it over the centuries. As Cartledge shows, after a golden age in the fourth century BC, there was a long, slow degradation of the original Greek conception and practice of democracy, from the Hellenistic era, through late Republican and early Imperial Rome, down to early Byzantium in the sixth century CE. For many centuries after that, from late Antiquity, through the Middle Ages, to the Renaissance, democracy was effectively eclipsed by other forms of government, in both theory and practice. But as we know, this was by no means the end of the story. For democracy was eventually to enjoy a re-florescence, over two thousand years after its first flowering in the ancient world: initially revived in seventeenth century England, it was to undergo a further renaissance in the revolutionary climate of late eighteenth century North America and France - and has been constantly reconstituted and reinvented ever since.
Measuring Democracy: A Bridge Between Scholarship and Politics Measuring Democracy: A Bridge Between Scholarship and Politics Новинка

Measuring Democracy: A Bridge Between Scholarship and Politics

Although democracy is a widely held value, concrete measurement of it is elusive. Gerardo L.Munck's constructive assessment of the methods used to measure democracies promises to bring order to the debate in academia and in practice. Drawing on his years of academic research on democracy and measurement and his practical experience evaluating democratic practices for the United Nations and the Organization of American States, Munck's discussion bridges the theories of academia with practical applications. In proposing a more open and collaborative relationship between theory and action, he makes the case for reassessing how democracy is measured and encourages fundamental changes in methodology. Munck's field-tested framework for quantifying and qualifying democracy is built around two instruments he developed: the UN Development Programme's Electoral Democracy Index and a case-by-case election monitoring tool used by the OAS. Measuring Democracy offers specific, real-world lessons that scholars and practitioners can use to improve the quality and utility of data about democracy.
American option pricing American option pricing Новинка

American option pricing

An American option is a financial contract between two agents, who agree to buy or sell an asset at a fixed strike price at any time before a specified expiration date. When is the optimal time to exercise the option in order to maximize revenue? What is the price of such contract? This work aims to answer these questions from a rigorous mathematical perspective while still in a comprehensive way. It develops the Arbitrage-free Pricing Theory, and set the American option price as an optimal stopping problem. There is a self-contained treatment of the existence and characterization of the solution of optimal stopping problems for homogeneous Markov processes. Central to the presentation is to transfer the optimal stopping problem, representing the price of the American option, to a free-boundary formulation by means of the Markovian structure of the stock price process. Then, it is derived the optimal stopping rule by the first passage time of the geometric Brownian motion to a barrier, determined by an integral equation. In other words, the holder will optimally exercise the option at the first time that the stock price process falls below such a barrier.
David McKay American Politics and Society David McKay American Politics and Society Новинка

David McKay American Politics and Society

Completely revised and updated to take full account of the most recent and dramatic changes in the nature of American government, the sixth edition provides a clear and concise introduction to US politics for all students of political science and American studies. Explains, analyses and interprets the processes of US government and, crucially, appraises them from a non-US perspective. Includes commentary on the 2004 presidential election. Fills in the social background to American political and economic life, preparing the ground for the central discussion of the book: the institutions of the federal government, Congress, the Supreme Court and the Constitution, the federal system, the Presidency, the party bandwagons and the electoral system. Reduced emphasis on limited government and greater emphasis on foreign and domestic policy linked into the War on Terror. Reworked throughout to reflect recent developments, with two completely new chapters on The Media and American Politics, and The Security State. Supported by a website, www.blackwellpublishing.com/mckay, including information on the book; its detailed contents; the author; controversies; sample chapters; selected tables; related titles; and links to other web resources. It will be regularly updated to ensure teachers and students have access to the most recent data.
Футболка Wearcraft Premium Slim Fit Printio Democracy by design ministry Футболка Wearcraft Premium Slim Fit Printio Democracy by design ministry Новинка

Футболка Wearcraft Premium Slim Fit Printio Democracy by design ministry

Футболка Wearcraft Premium Slim Fit — цвет: белый, пол: Муж. Новый эксклюзивный принт от Design Ministry теперь и на DM.PRINTIO.RU.
Outsourcing Public Sector Construction Projects Outsourcing Public Sector Construction Projects Новинка

Outsourcing Public Sector Construction Projects

The thesis examines how the process of outsourcing of public construction projects is influenced by institutions and why. It extents debate beyond comparaisions between outsourcing and reliance on own forces (force account) to explain how actors navigate formal and informal institutions in outsourcing process. It examines why results differ from one socio-political context to the other using the case of Uganda. An analytical framework for process-tracing that integrates institutional and social capital theories is deployed for analysis of actors‘ decision-making in outsourcing process drawing paralels at central and local government contexts. Using this framework the thesis argues that actors in private and public sectors simultaneously pursue material gains as well as social capital investments while trying to minimize their transaction costs, a phenonmenon that leads to forum shopping between formal and informal institutions. Empirical findings indicate that informal arrangements tend to dominate the process of outsourcing in Uganda more than the formal institutions in place and suggests to actors to take cognisance of informal institutions to attain higher effectiveness.
Local Body Finances Local Body Finances Новинка

Local Body Finances

"Local self government is and must be the basis of any true system of democracy. We have got habit of rather into the habit of thinking of democracy at the top not so much below. Democracy at the top will not be success unless it is built on the foundation from below” – Jawahar Lal Nehru Municipal administration is, thus, a primary unit of democracy for the urban population in India. It is in fact a nursery for the future political leadership of the country. Even the planning commission of India has realized the importance of the local self-government. It had been clearly stated that the Draft First Five Year Plan that he constitution has provided for democratic institutions at the Central and State level, but so long as local self-government institutions are not conceived as a part of the same organic constitutional and administration framework, the structure of democratic government will remain incomplete.
Assessment of Goal Towards Achieving Stable Democracy Assessment of Goal Towards Achieving Stable Democracy Новинка

Assessment of Goal Towards Achieving Stable Democracy

Third world countries are aspiring to be stable democratically, however in daily news broadcasts these countries governments are portrayed symbolic of a Leviathan. This is due to disregard of democratic principles by the states. For Lesotho, Vision 2020 postulates an ideal state of high potential, hence the need to see if the country is on track towards achieving Stable Democracy. The research employed qualitative studies to collect data from officers occupying political offices and statutory posts. Members of Parliament (legislature) as primary respondents; were engaged as an integral part of the study together with the opposition political parties representatives and the civil society. Thus far Lesotho has travelled a long route to Democracy but the pace towards the progress is not satisfactory. Political parties have shown there are setbacks on institutional performance of organs of government intrinsic for attainment of stable democracy. In Lesotho today, statutory bodies should be granted constitutional emancipation from government control and influence to curtail negativity held by contesters for state apparatus.
Debating Hate Speech Debating Hate Speech Новинка

Debating Hate Speech

Does hate speech undermine democracy, by attacking its most vulnerable members? Does it threaten the equal dignity of all citizens? Or are democracy and equality degraded not by hateful expression, but by censorship? Do hate speech bans give governments too much control over thought and ideas, or do bans secure the conditions for ideas to be meaningfully debated? Should each society choose its own rules? Or are some principles of free expression universal? Whom should hate speech bans protect: racial and ethnic groups, religious communities, women, sexual minorities, the disabled? Should we ban hateful words and images in public spaces but not on the internet? Heinze and Phillipson draw on law, politics, philosophy and ethics to debate these questions. For Phillipson, narrowly drawn hate speech bans are essential to the social contract - a prerequisite for democratic deliberation, and a symbolic protection of every citizen's basic dignity. Heinze replies that punitive rules imposed to silence hateful views damage democracy, and governments have more legitimate and effective means of combating harmful speech. Drawing upon European, American and Commonwealth perspectives, this book will be of interest not only to lawyers, but also to readers in philosophy, politics and journalism.
'Strict Democracy'- Burning the Bridges in Politics 'Strict Democracy'- Burning the Bridges in Politics Новинка

'Strict Democracy'- Burning the Bridges in Politics

The main character in this novel, Eyale, ideologises the need for a new system – ‘Strict Democracy’, which should help burn the bridges in politics in the developing and under developing countries by proposing stiffer punitive measures to mitigate the selfish urges of political appointees and their cronies. ‘Strict Democracy’ espouses the need to vote solely on idea basis rather than on party lines; the need for the nation to jail all politicians in the ruling government should they fail to deliver to promises they made in their manifesto. It also brings to the fore the need for members of parliament to be sacked before their tenure should they vote contrary to the decisions of their people.
Impact of RTI on Development Impact of RTI on Development Новинка

Impact of RTI on Development

The contemporary times have witnessed extensive Rights Activism in the Indian legal and social paradigms, pursuant to the enactment of the Right to Information Act by the Indian Parliament in the year 2005. India being the largest democracy of the world essentially requires transparency in the government procedures in order to achieve two fold expedience, primarily to exhibit the faith in its citizens by performing the functions of a welfare state, along with to achieve the highest standards of governance. The moments of enactment of the RTI Act realized the intention to escalate accountability in the governance on the part of legislators and public servants. Although the Act vests in the citizens a powerful tool to ascertain the functions of the government, it has also encountered various standstills in the government procedure as a result of the deterrence which the Act has created upon the government personnels. This book provides a comprehensive yet holistic approach to the readers facilitating an intensive assessment reached by empirical study of the expediencies brought and the government deadlocks which coexist with the RTI Act.
IT-Outsourcing for four organizations IT-Outsourcing for four organizations Новинка

IT-Outsourcing for four organizations

IT-Outsourcing is a concept that describes the supply of part or all of IT services by an external supplier company, known as IT-vendor, to a client company. IT-Outsourcing enables focusing on core business, cost reductions and increase of IT-resources efficiency. The purpose of this work is to discover, describe and analyze the most critical aspects in implementing IT-Outsourcing and the critical aspects of the ‘IS Improvement'' view of IT-Outsourcing for clients, to further let IT-vendors know how they can improve on delivering their services to their customers. The results are based on primary data, and they are also useful to the academic audience of IT-Management. This work leads to the conclusions on which the critical aspects in implementing IT-Outsourcing are and that the ‘IS-Improvement'' view of IT-Outsourcing for these four organizations is not valid, but the respondents'' indicated ways that IT-Outsourcing can be improved to achieve increased IT-resources efficiency.
Untimely Democracy Untimely Democracy Новинка

Untimely Democracy

Untimely Democracy offers an exploration of how one of the bleakest periods in American racial history provided fertile terrain for a radical reconstruction of America's most fundamental assumptions about democracy.
Local Governance in Zambia Local Governance in Zambia Новинка

Local Governance in Zambia

This study discusses central government grants; showing their effects on local government operational efficiency and effectiveness in Zambia. The Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) government, with a view to improving local government operational efficiency and effectiveness, enacted a new local government Act in December1991, replacing the local administration act of 1980. The study reveals that whilst the 1991 local government Act provides for all local authorities to receive grants from central government, the situation obtaining in Zambia’s Third Republic is that the government decided to ignore its statutory obligation to provide funding to councils. Therefore, local councils in Zambia have remained chronically short of money to the extent that they are unable to buy and maintain vital equipment; many of them have been unable to pay salaries and wages on time; and services to the local communities have not been adequately delivered or even not delivered at all. The study has shown that even though stringent measures and various local initiatives have been taken the gap left by non-provision of grants is difficult to be filled by the local authorities’ own revenue.
The Future of Outsourcing The Future of Outsourcing Новинка

The Future of Outsourcing

Outsourcing has been one of the primary issues in strategic management. Given the fact of recent downturn economy across the world will make companies more focus on the cost, which is the most important factor in outsourcing decision. As a result, many companies in the world are moving for outsourcing. However, due to some hidden costs of outsourcing, these companies are not generating the anticipated benefits of outsourcing. This research monograph explores the conceptual framework of outsourcing with its pros and cons. It also tries to identify and explain the hidden costs of outsourcing as well as its future prospects and possibilities across the globe especially in a developing county like Bangladesh.
Democracy and Its Institutions Democracy and Its Institutions Новинка

Democracy and Its Institutions

Examining democracy from an institutional perspective, this book studies such institutions as the Parliament, the courts of justice, and the systems of political parties, and brings out the contradictions between the ideals of democracy-such as equality and liberty-and the actual operation of government and politics. It introduces the reader to the distinction between law and custom, and between matters of right and matters of trust.
Democratic Development of Ukraine Before and After Orange Revolution Democratic Development of Ukraine Before and After Orange Revolution Новинка

Democratic Development of Ukraine Before and After Orange Revolution

This paper is dedicated to the issues of formation of civil society and democracy in Ukraine, current state and reformation of the system of public administration and local self-government on the basis of democratic principles. This paper is an analysis of different aspects of democratic development in the country, particularly all aspects of democratization of governance on all levels. Key factors and elements of democracy are the basis for this investigation. The main directions of which are: civil society, transparency of power and public participation, local democracy and local self-government, state of citizens’ activity and political situation. This paper investigates: what are the main priorities set to improve the Ukrainian public sector on the basis of democratic principles and norms, and what are the mechanisms used to achieve it?
JC Smith's The Law of Contract JC Smith's The Law of Contract Новинка

JC Smith's The Law of Contract

This seminal text fully modernized by a foremost legal scholar is a clear and accessible introduction to contract law combining detailed case coverage with incisive analysis. It is ideal for students approaching contract law for the first time and covers all essential topics.
A Blackened Bequest: The Role of African Union in Africa's Democracy A Blackened Bequest: The Role of African Union in Africa's Democracy Новинка

A Blackened Bequest: The Role of African Union in Africa's Democracy

A democratic State is one whose citizens enjoy all the rights and fundamental freedom within its territory. These rights include the right to participate in elections undertaken periodically to elect their representatives. The election is a restatement of the essential rule of party autonomy in self determination. A party (citizen) has the right to make free and willing choice of the government he or she desires and that such a choice so made informed by his/her criteria and needs demands the greatest of deference. The Constitutive Act of the African Union (AU) imparts an onerous responsibility to the AU to ensure that democracy thrives within the continent. The AU must ensure that democratic exercises in its member States includes elections conducted in a manner that reflects the international standards of free and fair elections. It has a duty also to ensure it is through such elections that a legitimate government attains or retains power. Any government otherwise established would be unconstitutional. This book critically analyses the principles established within the AU in advancing democracy and dealing with elections related conflicts in Africa.
Federalism and Multi-party Democracy Federalism and Multi-party Democracy Новинка

Federalism and Multi-party Democracy

Since 1991 in Ethiopia much of attention of politicians and scholars has been largely on elections, election results and its value to democracy. This Book attempts to broaden both the theoretical and factual terrain of this interesting issue by delving into the interface between federalism, democracy, party system, political parties, electoral systems and elections in general and in Ethiopia. It has given much emphasis to the electoral system and tries to show how electoral system can either enhance or undermine the intended purposes of federalism and democratic governance in Ethiopia. It also thus argues strongly that for genuine federalism and sustainable multi-party democracy to be nurtured and consolidated, Ethiopia needs to undergo a deliberate electoral system reform. Such reform process should aim at achieving inclusiveness and accountable government.
Contract Farming for Production and Export of Vegetables in Bangladesh Contract Farming for Production and Export of Vegetables in Bangladesh Новинка

Contract Farming for Production and Export of Vegetables in Bangladesh

The study was designed to discuss the main features of contract vegetable production; to examine the vegetable supply chain, to estimate profitability of vegetables produced by contract and non-contract farmers and to estimate the effects of the key variables which are responsible for the production of different vegetables. Primary data collected from thirty samples of each category which were randomly selected from the study area, Chandina of Comilla district. The Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC) has introduced the contract farming system of vegetables for export using the "centralized limited management contract" model with a verbal or unwritten form of contract. The supply chain started from the production of high value vegetables through contract farmers and finally exported to mainstream supermarkets of the world. The gross margins, net returns and partial budgeting analysis showed that the contract growers significantly benefited much more than the non-contract growers. The findings of the log-linear regression model revealed that the key variables included in the model were individually or jointly responsible for variation in gross returns.
The Contract of Employment in South Africa The Contract of Employment in South Africa Новинка

The Contract of Employment in South Africa

The South African Constitution contains the Bill of Rights,which it describes as the cornerstone of democracy in South Africa and compels the state to "respect, protect, promote and fulfill the rights in the Bill of Rights".Section 200(A)of the Labour Relations Act ultimately codified various tests that were developed under common law.Labour relations is a multifaceted, intricate and complex discipline that is characterised by a number of salient features.
A Restatement of the English Law of Contract A Restatement of the English Law of Contract Новинка

A Restatement of the English Law of Contract

This Restatement presents a distillation of the current state of the general law of contract into a coherent set of succinct rules. Written by an authority in the area, assisted by senior judges, academics, and practitioners, the law is restated in a clear and authoritative manner, demonstrating how the different elements fit together.

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Today we associate liberal thought and politics with secularism. When we argue over whether the nation's founders meant to keep religion out of politics, the godless side is said to be liberal. But the role of religion in American politics has always been far more nuanced and complex than today's debates would suggest and closer to the heart of American intellectual life than is commonly understood. American democracy was intended by its creators to be more than just a political system, and in The Religion of Democracy, historian Amy Kittelstrom shows how religion and democracy have worked together as universal ideals in American culture--and as guides to moral action and the social practice of treating one another as equals who deserve to be free. The first people in the world to call themselves "liberals" were New England Christians in the early republic, for whom being liberal meant being receptive to a range of beliefs and values. The story begins in the mid-eighteenth century, when the first Boston liberals brought the Enlightenment into Reformation Christianity, tying equality and liberty to the human soul at the same moment these root concepts were being tied to democracy. The nineteenth century saw the development of a robust liberal intellectual culture in America, built on open-minded pursuit of truth and acceptance of human diversity. By the twentieth century, what had begun in Boston as a narrow, patrician democracy transformed into a religion of democracy in which the new liberals of modern America believed that where different viewpoints overlap, common truth is revealed. The core American principles of liberty and equality were never free from religion but full of religion. The Religion of Democracy re-creates the liberal conversation from the eighteenth century to the twentieth by tracing the lived connections among seven thinkers through whom they knew, what they read and wrote, where they went, and how they expressed their opinions--from John Adams to William James to Jane Addams; from Boston to Chicago to Berkeley. Sweeping and ambitious, The Religion of Democracy is a lively narrative of quintessentially American ideas as they were forged, debated, and remade across our history.
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