electronic waste management



Assessment of Household Electrical and Electronic Waste Management Assessment of Household Electrical and Electronic Waste Management Новинка

Assessment of Household Electrical and Electronic Waste Management

This book is intended to imply household electrical and electronic waste (E-waste) assessment. The study was accomplished to appraisal the current system of household E-waste management in Putrajaya, Malaysia, in order to determine an appropriate system. E-waste is classified as hazardous waste which requires an appropriate management system to reduce its impacts on human and environment. The agencies and government need to improve more facilities due to promote the awareness of people on household E-waste in Putrajaya.
Electronic Waste Management Electronic Waste Management Новинка

Electronic Waste Management

A life cycle assessment measures inputs, outputs and environmental impacts of a product across its lifespan, from cradle to grave. Electrical and Electronic waste (E-waste) is any useless material in the form of a used part of a device in non-repairable condition; obsolete equipment or waste generated during its manufacturing process or is produced due its expiration, or subscription to an innovative electronic product. Pakistan is also a victim of this ever increasing electronic waste due to local industrial growth besides becoming a dumping ground for developed societies for their used electronic devices and equipment. Current study estimates the amount of electronic-manufacturing waste generated in the production process of fans, motors, pumps, capacitors, washing machines and to design life cycle assessment (LCA), a modern approach in waste management.
Electronic Waste Electronic Waste Новинка

Electronic Waste

With advanced technologies and scale economies, electronic equipment has rapidly expanding, which in turn will increase the quantity of e-waste generated, therefore it has become imperative to study the e-waste management practices that are being adopted. E-waste management tasks are not implemented fully because of the multiple challenges faced in countries of the world. However, associated with importing of secondhand market from developed countries, the problem is severe in developing countries than advanced countries. This book has emphasized on the generation level and status of e-waste, awareness on e-waste, electronic waste management practices, establishing network with concerned actors and recommend ways for better management. Thus, it will help educational institutions of any level, governmental and non-governmental organizations, business and industrial institutions to properly manage electronic equipment and waste, through formulation of policies and legislations, adopting management techniques and launching multi-stakeholders to minimize the adverse impacts e-waste pose on both human and environment.
The Status Of Electronic Waste, Generation And Management In Kenya The Status Of Electronic Waste, Generation And Management In Kenya Новинка

The Status Of Electronic Waste, Generation And Management In Kenya

The rapid growth in Information and Communications Technology has led to an increased demand for electrical and electronic equipments which has resulted in electronic waste (E-waste). E-waste is defined as the various forms of electrical and electronic equipments that have ceased to be of use to owners. E-waste has been shown from research to potentially induce cancer development in human beings in the long term. The objective of this study was to establish the types, quantities and management including policies and institutional mechanisms that were in place to address the E-waste problem. The study was done through structured questionnaires; thereafter the results were analyzed using descriptive statistics, contingency tables and multinomial regression. It was found that most institutions owned both computers and mobile phones and malfunctioning was the major reason for their obsoleteness. Therefore the age of imported electronic equipments should be regulated by enactment of policies. Subsequently there should be public education and training on E-waste, and encouragement of private firms to be involved in E-waste management.
Eco-threats of E-Waste Eco-threats of E-Waste Новинка

Eco-threats of E-Waste

Electronic waste is one of the fastest growing waste streams and is fast emerging a major challenge in urban areas. This book intends to provide insights into the emerging challenges of e-waste generation and management in Bangalore, the hub of IT industry. The book documents important aspects of e-waste management in Bangalore and adds to the knowledge and database. The findings highlight research issues, which are of critical importance.In Bangalore, E-waste management is largely unorganized besides being in the initial stages of working towards proper management. Survey indicated 226 informal enterprises as against 6 formal recycling units. There are no accurate estimates available on the quantity of e-waste generated and recycled. An increase in exported e-waste is exempted from basic customs duty, making it convenient for import of computers under EXIM policy 2000. However the legislation on Hazardous Waste Management and Handling Rules (Amended Rules 2003), puts restrictions on import and export of e-waste. The analysis will help policy makers and academicians working in waste management.
E-WASTE POSES A HEALTH HAZARD E-WASTE POSES A HEALTH HAZARD Новинка

E-WASTE POSES A HEALTH HAZARD

Shorttitle:E-WASTE POSES A HEALTH HAZARD E- waste or electronic waste means the electronic products nearing the end of their useful life. The obsolete technology contains hazardous materials like lead, mercury, cadmium, and arsenic which pose great threats to the human being.Project Agastya and the Environment and Health foundation of Bangalore in India have launched an awareness drive on e-waste. It is estimated that 75 percent of electronic items are stored due to uncertainty of how to manage it. The government is responsible for providing adequate system of laws, control and administrative procedure for hazardous waste management. The existing laws regarding the disposal of e-waste should be revamped. Research and development activities must be encouraged, standard of hazardous waste management, environment monitoring should also be taken care of. Government must impose strict regulations and penalties against law flouters and those outsiders who dump ewaste in the country. Generators of e- wastes should take responsibilities of wastes, if hazardous, should provide management option.
Thomas Christensen Solid Waste Technology and Management Thomas Christensen Solid Waste Technology and Management Новинка

Thomas Christensen Solid Waste Technology and Management

The collection, transportation and subsequent processing of waste materials is a vast field of study which incorporates technical, social, legal, economic, environmental and regulatory issues. Common waste management practices include landfilling, biological treatment, incineration, and recycling – all boasting advantages and disadvantages. Waste management has changed significantly over the past ten years, with an increased focus on integrated waste management and life-cycle assessment (LCA), with the aim of reducing the reliance on landfill with its obvious environmental concerns in favour of greener solutions. With contributions from more than seventy internationally known experts presented in two volumes and backed by the International Waste Working Group and the International Solid Waste Association, detailed chapters cover: Waste Generation and Characterization Life Cycle Assessment of Waste Management Systems Waste Minimization Material Recycling Waste Collection Mechanical Treatment and Separation Thermal Treatment Biological Treatment Landfilling Special and Hazardous Waste Solid Waste Technology & Management is a balanced and detailed account of all aspects of municipal solid waste management, treatment and disposal, covering both engineering and management aspects with an overarching emphasis on the life-cycle approach.
Urban Infrastructure for Solid Waste Management Urban Infrastructure for Solid Waste Management Новинка

Urban Infrastructure for Solid Waste Management

Solid waste infrastructure management service in Nekemte town of Oromia Regional State (Ethiopia) is generally handled by the private waste collectors through contractual arrangement with the municipality which is not adequate. Hence the coverage of solid waste management services should be expanded up to cent percent population and geographical area of the town. However, strong control and monitoring mechanisms are required to be in place for effective solid waste infrastructure management. It is expected that with increase in population size and industrialization, solid waste management would be a major problem for the municipality in the future. In order to mitigate the consequent health and environmental impacts, the solid waste infrastructure management problems have to be properly addressed.
Domestic Solid Waste management in Low-Income area Domestic Solid Waste management in Low-Income area Новинка

Domestic Solid Waste management in Low-Income area

In any solid waste management study information on households’ waste management is very critical. Since the lion share of the municipal solid waste (76%) is contributed from residential houses assessing this part will contribute much for the overall management of the municipal solid waste management. in parallel with this, the quantity of solid waste generated in low-income areas is often assumed to be less than the solid waste generated in high-income neighborhoods but significant solid waste mismanagement identified in low-income area. Thus the study aimed at to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of low-income households
Behavioral and Attitudes Factors in Construction Waste Management Behavioral and Attitudes Factors in Construction Waste Management Новинка

Behavioral and Attitudes Factors in Construction Waste Management

Globally, construction waste is becoming a serious environmental problem in many large cities in the world due to large quantities of waste generated throughout the construction and demolition activities. Attitudes and behavior are corner stones in the construction waste management, and their understanding can contribute to solving many waste management problems. The main objective of this study was to determine the factors that affect contractors'' attitudes and behavior in construction waste management in the southern West Bank of Palestine. The findings showed that contractor size, following waste reduction practices, and number of unskilled labors, are significant factors explaining contractors'' attitudes toward waste management; while following waste reduction practices, perception of construction waste environmental impacts, number of skilled and unskilled labors, and training of field supervisors are significant factors affecting contractors'' behavior regarding waste management. The study recommends upgrading the current legislations to create integrated and comprehensive waste management system.
Management and Improvement Strategies for Household Waste Management and Improvement Strategies for Household Waste Новинка

Management and Improvement Strategies for Household Waste

One of the serious environmental concerns in Nairobi is poor handling of the household solid waste. Illegal dumping and burning are commonly practiced in households due to the collapse of public waste management system in the city. The objective of this study was to conduct household waste characterisation, study existing management practices and model improvement strategies for household solid waste in Nairobi. The research methodologies involved questionnaire survey, waste sampling and analysis, focused group discussions, workshops, observation and literature reviews. The findings of the study has shown that, the household solid waste generation composed of food (organic) 73.2%, paper 6.8%, glass 3.4%, metal 5.3%, plastic, 7.8%, hazardous household solid waste and special waste 1.1%, electrical and electronic waste 2.7% and others 3.7%. The study findings also point to an increase of over 25% in the quantity of the daily generated household waste by Nairobi households over the last 10 years. The huge increase in waste streams calls for serious government policy, laws and regulations to reduce waste generation rates at the source.
Management of Waste and Residues in Nuclear Facility Management of Waste and Residues in Nuclear Facility Новинка

Management of Waste and Residues in Nuclear Facility

Radiation and radioactive substances have many beneficial applications, ranging from power generation to uses in medicine, industry and agriculture. Radioactive waste must be managed in such a way as to avoid imposing an undue burden on future generations; that is, the generations that produce the waste have to seek and apply safe, practicable and environmentally acceptable solutions for its long term management. This paper examines the management of waste and residue management facility which includes the study of radioactive waste classification, waste types, predisposal management of radioactive waste, storage and characterization of radioactive waste, transport of radioactive waste and immobilization and/or stabilization of radioactive waste. The aim of radioactive and residues waste management should be to minimize waste generation and to produce waste in a form that conforms with the requirements for subsequent handling, processing, transport and storage, or that meets the acceptance requirements for disposal.
Mainstreaming Community Participation in Solid Waste Management Mainstreaming Community Participation in Solid Waste Management Новинка

Mainstreaming Community Participation in Solid Waste Management

Waste Management starts with you and me..., "sustainable waste management for a healthy and vital Human and green Environment". In the context of urban sprawl and increasing use of solid waste, waste is becoming a global menace contributing slowly to thermal climate change at micro level, which indirectly and directly in long run, impacts the life of the society, the paper examines role of community in waste generation and management, by comparing high density and low density settlements. Critically examines and evaluate roles played by both sides and proposes best waste management strategies for a green and resilience society.
Study of Biomedical Waste of Gwalior City (India) Study of Biomedical Waste of Gwalior City (India) Новинка

Study of Biomedical Waste of Gwalior City (India)

Hospital waste generated primarily from health care establishments is a relatively recent issue and it has become a matter of great concern. The proper management of hospital waste is still in its infancy all over the world. There is a lot of confusion among generators, operators, decision-makers and the general community about the safe management of hospital waste. Hospital waste management in India has become an intractable problem. The methodical “Hospital waste Management” is of critical significance as its inappropriate management poses risks to health care workers, waste handlers, patients, community in common and mainly the environment. Keeping this in view, bio-medical waste management was studied in hospitals of Gwalior City. Gwalior city is situated on Agra-Bhopal railway route. It is a developing city with essential facilities. So due to speedy increase of population and urbanization there is a substantial increase in hospitals and private nursing homes as well as pathological labs. Thus the Bio-medical waste is also mounting day by day. Biomedical waste management is intricate but trouble can be cut down and minimized if its apposite management system is planned.
Microbial Waste Management Microbial Waste Management Новинка

Microbial Waste Management

The book “Microbial Waste Management” covers all the issues related to waste, its various types, sources of generation, various management practices, and also offers the integrated waste management scheme, a complete solution to the biodegradation of waste by exploitation of microorganisms that would cause least environmental impact. It focuses on the easiest and safest way for the degradation of various kinds of non hazardous and hazardous wastes by microorganisms present naturally and/or bioengineered. Case studies have also been included to explain the utility, importance and limitation for using different waste management handling practices and product extraction techniques from the waste leading to profitable business and products.
Solid Waste Routing by Exploiting Ant Colony Optimization Solid Waste Routing by Exploiting Ant Colony Optimization Новинка

Solid Waste Routing by Exploiting Ant Colony Optimization

"Solid Waste Routing by Exploiting Ant Colony Optimization" is a new work which is influenced by the problem arising now a days by the solid waste generated in metro (big) cities. The waste generated on daily bases creates a lot of problem in environment. Solid Waste Management has evolved as a complex discipline in the last decades. One key subsystem of solid waste management is designing vehicle routes with all the realistic constraints. The basic problem consists of collecting garbage house by house and, therefore street by street. The management of urban solid waste is intrinsically complex, because it involves various relative factors, which are often in conflict. Moreover, given that this solution cannot be reduced easily to the optimization, a formal multi-criteria urban waste management approach is needed.
Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management Новинка

Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management

Concern about sustainable development and environmental sound policies have been growing considerably everywhere. Waste production and management are among the issues that need to be dealt with. In Ethiopia, as in many other developing countries, waste management problems are growing and are not been handled well and the situation is often aggravated by low level of municipal capacities and absence of modern approaches of waste management. Poor waste management results into health hazards among urban residents, environmental pollution, besides the negative aesthetic impacts.Integrated solid waste management is the best option which local authorities of developing countries can adopt to as to solve the problem of waste management. It embraces waste avoidance and minimization methods, reuse and recycling programs, collection of refuse, treatment methods and safe disposal. The result and recommendations of the study will stimulate actions towards sustainable and integrated Municipal Solid Waste Management in cities of developing countries. It will also contribute significantly towards current MSWM policy review, formation and implementation so as make cities more habitable.
Differential factors of solid waste management in Pretoria Differential factors of solid waste management in Pretoria Новинка

Differential factors of solid waste management in Pretoria

This book is based on a comprehensive survey that was conducted in the City of Pretoria, South Africa to identify key predictors of efficiency in the management of solid waste produced by 1, 034 commercial businesses operating in Pretoria. Efficiency in the management of solid waste was measured based on a structural time-based model. Data analyses were performed by fitting a binary logistic regression model and multilevel analysis. The study showed that 17% of the businesses selected for the study were inefficient with regards to the management of solid waste. The study identified 4 predictors of efficiency in the management of solid waste. These 4 influential predictor variables were lack of adherence to waste management regulations, wrong perception on the value and importance of proper management of waste, failure to provide customers with enough trash cans, and the operation of businesses by non-owners, in a decreasing order of importance. Results obtained from multilevel analysis showed that efficiency in the management of solid waste varied significantly depending on category of solid waste (23.05%) and geographical location (19.45%).
Waste Management Practices in Bayelsa State Waste Management Practices in Bayelsa State Новинка

Waste Management Practices in Bayelsa State

The impact of inadequate waste management results in public health and environmental risks. The problem of solid waste management is becoming more and more conspicuous in Bayelsa State. This study used a mixed method approach. Risk analysis and waste management option appraisal using multi-criteria analysis and contingent valuation method. The study revealed that there are several illegal and uncontrolled dumpsites all over the state. A majority of the people, rural and urban dwellers usually dispose of their wastes at illegal dumpsites. The results show that improper waste management in the state results in the pollution of the environment, this has also caused the prevalence of diseases such as malaria, cholera and diarrhoea. Waste recycling and composting were identified as the best options of waste management in Bayelsa state. This study provides a more consistent risk-based multi-criteria decision making tool for waste management in Bayelsa State. This research will be beneficial in the implementation and execution of waste management projects in a transparent, accountable, evident base and scientific manner, effective allocation and utilisation of financial resources
Waste Management Action Plan for the Municipality of Prishtina Waste Management Action Plan for the Municipality of Prishtina Новинка

Waste Management Action Plan for the Municipality of Prishtina

This work is related to the Waste Management,most problematical sector in the new born state,Republic of Kosovo.As many transition countries in the region Kosovo is facing hug challenges in this sector and the book is small contribution toward the initial steps to establish modern management system of waste collection in municipal level.This work aims to increase the awareness of citizens about the 3R Waste Management-Reducing, Reusing and Recycling Waste.Hope that this will impact the improvements and serves as initial step for further researches in this field.
Municipal Solid Waste Management in Mysore,India:Problems and Prospect Municipal Solid Waste Management in Mysore,India:Problems and Prospect Новинка

Municipal Solid Waste Management in Mysore,India:Problems and Prospect

This book provides basics as well as new methods of municipal solid waste management including generations, collection and storage, transportation and treatment and disposal. The problems and prospects of MSW management in Mysore city have well explained with sevral images of MSWM operation.Further, difficulty faced generally by most of the municipal body in managing solid waste is discussed in comprehensive manner which will update the readers of solid waste management. This book fulfills the needs of undergraduates, post graduates and researcher of Environmental science, Biotechnology, and other related fields.
Contributions to Solid Waste Management in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya Contributions to Solid Waste Management in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya Новинка

Contributions to Solid Waste Management in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya

The performance of Local Authorities is vital for provision of important services such as Solid waste management in their area of jurisdiction. This publication discuses how Eldoret municipal council like many other Local Authorities are faced with a great challenge in Managing the waste generated and shows possibilities of adopting an integrated solid waste management approach to curb this menace. As a solution based approach the book provides information on the capacity of the Municipality, existing private waste collectors and CBOs and the roles they currently play. The Book analyses the organizational structure in Local Authority, Private waste collector and other organizations of interest on the same. It further makes recommendation on ways to effectively involve other key stakeholders in solid waste management.
Electronic Waste Toxic Chemical Components Management in Africa Electronic Waste Toxic Chemical Components Management in Africa Новинка

Electronic Waste Toxic Chemical Components Management in Africa

Development is now driven by globalisation and powered by ICT. Integration of ICT is growing. Consequently, rapid generation of toxic e-wastes is posing serious environmental health challenges in developing countries, which have become dumping grounds for e-waste materials, but lack environmental regulations and waste management capacity. Electronic Waste Toxic Chemical Components Management in Africa: Environmental Health Significance and Extraction-Recyclability of Lead and Beryllium Oxide recognizes Pb and BeO as the toxic chemical components that occur in environmentally significant quantities in e-waste materials. It establishes their environmental health significance (acute toxicities) and investigates their recyclability by various extraction techniques. Flowcharts, models and suitable reactor materials for scaling up are supplied. The handy resource for pollution chemists, environmental scientists/engineers, and a novel textbook for Environmental Science/Technology also serves Environmental policy makers/practitioners and everybody in the business of environmental management.
Healthcare Waste Management in India: an overview Healthcare Waste Management in India: an overview Новинка

Healthcare Waste Management in India: an overview

Patient care in hospitals and other healthcare facilities necessarily generate wastes which are hazardous and infectious. If not manged properly it poses grave hazard to human health, and the environment. Legislative measures in India were enunciated in 1998 and rules were promulgated.Segregation of waste at source is the most important step in the management of hospital waste. All the countries where hospital waste management is in vogue have categorized the hospital waste, and segregation is required to be in accordance with the categories. But categories also create confusion and add to the cost of waste management. Therefore another way to segregate the waste could be by intended terminal treatment option. This way the waste handlers may be clear as to which type of waste is to be put in which container.Safety measures and risk management is even more important in hospital environment.This aspect has been discussed. Training and awareness should be regular and periodic which has been suggested with training modules.Proper healthcare waste management in India remains deficient in implementation. Reasons are discussed with steps for improvement.
Impact assessment on solid health-care waste management in Addis Ababa Impact assessment on solid health-care waste management in Addis Ababa Новинка

Impact assessment on solid health-care waste management in Addis Ababa

Currently preventive methods rather than curative means are best approach for community health. Having good solid health-care waste management in every health-care center is inevitable. This book focuses on five systematically selected sample hospitals. The main objective is to assess solid health-care waste management trend, and recommend proper treatment as well as disposal mechanisms. In selected sample hospitals, solid waste was collected for one week from randomly selected beds. From the data collected the mean waste generation rate for the whole city,private and governmental hospitals was estimated using different statistical methods. On top of this, proper on site sorting was done for proximate analysis to seven waste categories. Based on this analysis the maximum infected hospital waste in the city was estimated. Additionally, an attempt is done to address the overall solid waste management trend through the routes to disposal. Possible Environmental, health and social impacts are identified for every waste management route. Finally, based on the results and findings of the study, proper solid waste management, treatment and disposal recommendations are forwarded.
Organic waste management in Manitoba, Canada: Organic waste management in Manitoba, Canada: Новинка

Organic waste management in Manitoba, Canada:

This thesis evaluates the waste management system in the province of Manitoba, Canada and other jurisdictions to identify best practices for organic waste management, and barriers and opportunities to improving the waste management sector's impact on the environment. Multiple methods were used. First, a survey of expert stakeholders in the waste management sector in Manitoba was conducted, which was followed by an expert stakeholder meeting that further refined the results of the survey. Second, waste management systems of Manitoba, Canada, Nova Scotia, Canada, New South Wales, Australia, and Denmark were compared to determine which of the options already in use by other jurisdictions might be useful in Manitoba. Third, an estimation of the amount of organic waste entering landfills in Manitoba was conducted, along with an estimation of the resulting methane emissions from landfills to determine their greenhouse gas emissions. Finally, this thesis provides specific recommendations for the province of Manitoba to improve its waste management system.
Waste management services Waste management services Новинка

Waste management services

The cost of public service delivery is rising but public funding for authorities that deliver the services has not increased proportionately particularly in less developed countries. Yet demand for public services has been growing, service quality has deteriorated or become erratic while in some cases services have completely ceased, particularly in rapidly urbanizing countries. This book offers an evidence based policy menu to municipal planners and environmental protection agencies designing waste management services in less developed countries. Using a household survey of city residents, the book calibrates a multinomial logit model of choice among three alternative waste management services, assuming a random utility technology. While income distribution and other socioeconomic characteristics of residents are important for the choice of waste management service, the finding that low income households do not benefit from publicly funded waste management services cannot be ignored.
Organic Household Waste in Developing Countries Organic Household Waste in Developing Countries Новинка

Organic Household Waste in Developing Countries

The management of solid waste has become a major problem in developing countries and a large fraction consists of organic household waste. This book investigates the environmental impacts and health hazards as a result from inadequate management of this waste flow. It also reports on existing decentralised composting and anaerobic digestions technologies, including: windrow, box/bin/barrel, THM, aerated static pile, in-vessel, vermi, ARTI compact biogas digester and BARC''S NISARG-RUNA. The common constraints for successful implementation of these technologies are discussed, as well as recommendations for future projects. Professionals involved or students studying waste management should find this book a useful tool to gain an insight into the complex interactions between the social, economic and environmental aspects of organic waste management.
Medical Waste Management Medical Waste Management Новинка

Medical Waste Management

Hospitals in Bangladesh pose significant threat on health and environment and there is an urgent need to raise awareness and educational training on medical waste management. This book discusses the importance of medical waste management which includes waste handling, collection and disposal, the knowledge and awareness of individuals involved in healthcare establishments, the potential impacts of the waste stream on both human health and environment. The book proposes different ways for effective treatment and disposal of medical wastes from the healthcare establishments in an environmentally friendly manner in Bangladesh. This book discusses the different types of medical waste, effects of medical wastes, proper management system of medical waste defined by WHO and other International Organizations, laws and policies developed and other. The book illustrates various problems, solutions successes and failures with medical waste management and real life case studies both in the Bangladesh and Global Contexts. Finally the book recommends some simple changes in policy and integration among government and private sectors to bring changes in medical waste management.
Solid Waste Management in Tiruchirappalli and Surrounding Solid Waste Management in Tiruchirappalli and Surrounding Новинка

Solid Waste Management in Tiruchirappalli and Surrounding

Improper disposal of waste often results in spread of diseases and contamination of water bodies and soils. The impacts of these wastes on the economy cannot be ignored and managing them has become a major problem. Govt. has enforced the Municipal Waste (Handling & Management) Rules, 2000 for proper management of wastes. A study has made to determine “Solid waste management in Tiruchirappalli and the surrounding three municipalities (Manapparai, Kulithalai, Thuvakudi) Tamil Nadu, India”. Municipal solid waste collection, segregation, transportation and disposal study was carried out. The study revealed that the solid waste generation depends upon the area density and population. This study would assist to find out the variation of waste generation in Corporation and Municipality and understand the contribution of municipality for solid waste generation, and compare the corporation and municipality. In practice the control of waste generation is very difficult. But waste can be used as resource for any other purpose. This book may facilitate to find out the actual practice of Solid Waste Management in the study area.
Waste management practices and their implications to development Waste management practices and their implications to development Новинка

Waste management practices and their implications to development

The study determined ‘implications of waste management practices on urban development: A case study of Kyazanga Town Council, Lwengo District’. This study was intended to establish and recommend waste management strategies that could raise the proper waste management practices in Kyazanga Town Council. The findings reflected that lack of awareness, lack of enough trained manpower, weak policies and inadequate funds led to indiscriminative dumping of wastes on roadsides and water channels, and construction of buildings without waste collection point. It was found out that all these led to a number of environmental and human health problems like; Infrastructure destruction, Contamination of water bodies, poor Sanitation and hygiene and disease incidents and environmental degradation. The study established that lack of enough funds and ignorance, were very key in determining the poor waste management practices in the town council. The study concludes that the occurrence of poor waste management practices in urban areas of Uganda have exerted pressure on development by creating fear, anxiety, and loss of lives and property. It recommends that, waste management be prioritized.
Envirionmental Impact analysis on Municipal Solid Waste Management Envirionmental Impact analysis on Municipal Solid Waste Management Новинка

Envirionmental Impact analysis on Municipal Solid Waste Management

The research work gives the awareness on the environmental impact due to the municipal solid waste management.Based on the quantity of wastes collected in the city, the design of the temporary storage is environmentally assessed. This study assists the waste management organizers to select the appropriate waste management system in MSW management options.The future research work can be carried analyzing other environmental indicators such as depletion of abiotic resource, impact of landuse, ozone depletion, human toxicity, acidification, photo-oxidant formation etc. and also social and economic indicators from the generation of MSW to till disposal for efficient and integrated waste management.
Challenges and Prospects of Waste Management in the Gambia Challenges and Prospects of Waste Management in the Gambia Новинка

Challenges and Prospects of Waste Management in the Gambia

In in adequate solid waste management is certainly one of the major contributing factors degrading the urban environment quality in Gambia. Strategic Environmental Assessment helps decision makers reach a better understanding of how environmental, social and economic considerations merge together. The study found that the residents of the municipality were reasonably aware of the benefits of proper solid waste management in relation to health, aesthetic value and tourism with regards to clean environment which needs to be enhanced. Significant challenges that need to be addressed in the future include inter among others: greater environmental awareness, waste monitoring, proper enforcement of waste related legislation and encouraging public participation in addressing waste management in The Gambia for a clean and healthy for environment for all to cherish.
Solid Waste Generation, Composition and Characterization in UKM Solid Waste Generation, Composition and Characterization in UKM Новинка

Solid Waste Generation, Composition and Characterization in UKM

Today, solid waste management is a critical national issue. One of the issues regarding Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) in Malaysia is an abbreviate life span due to the intensifying amount of the solid waste generation and human population as well. Other concerns are about environmental and public health as consequences of inefficient waste management which results to fly production, odor, leachate and other possible negative effects. In this book the current situation of waste management system in the faculty of Engineering in the National University of Malaysia (UKM) has been investigated and some recommendations have been given.
Hospital Waste Management in One of the Developing Countries Hospital Waste Management in One of the Developing Countries Новинка

Hospital Waste Management in One of the Developing Countries

Segregation of recyclable wastes from general wastes is necessary for optimizing the resource recovery. Recyclable waste may originate from different places in different ways, including hospitals. These recyclable hospital wastes may be contaminated with several health hazards and must be pretreated before recycling for health concerns. This book is a survey of the current situations of hospital waste management and management issues in one of the developing countries. This book indicates the importance of involvement from the administrative levels of hospitals and government in introducing the appropriate policy of waste management for hospital wastes in order to minimize the health risk. In comparison of hospital waste management systems from other developed and developing countries, the system in the study area is weak in providing the appropriate hazard-awareness trainings for those involved in the waste stream. In this book, the author has introduced the basis of the solid waste and hospital waste management systems, management practices and recommended some adoptable solutions for issues based on findings through field survey and questionnaire interviews.
Policy on Packaging Waste in Europe Policy on Packaging Waste in Europe Новинка

Policy on Packaging Waste in Europe

While the Packaging Waste Management System has been implemented by the European Union, however the Member States applied it in a different system of compliance. Recently the European Union stipulated a new initiative called Integrated Product Policy which based on the concept of Extended Producer Responsibility. This policy is still on establishment state and awaiting implementation. This research shows that Packaging Waste Management System can be adjusted effectively in Integrated Product Policy implementation by widening Packaging Waste Management System's position in the Integrated Product Policy building blocks.
Waste Management Exploring The Potential For Community Participation Waste Management Exploring The Potential For Community Participation Новинка

Waste Management Exploring The Potential For Community Participation

Cities in the developing world are generating an ever increasing volume of waste due to rapid growth and urbanization, and in the same instance a declining in the effectiveness of their solid waste collection and disposal systems.The developing world is reeling under the burden of inefficient, inappropriate and inadequate solid waste management.Discourse in the sustainable waste management sector has proposed numerous solutions and frameworks on how the developing world can mitigate the harmful impacts of solid waste, one of these being the involvement of the community in various aspects of waste management along the waste hierarchy. This book seeks to explore the potential for community participation in solid waste management and the role it can play in sustainable waste management. The data for this book emanates from a quantitative and qualitative research study undertaken by the author in a high density, low income suburb of a developing country.
Plastic Waste Management Plastic Waste Management Новинка

Plastic Waste Management

Now a days plastic is observed everywhere in large amount because of its ease and also the cost .Disposal of plastic waste in environment is a big problem due to its very low biodegradability. Awareness about the need and importance of plastic waste management among people is an alarming need of today.The participation of every individual will reduce the problem of waste management all over the world.
Solid Waste Management of Jahangirnagar University Solid Waste Management of Jahangirnagar University Новинка

Solid Waste Management of Jahangirnagar University

Solid waste management and its consequent impact on environment are very critical. A standard solid waste management should provide hygienic, efficient and economic collection, transportation and disposal of solid waste without polluting the environment. Jahangirnagar University is the only residential university of Bangladesh has a total approximate population of 20000 including about 9000 students. As there is no proper solid waste management system, the residents remained hostage to the refuse that they themselves produced regularly. Indiscriminate littering on roads, lanes, and by-lanes led to emissions of bad smells from decomposed wastes and also from drains clogged with wastes. As a result, the living environment of the area is deteriorated. The study has explored the present waste generation steam of the area and available waste management facilities both public and private as well as, a comparative effectiveness analysis has been done by using “Public System Evaluation Model”. And finally, the study come up with some recommended measures for both short and long term to enhance the present solid waste management scenario of the University area.
Solid Waste Generation & Composition in Gaborone, Botswana Solid Waste Generation & Composition in Gaborone, Botswana Новинка

Solid Waste Generation & Composition in Gaborone, Botswana

An analysis of solid waste management was performed in Gaborone, Botswana to identify the quantity of different types of solid waste that are generated annually and the possible strategies for improved waste management. In order to achieve the objective of the project, present waste management practice in Gaborone was analysed and waste composition study was carried out in Gamodubu landfill, Gaborone. Waste from household, commercial, industrial and others (defence and institutional) stratums were selected for sampling. Different samples were taken and forwarded to sorting analysis. The waste was categorized into 10 categories and one of the categories (plastic) is further divided into 5 Subcategories. The output of the study results the quantity of solid waste generated in Gaborone, composition of solid waste categories from different stratums and its flow to the landfill and the quality of waste, annually. These findings helped in serving the importance and the need of better waste management system in order to improvise the potential for resource recovery under social considerations.
Municipal Solid Waste Management Municipal Solid Waste Management Новинка

Municipal Solid Waste Management

Amidst rapid urbanisation and associated sanitation challenges majority of the global South cities are embracing non-state actors led direct service provision. However, sanitation challenge continues to linger coupled with mixed outcomes from the said shift in the service provision role. This publication draws from fieldwork that employed purely qualitative approach in exploring involvement of the private companies and Community-Based Organisations in household solid waste management. Further, the book expounds and map stakehodlers'inherent diversity and dynamism, explores solid waste privatisation, and core impediments to waste management. This is an ideal book for policy and decision makers in the global South cities as critical policy issues are discussed. It is also ideal to other researchers, general public, and institutions with interests in the integration of the so-called formal non-state actors in solid waste management.
Clinical Waste Management in Khulna Clinical Waste Management in Khulna Новинка

Clinical Waste Management in Khulna

In Khulna city, there are 7 public and 65 private hospitals and clinics.The hospitals in Khulna City generate about 1581 kg of waste per day. Generation rate of waste per patient per day is little higher in the private hospitals (1.15 kg) than the public hospitals (0.69 kg). Most of the hospitals dispose their waste in the city corporation bins with other wastes as there are no particular legal provisions for the management of the clinical wastes. Some hospitals are taking the service of a NGO named Prodipan for better management of waste. The management system of waste comprises of the disposal system, collection, transportation and final disposal method of wastes. If clinical waste is not managed properly, waste collectors, related health professionals and general people may be affected by various contagious diseases like: injury related spread of HIV, HBV and HCV, skin disease, asthma, diarrhea, allergy, eye irritation etc. In this study all attempts has been made to review of existing clinical waste management scenario of Khulna City and to put forward some recommendations for its improvement.
Need for Bio-Medical Waste Management Systems in Hospitals Need for Bio-Medical Waste Management Systems in Hospitals Новинка

Need for Bio-Medical Waste Management Systems in Hospitals

This Book provides a comprehensive introduction to Bio-Medical solid wastes management and to assess the waste handling and treatment systems. Biomedical Waste Management is receiving greater attention, inadequate management of biomedical waste can be associated with risks to quantities workers, patients, communities and their environment. The present study was conducted to assess the quantities and proportions of different constituents of waste, their handling, treatment and disposal methods in healthcare settings. Based on this case study there are two new methods of treatment is suggested for the large amount of Bio medical producing hospital. These methods give better results compared to the existing methods.
A Model for Sustainable Solid Waste Management A Model for Sustainable Solid Waste Management Новинка

A Model for Sustainable Solid Waste Management

America’s landfill space is quickly depleting as the population continues to experience rapid growth; as the population grows, the amount of daily waste generated increases at an alarming rate as well. In fact, by the year 2024, America would have exhausted all land areas dedicated to landfills. Currently, nationwide mandated regulations or standards to decrease the amount generated solid waste, construction waste, composting waste, or reducing waste at the source; do not exists. The following book researches effective practices that would make America's waste management systems more sustainable. In order to rate the sustainability of the management system, a score sheet was created drawing from literature written. By creating a score sheet, individual waste management systems are able to determine if they are indeed sustainable and/or in need of improvement. The City of Chicago, Illinois, was chosen as the city to be measured and has proven to have a promising future as a prototype in effective sustainable waste management practices.
Healthcare Waste Management Healthcare Waste Management Новинка

Healthcare Waste Management

In pursuing their aims of reducing health problems and eliminating potential risks to people’s health, health-care services inevitably create waste that may itself be hazardous to health. The waste produced in the course of health-care activities carries a higher potential for infection and injury than any other type of waste. Wherever it is generated, safe and reliable methods for its handling are therefore essential. Inadequate and inappropriate handling of health-care waste may have serious public health consequences and a significant impact on the environment. Sound management of health-care waste is thus a crucial component of environmental health protection. In both the short term and the long term, the actions involved in implementing effective health-care waste management programmes require multi-sectoral cooperation and interaction at all levels. Policies should be generated and coordinated globally, and the management practices implemented locally. Establishment of a national policy and a legal framework, training of personnel, and raising public awareness are essential elements of successful health-care waste management.
Veterinary Hospital Waste Management Veterinary Hospital Waste Management Новинка

Veterinary Hospital Waste Management

The historic neglected status of veterinary waste and has identified areas of veterinary waste management that require attention. This study indicated that veterinarian unaware of their legal responsibilities. Poor waste management in the veterinary practices, followed by incorrect transport and disposal measures, as well as failure to inform and equip staff sufficiently, are just some aspects of non-compliance by veterinarians. Veterinary waste was just emerging from its “neglected” status, with little or no legislation and guidelines specifically governing its handling and disposal.Recently, veterinary practices, clinics and hospitals now included as health care facilities with minimum requirements and with hazardous veterinary waste assigned the same status as human HCW; there can be no excuse for non-compliance.
Web-based user interface for tour planning of waste disposal trucks Web-based user interface for tour planning of waste disposal trucks Новинка

Web-based user interface for tour planning of waste disposal trucks

The waste management industry has evolved significantly in recent years. New technology, methods and innovations have been created and applied in this field. The research work deals with creating a user interface for an enhanced waste management system based on online sensors’ data of the fill level of waste containers. The main difficulty in the design of a user interface for such waste management systems is the large amount of input data and the complexity of the management processes which are involved. The waste management system handles sensors’ data in different types of waste containers, online data about vehicles’ route tracking, Web-based service data with information about full containers from the citizens, map-based visualizations as well as software processes for the optimization of route planning and management. Thus, the challenge is to manage this data for the user (“dispatcher”) of such a system by creating an easy-to-use and effective user interface.
Waste to Energy in Developing Countries Waste to Energy in Developing Countries Новинка

Waste to Energy in Developing Countries

“Waste to Energy in Developing Countries” analyzes the techno commercial response to waste problems. Different chapters have thrown light on the technical problems and solutions, policies, rules, regulations issued by different countries especially India on waste management. It covers the adequacy, deficiencies and challenges associated with waste management issues. This book gives the complete picture of the single biggest issue facing the planet. Cutting a swathe through scientific research and political debate, this edition lays out the facts and assesses the options- global and personal- for dealing with the threat of waste management. The guide unravels how governments, scientists and engineers plan to tackle the problem and includes in-depth information and lifestyle tips about what you can do to help.
Municipal Solid Waste Management in Lagos Metropolis Municipal Solid Waste Management in Lagos Metropolis Новинка

Municipal Solid Waste Management in Lagos Metropolis

Urbanisation and industrialisation are accelerating simultaneously in Lagos State, resulting in a concentration of people leading to pollution from uncontrolled and indiscriminate dumping of solid waste that disrupts the beauty of the city. Available resources are not maximally utilised due to lack of adequate information on the quality and the pattern of wastes generated. Waste characteristics are essential for waste disposal, facility planning and waste management policy formulation. This work examined the daily household/commercial waste generation rate, the per capita per day and characterized its composition and concluded that, over 80% of the waste components in Lagos Metropolis are biodegradable, which can be converted to organic manure and also for the generation of biogas. Waste generation is higher than collection, which may result into waste accumulation over time, thereby degrading the environment. The analysis should be especially useful to governments, stakeholders and researchers in environmental management for improved and efficient waste management strategy, programme and implementation.
Sustainable Waste Management in Urban Areas of Sri Lanka: A Case Study Sustainable Waste Management in Urban Areas of Sri Lanka: A Case Study Новинка

Sustainable Waste Management in Urban Areas of Sri Lanka: A Case Study

Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) has become a critical environmental concern due to rapid urbanization and economic development in many developing countries. The local authorities are responsible for MSWM in many countries and practice several methods of disposal as open dumping, composting, land filling, incineration, direct and indirect recycling. However, due to some limitations such as high operation and management cost, poor quality products and poor understanding of the process, economically viable, environmental friendly and socially acceptable methods are limited in use. Especially, if some authorities are categorized as planned systems of waste management, inadequacies of such procedures are also visible. Despite the fact that a designed waste management system has already been implemented by these local authorities using various programmes, the sustainability of such methods and technologies is still questionable. Therefore, this book investigates a systematic urban waste management authority in Sri Lanka to understand how far they achieved the sustainability from waste management activities distributed for the corresponding division.
Study Of Solid Waste Management In Different Income Group Of Lucknow Study Of Solid Waste Management In Different Income Group Of Lucknow Новинка

Study Of Solid Waste Management In Different Income Group Of Lucknow

Rapid industrialization, urbanization and population growth Management of solid waste in India’s growing urban areas is a challenging problem. Current practices of unscientific dumping of domestic waste have created serious environmental and public health concerns. This study attempts to study municipal solid waste management (MSWM) in the capital city of Uttar Pradesh- Lucknow, by a primary survey of 150 households segregated on the basis of income and settlement profile The entire study area was divided as a (low income group), B (medium income group) and (high income group) as the living standard goes up consumption of paper and plastic also goes up. So, quantity of solid waste increases in higher societies. Prevailing scenario of waste handling practices & disposal is an alarming problem encountered by many of the urban & industrial area. Thus an integrated solid waste management in sustainable approach is presented as response to necessary waste management strategy needs therefore efforts should be made by active participation of community, public & private agencies to solve this problem.
Vermitechnology -permutations and combinations of organic waste Vermitechnology -permutations and combinations of organic waste Новинка

Vermitechnology -permutations and combinations of organic waste

Dr. Abdullah Adil Ansari's "Vermitechnology-permutations and combinations of organic waste recycling" contains important practical information on organic waste management through the use of Vermitechnology. The role of earthworms have been studied comprehensively cover the centuries with collective efforts in redefining the applications of it in developing technologies that are assigned towards greener and cleaner environment in the present day situation. This book discusses the roles of earthworm in simplified manner and is directed towards students, agriculturist and environmental managers, researchers and individual interested in practicing organic waste management.
Municipal Solid Waste Management Municipal Solid Waste Management Новинка

Municipal Solid Waste Management

In Pakistan the proper management of solid waste is decisive to the health and well-being of urban inhabitants. In most cities of Pakistan, several tons of garbage is left uncollected on the streets and open areas each day, which becomes the sources of a feeding ground for pests and insects that spread environmental hazardous and disease, clogging drains and creating a myriad of related health and infrastructural problems in city. There is a dire need to play an important role in formulating an environmental policy that boost up effective and efficient solid waste management practices in Pakistan. Proper management of solid waste would improve local government effectiveness and efficiency, and well established MSWM mechanism will reduce health diseases in Pakistan.
Solid Waste Management Solid Waste Management Новинка

Solid Waste Management

Conducting research in higher education concerning environmental issues is very important. Since it increases the knowledge, attitude and awareness of the communities of the higher institution towards the environmental issues in general and solid waste management in particular. So, it is my pleasure to notify about this work as, it is very important which makes us familiar with the knowledge and attitude of the students and teachers towards solid waste management. This book was conducted in the higher education for understanding the knowledge and attitude of the students and teachers towards solid waste management, in the study area. Hence, understanding the knowledge and attitude of students and teachers enables to enhance the awareness, knowledge and attitude of the respondents (study populations) about the environmental issues in general and solid waste management in particular. And also, it is important to suggest the possible ways of enhancing the knowledge, attitude and awareness about the environmental issues in the general and solid waste management issues in particular. MAKE THE ENVIRONMENT CLEAN AND GREEN!
Potential Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction from Municipal Solid Waste Potential Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction from Municipal Solid Waste Новинка

Potential Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction from Municipal Solid Waste

At present, municipal solid waste (MSW) management is a serious problem in many developing countries. This is mainly the rapid population growth and the high rural to urban migrations. The insufficient collection and inappropriate disposal of solid waste contributes to the emission in the atmosphere of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and therefore different alternatives for the management have to be optimized in order to reduce these emissions. This study focused on potential GHGs emissions reduction options of municipal solid waste treatment so as to propose as a clean development mechanism (CDM) strategy and its environmental and economic impacts on solid waste management. Different disposal options (i.e. landfilling, composting and incineration) have been considered. The effect of energy recovery both in landfills and incinerators has also been addressed.
Management of Urban Agricultural Resources in Nigeria Management of Urban Agricultural Resources in Nigeria Новинка

Management of Urban Agricultural Resources in Nigeria

The study brings to fore the pattern and determinants of poultry waste and shallow well water management, utilization and their implications on productivity and on farmers’ health using ecosystem Aproach to human health concept. It analyzes the socio-economic attributes and gender differentials of poultry waste and shallow well water users and further determines the effects of farmers’ socio-cultural variables on poultry waste and shallow well water management practices. It also relates poultry waste and shallow well water constituents with malaria infections and reported cases of gastro-intestinal infections among farmers and appraises institutional and agricultural framework for poultry waste and shallow well water utilization for urban agriculture in Lagos Nigeria
Environmental Education in Waste Management Environmental Education in Waste Management Новинка

Environmental Education in Waste Management

In a country with a rapid population growth rate and huge inflow of tourists such as was the case with Zambia, in the year 2007, environmental issues needed to be checked and monitored closely. One such environmental issue that needed attention at the time of writing in 2007 was Waste Management. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to explore the role of Environmental Education (EE) in Waste Management for the Zambian Hospitality Industry of Lusaka urban. The study revealed that institutions responsible for the provision of EE to the hospitality industry had no specific or designed waste management EE curriculum for the hospitality industry. Instead, they offered a general sensitization program to the entire community, which did not meet the EE requirements of the hospitality industry. As a result of such generality, most of the hotel/lodge staff knew very little or nothing at all about professional issues of waste management. Hence, the poor waste management practices being practiced by the hospitality industry could be attributed partly to the lack of an EE policy in the industry.
Decentralization of Solid Waste Management in Nepal Decentralization of Solid Waste Management in Nepal Новинка

Decentralization of Solid Waste Management in Nepal

Local government initiatives to include community and public private partnerships are basic modality of decentralization of public services which lessens the burden of central government and brings the components of governance closer to the citizens.Solid Waste Management in the urbanizing developing states has become a daunting challenge for Local Governments.This book apart from analyzing the management and administration barriers in this sector with reference to a sample municipality from Nepal also attempts to review national policies of solid waste management and correlate them with compliance. The study finally concludes that decentralization in waste management is crucial for developing countries as it allows room for wider stakeholders involvement in private and public sectors. There is also no alternative to innovation in converting waste to resources coupled with practical and workable legal arrangements.The book will prove useful to scholars and researchers in the area of local governance and Solid Waste Management particularly for those interested in Decentralization issues.
Hospital Waste Management in Health Facilities of Dibrugarh - India Hospital Waste Management in Health Facilities of Dibrugarh - India Новинка

Hospital Waste Management in Health Facilities of Dibrugarh - India

In the recent years the increased use of disposable material and the presence of dreaded disease like Hepatitis B and AIDS, it is of utmost importance to take care of the infected and hazardous waste to save the mankind from disaster. The Health care institutions or hospitals, which are responsible for care of morbid population, are emitting voluminous quantity of rubbish, garbage and Bio Medical Waste matter each day from wards, operation theatre and outpatient areas. Proper management of hospital waste is essential to maintain hygienic, aesthetics, cleanliness and control of environmental pollution. The greatest risk of Biomedical waste is from infectious and sharp components of the waste, because health care workers, and people associated with handling waste are often getting needle prick injuries and can contract HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C.
The Informal and Formal Sector in Solid Waste Management The Informal and Formal Sector in Solid Waste Management Новинка

The Informal and Formal Sector in Solid Waste Management

This work is built around an ethnographic field study in Kampung Bendo, outside Yogyakarta, Indonesia, close to a landfill where most inhabitants work as informal waste recyclers, collecting and selling materials for recycling and reuse. The aim is to look at the relationship between formal and informal sector in solid waste management and draw conclusions about the role of informal waste recyclers in low and middle-income countries. This dissertation’s conclusion is that the relationship between the informal waste recyclers and the formal operation of landfills is complex and consist of several preconceived notions. It also concludes that the informal waste recyclers do play an important role in low- and middle-income countries solid waste management, raising recycling rates and lowering local governments’ management costs. Organisations in charge of formal operation of landfills and waste collection could supplement its knowledge and capacity by working through recognition and creating a partnership between a variety of private, informal and community actors.

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The collection, transportation and subsequent processing of waste materials is a vast field of study which incorporates technical, social, legal, economic, environmental and regulatory issues. Common waste management practices include landfilling, biological treatment, incineration, and recycling – all boasting advantages and disadvantages. Waste management has changed significantly over the past ten years, with an increased focus on integrated waste management and life-cycle assessment (LCA), with the aim of reducing the reliance on landfill with its obvious environmental concerns in favour of greener solutions. With contributions from more than seventy internationally known experts presented in two volumes and backed by the International Waste Working Group and the International Solid Waste Association, detailed chapters cover: Waste Generation and Characterization Life Cycle Assessment of Waste Management Systems Waste Minimization Material Recycling Waste Collection Mechanical Treatment and Separation Thermal Treatment Biological Treatment Landfilling Special and Hazardous Waste Solid Waste Technology & Management is a balanced and detailed account of all aspects of municipal solid waste management, treatment and disposal, covering both engineering and management aspects with an overarching emphasis on the life-cycle approach.
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