effects of the regulatory agencies on marketing of drugs in nigeria



Effects of the Regulatory Agencies on Marketing of Drugs in Nigeria Effects of the Regulatory Agencies on Marketing of Drugs in Nigeria Новинка

Effects of the Regulatory Agencies on Marketing of Drugs in Nigeria

About the Book. In 2005, the incidence of counterfeit drugs in Nigeria was put at sixteen percent. By 2008, the figure increased to more than sixty-four percent of fake and substandard drugs in circulation, in spite of the strict regulatory procedures. This situation posed serious risks to public health. The book provided an in-depth assessment of the effects of regulatory procedures in Nigeria and recommended the Regulatory Excellence Model (REM) for the control of unethical marketing practices of the drug firms. This partnership model, which has universal application, entails the enlistment of every citizen of the country in the battle against drugs counterfeiting, and related practices.
Giorgio Minotti Cardiotoxicity of Non-Cardiovascular Drugs Giorgio Minotti Cardiotoxicity of Non-Cardiovascular Drugs Новинка

Giorgio Minotti Cardiotoxicity of Non-Cardiovascular Drugs

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Some drugs which are not aimed at treating heart disease have nevertheless been found to have profound effects on heart muscle. Cardiotoxicity is one of the major forms of toxicity seen in drugs and it accounts for most drug recalls and delays experienced in regulatory approvals.In recent years a number of non-cardiac blockbuster drugs such as terfenadine have been withdrawn from major markets because of cardiotoxicity concerns, while other drugs have either been withdrawn prior to marketing or required labelling changes that significantly restricted their use. In Cardiotoxicity of Non-Cardiovascular Drugs international experts describe the molecular mechanisms and clinical read-outs of cardiac events induced by a broad variety of noncardiovascular drugs. Particular emphasis is paid to the preclinical screening of drug cardiotoxicity. Topics include: metabolic targets of cardiotoxicity regulatory aspects translating molecular mechanisms into clinical trials structure-activity relationships in arrhythmias by antihistamines and psychoactive drugs cardiovascular toxicity of antitumor drugs cardiovascular toxicities of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs cardiovascular toxicities of antiretroviral therapies Cardiotoxicity of Non-Cardiovascular Drugs is an essential guide to this important area of drug development. It will find a place on the bookshelves of researchers, regulators and students in medicinal chemistry, drug development, pharmacology, pharmacy and cardiovascular disease.
Inferring Gene regulatory network based on Bayesian network Inferring Gene regulatory network based on Bayesian network Новинка

Inferring Gene regulatory network based on Bayesian network

Today the comprehension of gene regulatory networks and understanding the regulatory procedures in a cell in the gene level, is an important goal in computational biology. The modeling of gene networks can be used in many different areas such as the discovery of new drugs, reducing side effects of treatment methods, better recognition of genetic disorders, choosing candidates for gene treatment, comparison and scrutiny of gene expressions that have unknown operations and to obtain ideas regarding their operations, that’s why researchers have made a lot of attempts to this thing.
Marketing Agencies and Sale of Agricultural Produce Marketing Agencies and Sale of Agricultural Produce Новинка

Marketing Agencies and Sale of Agricultural Produce

Present book is an outcome of a research undertaken, relating to a current problem of agriculture, which is crucial in the study area. This book depicts a clear picture on the distress sale of agricultural produces and role of marketing agencies. The study area covers three important agricultural centers namely Thiruvarur, Koradachery and Mannargudi of Tamilnadu State, India. While selling the agricultural produces, the farmers have two types of marketing agencies viz., organized and unorganized marketing agencies. In this context, the role of regulated markets and marketing cooperatives in selling agricultural produces has been discussed. The author recommended for a better coordination of Co-Operative marketing societies and regulated markets that can avoid distress sale of agricultural produces, which benefit the farmers
Production and Marketing of Small Cardamom Production and Marketing of Small Cardamom Новинка

Production and Marketing of Small Cardamom

This works makes an analysis of the production and marketing practices and the plight of the cardamom growers in respect of small cardamom in Western Ghats of South India from three states viz., Kerala, Karnataka and Tamlnadu. The work, based on a field survey, has unearthed several facts and as such it provides a clear understanding on the production and marketing practices of small cardamom growers in Western Ghats of South India. The study offers workable suggestive measures which have policy implication at farmers, support agencies, trade union and government levels. This study is useful to scholars who are interested in understanding the production and marketing of plantation and spices crops in general and cardamom in particular. This work could also serve as a guide book to policy makers of government and other agencies aiming increasing production and marketing small cardamom.
Drugs' Enantioresolution-Why and How?-Liquid Chromatographic Approach Drugs' Enantioresolution-Why and How?-Liquid Chromatographic Approach Новинка

Drugs' Enantioresolution-Why and How?-Liquid Chromatographic Approach

Drugs’ enantioresolution is one of the emerging areas as the enantiomers of a chiral drugs have different pharmacological effects as only one enantiomer of the drug often exhibits the desirable therapeutic activity, while the other shows an antagonistic function, side effects, or even toxic effects. These properties of the enantiomers have created an interest to study the pharmacological and toxicological behaviors of the individual enantiomers of drugs, pharmaceuticals, and agrochemicals. The United States Food and Drug Administration has issued guidelines to pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries to specify the enantiomeric purity of the optically active compounds prior to their marketing and hence demanded a systematic investigation of the biological behavior of their individual enantiomers and signi?cantly encouraged the development of single enantiomer drugs. In view of these facts, the enantioresolution of a variety of drugs is gaining importance continuously.
Relationship Marketing as a Strategy by SMEs in Nigeria Relationship Marketing as a Strategy by SMEs in Nigeria Новинка

Relationship Marketing as a Strategy by SMEs in Nigeria

The book is on the role of relationship marketing to the performance of Igbo Smes in Nigeria.it explores the scope,problem definition ,objectives, hypothesis and statement of problems.it discussed the literature on relationship marketing and small and medium scale enterprises in Nigeria and the specific theories relating to them.it went further to reveal the method of gathering data and analysis and discussed the findings in chapter four.The findings and discussions formed the basis of agreeing the relationship marketing as a strategy helps in the life and performance of SMEs in Nigeria.
Independent Agencies in the United States Independent Agencies in the United States Новинка

Independent Agencies in the United States

This book provides a full-length study of the structure and workings of federal independent regulatory agencies in the US, focusing on traditional multi-member agencies that have a significant impact on the American economy, such as the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Federal Communications Commission, the National Labor Relations Commission, and the Federal Trade Commission.
Effects of Facilities on the Rental Value of Properties in Nigeria Effects of Facilities on the Rental Value of Properties in Nigeria Новинка

Effects of Facilities on the Rental Value of Properties in Nigeria

This book presents the evaluation of the effects of available infrastructure on the rental value of residential properties in Akure, Nigeria. The primary data collected were subjected to multiple regression analysis and the determination of the effects of each of the available infrastructure (water, electricity, access roads, kitchen, toilet, refuse disposal facility, wall fence, installed burglary proof, drainage channel, day-watch security and night-watch security services) on rental values was achieved. The findings among others revealed that tenants in residential properties in Akure cherish security-enhancing infrastructure such as wall-fence, and installed burglary proof. Finally, the study suggested the needs for property developers to invest more on infrastructure in the residential properties as means of enhancing the rental values with a view to recoup the money invested within a shortest period.
Comparison of a global submission of new biological or chemical entity Comparison of a global submission of new biological or chemical entity Новинка

Comparison of a global submission of new biological or chemical entity

The world covers more than 190 countries in which at the moment in most of them pharmaceutical legislations and regulatory requirements are established and implemented, e.g. to describe the marketing authorization procedure for medicinal products. To be able to submit a marketing authorization application in all these countries, it is important to know exactly the pharmaceutical legislations (regulations, directives and guidelines) and the regulatory requirements in each of the country in advance. The aim of the dissertation lies in the development of a global regulatory strategy for the marketing authorization application of a new chemical entity as well as for a new biological entity. For this strategy a detailed analysis of the pharmaceutical legislations and regulatory requirements in the different regions and countries in the world was made, especially to identify and discuss the commonness and the main differences. Based on the result of this analysis of the pharmaceutical legislation and regulatory requirements, a global regulatory strategy for new marketing authorization applications was developed and established.
Impact of Regulatory Environment on Pharmaceutical Industry Impact of Regulatory Environment on Pharmaceutical Industry Новинка

Impact of Regulatory Environment on Pharmaceutical Industry

Managing international regulatory affairs is amongst the most critical aspects of developing and marketing pharmaceutical product(s) for the global life sciences industry. Any mistake, no matter how minor, can delay product(s) approvals, manufacturing, launches, or cause widespread public relations disasters. The real challenges are the inability to meet stringent regulatory, clinical and safety requirements of national authorities. Failure rates are very high in drug(s) discovery and development. The cost of failure gets added to the cost of successful medicinal product(s), which get to the market. Therefore, an update with changing regulatory requirements is essential for successful marketing of pharmaceuticals in multi-markets. The research problem in hand is to study ‘Impact of Regulatory Environment on Pharmaceutical Marketing’; leading to why marketing activities in a pharmaceutical are different than other industries. The detailed study of Impact of Regulatory Environment on Pharmaceutical Industry included in this book.
Standard Institutes & Certification Agencies Standard Institutes & Certification Agencies Новинка

Standard Institutes & Certification Agencies

Standard institutes and certification agencies are very important for the harmonious development of standardization, quality certification and to provide new thrust to standardization and quality control of the products which are manufactured in the country. Standards are powerful tool for organizations of all sizes, supporting innovation and increasing productivity. Standards allow company to attract and assure customers, demonstrate market leadership, create competitive advantage, develop and maintain best practice. Standards are powerful marketing tools and respected badge of quality. For that standard institutes and certification agencies are required to make and maintain the standards for all products. All the countries have laid down their own standards for all type of products and their own certification agencies are established like ISI, BSS, ISO, ASTM International etc. Drugs and related products must be regulated. For their regulation, regulatory agencies like USFDA, UKMHRA, TGA, WHO etc. are established.
Rural Poverty Among Women in Abuja Satellite Communities of Nigeria Rural Poverty Among Women in Abuja Satellite Communities of Nigeria Новинка

Rural Poverty Among Women in Abuja Satellite Communities of Nigeria

Over the years, rural poverty has come to the front burner of many governments of all over the world. Rural poverty has become endemic in continents still saddled with social and economic problems of their teeming population. Nigeria is the most populous country on the Africa continent: tackling rural poverty among women will definitely have a ripple effect on the continent as a whole. This study is expository on this challenge: what it is, how it has progressed, and the effects on the populace. The findings from the study provide new dimensions to effectively manage and eradicate this social and human challenge, supported by traditional methods of poverty alleviation among women in Nigeria. It brings to the fore the strategies that will help to yield the desired results in Nigeria. It is also a valuable document for interested Stakeholders engaged/interested in effectively reducing rural poverty among women in Nigeria, how Nigeria could be re-positioned to meet the needs of these women, and serves as a reference material for national and international agencies who want Abuja, and Nigeria at large to move out of her present poverty situation in the midst of plenty.
Effects of Poor Banking Support for Agriculture in Northern Nigeria Effects of Poor Banking Support for Agriculture in Northern Nigeria Новинка

Effects of Poor Banking Support for Agriculture in Northern Nigeria

Lack of finance has created a weak agricultural system in Northern Nigeria and thus the need to establish the facts about the effects of poor banking support for agriculture in Northern Nigeria. Banks being the institutions of financial inter-mediation are expected to assist agriculture by providing finance to improve its output. A hypothesis; there is poor banking support for agriculture in northern Nigeria, was formulated and tested. This work is a descriptive research and uses primary and secondary data gathered from banks and farmers around Zaria to establish the reasons banking support for agriculture has been poor to include; perception of risk and natural disasters. It recommends that; regulatory authorities should continuously improve policies on banking support for agriculture and banks in turn should establish agriculture desks/units equipped with skilled man power capable of working with the farmers to achieve desired agricultural outputs. This work should be useful to banks, farmers, regulatory authorities, governments, students and academic researchers or anyone else seeking an insight into the effects of poor banking support for agriculture in Northern Nigeria.
Rural-Urban Migration in Southeastern Nigeria Rural-Urban Migration in Southeastern Nigeria Новинка

Rural-Urban Migration in Southeastern Nigeria

Rural-urban migration in the densely populated Southeastern region of Nigeria has remained on the increase. However, studies on the nature of, and importance of this phenomenon to the socioeconomic development of this region has been relegated to the background in favor of studies on international migration.This book ,therefore provides an insight into the patterns and factors of rural-urban migration in this region. Most importantly, it examines the effects of rural-urban migration on the socioeconomic development of the rural communities. The estimated effects of rural-urban migration on the rural communities are based on the nature of remittances sent home, as well as from the execution of community developmental projects by the migrants who live in the urban areas. The findings of this study should be useful to students in the fields of development studies, governments at various levels, development agencies, and policy makers involved in the socioeconomic development of rural areas, especially in the developing countries.
Microbial & physico-chemical quality of yoghurt brands in Kano,Nigeria Microbial & physico-chemical quality of yoghurt brands in Kano,Nigeria Новинка

Microbial & physico-chemical quality of yoghurt brands in Kano,Nigeria

In recent years, the popularity of yoghurt has increased, a delicacy possessing high nutritional values and widely consumed all over the world but highly susceptible to pathogenic microorganisms. This book aimed to ascertain their microbiological and physico-chemical quality with a view to establishing their safety to consumers. The first chapter is introduction to history of yoghurt manufacture. Chapter two introduces basic concepts in fermentation, it treats ingredients, starter culture, manufacturing process, Quality control and factors affecting the quality of yoghurt. Chapter three introduces physico-chemical and microbiological techniques. Chapter four is on result of the work while the last chapter is focused on the discussion. This book is recommended to all students of microbiology in teaching and research, biochemistry, health agencies, food regulatory agencies and practitioners in industry.
Pharmacognostic Study of Nigerian Herbal Drugs of Importance Pharmacognostic Study of Nigerian Herbal Drugs of Importance Новинка

Pharmacognostic Study of Nigerian Herbal Drugs of Importance

This textbook will help a lot of researchers in the academia on procedures involved in quality control of drugs. It is a must read. In this edition, we evaluate two drugs- Ficus abutilifolia (Moraceae) and Annona senegalensis (Annonaceae). These plants have been used for treating various ailments in Nigeria especially in the management of typhoid fever, malaria, sexually transmitted infections such as syphilis, gonorrhea, staphylococcus and others. Quality evaluation of crude drugs will help to prevent adulteration of the product.
Cocoyam Marketing in South East Nigeria Cocoyam Marketing in South East Nigeria Новинка

Cocoyam Marketing in South East Nigeria

Cocoyam is highly perishable and considerable economic losses occur after it is harvested. This is as a result of rot, sprouting and other physiological changes. These losses could be reduced through efficient storage, processing and marketing. This perspective hinges on the economic study of cocoyam marketing in south-east Nigeria. It specifically ranked market participants preference for cocoyam cultivars and the reasons for such preferences. It showed the main marketing channels and socio-economic and institutional factors affecting the choice of marketing channels. It showed the structure and conduct of cocoyam marketing and socio-economic and institutional factors affecting the volume of cocoyam marketed. It estimated the costs and benefits of cocoyam marketing as well as the net income of six storage methods. It assessed the effectiveness of six storage methods
Malting Properties of Sorghum Malting Properties of Sorghum Новинка

Malting Properties of Sorghum

Malting Properties of Sorghum: Kilning Temperatures, Heat and Resultant Effects is a research work on the suitability of sorghum, variety ML4, for malting and brewing purposes based on its malting properties. In addition, it assessed the resultant effects of heat generated at different kilning (drying) temperature regimes on the malting characteristics of the sorghum variety studied. Malting and brewing research work on sorghum (a local cereal grain) as a possible substitute for barley was brought to the fore in the late 1980s as a result of economic downturn which prompted the ban on the importation of barley-malt in Nigeria. Thus, the policy of "backward integration" and "local content" was born. As a result, every research effort in this direction was geared towards improving the application of different sorghum varieties in both the malting and brewing processes in Nigeria.
Application Of ICT On Marketing Of Crops Processing Performance Application Of ICT On Marketing Of Crops Processing Performance Новинка

Application Of ICT On Marketing Of Crops Processing Performance

While there is an increasing agreement that ICT applications have positive effects on the performance of marketing functions, the extent of these effects are difficult to measure and are assessed differently by different stake holders of organisations. This study aim was to find out the effects of ICT applications on the performance of crops processing industries using Universal Leaf Tanzania as a case study. A total of175 employees were randomly sampled and 15 active customers were select. Data was collected using questionnaires, face-to-face interviews and observations. A t-test to find out how does service managers and employees assess the effects of ICT application on marketing the performance. Regression analysis employed to find out how significant is ICT on the marketing mix performance. It was found that there is a mismatch of understanding of the effects of ICT on the performance of marketing function elements between service managers and employees. Applications of ICT do not have an impact on the performance of marketing function elements. Satisfaction differs from those of customers implying the two parties have different perception on the performance of marketing fun
Value Chain Value Chain Новинка

Value Chain

Most of the small scale farmers in the developing country are facing marketing problems due to low volume of products, inappropriate market information, less bargaining power, only being a producer. This publication focuses the effects of collective marketing on the small holders' coffee value chain. It helps to understand how the group/collective marketing reduces the problem of smallholder farmers and the economics of scale.The value share of the producers in the value chain can be increased by the intervention of collective marketing in case of small scale producers' value chain. It also illustrates the pros/cons of chain integration by horizontally and vertically in the smallholders' value chain in the context of developing country. This book provides the insight about the cooperative marketing on smallholders' value chain.
Effects of Naturally Occurring Compounds on HumanCancer Cells Effects of Naturally Occurring Compounds on HumanCancer Cells Новинка

Effects of Naturally Occurring Compounds on HumanCancer Cells

The use of anticancer agents as part of the treatmentstrategy has greatly improved the overall prognosisof cancer. In clinical practice, chemotherapy forcancer often requires a combination of drugs andtherefore understanding the clinical pharmacology ofanticancer drugs is imperative for achieving optimalbenefits from use of these agents.The aim of this thesis was to investigate thebiochemical and cytotoxic effects of naturallyoccurring compounds, such as resveratrol, resveratrolanalogs, piceatannol, gallic acid, Avemar, and heavywater alone and/or in combination with clinicallyestablished anticancer agents such asarabinofuranosylcytosine and gemcitabine.The effects of these drugs were examined in human andmurine leukemia cells as well as in human pancreatictumor cell lines.We hope that our experiments may help to elucidatethe biochemical pathways involved in the drugcombinations applied and provide the basis forfurther in vivo studies in order to develop newstrategies for the treatment of human malignancies.
Contributory Pension Scheme Contributory Pension Scheme Новинка

Contributory Pension Scheme

This book looks at the Effects of the Contributory Pension Scheme on Retirees’ Welfare in Selected Federal Establishments with specific reference to Nigeria. It gives an insight into the peculiarities of the Nigerian pension environment in comparison with Developed countries. The book sheds light on specific causes of dissatisfaction in the several reviews made on the pension scheme in Nigeria for example. The book also chronicles the efforts of countries in their strides towards a virile pension system. This book is a ‘must read’ for students of Public Administration, Development Administration, Public Policy, Political Science, Economics and Management Science. The book is exceptionally rich in references which would aid further readings. The simplicity of language and pragmatism in demonstrating the effects of the scheme on retirees make the book equally entertaining.
Fundamentals of Fish Marketing in Nigeria Fundamentals of Fish Marketing in Nigeria Новинка

Fundamentals of Fish Marketing in Nigeria

In the last few decades,fisheries and in particular aquaculture have witnessed an unprecedented growth in Nigeria. However, the full benefits are far from being fetched due to inadequate knowledge of the market for fisheries product and the risk factors surrounding the business. The recent concept of commercial agriculture in Nigeria has changed the perception of Nigerian fishermen and fish farmers in understanding marketing not only as an integral part but also as a major component that occupies a critical position in the overall fish production process. Therefore, to be on-course, our fish farmers and marketers need to be adequately equipped with technical information on critical issues and problems surrounding fish marketing and provided with marketing strategies in its simplified form that can easily be adopted and practiced in order to excel in their businesses; the core areas addressed by this book. Essentially, the book aims at taking fish farmers and marketers in Nigeria to the height of modern fish marketing in order for them to compete favorably with their counterparts in other parts of the world.
Frequently Asked Questions on Pharma Marketing Frequently Asked Questions on Pharma Marketing Новинка

Frequently Asked Questions on Pharma Marketing

Pharma marketing is the business of advertising or otherwise promoting the sale of pharmaceuticals or drugs. The pharmaceutical industries are a marketing giant. The pharma companies were marketed in a variety of ways such as create incentives for physicians to promote their brand-name drug and to give away free samples. The focus of the book is clearly and sharply on raising various Frequently Asking Quotations on sales marketing, interview tips and hands-on experience.
Neuropsychatric Disorders Neuropsychatric Disorders Новинка

Neuropsychatric Disorders

Neuropharmacology studies the effects of drugs on the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, and the nerves that carry information to and from different parts of the body. Psychopharmacology deals with drug effects on behavioural and cognitive functions. In both cases, drug actions may be studied from number of different perspectives. Some investigators in these areas research negative or toxic effects of drugs on neural and behavioural functions. Others focus on the development and testing of new drugs for the treatment or prevention of specific diseases of the nervous system, including neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, epilepsy, depression, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. Others may study drugs that are already in use, so as to understand more precisely the neurobiological targets and mechanisms of action of those drugs, or to gain new insights about the underlying neurobiology of disease processes. Researchers in these areas also use drugs as tools to elucidate basic mechanisms of neural and behavioural functions using a wide variety of model systems, from cultured cells to preserved neural tissues to intact behaving organisms.
Effects Of Drug Abuse In Secondary Schools Effects Of Drug Abuse In Secondary Schools Новинка

Effects Of Drug Abuse In Secondary Schools

This book investigated the effects of drug abuse in secondary schools in Garissa and Ijara districts of North Eastern Province, Kenya. This problem of drug abuse may be responsible for various adverse effects on students like the deterioration in academic performance in a number of schools and the indiscipline cases in form of school strikes. The problem of the effects of drug abuse by students in schools in Garissa and Ijara districts was not known since no such study had ever been done there. Therefore, this study focused on the objectives of finding out the sources and types of drugs abused by students in schools, causes and the effects of drug abuse on the students, schools, and the local community. Other objectives were to find out the factors contributing to failure to contain drug abuse and the possible solutions to minimize drug abuse in the two districts of study. The information was elicited by use of questionnaires, interviews and focused group discussions. The findings established that abused drugs were mainly khat, cigarettes, and marijuana. In conclusion, urgent measures should be put in place in order to save the students from the dangers of drug abuse.
Risk Arbitrage in U.S. Financial Markets Risk Arbitrage in U.S. Financial Markets Новинка

Risk Arbitrage in U.S. Financial Markets

This book analyses risk arbitrage in U.S. financial markets directed towards finance professionals and scholars.In particular, two research questions are pursued-(1) What are the effects of stock market, business conditions as well as the Merger and Acquisition Trend on risk arbitrage activities in the U.S (2) What is the current trend and effect of the U.S. financial regulatory mechanism on risk arbitrage? There has been a growing trend in US financial market regulatory mechanism to reduce systemic risk, eliminate legal uncertainty, control regulatory arbitrage and to have a closer look on derivatives trading which could be potentially used for fraud or manipulation. The current focus of the financial regulatory mechanism is to curb illegal trading in risk arbitrage activities through limits on trading volume and control of regulatory arbitrage opportunities which should continue into the future.
Pharmaconutrition in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies Pharmaconutrition in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies Новинка

Pharmaconutrition in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies

The monograph describes the effects of pharmaconutrition on the results of surgical treatment in patients with stomach or colorectal cancer. The main pathogenetic pathways of the postoperative septic and purulent complications are reviewed in the context of modern presentations on immune regulatory and genomic abnormalities in this population. The monograph is intended for surgeons, oncologists, nutritionists, clinical pathologists, and health professionals.
Media Usage for Avian Influenza Control In Nigeria: Media Usage for Avian Influenza Control In Nigeria: Новинка

Media Usage for Avian Influenza Control In Nigeria:

Nigeria witnessed the outbreak of the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in 2006. The disease threatened the means of livelihood of millions of Nigerians who were directly engaged in the poultry business. Apart from the over one million birds lost to the disease, Nigeria also recorded human casualty which occurred in Lagos State. This work reveals the utilization of the media in the dissemination of information about the prevention and control of Avian Influenza. The work will be an asset to communication scholars and government/ development agencies.
Chemical Analysis, Formulation and Evaluation of Synthetic Drugs Chemical Analysis, Formulation and Evaluation of Synthetic Drugs Новинка

Chemical Analysis, Formulation and Evaluation of Synthetic Drugs

It is our misssion to disseminate authentic, scientific, authoritative, updated knowledge and information about all aspects of synthetic drugs and pharmaceuticals to pharmacy and health care educational institute, drug industries, regulatory agencies, research & development units. The purpose of this book is to provide the coverage of chemical methods of analysis, drug formulation amd evaluation of all students of UG and PG level in pharmacy and also for other faculties. it will be also useful for analytical chemists, quality control and research & develpoment chemists working in pharmaceutical industry.
Biologics for Psoriasis in Iraq: Benefits & Barriers Biologics for Psoriasis in Iraq: Benefits & Barriers Новинка

Biologics for Psoriasis in Iraq: Benefits & Barriers

Introduction of these drugs in treating patients with psoriasis in some of the hospitals in Baghdad will help those patients a lot, improving their quality of life and decreasing the morbidity caused by psoriasis and many of the conventional drugs used to treat it. They could be introduced for those for whom many of these conventional drugs are ineffective or contraindicated as a result of their effects on different organs of the body. The aim of this project is to explore the feasibility and the possibility of the introduction of biological drugs as one of the treatment options for psoriasis in Alkarama teaching hospital in Baghdad. This project has many objectives. Firstly, to assess the readiness of hospitals in Baghdad for the introduction of biological drugs. Secondly, to try to establish the suitability of using biological drugs for psoriasis in Iraq. Thirdly, to decrease the cumulative side effects of conventional systemic antipsoriatic drugs by switching to biologics for a certain period of time as part of rotational therapy or combined therapy strategies.
Estimation of 1,4-Benzodiazepines in Biological Samples: Estimation of 1,4-Benzodiazepines in Biological Samples: Новинка

Estimation of 1,4-Benzodiazepines in Biological Samples:

Benzodiazepines represent a large and important class of psychotherapeutic agents acting on the central nervous system. Due to their tranquilizer, anti-depressive and sedative properties they have become the drugs of choice for the treatment of anxiety, sleep disorders, status epilepsy, insomnia, frequent nocturnal, early morning awakenings or other convulsive disorders. This book compromises brief discussion on structure, properties and the effects of benzodiazepines, comprehensive review on sample preparation and determination of these drugs in biological samples by HPLC methods to be helpful for the researchers. Two new validated HPLC methods for the determination of 1,4-benzodiazepines and an investigation on stability of six commonly prescribed 1,4-benzodiazepines in biological samples are included. This book may be advantageous for routine determination of these drugs in forensic and clinical investigations, and applicable for the quantitative estimation in quality control in pharmaceutical formulations.
Informal Microfinance And Economic Activities In Nigeria Informal Microfinance And Economic Activities In Nigeria Новинка

Informal Microfinance And Economic Activities In Nigeria

ABOUT THE BOOK Rural areas have increasing demand for credit because such credit reduces the impact of seasonality on incomes. However, formal financial institutions have maintained low presence in the rural areas. This has affected the rural dwellers’ access to deposit savings and credits that can improve their economic activities. By the same token, there has been a dearth of studies on the impact of informal microfinance on economic activities in rural areas of Nigeria. This book therefore examined the different types of informal microfinance existing in the selected rural areas and the effects of the informal microfinance on the economic activities of the rural dwellers in Kwara State South Senatorial District, Nigeria.
Bio-socio-cognitive Adjustment of Teenagers in Nigeria Bio-socio-cognitive Adjustment of Teenagers in Nigeria Новинка

Bio-socio-cognitive Adjustment of Teenagers in Nigeria

The effects of Ethnic Group, Age and Gender on the Bio-socio-cognitive Adjustment of Teenagers in Nigeria is a bold step in investigating how values prevalent in ethnic groups can impact on the biological, social and cognitive (Bio-socio-cognitive)adjustment of teenagers in Nigeria.The information provided in the book can be applied across cultures.The book is for academicians, parents, teachers,and all who have a role to play in the life of developing children.
Telecommunication and Broadcast Industry in Nigeria Telecommunication and Broadcast Industry in Nigeria Новинка

Telecommunication and Broadcast Industry in Nigeria

This book appraises the concept and practice of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in the Telecommunication and broadcast industry in Nigeria. It examines the crucial role of EIA in government decision – making process as it relates to the Telecommunication and broadcast industry in Nigeria. As an environmental management tool, EIA has been made a mandatory practice before siting of the telecommunication masts and base stations. The procedure of conducting an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was described and a comparative study of few African countries and the United Kingdom (UK) was made to elucidate on the common areas of practice. The institutional framework for telecommunication and broadcast industry has been critically analyzed to gauge the adequacy or otherwise of its regulatory role in ensuring that sustainable development is achieved in Nigeria.
Bullying Laws and Policies in Schools in United States and Nigeria Bullying Laws and Policies in Schools in United States and Nigeria Новинка

Bullying Laws and Policies in Schools in United States and Nigeria

Bullying Laws and Policies in Public Schools in the United States and Nigeria: A Comparative Analysis is a detailed comparison of the availability and implementation of bullying laws in the United States of America and Nigeria. The book addresses the ever growing phenomenon of bullying and its effects on the learning environment for students in public schools in the two countries, based on their similar political and educational agencies. While a lot of attention has been paid to the problem in the United States jugging from extensive availability of legislations in nearly all the states, the Nigerian situation is quite different with no direct laws and policies on bullying in the nation’s public schools. In terms of implementation, the book clearly indicates the need for the United States to improve and perfect strategies to make the laws and policies more effective. As for the Nigerian situation it calls for passing of legislations, particularly at state levels, that address the phenomenon of bullying in school environment directly. Finally, it provides a sample legislation that may be adopted by the Nigerian state.
Credit Rating Agencies Credit Rating Agencies Новинка

Credit Rating Agencies

Different scholars and exponents of the world of finance have found that the problem of conflict of interest might play a relevant role in the business of credit rating agencies. On the one hand, it is argued that credit rating agencies have no incentive to exploit conflicts of interest since they would lose their reputation for providing valuable information. On the other, it seems that the increase in rules that depend on credit ratings has created an incentive for a few rating agencies, identified as NRSROs, to supply inaccurate ratings and for market participants to pay for regulatory rights deriving from the agencies’ ratings. The scope of this research is to study whether reputable and well-established credit rating agencies can build up a margin that allows them to remain unaffected by a lowered quality of the service provided and to indulge in exploiting the conflict of interest by giving their customers, i.e. the issuers, unduly high ratings. This study will also suggest a critical review of the latest amendments and amendment proposals to the existing legislation governing credit rating agencies aimed at improving oversight and regulation of these agencies.
Pharmacovigilance on Antiretroviral Therapy Pharmacovigilance on Antiretroviral Therapy Новинка

Pharmacovigilance on Antiretroviral Therapy

Pharmacovigilance (PV) is the science relating to the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse effects, particularly long term and short term side effects of medicines. Spontaneous reporting of suspected ADRs is particularly important for anti-HIV drugs since many are licensed on the basis of limited safety data, and they are likely to be used in combination. Further, we believed that the detailed evaluation of the new information generated through pharmacovigilance activities is important for all the antiretroviral drugs to ensure their safe use. So we planned to provide an indirect measure of the quality of pharmaceutical care through identification of preventable ADRs and anticipatory surveillance of high-risk drugs used for the treatment of HIV/AIDS patients. We hope this book will give a strong platform for the people those who interested in Pharmacovigilance.
Marketing strategies and performance of agricultural marketing firms Marketing strategies and performance of agricultural marketing firms Новинка

Marketing strategies and performance of agricultural marketing firms

This book examines the application of Contemporary Marketing Strategies and their impact on agricultural marketing firms performance in South-West Nigeria. The study was carried out on established conceptualised Contemporary Marketing practice comprising of four different approaches - Transaction, Database, Analysis Interactive Mix and Network Marketing. The general objective of the study was to examine the application/adoption of Contemporary Marketing Strategies and the Performance of agricultural Marketing firms in Nigeria’s buyer-seller relationships. Data for this research were obtained from both primary and secondary sources. Relevant published and unpublished literature provided the secondary data. The primary data were obtained through structured questionnaires (administered to sampled agricultural marketing firms managers involved in three major divisions of Industrial, Food and other Agro sectors in South-Western, Nigeria). One thousand one hundred and ten (1,110) copies of the questionnaire were administered, out of which eight hundred and eighteen (818) were collated for the analysis, representing 79 per cent return rate.
Service Delivery by Local Government in Nigeria Service Delivery by Local Government in Nigeria Новинка

Service Delivery by Local Government in Nigeria

This book has taken a lot of concern over the plight of Nigerian citizens on the falling standard of primary education and prevailing poor condition of healthcare service in the rural areas. The delivery of these social welfare services is the responsibility of local government in Nigeria because of its closeness to the people at the grassroots. The delivery of education and healthcare services is listed on the concurrent list of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Thus, the responsibility of providing education and healthcare services is bored by the three tiers of government in Nigeria. But, the onus of delivering primary education and healthcare service is on local government in Nigeria. Since 1999, which gave birth to the fourth democratic dispensation in Nigeria, statutory allocation is being disbursed by the central government on regular basis. But, the quantum of the fund is not reflecting in the delivery of the intended social welfare services. Therefore , the need arises to look elsewhere, i.e. managerial accountability, and leadership structure of local government in Nigeria. This enables efficient delivery of social welfare services in Nigeria.
Financing Small Scale Businesses in Lagos Metropolis of Nigeria Financing Small Scale Businesses in Lagos Metropolis of Nigeria Новинка

Financing Small Scale Businesses in Lagos Metropolis of Nigeria

Small scale businesses have been known to be agents of economic growth and development in different economies. It is not surprising that governments give them a priority place in their national plans. Nigeria is full of these businesses, accounting for over 80% of all businesses. How have these businesses fared in contributing to economic growth and national development in Nigeria? This study takes on the issue of financing these businesses in a way they can effectively function as agents of national development. It critically discusses the financing issues and challenges of the small scale businesses in Lagos metropolis of Nigeria. How can these businesses be adequately funded in Nigeria? What are the sources of such finance? The study is a useful guide to new entrepreneurs, those in Diaspora, government agencies and organized private sector alike, that are interested in setting up small scale businesses in Nigeria. It is also useful to the government as it brings out the gaps between the small scale businesses and government agencies responsible for supporting SSBs in financial policy making and implementation, to enable them function as real agents of economic growth.
Enforcement of Industrial Safety Laws in Ghana: The Case of PFC, Tema Enforcement of Industrial Safety Laws in Ghana: The Case of PFC, Tema Новинка

Enforcement of Industrial Safety Laws in Ghana: The Case of PFC, Tema

This book examines the type of employee safety legislation and facilities in industry, the levels of awareness of, compliance with and the enforcement and inspection of safety regulations in the reduction of workplace injuries in Ghana. The book focuses on the role of the employees, management and the Inspectorate directorate in accident reduction. The book provides a working document for industry actors and regulatory agencies in reducing workplace accidents and injuries.
The impact of internet marketing on business profitability The impact of internet marketing on business profitability Новинка

The impact of internet marketing on business profitability

The work is basically on the usage of internet marketing in the hospitality sector. The work examines how the use of internet marketing can enhance business profitability and how a moderating variable (experience) can affect the relationship between internet marketing usage and business profitability.Business profitability was measured using four variables which are sales volume,profit margin,operating cost and return on equity. The results of the study shows that internet marketing usage affects the level of sales volume, profit margin and return on equity. The usage of internet marketing in the hospitality sector is influenced by factors such as level of star grading, managerial support,technological competence and existence of alliances. Experience in using internet marketing has a moderating effect on the relationship between internet marketing usage and business profitability.
An Analysis of Impact of Official Development Assistance in Nigeria An Analysis of Impact of Official Development Assistance in Nigeria Новинка

An Analysis of Impact of Official Development Assistance in Nigeria

This book is An Analysis of Impact of Official Development Assistance in Nigeria. This book is different from other books on the impact of foreign aid on the economy of developing countries, because it approaches the issue of the impact of official development assistance on Nigerian economic from sectoral lens. The sectoral analysis of impact of aid in Nigeria is important because foreign aid may have differentiated impacts at the sector levels. The book should be a ready companion to development economists and donors who are interested in aid effectiveness in Africa, especially, Nigeria. Students of economics at the advance levels and others who are interested in development in Nigeria will also find the book an interesting academic piece of materials.
Evolution Of Anti Corruption Agencies And Laws In Nigeria Evolution Of Anti Corruption Agencies And Laws In Nigeria Новинка

Evolution Of Anti Corruption Agencies And Laws In Nigeria

Corruption is not a novel concern in the world today, it is an everyday occurrence in countries throughout the world, whether developed or under developed. It has become a global phenomenon and no country is completely corrupt free. However, corruption is apparent in some countries than others because those countries with less corruption have learnt to manage it than others by putting the necessary checks and balances in place and curbing the opportunities which brings rise to corruption while others have either not figured it out or lack the political will to do same. This book explores the role of law in challenging and curbing public corruption in Nigeria through the use of anti corruption agencies and laws. More broadly, this book examines and analyzes the progression of anti corruption agencies in Nigeria, past and present.
System of Education in Nigeria System of Education in Nigeria Новинка

System of Education in Nigeria

The basic idea of this book is on 9-3-4 system of education and managing nomadic education in Nigeria. The author outlines the concept of 9-3-4 system of education, goals of basic education, secondary education and governance in educational institutions in Nigeria. Relevant literature and theories are blends in this book. The nomads are classified as educational disadvantage people in Nigeria. However, this book is a well detailed assessment of nomadic education, the root of nomads and peasant farmers’ conflict, blueprint on nomadic education and curriculum for nomadic school. Similarly, an important aspect of this book tweets on the challenges of nomadic education, with an outlook on the history of Borno State in Nigeria. The author proffer numerous solutions to nomadic education and adequate recommendations were made to all stakeholders. The primary audience for this book are individual learning about African society, international organization, lecturers, researchers, policy makers, donor agencies, commission for nomadic education, writers in the field of African studies and students.
Marketing of Agricultural Produce in Nigeria: A Case of Grains Marketing of Agricultural Produce in Nigeria: A Case of Grains Новинка

Marketing of Agricultural Produce in Nigeria: A Case of Grains

Nigeria has a total population of 120 Million (NPC, 2006) and about 70% are engaged in Agriculture. Many writers are of the opinion that despite the dominance of Agricultural products in Nigeria, food security for the teeming population cannot be guaranteed if there is no efficient marketing system for agricultural produce. The bulky nature of agricultural produce coupled with the scattered nature of the production units, the distance between production and consumption areas makes agricultural marketing more complicated. The research finding show that grain marketing in the study area was profitable during the period under review. A gross margin of N1,229,820,000 was recorded in 2001, N1,826,190,000 in 2002, N1,398,725,000 in 2003, N1,975,985,000 in 2004, N1,741,470,000 in 2005 and N423,285,000 in 2006. Marketing efficiency was 69.26% in 2001, 62.74% in 2002, 71% in 2003, 69.06% in 2004, 69.67% in 2005, and 90%.69% in 2006. Even though grain market was profitable, it was not efficient. Grain marketing is also affected by problem, such as transportation, storage, inadequate, credit, multiple taxes and long channel of distribution.
Effects of Working capital management and Marketing strategies Effects of Working capital management and Marketing strategies Новинка

Effects of Working capital management and Marketing strategies

Business success has been the main concern of the author of this publication and based on the findings of the study, it becomes clear that Business growth and financial stability largely depends on: 1) working capital management and 2) Marketing strategies employed by entities I am convicted that the contents of this publication will be of great use to; a)Entrepreneurs who have passion for business success b)Students of accountancy in edifying their accountancy studies c)Students of research d)Tutors of accountancy in reinforcing accountancy lectures among others
Openness and Real Effects of Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Nigeria Openness and Real Effects of Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Nigeria Новинка

Openness and Real Effects of Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Nigeria

The book examines the real effects of monetary and fiscal policies in Nigeria. This is with a view to establishing the validity of open economic vrsion of macroeconomic policy ineffectiveness proposition of new classical school in Nigeria. The book is organized into seven chapters. In chapter one, the background information to the research problem is clearly articulated. Chapter two provides a review of existing studies in attempt to identify the gaps in the literature. Chapter three presents the methodology while chapter four, appraises the underlining macroeconomic factors explain fluctuations in real outputs in Nigeria. In chapter five, GARCH and VECM approaches are used for analyzing of the real effects of monetary and fiscal policies using annual time series data from Nigeria (1960-2003). In Chapter six, the variance decomposition and impulse response functions is used to determine the real output responses to innovations to monetary and fiscal policies as well as openness and real oil price shocks. Chapter seven summarizes with conclusion and provides some policy implications based on the outcomes of our findings from the study
Levels of Some Heavy Metals in Human Blood in Zaria, Nigeria Levels of Some Heavy Metals in Human Blood in Zaria, Nigeria Новинка

Levels of Some Heavy Metals in Human Blood in Zaria, Nigeria

Heavy metals are widely dispersed in the environment and tend to accumulate in select tissues of the human body resulting in potential toxicity. They have also been reported to form complexes with certain classes of drugs, which may affect the availability, and consequently the activity of such drugs.High levels of heavy metals in environmental and food samples around Zaria, Nigeria have been reported. Hence, this study determined the concentrations of Cd, Cr, Mn, and Zn in blood of humans in Zaria and their effects on the availability and activity of chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin and metronidazole. Results obtained show higher levels of the metals in occupationally exposed individuals compared to the general population. The in vitro availability of chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin and metronidazole were significantly (P > 0.05) decreased when interacted with all the metals. The antimicrobial actions of chloramphenicol and metronidazole when interacted with the metals indicated that in most cases, the activity of the drugs was either antagonized or completely abolished. With ciprofloxacin however, synergistic changes in the zones of inhibition were generally observed in all cases.
Enabling the Supply of Urban Housing in Developing Countries: Enabling the Supply of Urban Housing in Developing Countries: Новинка

Enabling the Supply of Urban Housing in Developing Countries:

This book addresses the issues that affect urban housing supply in developing countries. Using Nigeria as an example, the book explains the assumptions on which housing policy is erect and why successive policies have failed to address urban housing supply. Nigeria’s housing system is explained as well as the current problems affecting the provision of urban housing. The place of global north-south policy transfer is analysed in this book with reference to the globalisation of the neoliberal agenda and how this altered the arrangement for delivery of social services including housing in Nigeria. Furthermore, the book examines globalisation in connection to how the idea of the enabling approach for shelter was deployed from the international agencies, to Nigeria. The book concludes with case studies that: investigates the problems affecting the supply of housing finance; scrutinises the role of local authorities in the organisation of new housing provision and the improvement of slum housing conditions; and analyses how the interaction of local council authorities, state government agencies and federal government agencies with developers influences the outcomes of housing supply.
Market Reforms Effects on Price Volatility Market Reforms Effects on Price Volatility Новинка

Market Reforms Effects on Price Volatility

In the early 1990’s, most developing countries implemented reforms in the agricultural sector that affected the volatility of product prices. However, there is limited empirical evidence on the effects of these reforms on the level and volatility of Irish potato prices. This book evaluates the effects of market reform policies on the evolution and volatility of Irish potato prices in Kenya. By using an autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity in mean model, a monthly time series data set was utilized to identify the effects of the market reforms on the volatility of Irish potato prices. The results of the analysis indicate that the implementation of market reform policies led to higher prices and reduction of price volatility. The book recommends the requisite measures to enable the farmers to realize maximum benefits from the effects of the implementation of market reform policies. Overall, this book sheds more light on the existing body of knowledge on the effects of market reforms and Irish potato marketing and is especially useful to researchers, farmers and policy makers.
Economics of Milk Marketing Economics of Milk Marketing Новинка

Economics of Milk Marketing

In this book, an effort was made for economic analysis of milk and its different products produced by Jaipur dairy. This focused on the cost of collection and cost of processing, chilling charges, transportation cost and commission to milk collection cooperative societies, water and electricity charges, repairs and maintenance, depreciation and interest on capital expenditure. This book also focused on marketing margin and net return obtained by various agencies such Jaipur dairy cooperative, wholesalers, and retailers of milk products. This book explained the methods for calculating the different marketing (collection and processing costs) costs and margins in large dairy farms. This book is very useful for the academicians and students of agricultural economics, business management, dairy economics, animal husbandry and research scholar for further career growth by understating the gamut of issues of milk marketing.
Effects of Handling on Animals Welfare during Transport and Marketing Effects of Handling on Animals Welfare during Transport and Marketing Новинка

Effects of Handling on Animals Welfare during Transport and Marketing

This study investigated the effects of handling on animal welfare during transport, marketing and physical activity. During the analysis model developed to describe the heart rate performances, the speed, road conditions, standing orientation of animals and the blood parameters had showed effect on the welfare of animals. The overall conclusion from the study, based on transport conditions, heart rate and vibration levels, behaviour of animals and stress hormones indicated that handling and transport had an effect on animal welfare.
Knowledge on Health Effects of Drug Abuse Knowledge on Health Effects of Drug Abuse Новинка

Knowledge on Health Effects of Drug Abuse

This work was developed in response to the increase in number of youth abusing drugs. Prevention of drug abuse is important to the health and socioeconomic stability of a country because the cost of substance abuse affects the well being of the population in all these aspects. In Kenya drug abuse contributes to rising health care costs especially in the management of drug abuse complications like alcoholism, drug addiction, diabetes, cirrhosis, cardiovascular diseases, cancer and neo - natal disorders. This descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in Nyalenda Estate, Kisumu East, Nyanza Province of Kenya on 383 youth drug users selected purposively. The study employed both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection. The findings revealed that age and sex of the respondents and knowledge of health effects of abused drugs had an influence in drug abuse among the youth. The commonly abused drugs were bhang, local alcoholic brew (chang’aa), and tobacco. Although the youth knew the health effects of drug abuse many of the youth did not associate the habit with common medical conditions like heart problems among others.
Female Circumcision in Lagos State, Nigeria Female Circumcision in Lagos State, Nigeria Новинка

Female Circumcision in Lagos State, Nigeria

The book, Female Circumcision in Lagos State, Nigeria was written with the aim of using it as a counseling material that can be used to educate people on the harmful effects of female circumcision, the consequences and the effects on women. The book targeted students in Universities, Colleges of Education and the Polytechnics. It is going to be of use to healthcare providers and those who are interested in knowing more about female circumcision. The five-chapter book was well written with clear suggestions on how to eradicate female circumcision in this twenty first century. The book is a product of a comprehensive research carried out on female circumcision in Nigeria. It also reviewed the practice of female circumcision under different ethnic, traditional, cultural and religious practices with a view to joining the global campaign for its eradication from Nigeria. Female circumcision is a gratuitous act and a fundamental violation of the rights of girls and women. Counselors, tertiary institution lecturers, parents, policy makers in the health sector and interested readers in the society will benefit from using this book.
Antipsychotic Drugs' Use in Bangladesh Antipsychotic Drugs' Use in Bangladesh Новинка

Antipsychotic Drugs' Use in Bangladesh

Polypharmacy practices are very common in psychiatry specially in Bangladesh.Psychiatric patients receive multiple drugs in order to have their therapeutic recovery. Both typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs are frequently prescribed by the psychiatrists. Use of multiple antipsychotic molecules may exert some sort of synergistic efficacy but cause a lot of unwanted side effects in the long run. Such a practice can adversely affect the quality of life of the corresponding patients. More rational use of antipsychotic drug should practiced in psychiatry with a view to ensuring quality of life of the psychiatric patients. Atypical antipsychotic drugs are new generation drugs and more safe for use. Besides atypical antipsychotic drugs sometimes offer some unique benefits which make them unparalleled choice.Appropriate drug should be chosen depending on the disease condition and overall benefits of the patients. Unnecessary any molecules' use should be discouraged so that adverse effects or metabolic side effects can be minimized to the least content. In this way we can expect better quality of life along with stabilized psychiatric patients.
Make Energy from the Sun a Real Growth Perspective Make Energy from the Sun a Real Growth Perspective Новинка

Make Energy from the Sun a Real Growth Perspective

The book sum-up findings of a research aimed at emphasize factors, at both country specific and international level, that may impact on the feasibility of initiatives for deploying energy from the sun, such as the Mediterranean Solar Plan (MSP). The study analyses those aspects that may either allow or limit rules coordination and a shared energy regulatory framework for the Mediterranean region to emerge. The study, thus, has a double objective: firstly, to analyze current developments of the energy regulatory framework in the south-Mediterranean area; secondly, to investigate the degree of rules harmonization in the area and the role of the European Union as rules promoter. Case in point of this work are regulatory agencies, which have been involved in the study through two surveys. In particular, agencies' independence from political power and industry stakeholders is analysed looking at the decision making powers, the organzational authonomy, and the accountability measures. In addition to new and original findings, this work provides for a thorough literature review and reorganization of the most recent available data on south-Mediterranean energy regulatory framework.
Marketing Practices of Forest Dependent Communities Marketing Practices of Forest Dependent Communities Новинка

Marketing Practices of Forest Dependent Communities

The book provides a comprehensive coverage of the various aspects concerned with collection and marketing practices of non-timber forest produce (NTFP). Different forest policies and acts have been explained in the second chapter. A comparative analysis of Vana samrakshna samithis (VSS) and non- VSS areas have been discussed with regard to various dimensions of forest development. The book helps in understanding the tribal development scenario in different five year plans. The book covers several issues such as problems in collection and marketing of NTFP, role of different marketing agencies and their implications on NTFP items, relationship between forest department and forest dependent communities which may be of interest to academicians, students, researchers, and practitioners.

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Some drugs which are not aimed at treating heart disease have nevertheless been found to have profound effects on heart muscle. Cardiotoxicity is one of the major forms of toxicity seen in drugs and it accounts for most drug recalls and delays experienced in regulatory approvals.In recent years a number of non-cardiac blockbuster drugs such as terfenadine have been withdrawn from major markets because of cardiotoxicity concerns, while other drugs have either been withdrawn prior to marketing or required labelling changes that significantly restricted their use. In Cardiotoxicity of Non-Cardiovascular Drugs international experts describe the molecular mechanisms and clinical read-outs of cardiac events induced by a broad variety of noncardiovascular drugs. Particular emphasis is paid to the preclinical screening of drug cardiotoxicity. Topics include: metabolic targets of cardiotoxicity regulatory aspects translating molecular mechanisms into clinical trials structure-activity relationships in arrhythmias by antihistamines and psychoactive drugs cardiovascular toxicity of antitumor drugs cardiovascular toxicities of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs cardiovascular toxicities of antiretroviral therapies Cardiotoxicity of Non-Cardiovascular Drugs is an essential guide to this important area of drug development. It will find a place on the bookshelves of researchers, regulators and students in medicinal chemistry, drug development, pharmacology, pharmacy and cardiovascular disease.
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