ecofriendly leather dyes extracted from different plants parts



Ecofriendly Leather Dyes Extracted from Different Plants Parts Ecofriendly Leather Dyes Extracted from Different Plants Parts Новинка

Ecofriendly Leather Dyes Extracted from Different Plants Parts

Chemical dyes are not ecofriendly dyes, but these herbal dyes are ecofriendly and free of many types of sensitivity, allergies and environmental hazards. The present study was carried out the first time to dye the leather of goat with aqueous extracts of Bauhinia variegata, Dalbergia sisso and Erythrina suberosa plant. Four different types of mordants CuSO4, FeSO4, KMnO4 and Potash Alum were used to fix the dye. These mordant gives different shades to the leather. Fastness properties (washing, heating. sunlight and rubbing.) were also done. Result was evaluated by using grey scale. Result of fastness properties in all case was very excellent Bauhinia variegata gave different shade of one color but, Dalbergia sisso and Erythrina suberosagave two different colors with four different mordants.
Evaluation of Ethnomedicinal Plants for Herbal Leather Dyes Evaluation of Ethnomedicinal Plants for Herbal Leather Dyes Новинка

Evaluation of Ethnomedicinal Plants for Herbal Leather Dyes

Chemical dyes are not ecofriendly dyes, but these herbal dyes are ecofriendly and free of many types of sensitivity, allergies and environmental hazards. The present study was carried out the first time to dye the leather of goat with aqueous extracts of Bauhinia variegata, Dalbergia sisso and Erythrina suberosa plant. Four different types of mordants CuSO4, FeSO4, KMnO4 and Potash Alum were used to fix the dye. These mordant gives different shades to the leather. Fastness properties (washing, heating. sunlight and rubbing.) were also done. Result was evaluated by using grey scale. Result of fastness properties in all case was very excellent. Bauhinia variegata gave different shade of one color but, Dalbergia sisso and Erythrina suberosa gave two different colors with four different mordants.
Ecofriendly Leather Dyes Extrected from Plants Bark Ecofriendly Leather Dyes Extrected from Plants Bark Новинка

Ecofriendly Leather Dyes Extrected from Plants Bark

Synthetic dyes are not eco-friendly and are very hazardous to the environment, but these herbal dyes are ecofriendly and free of many types of sensitivity, allergies and environmental hazards. The present study was carried out the first time to dye the goat skin with aqueous extracts of Mangifera indica, Syzygium cumini & Eucalyptus camaldulensis. Four different types of mordants CuSO4, FeSO4, KMnO4 and Potash Alum were used to fix the dye to leather, to facilitate the take-up quality of the leather and to improve color and light-fastness. These mordant gives different shades to the leather. Fastness properties of dye were studied by different techniques i.e. washing, heating, sunlight and rubbing. Result wasevaluated by using grey scale. Results of fastness properties in all case were very excellent. Mangifera indica, Syzygium cumini & Eucalyptus camaldulensis gave different colors with four different mordants. Different colors and shades obtained from natural dyes were so light and soft.
Polyporous Adsorbent And Their Uses To Remove Hazardous Dyes Polyporous Adsorbent And Their Uses To Remove Hazardous Dyes Новинка

Polyporous Adsorbent And Their Uses To Remove Hazardous Dyes

In the present book, an attempt has been made to removal of dyes from textile waste water in industries and how this waste water can be reused. Ion exchange method and batch adsorption method is the solution of removal of dyes from waste water and can often use and easy to investigate the result in laboratory and industries. Textile waste water from different textile industries of Ahmadabad region(India) have been selected. The porous polymeric adsorbent like amberlite XAD-2 and Duelite-171 have been selected for the removal of dyes. Parameters like adsorption equilibrium, initial concentration, effect of pH, effect of resin dosage, effect of contact time have been investigated intensively.Standard parameters can be developed to remove different types of dyes from industrial waste water and can make filter plantation for dye removal from waste effluent. Thus it may be possible to reuse for industrial purpose or other domestic uses. Dyes are harmful for human beings and causes pollution of soil. If we can remove them really, it will major help for survival of green and clean earth. It also concluded that this type of plants can be established for the better recovery of dyes
Colour characteristics of dyes extracted from selected tree barks Colour characteristics of dyes extracted from selected tree barks Новинка

Colour characteristics of dyes extracted from selected tree barks

Natural dyes are known for their use in colouring of food substrate, leather as well as natural fibres like wool, silk and cotton. These produce very uncommon, soothing and soft shades as compared to synthetic dyes. On the other hand, synthetic dyes, though available at economical prices, have many adverse effects including the threat towards the natural ecosystem. Hence, there has been an increased interest towards use of textiles (preferably natural fibre product) dyed with eco-friendly natural dyes. However, appropriate dyeing techniques/procedures are important to obtain newer shades with acceptable colour fastness behaviour and reproducible colour yield. Relevant scientific studies on standardization of dyeing methods, dyeing process variables, dyeing kinetics and test of compatibility of selective natural dyes have become very important. The present book describes the fastness and other characteristics of natural dyes obtained from five different tree barks, namely Jackfruit (Atrocarpus heterophyllus), Mahua (Madhuca indica), Neem (Azadirachta indica), Peepal (Ficus regillous) and Sal (Shorea robusta).
Natural Adsorbent and Dyes Natural Adsorbent and Dyes Новинка

Natural Adsorbent and Dyes

The dust of woody plants Malus domestica and Prunus persica was activated by chemicals means. The surface was characterized by BET surface area, FTIR, Scanning electron micrograph, Energy dispersive spectroscopy analysis. Adsorption of some basic dyes on each sample was studied by kinetics and batch adsorption techniques at different adsorption temperatures. The residual concentration of the dye was determined by using UV–vis spectrophotometric technique. The removal of dyes from wastewater was studied with respect to initial dye concentrations, equilibration time and different dye concentration for batch studies. Adsorption kinetics was analyzed by using intraparticle diffusion, Elovich and Bangham models. For batch study Langmuir, Freundlich, Tempkin and Harkins-Jura linear equations were used for analyzing the data and were found fit to the adsorption data.
Ethnopharmacological Studies of Some Members of Family Moraceae Ethnopharmacological Studies of Some Members of Family Moraceae Новинка

Ethnopharmacological Studies of Some Members of Family Moraceae

The present investigation was developed to evaluate the ethnopharmacological activities of some members of family Moraceae. The selected plants were Ficus bengalensis, Ficus religiosa, Ficus glomerata, Morus indica and Morus laevigata. Ethnopharmacological activities were carried out by the preparation of aqueous and methanolic extracts of different parts of these selected plants. For ethnopharmacological activities, the dried leaves of Ficus bengalensis, Ficus religiosa and Ficus glomerata, dried fruits and leaves of Morus indica and Morus laevigata were extracted with water and methanol for anti-emetic activity anthelmintic, antiallergy and antibacterial activities.
Neem (Azadirachta Indica) Neem (Azadirachta Indica) Новинка

Neem (Azadirachta Indica)

Dengue is one of the major health problem in many countries. Aedes aegypti mosquito is the major vector of dengue fever disease. Search for larvicidal active compound(s) is one of the several attempts to find effective and affordable ways to control this mosquito. In this study investigated the toxic effect of different solvent (acetone, chloroform, cold and hot ethanol) extracts from different parts (bark, leaf, root and seed) of Neem (Azadirachta indica) against Aedes aegypti larvae. Therefore, this study demonstrated the potency of Neem in managing the larvae and thus contribute as an affordable way to control Aedes aegypti mosquito. Through this study the crude extracts from different parts of Neem (Azadirachta indica) could be extracted by using different solvents and this will lead to different biological activities.
Herbs and Health Herbs and Health Новинка

Herbs and Health

Medicinal plants are different plant used in herbal product , in treatment of aliments and diseases though some of the plants can be poisonous when used in high dose while some have great medicinal uses. Plants have phtyochemical constituent that been proven to have medicinal effects. The study of medicines derived from natural sources including plants is called Pharmacognosy. The drugs are derived either from the whole plant or from different organs, like leaves, stem, bark, root, flower, seed.
Bioactive Compounds from Plants as Antibacterial and Antioxidants Bioactive Compounds from Plants as Antibacterial and Antioxidants Новинка

Bioactive Compounds from Plants as Antibacterial and Antioxidants

Natural products from different sources such as plants have played an important role in the prevention of infectious diseases and are of general use in health care. Bioactive compounds that are extracted from natural products are generally regarded as effective and safe compared to synthetic compounds. Synthetic substances such as antibiotics produced by the pharmaceutical industry have in many cases caused side effects such as nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, abdominal discomfort, diarrhea and have caused the emergence of resistance by pathogenic bacteria, to such an extent that an increasing number of researchers are seeking to produce biologically active compounds from natural sources. One important source of natural products are medicinal plants which have been used as traditional medicine in different parts of the world for many applications such as the treatment of infectious diseases, diarrhea, hypertension, skin diseases and other conditions.
Ethnopharmacological Importance of Medicinal Plants Ethnopharmacological Importance of Medicinal Plants Новинка

Ethnopharmacological Importance of Medicinal Plants

Natural products obtained from the plants are consider as an important source of therpeutic agents, most of our drugs are derived from plants and used in treatment of different diseases like skin problems , Git disorders, This book enlists 75 plants belonging to 36 families having medicinal potential ,other information includes their morphology ,bioactive constituents and folk recipes.
Natural Dyes for Silk Natural Dyes for Silk Новинка

Natural Dyes for Silk

Over the last few years’ interest towards natural dyes has been increasing, the reason being manifold, including those of ecological movement, bio-degradability and higher compatibility of natural dyes with environment. Natural dyes are usually preferred on natural fibre fabrics composed of organically grown cotton, hemp, wool and silk. Silk is the most beautiful continuous filament and the fabrics made out of it have exceptionally pleasing lustre, soft handle and comfort. The rapid changes in trends and fashion and the demand for good fastness properties on textile substrates require a basic database describing possible applications and performance of natural dyes. This work describes the extraction of dyes from products / by-products obtained from five different sources which are of little use commercially and available abundantly in the nature. The application and the performance attributes of these dyes on silk, influence of different mordants on colour values and fastness properties are also presented which would serve useful to handloom industry, entrepreneurs and individuals interested in natural dyeing and natural products.
Medicinal Plants for Anti-Inflammatory Activity Medicinal Plants for Anti-Inflammatory Activity Новинка

Medicinal Plants for Anti-Inflammatory Activity

The present work describes total phenol content, antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory activity and isolation of compounds from three different medicinal plants of Kashmir valley viz. Platanus orientalis, Cedrus deodara and Populas alba. Twenty nine extracts were prepared in different solvents of increasing polarity (chloroform, methanol and water) of three plant parts viz. stem, root and leaves and also whole plant extracts were prepared with petroleum ether and methanol.
Antimicrobial properties of some Nigerian Medicinal Plants Antimicrobial properties of some Nigerian Medicinal Plants Новинка

Antimicrobial properties of some Nigerian Medicinal Plants

This book is carefully written to assist undergraduate and postgraduate researchers in the area natural product chemistry, traditional medicine practice, biological sciences, medical sciences, medicinal plant science organic chemistry, Pharmacologist, pharmacognosy, botonist, microbiologist, pathologist with the knowledge of different phytocompounds present in each of the parts of plants covered by the writer, different antibacterial and antifungal action of each fraction of plant parts covered by the researcher, method of phytochemical analysis, structure elucidation, chromatographic method of isolation of active component in plants method of interpreting different spectroscopic chart to deduce structure and finally the book will be usefull as a reference point to all scientist interested in the study of medicinal plants.
Impact of compounds isolated from plants on freshwater fish Impact of compounds isolated from plants on freshwater fish Новинка

Impact of compounds isolated from plants on freshwater fish

My basic aim is to develop an environmentally safe plant origin piscicides because they are supposed to be less expensive, easily biodegradable, easily available, easy to handle and safe for mankind and environment. So, I investigate two locally found medicinal plants under following sections: 1. Extractions of compounds from different plant parts of Euphorbia royleana and Nerium indicum, and test their piscicidal activity against common freshwater predatory fish Channa punctatus. 2. Effect of sub-lethal doses (40% and 80% of LC50) of extracted compounds (having maximum piscicidal activity), on fish metabolism. 3. Identification and structure elucidation of those extracted compounds. I have find five out of seventeen compounds which have maximum piscicidal activity and their sub-lethal doses altered behavioural pattern, inhibit oxidative metabolism of fish and suppress energy production by inhibiting ATP production, but this was advantageous that toxic action of these compounds were reversible, despite their high toxicity. So they can be used as a environmentally safe piscicide for controlling predatory fish Channa puctatus population from aquaculture ponds.
Natural dyes for textiles Natural dyes for textiles Новинка

Natural dyes for textiles

The raw material used in the present study for extraction of colouring components is obtained without disturbing the plant as the flowers fruits and bark used are bio-wastes. All the dyes extracted can be used for dyeing silk and cotton substrates. Eco-friendly mordants used result in variety of shades, fastness of which is satisfactory, making it viable for commercial application. As all the obtained colorants are free from banned amines and heavy metals these can be considered eco-friendly. In the new era this study offer four new sources of natural dyes for silk and cotton, which can be made use of in cottage/handloom industry, provide value added products and it will give better employment opportunities to rural folks and also promote rural entrepreneurship to develop the rural economy. It also encourages usage of waste lands for cultivation of these plants that yield dyestuff and forestation of plants and provides consequent additional remuneration.
A Study On In-vitro Anthelmintic Activity Of Croton Bonplandianum A Study On In-vitro Anthelmintic Activity Of Croton Bonplandianum Новинка

A Study On In-vitro Anthelmintic Activity Of Croton Bonplandianum

"A Proof of Traditional Use—A Great Read!" In many developing countries, traditional medicine is still the mainstay of health-care, and most of the drugs and cures come from natural sources, such as, plants. The raw materials for manufacturing essential drugs are extracted from medicinal plants, harnessing its natural properties of healing. The main objective was to explore the possibility of developing new drug candidates from Croton bonplandianum for the treatment of diseases.
Hannaier 269-H03 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Red Hannaier 269-H03 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Red Новинка

Hannaier 269-H03 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Red

Extracted from plants and microorganisms harmless to the human body and brighten your lip; Adds pearlescent particles make your lip charming at any angles; Fresh and not greasy.
Hannaier 269-H04 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Pink Hannaier 269-H04 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Pink Новинка

Hannaier 269-H04 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Pink

Extracted from plants and microorganisms harmless to the human body and brighten your lip; Adds pearlescent particles make your lip charming at any angles; Fresh and not greasy.
Hannaier 269-H06 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Orange Hannaier 269-H06 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Orange Новинка

Hannaier 269-H06 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Orange

Extracted from plants and microorganisms harmless to the human body and brighten your lip; Adds pearlescent particles make your lip charming at any angles; Fresh and not greasy.
Hannaier 269-H12 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Deep Orange Hannaier 269-H12 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Deep Orange Новинка

Hannaier 269-H12 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Deep Orange

Extracted from plants and microorganisms harmless to the human body and brighten your lip; Adds pearlescent particles make your lip charming at any angles; Fresh and not greasy.
Hannaier 269-H12 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Purple Hannaier 269-H12 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Purple Новинка

Hannaier 269-H12 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Purple

Extracted from plants and microorganisms harmless to the human body and brighten your lip; Adds pearlescent particles make your lip charming at any angles; Fresh and not greasy.
Hannaier 269-H12 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Red Hannaier 269-H12 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Red Новинка

Hannaier 269-H12 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Red

Extracted from plants and microorganisms harmless to the human body and brighten your lip; Adds pearlescent particles make your lip charming at any angles; Fresh and not greasy.
Hannaier 269-H01 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Red Hannaier 269-H01 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Red Новинка

Hannaier 269-H01 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Red

Extracted from plants and microorganisms harmless to the human body and brighten your lip; Adds pearlescent particles make your lip charming at any angles; Fresh and not greasy.
Hannaier 269-H09 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Pale pink Hannaier 269-H09 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Pale pink Новинка

Hannaier 269-H09 Pen Style Moisturizing Lipstick / Lip Gloss - Pale pink

Extracted from plants and microorganisms harmless to the human body and brighten your lip; Adds pearlescent particles make your lip charming at any angles; Fresh and not greasy.
BIODEGRADATION OF AZO DYES, DIAZO FAST RED SALT IN ANAEROBIC SYSTEM BIODEGRADATION OF AZO DYES, DIAZO FAST RED SALT IN ANAEROBIC SYSTEM Новинка

BIODEGRADATION OF AZO DYES, DIAZO FAST RED SALT IN ANAEROBIC SYSTEM

Dyes are released into the environment during dyeing of different substrates. Synthetic and natural textile fibres, plastics, leather, paper, waxes, and even foodstuffs and cosmetics are dyed by diffferent factories. All the azo dyes currently used are synthetic compounds and, hence, xenobiotics. The potential problems of azo dyes are recalcitrant in nature and human toxicity and vulnerable the environment as well. The release of colored compounds into the environment is undesirable not only because of their color, which may affect photosynthesis of aquatic plants, but also because many dyes and their breakdown products may be toxic and mutagenic to human life as well as animal. This book, therefore, evaluates the biodegradability of synthetic azo dyes in anaerobic treatment system. The work result showed that the potential application of the system using tannery sludge biomass for the treatment of azo dye containing textile and other similar industries effluents. The application this work used for biological wastewater treatment system, and researchers, industrial holders and decision makers.
Mitigation of Amaranth Dye Mitigation of Amaranth Dye Новинка

Mitigation of Amaranth Dye

Mitigation of dyes from effluents of industries using dyes is a big problem as it affects not only BOD, COD but also decreases photosynthesis in aquatic plants as it obstucts penetration of sun light into the water.Till now no single technology and adsobent is known to meet desired results. In this study attempts have been made to prepare Steam Activated Pigmented rice Husk Carbon fron easily available, cheap agriculural waste. This book sheds light on optimization of parameters viz initial concentration of dye, adsorbent dose, temperature along with intra particle diffusion, thermodynamic study and kinetic study of adsorption. This book will be a significant tool for researchers and professionals who want to develope cost effective adsorbent to mitigate dyes, toxic compounds and heavy metals from the effluents also to optimize parameters.
History of Textile and its Coloration History of Textile and its Coloration Новинка

History of Textile and its Coloration

The book discusses the history of development of textile materials from ancient times and its beautification by coloration. For coloration a number of natural colours extracted from vegetable, animals and minerals were used in earlier days. From the beginning of 20th century those natural colours were gradually substituted by synthetic dyes. The colours are applied by dyeing or printing methods. In dyeing the colours are applied uniformly and in printing those are applied in selected areas.
Pharmacognostical studies on some selected medicinal plants Pharmacognostical studies on some selected medicinal plants Новинка

Pharmacognostical studies on some selected medicinal plants

The history of medicinal plants is intimately connected with the history of botany. Primitive man lived at the mercy of nature, in constant terror of diseases. Natural health care is getting important world over as the human race is suffering from life style diseases. In India, the ayurvedic system of medicine has been in use for over three thousand years. Ethnopharmacognosyincludes the study of traditional concepts or methods for distinguishing between various plant parts such as bark, leaves, seeds, tubers, etc. and indigenous ways of distinction, if any, between the quality of such products from collections in different seasons or situations.Medicinal plants with anti-tumour potential elaborated : Ageratum conyzoides Aloe vera Curcuma longa Vinca rosea Taxus baccataMedicinal plants with anti-HIV potential have been presented. The book will be extremely useful for students , teachers, researchers and medical practitioners and and industry
Anti-Cancer Potential of Medicinal Plants Anti-Cancer Potential of Medicinal Plants Новинка

Anti-Cancer Potential of Medicinal Plants

Cancer has emerged as an important health problem in the developed and the developing countries. In the present investigation, 12 medicinal plants were evaluated against human cancer cell lines from different origins and most significant results were displayed by Apium graveolens, Holarrhena antidysenterica, Mallotus philippinensis and Nardostachys jatamansi. Further, an active ingredient namely Mallotoxin was isolated from the fruit part of Mallotus philippinensis. This drug suppressed the proliferation of eight human cancer cells from six different tissues and proved its exceptionally remarkable in vitro anticancer efficiency.
Antimicrobial agents from plants Antimicrobial agents from plants Новинка

Antimicrobial agents from plants

Plants are source of almost all basic things require for human being as they synthesis millions of different chemicals in their life cycle. Since discovery of Penicillin, use of antibiotics increased rapidly but due to indiscriminate use of antibiotics number of pathogens (both plants and animal) developed resistance against particular antibiotics which become inefficient. Therefore it is need of hour to search antibiotics from plants instead of microorganism are referred to as antimicrobial agents. This book, therefore provide way for searching antimicrobial agents from plants to control plant as well as animal pathogenic bacteria and fungi in agricultural and medical fields. It guide for primary screening, phytochemical analyses, separation, isolation and purification of active compounds from plants; their mode of action on pathogens while the factors which affect the antimicrobial activity of pure as well as crude extracts also discussed with experiments.
Plants of Tropical Forests Plants of Tropical Forests Новинка

Plants of Tropical Forests

This book had been written for the benefits of students, teachers and nature loving persons. This book explains different forest types of tropical region with important characteristics. For each plant species figure, morophological characters and taxonomical details are given for easy identification. Economic uses of each plant is described and also concerned to different plant parts. For each plant an attempt has been made to provide the vernacular as well as English name with the distribution of plants in tropical region. This book is eye catching as figures of different palnt parts are given and will help out to readers to know a lot of wonder about the plants.
Potato Improvement Through In Vitro Techniques Potato Improvement Through In Vitro Techniques Новинка

Potato Improvement Through In Vitro Techniques

Different aspects of micropropagation through meristem culture for the production of virus indexed source plants, callus induction followed by subsequent plant regeneration, in vitro tuberization and field evaluation of the in vitro regenerated plants were studied on four commercial cultivars of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) viz., Diamant, Cardinal, Shilbilati and Lalpakri. Rooted plantlets of four potato cultivars obtained directly through meristem culture and indirectly via callus phase were gradually acclimatized and successfully established in the field. Visual evaluation of the morphological traits of the meristem-derived plants showed that all plants were normal and free from virus diseases. Substantial yield increase was observed from meristem-derived plants over their source plants. Somaclonal variation among different plants derived from callus was observed. The present investigation also addressed in vitro tuberization in potato. The potato plants derived from microtubers of four varieties under field condition was similar to look as that of normal seed propagated plants.
In-vitro evaluation of Antilithiatic activity In-vitro evaluation of Antilithiatic activity Новинка

In-vitro evaluation of Antilithiatic activity

Nature is beautiful. Nature is endured with various plants, which are of tremendous help to human being. In the past, almost all the medicines used were from the plants, the plant being man’s only chemist from ages.Historically, the majority of the natural product-based drugs were first discovered by traditional cell-based in vitro assays before their real molecular biological targets were identified. Thus most traditional cell-based in vitro assays can be viewed as detection methods of the fundamental and unique phenomena of living organisms. Large number of medicinal plants has been advocated in folklore medicines, for treating various disease and disorder. Two of such plants are Dolichos biflorus Linn. and Asparagus racemosus Willd. local communities for the treatment of different diseases are using the different parts of these plants for human being. Hence in current studies the plants has been selected for there pharmacological & phytochemical study. The detailed study of Dolichos biflorus Linn. and Asparagus racemosus Willd. is included in this book and various important finding of the plants are included in this research book.
Antimicrobial Activity of Medicinal Plants Antimicrobial Activity of Medicinal Plants Новинка

Antimicrobial Activity of Medicinal Plants

Plants are blessing of Allah. Different functions properties, antimicrobial peptides insulated and filtered from natural causes are considered as substitute to synthetic antibiotics against most of the infection, causing agents have developed resistance. The current research work was therefore, chalked out to screen medicinal plants for their antibacterial activity and to purify antibacterial peptides/proteins from them.In this book some important medicinal plants are described which are used against gram positive bacteria
ANTIMICROBIAL STUDIES OF INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS ANTIMICROBIAL STUDIES OF INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS Новинка

ANTIMICROBIAL STUDIES OF INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS

Medicinal plants are an important therapeutic aid for various ailments. Scientific experiments on the antimicrobial properties of plant components were first documented in the late 19th century. In India, from ancient times, different parts of medicinal plants have been used to cure specific ailments. Today, there is wide spread interest in drugs derived from plants. This interest primarily stems from the belief that green medicine is safe and dependable, compared to the costly synthetic drugs that have adverse effects. To determine the potential and promote the use of herbal medicine, it is essential to intensify the study of medicinal plants that find place in folklore. Pathogenic organisms are life forms that cause human diseases. They can harm human health in several ways. All microbes show resistance to antibiotics. Also, Indian Medicinal plants contain many antimicrobial agents and properties. Hence, an attempt has been made to find out newer components from the Indian Medicinal plants, which have antimicrobial properties and also cheaper and non – toxic to the environment.
Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Cyperus rotundus Linn Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Cyperus rotundus Linn Новинка

Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Cyperus rotundus Linn

Essential oils are secondary metabolites of various parts of plants. Essential oil extracted from plants have unique therapeutic benefits. These are used in various forms such as lotions ,ointment, lubricants, perfumes, fragrant bath perfumed water, massage and incense. The antimicrobial action of essential oil is one of the most extensively studied aspects of plant medicine. Dried tuberous roots of Cyperus rotundus is known as source of aromatics, used in perfumes and agarbatties. The reported constituents of volatile oil in Cyperus rotundu tubers vary with the source so in this study, the composition of essential oil obtained from Cyperus rotundus Linn. growing in Dehradun (Uttarakhand), India, a new location is compared with the previous study along with its antimicrobial activity.
Physico-Chemical Techniques to Treat Cocktail Wastewater from CETP Physico-Chemical Techniques to Treat Cocktail Wastewater from CETP Новинка

Physico-Chemical Techniques to Treat Cocktail Wastewater from CETP

In Industrial zones it is very difficult for small scale industries to treat strong wastewater in their premises hence come the concept of Common effluent treatment plant (CETP) in 20th century. On this note several number of CETPs in India is been treating industrial wastewater. The Conventional Treatment process existing in majority of Common Effluent Treatment plants in India are not capable of bringing the effluent parameters under required discharging norms. Hence there is an urgent requirement for tertiary treatment options for Common treatment processes in order to deal with the high strength of effluent loading. In this present book 17 different Physico-Chemical technologies including Oxidants and Filtration technologies are been studied on an extremely cocktail effluent of CETP at Vapi. Which comprises of wastewater from different industries like Textile, Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Pesticides, Paper & Pulp and Dyes& Colour.
Parthenium hysterophorus L.: Mineral and Biochemical Assessment Parthenium hysterophorus L.: Mineral and Biochemical Assessment Новинка

Parthenium hysterophorus L.: Mineral and Biochemical Assessment

Weeds are undesirable plants which interfere with the utilization of land and water resources and thus adversely affect the human welfare. Parthenium hysterophorus is an obnoxious weed. It is considered as one of the ten worst weeds of the world. It was accidentally introduced in India during 1955 through the imported food grains and at first time it was observed in Pune, India. The plants of Parthenium were collected from dry tropical regions of India, during the rainy and winter season. Root, stem and leaf were separated from the plant and used for chemical analysis. Chlorophyll was estimated in fresh leaf, pH and EC were determined by crushing the fresh parts of the plants. Plant parts were dried and ground. Organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulphur, iron, copper, manganese, zinc, protein, reducing and non-reducing sugars, carbohydrate and starch were analysed in different plants parts (root, stem and leaf) in both rainy and winter seasons taking the ground plant parts following the standard procedure.
Taxonomic & Antimicrobial Studies of Himalayan WoundHealing Plants Taxonomic & Antimicrobial Studies of Himalayan WoundHealing Plants Новинка

Taxonomic & Antimicrobial Studies of Himalayan WoundHealing Plants

Himalayan region is the largest mountain range in Asia,extending from Afghanistan to Bhutan.With unique biodiversity this region has uncountable plant species not fully explored.Plants found here are used for centuries for medicinal purposes.Area is mountainous, lacks proper medical facilities, people use plant remedies for treatment of diseases, Wounds are common in these areas, people use different parts of plants for treatment of them
National Geographic Readers: Plants (Level 1 Co-reader) National Geographic Readers: Plants (Level 1 Co-reader) Новинка

National Geographic Readers: Plants (Level 1 Co-reader)

Adult and child readers will learn all about plants---including how they grow, plant parts, seeds, and flowers---together in this new Co-reader from National Geographic Kids.
A Study Related to Decolorization and Detoxification of Textile Dyes A Study Related to Decolorization and Detoxification of Textile Dyes Новинка

A Study Related to Decolorization and Detoxification of Textile Dyes

Many industries use dyes and pigments to color their products. The largest consumers of these dyes are textile industries. The proper treatment of textile waste water is fundamental for the preservation of environmental equilibria and quality of aquatic system. The present study emphasizes the water pollution due to textile dyes which are the main component of the dyeing industries. It is quite difficult to remove dyes from effluents since most of them are stable to light, heat and oxidizing agents and they are biologically non-degradable. The textile effluents are considered as potential source of water contamination so effective methods should be adopted for the decolorization and detoxification of textile waste water. In the present study adsorption and ion exchange chromatographic technique were employed as treatment methods for the removal of textile dyes. From the current study it is concluded that different low cost natural materials and their modified surfaces can be used for the removal of textile dyes.
Synthetic Dyes and their Applications (Part - 1) Synthetic Dyes and their Applications (Part - 1) Новинка

Synthetic Dyes and their Applications (Part - 1)

Azo dyes are the most important class of dyes, comprising over 50 % of total dyestuff's production. In the early days, with the discovery of Mauve by Sir W.H. Perkins in 1856, colorants have made significant differences in one’s life and have become a part of human sensation. Consequently research on synthetic dyes was pursued by various chemists and scientists and has evolved sound basics for the foundation of the colorants industry. As a result in the last 125 years synthetic dyes have been prepared in bewildering number and variety. However, the recent developments has appeared in the literature [1,2] pursuing the several couplers designed to give disperse azo dyes suitable for polyester and cotton fibers and several patents documented for the applications of different coupling components in the synthesis of azo dyes [3,4]. Perusal of literature indicates the azo dyes based on derivatives of hydroxybenzophenone useful as U.V. absorber [5]. This has prompted to undertake the systematic work on disperse azo dyes derived from such derivatives of hydroxybenzophenone as couplers. The work is comprised into Synthesis, Characterization and their applications on fibers.
Phytochemical Investigation on Roots of Lantana camara Phytochemical Investigation on Roots of Lantana camara Новинка

Phytochemical Investigation on Roots of Lantana camara

Since the creation of mankind, the use of traditional medicinal plants for treatment of different health problems have been a common practice. Despite their natural toxicity, the effectiveness of these plants in such practice began to attribute to the development of science and medicine, mainly in developing new drugs. Still, many organic products from the plant kingdom are being studied , isolated and classified following scientific procedures by different scientists in different parts of the world, where Organic Chemists play a great role. Therefore, this book introduces a new organic compound from the plant Lantana camara, one of the traditional medicinal plants used in Ethiopia and other parts of the world. The isolation, the extraction and the structural elucidation techniques used provide clear and detailed information for professionals in the field of phytochemistry. In addition, the book also initiates interested Organic Chemists for further investigation and potential Biochemists for bio-assay works.
Novel Thickening Agents for Discharge and Burn-out Printing Novel Thickening Agents for Discharge and Burn-out Printing Новинка

Novel Thickening Agents for Discharge and Burn-out Printing

The main aim of the present work was to prepare some different, novel carbohydrate derivatives suitable as thickening agents in discharge, discharge-resist and burn-out printing styles. Different thickening agents derived from agriculture wastes, plant seeds or maize starch were prepared, characterized and evaluated as thickening agents in the aforementioned different textile printing styles on using different types of dyes
Ecofriendly Agrotechnology Ecofriendly Agrotechnology Новинка

Ecofriendly Agrotechnology

The present book comprises of developement of innovative ecofriendly-agrotechnology in alluvial soil zone of Burdwan District, West Bengal, India.The book is highly enriched with different aspects of reduction of chemical fertilizer dose, application of biofertilizer, compost and growth retardant Cycocel for sustainable production of mustard.The book is also enriched with detaied methodology of Soil Analysis.
Transgene study under Drought Stress Transgene study under Drought Stress Новинка

Transgene study under Drought Stress

Drought stress is one of the most common environmental abiotic stress that affects the overall growth and development of plants. Comparative analysis was carried out between the transgenic plants (Gossypium hirsutum) inherited a gene related to small heat shock protein gene (sHSP) family (GHSP-26) and wild type (non-transgenic plants under different morphological, physiological and biochemical level. The GHSP-26 gene was isolated from the Gossypium arboreum which is one of the most tolerates species of cotton to different stress condition. In this study we also identified and analysed drought responsive genes in both genotypes with the help of Real time PCR. To carry out this task, RNA was extracted from the promising lines under drought stress from which cDNA was synthesized. This cDNA was used in Real Time PCR for the Relative quantification of our genes of interest. Here we also provide the detail protocols of the parameters required for the screening of the drought tolerance genotypes.
Metabolic changes in plants under salinity and virus stress Metabolic changes in plants under salinity and virus stress Новинка

Metabolic changes in plants under salinity and virus stress

This book explains the morphological, physiological and anatomical changes resulting from the increase of salinity in the soil , as well as different virus infection and its impact on growth, yield , fruit quality and some chemical constituents of some plants. Also introduces some of the different methods used to tolerant the stress resulting from the increase in salinity to get the highest productivity with the highest quality of crops that have been planted under the Egyptian soil conditions
Decolourization Of Direct Azo Dyes By Bacteria And Fungi Decolourization Of Direct Azo Dyes By Bacteria And Fungi Новинка

Decolourization Of Direct Azo Dyes By Bacteria And Fungi

Bacterial cultures isolated from the waste water treatment plant have the capacity to decoluorize and degrade the toxic Azo dyes. The present study was conducted to investigate the decolourization and degradation of Direct azo dyes and biodegradation of textile dye effluent by using bacteria and fungi isolated from textile dye effluent. Five different bacterial species were isolated from the textile dye effluent sample and the isolates were identified as Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli. Seven different fungal species were isolated and identified. The fungal isolates were identified as Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Fusarium oxysporum, Penicillium chrysogenum, Mucor sp. and Trichoderma viride. The bacterial and fungal inoculums were inoculated into flasks containing Direct azo dyes (500 mg/l) with trace amounts of yeast extract, glucose and sucrose and then sterilized and incubated for 4 days. The decolourization was expressed in terms of percentage decolourization. Bacterial and fungal biodegradation of textile dye effluent was assessed by analyzing physicochemical properties.
Isolation and screening of bacteria capable of decolorizing Azo dyes Isolation and screening of bacteria capable of decolorizing Azo dyes Новинка

Isolation and screening of bacteria capable of decolorizing Azo dyes

Faisalabad is known as a city of textile not only in Pakistan but also all over the world. Several textile processing units are in operation in the surroundings of the city, which are releasing a substantial amount of azo dyes into the wastewater streams in the surroundings of these textile units.The discharge of these contaminants is considered to be a potential threat to the environment because of their hazardous nature. Thus, this study was undertaken to isolate the bacteria possessing high potential to degrade azo dyes from the wastewater discharged by the textile units. A total of 150 bacterial strains were isolated from these wastewater samples using minimal salt medium spiked with Reactive Blue ZBLN azo dye. Results revealed that some bacterial strains were able to decolorize 8 different dyes almost within 6 hours. Thus, the isolated bacterial strains have the potential to remove a variety of dyes from the liquid culture, which could be used to develop a biotreatment strategy for cleanup of the industrial wastewater prior to their discharge into wastewater streams of the surrounding area.
Evaluation of antibacterial, antioxidant and toxicological activities Evaluation of antibacterial, antioxidant and toxicological activities Новинка

Evaluation of antibacterial, antioxidant and toxicological activities

Recent years have witnessed that there is a revival of concern in drug discovery from medicinal plants for the maintenance of health in all parts of the world. The aim of this work was to investigate 4 plants belonging to 4 families (Calotropis gigantean, Mimosa pudica, Achyranthes aspera and Hibiscus rosa-siensis variety: Kalyani, which were collected from different places in Bangladesh (Faridpur) for their in vitro antibacterial, antioxidant and toxicological evaluation. The 4 plants were extracted with methanol and chloroform to yield 8 extracts by Soxhlet’s extraction. Antimicrobial activity was tested by agar diffusion & broth micro-dilution assay. Antioxidant activity was investigated by measuring the scavenging activity of the DPPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical. Evaluation for in vitro toxicological screening was done against MDCK (Madin-Darby Kanine Kidney) cells by using an established microtiter plate assay based on cellular staining with trypan blue. The results will guide the selection of some plant species for further pharmacological and phytochemical investigations.
Grid Code Testing By Voltage Source Converter Grid Code Testing By Voltage Source Converter Новинка

Grid Code Testing By Voltage Source Converter

The wind power penetration is increasing tremendously.To integrate this huge amount of energy contribution from wind firms into our current electrical system is a big challenge for both power system planners and operators because of different behavior of wind power plants than the conventional power plants. It is required from the wind power plants that it should contribute in grid support such as frequency, voltage and reactive power control and it should behave as a conventional power plant during normal and abnormal conditions. For this reason transmission system operator’s (TSO) of different countries have issued grid codes for wind power plants to operate them in conventional way. This project explains a way to test wind turbines grid code requirements to act like a conventional power plant.The entire project is simulated in PSCAD/EMTDC.
Treatment techniques for Textile Effluent Treatment techniques for Textile Effluent Новинка

Treatment techniques for Textile Effluent

Water is one of the vital requirements for existence of life but addition of foreign material from different industrial sources may lead to its contamination. Textile industry is one of the major contributors to water pollution. The discharge of textile effluent is posing serious threats as the dyes are persistent to environment and prove to be toxic and mutagenic to aquatic life. Therefore, elimination of such dyes from textile effluents is of considerable interest and importance. Hence the textile effluents should be effectively treated before final disposal. This book is based on different techniques (electrochemical, sono-electrochemical, thermal pressure hydrolysis, photocatalytic, and sono-photocatalytic) for degradation and decolorization of textile reactive dye (Reactive Blue 19).
Bioremediation of Textile Dyes and Effluent: Bioremediation of Textile Dyes and Effluent: Новинка

Bioremediation of Textile Dyes and Effluent:

It is known that microorganisms (especially bacteria) that are under constant exposure to the synthetic chemicals can be used against industry polluted waters. Accordingly, reactive and disperse group of dyes have been screened for decolorization by two groups of novel isolates from two industrial estates. A few bacteria from the isolates were identified to be potent enough for commercial application. The textile industrial effluent was treated by novel isolates and the treated effluent was used for the irrigation of Brassica nigra and Cyamopsis tetragonolobus as sample studies and their growth parameters were compared with the chemically treated and raw effluent. The raw effluent and the sludge of the chemical treatment had adverse effect while the biologically treated effluent water promoted normal growth of the plants as that of the control ground water. The present study suggests that ecofriendly alternatives are available to combat the anthropogenic pollution and that, it is the need of the hour to explore those possibilities to prevent further deterioration of our environment.
Polyaniline/MnO2 Composites Polyaniline/MnO2 Composites Новинка

Polyaniline/MnO2 Composites

The contamination of water is caused by various sources such as; industrial effluents, agricultural runoff and chemical spills. Industrial effluents contain several non- biodegradable toxic organic substances that can be harmful to the environment. One major source of these effluents is the waste arising from the industrial processes which utilize dyes to color papers, plastics, natural and synthetic fibers, and leathers. so this book aims at the chemical preparation of different polyaniline/Manganese dioxide composites and the investigation of their catalytic activity towards the induced oxidative degradation of some organic dyes by using hydrogen peroxide.
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Sirumalai Hills Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Sirumalai Hills Новинка

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Sirumalai Hills

Sirumalai, locally known as small hill located in Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu and lying between 10?07’-10?18’ N and 77?55’-78?12’ E. Sirumalai is an isolated compact group of hills which extends between 6.5 km south of Dindigul town and 22.5 km north of Madurai city.Medicinal and Aromatic plants (MAPs) are produced and offered in a wide variety of products, from crude materials to processed and packaged products like pharmaceuticals, herbal remedies, tea, spirits, cosmetics, sweets, dietary supplements, varnishes and insecticides. There were 235 species of medicinal and aromatic plants belonging to 202 genera and 87 families reported from the different forest areas of Sirumalai hills. Among the 235 species, 178 medicinal plants and 57 medicinal and aromatic plants were included. The plants were reported with its common/vernacular name, morphology of parts used, description, chemical constituents and medicinal / commercial properties. There were 93 trees, 34 shrubs, 85 herbs, 22 climbers and one epiphyte with medicinal properties reported from the present survey.The present survey also will helpful for the conservation and sustainable utilization of these species
New Heterocyclic Azo Dyes for Printing Synthetic Fabrics New Heterocyclic Azo Dyes for Printing Synthetic Fabrics Новинка

New Heterocyclic Azo Dyes for Printing Synthetic Fabrics

New heterocyclic monoazo dyes derived from arylazopyrazolopyimidine were obtained by the reaction of 2,5 diaminopyrazoles derivatives with 2-cyanomethyl benzothiazole .The structure of the prepared dyes are established using element analysis ,IR,1H-NMR and Mass spectra . The prepared dyes have been tested against +ve and –ve bacteria, the result indicated that these dyes have good antibacterial activity. Two kinds of polyester fabrics and polyamide fabric are printed by heat transfer printing and traditional printing techniques using the prepared dyes and commerion disperse Red 60, Blue 56.The fastness properties of the printed fabrics, effect of fabric structure, and effect of milling of dyes have been investigated.
Evaluation of MODIS-derived phenological parameters Evaluation of MODIS-derived phenological parameters Новинка

Evaluation of MODIS-derived phenological parameters

Plant phenology can be assessed from remotely sensed vegetation indices. For this study, a spline framework has been used to model a MODIS-derived EVI time series for Germany from 2001 to 2014. From this time series, phenological descriptors have been extracted and the results have been compared to ground based observations from the German Weather Service. The outcomes strongly depend on specific model parameters as well as the targeted plant species. Additionally, land use classes have been identified from the spatial patterns of some of the extracted phenological descriptors. Since these parameters can be characteristic for different plant species, future classification frameworks might make use of them to create not only land use, but also land cover classifications.
Biosorption of Direct Dyes from Aqueous Solution Using Rice Husk Biosorption of Direct Dyes from Aqueous Solution Using Rice Husk Новинка

Biosorption of Direct Dyes from Aqueous Solution Using Rice Husk

Biosorption of direct dyes through rice husk biosorbent is effective method.In this project four dyes are used.The maximum biosorption was obtained at high initial dyes concentration, low biosorbent dose and low pH values for all dyes. In this research, the influence of electrolytes, heavy metals and surfactants on the removal of direct dyes (50 mg/L) was also examined. Industrial effluents were also removed by rice husk efficiently. Sorption/desorption studies showed that the rice husk biosorbent could be reused successfully and efficiently up to three cycles with four dyes.
Antioxidant Potential of Mimusops elengi Antioxidant Potential of Mimusops elengi Новинка

Antioxidant Potential of Mimusops elengi

Pakistan has a strong tradition of herbal remedies and like most developing countries, its rural population still depends mainly on the indigenous system of medicine for their health related matters. Medicinal plants are a valuable source of new herbal drugs. During the last few decades, there has been increasing interest in the study of medicinal plants and their traditional use in different parts of the world. Despite the availability of different approaches for the discovery of therapeutical natural products still remain as one of the best reservoir of new structural types.

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Bacterial cultures isolated from the waste water treatment plant have the capacity to decoluorize and degrade the toxic Azo dyes. The present study was conducted to investigate the decolourization and degradation of Direct azo dyes and biodegradation of textile dye effluent by using bacteria and fungi isolated from textile dye effluent. Five different bacterial species were isolated from the textile dye effluent sample and the isolates were identified as Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli. Seven different fungal species were isolated and identified. The fungal isolates were identified as Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Fusarium oxysporum, Penicillium chrysogenum, Mucor sp. and Trichoderma viride. The bacterial and fungal inoculums were inoculated into flasks containing Direct azo dyes (500 mg/l) with trace amounts of yeast extract, glucose and sucrose and then sterilized and incubated for 4 days. The decolourization was expressed in terms of percentage decolourization. Bacterial and fungal biodegradation of textile dye effluent was assessed by analyzing physicochemical properties.
Продажа ecofriendly leather dyes extracted from different plants parts лучших цены всего мира
Посредством этого сайта магазина - каталога товаров мы очень легко осуществляем продажу ecofriendly leather dyes extracted from different plants parts у одного из интернет-магазинов проверенных фирм. Определитесь с вашими предпочтениями один интернет-магазин, с лучшей ценой продукта. Прочитав рекомендации по продаже ecofriendly leather dyes extracted from different plants parts легко охарактеризовать производителя как превосходную и доступную фирму.