common rust of maize in india



Common rust of Maize in India Common rust of Maize in India Новинка

Common rust of Maize in India

Common rust of maize caused by Puccinia sorghi Schw. is an important disease which results in heavy yield loss. Spore germination was maximum within 24 hr at temperature in the range of 20-30°C. Differential spray schedule with Hexaconazole 0.1% revealed that, rust index was least in T5, i.e., five sprays of Hexaconazole (30.25%) and the disease was completely free with T6, i.e., six sprays of Hexaconazole. The disease development started on 30 days (22.34% PDI) and increased progressively up to 90 days (88.56% PDI) and later on became stable. Among the inbred lines MI-12 and Indimyt-345 are highly resistant to common rust of maize and among hybrids viz., NK-6240, NK-61, NK-7305, CP-808, GK-3090, 30R77, CP-818, C-1945, JKMH-502, PAC-740, NK-121, Pro-311, DK-984 and Swarna registered resistant reaction under artificial inoculated field condition. A systemic fungicide, Tebuconazole 250 EC and nonsystemic fungicide, Mancozeb + Phyton and botanical product, Neemazol F 5% were most effective which resulted in less per cent germination of uredospore. The ITK’s viz; Jeevamrutha @ 20 per cent concentration caused significantly less per cent germination (22.69%).
Rhizosphere Microbiology of Quality Protein Maize Used for Food Rhizosphere Microbiology of Quality Protein Maize Used for Food Новинка

Rhizosphere Microbiology of Quality Protein Maize Used for Food

Good nutrition in food is a key part of food security especially when the source can be readily affordable and available in the diet of many. Quality protein maize (QPM), a cheap source of quality protein demonstrated significant nutritional superiority when cultivated and evaluated in common maize food products in comparison to other two maize varieties. The enhanced nutritional quality and tremendous benefits of the utilization of QPM as a staple food were brought to fore in this study. Appreciable insights were also provided on the need to improve the production of QPM both as feed for human and livestock and further use of it in the development of functional foods. The bacteria and fungi associated with the rhizoshere and rhizoplane of the various maize varieties at different stages of growth were determined.
Sources sink relationship in hybrid maize (Zeamays L.) Sources sink relationship in hybrid maize (Zeamays L.) Новинка

Sources sink relationship in hybrid maize (Zeamays L.)

Maize is one of the most important cereal crops in the World’s agricultural economy both as food for humans and feed for animals and poultry. Maize is known as “Queen of Cereals” due to its higher yield potential compared to other cereals. In India it is the third most important food crop after rice and wheat. The demand for maize is increasing day by day in India, owing to the increased demand for poultry and cattle feed and for the same reason it is also emerging as an important cereal crop in India. In crop plants, the physiological basis of dry matter production is dependent on the source-sink concept, where the source is the potential capacity for photosynthesis and the sink is the potential capacity to utilize the photosynthetic products. Hence, for improving attainable crop yields the knowledge of yield forming physiological processes such as source-sink relationships is required. Many studies have been conducted on source-sink relationship in different crops including maize to understand this phenomenon towards maneuvering such crops. Since, maize being the sink limiting crop, it is important to study the source-sink relationship to improve the sink capacity and maize yield
Oral Cancer in India Oral Cancer in India Новинка

Oral Cancer in India

Oral cancer is one of the most common cancers in India. Tobacco and its various forms of consumption have resulted in a huge burden of oral cancers and precancerous conditions. This book summarizes the epidemiological studies conducted in India, with special emphasis on various tobacco practices in India, Cancer Prevention and strategies. Data from various epidemiological studies and cancer registries were also reported.
Detection of Seed Borne Pathogens on Farmer-Saved Maize Seeds Detection of Seed Borne Pathogens on Farmer-Saved Maize Seeds Новинка

Detection of Seed Borne Pathogens on Farmer-Saved Maize Seeds

The book describes the occurrence of pathogens on stored maize in a traditional African setting, thereby revealing risks of exposure to microbial contaminant as a result of inefficient storage practices. Traditional storage practices with less emphasis on microbial control is common in Africa. Exploring, therefore, the methods of storage to detect microbial contaminants become imperative. The study showed a diverse aggregate of fungal pathogens on the stored maize which have been researched to cause various diseases in humans.
Interference of Xanthium strumarium L. with Maize at Various Densities Interference of Xanthium strumarium L. with Maize at Various Densities Новинка

Interference of Xanthium strumarium L. with Maize at Various Densities

Common Cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium L.) is an emerging aggressive & invasive weed in crop fields in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province of Pakistan. Among the crops, maize has been severely affected by X. strumarium in the region. In order to evaluate the competitive ability of X. strumarium in maize, field experiments were conducted at Agricultural Research Farm, KP Agricultural University Peshawar, Pakistan during 2006 and 2007 using a Randomized Complete Block Design with split plot arrangement, replicated three times. The main plots comprised of four varying maize densities: 5, 7.5, 10, and 12.5 plants per square meter , whereas seven contrasting densities of X. strumarium viz., 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 plants per square meter were allotted to the subplots. During both the years, the grain yield of maize was highest in control plots (maize monoculture) at density of 7.5 plants per sq m. The density of X. strumarium at 8-12 plants per sq m reduced maize yield by 40 and 43% in 2006 and 2007, respectively indicating that X. strumarium is a strong competitor in maize. However, in both the experiments, the maize yield losses were rather comparable (24-26%) at all crop densities.
Bread Making from Quality Protein Maize Bread Making from Quality Protein Maize Новинка

Bread Making from Quality Protein Maize

Bread is among the most common and staple foods of millions of people in the world. Apart from wheat, it can be produced from a number of other cereals, including maize, and/or their composites with pulses or tubers. Quality protein maize is a new breed of maize with improved protein content. It was found out that quality protein maize flour can be used as a raw material for bread making in place of the common but expensive, and in some areas scarce raw material, wheat, by blending it with soybean or cassava flours. This book is produced based on the research findings of the evaluation of bread quality characteristics prepared from quality protein maize flour supplemented with flours of soybean or cassava in different proportions, all of which are being widely cultivated and produced in Ethiopia. Traditional Ethiopian breads with acceptable nutritional and organoleptic qualities have been obtained. The book can serve as an invaluable reference material especially for Food Scientists, Food Technologists, Food Engineers and other researchers working in food related disciplines. It can also be consulted by experts who are engaged in nutrition and food security activities.
Assessment of new phaseolus lines as animal feed Assessment of new phaseolus lines as animal feed Новинка

Assessment of new phaseolus lines as animal feed

In this research, Dr Mohamed Dawo shows how cross breeding common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) of different growth habits (determinate and indeterminate) can result in producing genotypes capable of far out-yielding their parents. The research shows that indeterminate bean genotypes generally produce more seeds but smaller in size and the determinate ones produce bigger but fewer seeds. Key features of this research include: 1. Maize-bean intercropping using Nancis maize, a fodder plant and Carioca (a Mesoamerican Type III indeterminate Phaseolus bean) at different sowing dates. 2. The effect of planting density of maize and beans on final yield. 3. The yield and quality of fresh and ensiled plant material from intercropped maize (Zea mays) and common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). 4. Below ground interactions of maize and beans in a fertilized and unfertilized area, showing how nodule number and the nodule mass per bean plant and mycorrhizal colonization in the maize roots is much higher in the unfertilized area than the fertilized one and why. 5. Analysing fresh and ensiled plant material for their nutritional value as animal feed for livestock.
Agricultural Market Analysis Agricultural Market Analysis Новинка

Agricultural Market Analysis

Agricultural Market Analysis is a specialized subject dealing with all aspects of Maize Hybrid seed Market in Tamil Nadu, India which accelerates the market potential of hybrid maize seeds in the study area, estimate market share of commercial hybrid maize seeds of various firms, study the dealers brand preference for hybrid maize seeds, analyze the promotional activities undertaken by different seed firms to promote sales of hybrid maize seeds, and the constraints faced by the dealers in sales of hybrid maize seeds. . The study highlights the existing scenario of maize seeds market in the study area. The outcome of the research would help to know the existing competitors, their market share and dealers preference towards the firm, promotional activities undertaken by different firms etc. This intern benefits the firm to take proper managerial decision in production and marketing of hybrid maize seeds and layout strategies to increase their market share.
Combining Ability Studies in Maize under Drought Combining Ability Studies in Maize under Drought Новинка

Combining Ability Studies in Maize under Drought

In India, Maize (Zea mays L.) ranks fourth next to rice, wheat and sorghum. In spite of its maximum share in area, the relative contribution is much lower mainly due to extremes of water availability. Evolving varieties tolerant to drought offers low cost technology and is one of the most efficient methods of reducing crop loss, stabilizing the production and economic returns. An understanding of genetic architecture of such traits will enable the breeder to formulate efficient breeding strategies, which aids in evolving varieties tolerant to drought on sound genetic background. The monograph on genetic investigations on maize explains production of single cross hybrids, their evaluation, estimation of general and specific combining ability variances and effects, gene action and kinds of heterosis of hybrids for yield and morpho-physiological parameters under water stress.
Characterization of Local Maize Landraces in Coastal Kenya Characterization of Local Maize Landraces in Coastal Kenya Новинка

Characterization of Local Maize Landraces in Coastal Kenya

The book is a summary of the morphological characterization, phenotypic diversity, drought tolerance, storage pest resistance and the correlation between the morphological traits, drought resistant and storage pest resistance in local coastal maize landraces in Kenya. The book gives some of the merits the coastal maize landraces have which have made the local farmers in the region to stick their local maize landraces despite the many improved varieties which have been recommended for the region. Plant breeders could take advantage of the very good traits in local coastal maize landraces to develop hybrids. Topic outline: 1. Morphological Characterization; 2. Biodiversity of local coastal maize landraces;3. Drought tolerance of local maize landraces; 4. Resistance of storage pest of local maize landraces and 5. Correlation between morphological and resistance to drought stress and resistance to storage pests.
Inter-cropping Maize and Groundnut at Different Spacing and Dates Inter-cropping Maize and Groundnut at Different Spacing and Dates Новинка

Inter-cropping Maize and Groundnut at Different Spacing and Dates

A field study conducted to evaluate the most appropriate spatial arrangement and the relative time of inter cropping the legume into the cereal using two crops namely maize and groundnut. The groundnut was inter cropped in to the maize at three different times and in two different arrangement at the university of Ghana farm during the major season of 2010. The three inter cropping stages were: groundnut inter cropped in to maize at the same time the maize was sown; groundnut inter cropped into maize one week after sowing maize; and finally groundnut inter cropped two weeks after sowing maize. The spatial arrangement were : one row of groundnut after one row of maize (1:1) and two row of groundnut after one row of maize (1:2). Non-inter cropped plots served as control.
Nutrient Status Of Maize Growing Areas in Chittoor District of A.P Nutrient Status Of Maize Growing Areas in Chittoor District of A.P Новинка

Nutrient Status Of Maize Growing Areas in Chittoor District of A.P

Maize has high production potential when compared to any other cereal crop. The productivity of maize is largely dependent on its nutrient management. The crop has high genetic yield potential hence; it is called miracle crop and Queen of cereals . In Andhra Pradesh, though maize is predominantly grown in kharif, irrigated maize is gaining popularity in view of higher productivity. Maize (Zea mays L.) is a heavy feeder of nutrients. Soil test based fertilizer application is still a rare practice in this area. Hence, there is a wide variation in fertilizer application by farmers. This leads to either excess or deficiency of the nutrients which might result in nutrient imbalances in the soil. As a consequence the maize yield islower than the actual yield potential. To stabilize the yields and economy of maize production, balanced nutrition is essential.The uptake of nutrients by a maize crop producing 5 t ha-1 of grain yield was estimated around 105 kg N, 50 kg P2O5 and 75 kg K2Okg ha-1. Keeping the above aspects, Nutrient status of soils in maize growing areas inChittoor district of Andhra Pradesh was undertaken.
Physico-Chemical Techniques to Treat Cocktail Wastewater from CETP Physico-Chemical Techniques to Treat Cocktail Wastewater from CETP Новинка

Physico-Chemical Techniques to Treat Cocktail Wastewater from CETP

In Industrial zones it is very difficult for small scale industries to treat strong wastewater in their premises hence come the concept of Common effluent treatment plant (CETP) in 20th century. On this note several number of CETPs in India is been treating industrial wastewater. The Conventional Treatment process existing in majority of Common Effluent Treatment plants in India are not capable of bringing the effluent parameters under required discharging norms. Hence there is an urgent requirement for tertiary treatment options for Common treatment processes in order to deal with the high strength of effluent loading. In this present book 17 different Physico-Chemical technologies including Oxidants and Filtration technologies are been studied on an extremely cocktail effluent of CETP at Vapi. Which comprises of wastewater from different industries like Textile, Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Pesticides, Paper & Pulp and Dyes& Colour.
Prognostic Markers in Head and Neck Cancers Prognostic Markers in Head and Neck Cancers Новинка

Prognostic Markers in Head and Neck Cancers

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is the sixth most common cancer in the world. Oral cancer accounts for nearly 50% of all newly diagnosed cancers in India. Oral cavity cancers are the most common cancers in males and the third most common in females in India. Majority of them are associated with tobacco chewing and usually preceded by premalignant lesions.On an average, about 1% of oral lesions transform into cancer annually.15 to 20% of dysplastic lesions develop into carcinoma.One of the primary reasons for the poor prognosis is the lack of significant and unique molecular tumor markers to assess risk and prognosis. Identification of better prognostic factors is necessary to assist in more accurate lesional staging and prediction of prognosis.
Organic potassium nutrition of maize Organic potassium nutrition of maize Новинка

Organic potassium nutrition of maize

Potassium (K) is an important nutrient for sustainable maize production. However, due to high cost of fertilizer K, farmers seldom use K for maize nutrition which results in big yield gaps. Hence, the exploration of alternate sources of K nutrition of maize is highly crucial for sustainable maize production. This study evaluates the efficacy of a novel organic K fertilizer, developed from fruits and vegetables wastes, in enhancing the growth and biomass production of maize.
An Empirical Analysis of Contract Farming in Andhra Pradesh - India An Empirical Analysis of Contract Farming in Andhra Pradesh - India Новинка

An Empirical Analysis of Contract Farming in Andhra Pradesh - India

This book contains status of Indian agricultural sector and contract farming in India. The review of earlier literature which dealt with agricultural studies in general and studies on contract farming in particular. The empirical analysis presents production function and cost function analyses on contract and non contract farming systems as well as performance of four contracting agencies for two selected crops in the study area for maize (Monsanto seeds, Pioneer PHI seeds) and for sugarcane (Sarvaraya Sugars Ltd and Deccan Sugars Ltd) are presented.
Maize based intercropping system Maize based intercropping system Новинка

Maize based intercropping system

The importance of intercropping in farming practices has long been recognized in India. Due to ever increasing pressure on cultivated land for food and commercial crops, it may not be possible to increase the arable area under pulse crops. One of the potential and novel opportunities to meet this demand is by inclusion of pulses in intercropping systems. Maize is a crop which provides opportunity for inclusion of intercrops because of its wider row spacing and plasticity of the crop to row spacing. Hence to study the suitability of maize based intercropping under paired row system for Southern Dry Zone of Karnataka and also to study its effect on soil fertility and economics was taken up during Kharif, 2013 at Zonal Agricultural Research Station, V. C. Farm, Mandya. Treatments consisted of sole crops and different row proportions of maize + intercrops (pigeonpea, soybean and field bean). Since, the research information is meager on paired row agro-techniques of maize based intercropping in southern dry zone of Karnataka (SDZ : Zone-6), such information will help the farmer to enhance the total productivity of maize based intercropping and may increase the total income of farmer.
Pumpkin Seed Flour and its Micro-nutrient levels Pumpkin Seed Flour and its Micro-nutrient levels Новинка

Pumpkin Seed Flour and its Micro-nutrient levels

This work was aimed at evaluating the potential of pumpkin seed flour in enhancing the vitamin A and iron levels of maize flour. Vitamin A content of maize flour alone was not sufficient to meet the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for the infants, children, males, females, pregnant and lactating mothers. However, the mixtures of pumpkin seed flour and maize flour in the ratios of 1:1, 2:1 and 4:1 had enough vitamin A to meet the RDAs of such groups of people, implying that the pumpkin seed flour enhanced the vitamin A composition of maize flour. The iron content in a mixture of pumpkin seed flour and maize flour in the ratio of 4:1 was found to meet the RDAs of infants, children, males, females, pregnant and lactating mothers. Iron content of maize flour alone could not meet the RDAs of any of the above groups of people, implying that the pumpkin seed flour enhanced the iron content of maize flour. Sensory evaluation results of porridge and meal prepared from maize flour alone and a mixture of pumpkin seed revealed that the formulation of pumpkin seed flour and maize flour in the ratio of 4:1 respectively is the most acceptable for both porridge and meal.
Salt And Struggle For Freedom In India Salt And Struggle For Freedom In India Новинка

Salt And Struggle For Freedom In India

Salt, as an indispensable article of daily consumption has been in economics, social life and politics through the ages. This has been a source of revenue since ancient times and changed the course of history. British rule of India turned it to be a source of considerable revenue by establishing a monopoly both on its productions and sale. The exploitative British salt polices had earned from the taxation and administration of salt. The gathering discontent developing as a movement against the British salt polices formed full expression in the Salt Satyagraha of 1930. Salt and Struggle for Freedom in India presents a distinctive feature along with the common aspects of the subject for the Indian subcontinent. This is a book, which brings a picture of the life of the common men as well as the colonial nature of British administration and economic exploitation in India. The book reflects its intention how a common ingredient of life united every section of the people and brought Indian independence. It is a book which high lights the nature’s gift in a political weapon. The collection of the source material, though challenging in nature was often of exciting pleasure.Hope the book.
Response of Hybrid Maize to Mycorrhizal Inoculation Response of Hybrid Maize to Mycorrhizal Inoculation Новинка

Response of Hybrid Maize to Mycorrhizal Inoculation

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are widespread and agronomically important plant symbiont and often stimulate plant uptake of nutrients such as P, Zn, Cu, and Fe in deficient soils and increases resistance of plants to heavy metals and salts. Plants with coarsely branched roots and with few or no root hairs are expected to be more dependent on mycorrhizal fungi than are plants with finely branched root systems. Scanty information is available on the role of AM fungi on the growth and nutrient uptake of maize especially in soils of India which are generally phosphorus deficient or have an insoluble form. AM mycorrhizae are involved in P nutrition of maize and an understanding of their functioning will assist us in modifying management practices to maximize economic returns through increased fertilizer efficiency. Despite the fact that AM fungal colonization promotes P or N nutrition of host plants independently, the interaction between P and N has been rarely studied in the maize- mycorrhizal system. Hence, an attempt is made to study the influence of graded levels of inorganic (N,P) fertilizers and mycorrhizal inoculum in increasing the productivity and the quality of hybrid maize.
Maize: An Indispensable Plant Maize: An Indispensable Plant Новинка

Maize: An Indispensable Plant

Maize is one of the most popular cereals in the world and forms the staple food in many countries including USA, Africa etc. Maize yields and quality traits have continued to increase at a fairly constant rate conditioned with hybrid systems, improved breeding techniques and biotechnology.The aim of this research is to revise the maize and maize products about utilization, maize grain and maize grain quality. Besides It also includes some recent studies of maize in Turkey and in other countries, its benefits and maize oil and its effect on health. Dr. Gul Ebru ORHUN COMU - TURKEY
An Economic Study on Maize Production in Bangladesh An Economic Study on Maize Production in Bangladesh Новинка

An Economic Study on Maize Production in Bangladesh

Maize is relatively a new crop in Bangladesh. The commercial production of maize started in the early 90s’ and since then it is booming and has become a major cash crop. In Bangladesh, the demand for maize has increased in recent years due to expansion of poultry and livestock industries.If we were able to diversify our rigid food habit from rice to maize then it would probably be possible to reduce food shortage to a greater extent.In agriculture community of Bangladesh, maize farmers are not very aware of the benefits of maize cultivation and are afraid to invest in maize cultivation due to insufficient information on maize farming and marketing techniques.The study found that all categories of farmers earned profit but medium farmers earned higher profit than those of small and large farmers due to efficient input management. The study also identified some problems associated with maize farming in the study areas.
Contribution of Maize Technology to Household Food Security Contribution of Maize Technology to Household Food Security Новинка

Contribution of Maize Technology to Household Food Security

Maize is Ethiopia’s largest cereal commodity in terms of total production, acreage and farming households involved. Maize had good track records in getting promising technological options derived from the research and development work through the national agricultural research system. Impact of maize technology on rural household food security situation and it’s over all characteristics of maize production in the study region was not assessed before. The main objective of this paper was to assess the features of improved maize production and its contribution to household food security in two rural communities who are different in resource endowment in Assosa woreda. 120 sampled households from four kebeles were included in the sampling frame. The study indicates that Maize productivity on average was double in households’ who had used improved maize compared with non-users. Food secured households’ are higher among maize technology users compared with non-maize technology.
Study on adoption and marketing behavior of maize growers Study on adoption and marketing behavior of maize growers Новинка

Study on adoption and marketing behavior of maize growers

Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most important cereals next to rice and wheat, in the world as well in India. It is one of the most versatile crops and can be grown in diverse environmental conditions and has diversified uses in human food and animal feed. It has got immense potential and is therefore called as “miracle crop” and also “queen of cereals”. The crop occupies third place among the cereals and it is cultivated over an area of 7.59 million ha with a production of 14.71 million tonnes and the average productivity is 1938 kg /ha.In Tamil Nadu, it occupies an area of 0.20 million hectares with a production of 0.24 million tonnes and an average productivity of 1189 kg/ ha. maize growers face specific problems in marketing because the feed industries procure maize through private agencies like village merchants, middlemen problem etc. In order to help the maize growers to overcome the constraints social studies are required ultimately. In this regard the present study is contemplated.
Combining Ability And Heterosis For Polygenic Characters In Maize Combining Ability And Heterosis For Polygenic Characters In Maize Новинка

Combining Ability And Heterosis For Polygenic Characters In Maize

Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most important cereal crop. Maize is used as human food, industrial raw material and animal feed. This indicates the importance of maize in the ever-increasing demand for food and warrants the development of new high yielding varieties and hybrids of maize. This book covers the heterosis and combinig ability in maize. Hope this book would be useful to researchers, teachers engaged in in the field of genetics and plant breeding. The Combining ability analysis is an important tool to identify parents with better potential to transmit desirable characteristics to the progenies and identify the best specific cross(s) for yield.
Post-harvest Losses and Food Sustainability Challenges Post-harvest Losses and Food Sustainability Challenges Новинка

Post-harvest Losses and Food Sustainability Challenges

Post-harvest losses in maize production are of great concern today. Resources such as labour, land, water and fertilizers/chemicals used as production inputs are wasted. An attempt was made to quantify these losses in maize production during storage and its impacts on the livelihoods of rural farmers in some selected regions in Ghana. A visit to some storage sites revealed poor storage facilities, which are prone to factors responsible for maize losses and low level of technical expertise among maize farmers. One of the findings in this study shows that some farmers still rely on saved maize seeds from previous harvest as source of planting material. At the later end of the book, some recommendations were made on how to enhance the storability of maize that will in the end; help improve the income and food security situation of the rural maize farmers in the regions under study. This book is written with a view to identify, understand and proffer practical solutions to some of the problems encountered by rural maize farmers. This book is relevant to students interested in post-harvest studies, policy makers and development practitioners in the agricultural sector
Fusarium and fumonisin contamination of maize produced in Uganda Fusarium and fumonisin contamination of maize produced in Uganda Новинка

Fusarium and fumonisin contamination of maize produced in Uganda

This book is a compilation of four studies carried out in three major maize producing agroecological zones in Uganda to assess the safety of maize with regard to Fusarium infection and fumonisin contamination. The first study involved a field survey to document the agronomic and postharvest practices that predispose maize to Fusarium infection and fumonisin contamination. The second study involved isolation and identification of Fusarium species associated with maize produced in Uganda. The high intraspecific variability amongst the Fusarium species isolated from freshly harvested maize formed the basis of the third study that established the fumonisin production potential of 25 Fusarium strains. The fourth study investigated the dynamics of Fusarium incidence and fumonisin levels in maize stored in the most commonly used traditional storage structures. The major findings indicated that maize obtained from three major maize producing agroecological zones was highly infected with Fusarium. The average fumonisin content of the samples analysed was above the current limit of 5 mg/kg recommended by Uganda National Bureau of Standards.
Genetic Analysis and Correlation of Lodging Resistance in Maize Genetic Analysis and Correlation of Lodging Resistance in Maize Новинка

Genetic Analysis and Correlation of Lodging Resistance in Maize

Both biotic and abiotic stresses are significantly affecting maize production and productivity in Ethiopia. However, research emphasis had been given for biotic research problems only. Hence, we should consider abiotic factors like lodging problems in our research agenda; if we want to maximize production and productivity of maize in Ethiopia. It was found that, yield and lodging resistance can be improved by practicing restricted and simultaneous selection in some of yield contributing traits in maize.
Mixed culture of maize (Zea mays L.) for enhancing productivity Mixed culture of maize (Zea mays L.) for enhancing productivity Новинка

Mixed culture of maize (Zea mays L.) for enhancing productivity

Maize is one of the most important staple crops in the world. To feed ever burgeoning population, there is a need to increase production and productivity of the crop. Adoption of hybrid maize technology led to the substantial increase in total maize production. However, small farmers, who are constrained with the relatively high inputs requirement of hybrids. This book describes about the method how reduction of cost and enhancing of maize production could be done by mixing hybrids and open pollinated varieties (OPVs) in a sustainable manner thereby providing options to the resource poor farmers. Likewise, it describes about the agronomic manipulation of increased maize production techniques through mixed culture of different combination of maize seed between hybrids and OPVs. Also, it explains how substitution of hybrid seeds with OPVs up to 50% proves economically sound alternative practice of maize production system for resource poor growers in general and developing country in particular. Likewise, it provides information on economic benefit of mixed cultivar culture of maize for increasing production as well.
To Identify The Problems of Independent Directors To Identify The Problems of Independent Directors Новинка

To Identify The Problems of Independent Directors

Problems and solutions to be taken by the Government of India on the issue of independent directors in india .Independent direcors are having unique place in the field of in corporates. the common people has faith in the independent directors that they are the savors of the indian corporate filed. But recent scams are damaged the faith of the people on the independent directors. There is a need of strengthening the system of Independent Directors in India. The system of corporate governance started in India recently and it has fast development in India .In India many professional organizations Like INFOSYS,TATAS, ETC, are implementing the independent directors system as one of the tool to achive the coprpoare governance. The Independent statuatory Organisationa like Securities Exchange Board of India,Etc are taking steps to strenghten the syayem of Independent Direcors. The Government also issuing guidelines and regulations to strenghten the independent directors system. So the the author attepts to findout the problems and possible solutions to strenghten the system of Independent Directors in India.
Utilization of Distillery Industrial Wastes for Maize (Zea mays L.) Utilization of Distillery Industrial Wastes for Maize (Zea mays L.) Новинка

Utilization of Distillery Industrial Wastes for Maize (Zea mays L.)

Utilization of industrial effluent after proper treatment in agriculture has raised the hope of recycling the effluent in a constructive way. The concept of one time controlled land application and fertigation of Treated Distillery Effluent (TDE) is very recently advocated as unlike other industrial wastes it does not contain any hazardous material that is detrimental to soil health & plant growth, Moreover, it contains considerable amount of N and P, rich in K, Ca, Mg & SO4 and trace amount of Zn, Cu, Fe & Mn Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the third most important cereals, next to wheat and rice in the world as well as in India. It is one of the most versatile crops and can be grown over diverse environmental conditions and also diversified uses in human food, animal feed and a source of large number of industrial products. Maize is a miracle crop called as “Queen of Cereals” and is grown in more than 130 countries. The world maize cultivation area is 146 million hectares with a production of 685 million tonnes and an average productivity of 4700 kg/ha
Forage Legumes-Maize (Zea mays L.)Intercropping Forage Legumes-Maize (Zea mays L.)Intercropping Новинка

Forage Legumes-Maize (Zea mays L.)Intercropping

Intercropping of grain legumes in cereals is a common feature of cropping systems while, the extent of forage crop production is partly limited due to small landholding and the extent of forage legumes in the mixture is found to be low. Integration of forage legumes in cropping systems through intercropping could be used to optimize land use productivity and improve the crop residue feed quality, besides additional forage production. The studies, showed that integration of forage legumes (lablab and vetch) into maize as an intercropping can increase productivity per unit of land, enable additional forage crop production without significant sacrifice of maize grain and stover yield and improvement of stover feed value. Intercropping of vetch with maize in rows at 50% of its sole seed rate was superior can be used by those farmers, who need to produce additional forage and improve the crude protein of stover without significant sacrifice of maize grain yield.
Evaluating the Effects of Agricultural Financing on Maize Production: Evaluating the Effects of Agricultural Financing on Maize Production: Новинка

Evaluating the Effects of Agricultural Financing on Maize Production:

Agricultural sector is the leading sector in Kenya and majority of the rural population derive their livelihood from it. Most of them are engaged in maize production. In 2009, Uasin Gishu District produced 3.29 million bags of maize, which is 14.3% of the national output of 23 million bags. With increasing cost of production, there is need for farmers to access and use credit financing. Despite availability of credit meant to boost maize production, production in the area has stagnated;hence the need to establish why this is so and determine what needs to be done to reverse the situation. The results from the study show that the average maize yield in the district is 31.83 bags per hectare and that only 30.56% of the farmers used credit financing in the last 10 years. Regression analysis relating maize output to cost of production showed a good fit, though chi-square analysis of farmers perceptions on usage of credit financing, showed that there was no relationship between credit financing and maize production. The study evaluated the effects of agricultural financing on maize production and it is hoped that the findings would be useful to policy makers and further research.
Quality Of Maize Stored In Gombisa And Sacks In Jimma, Ethiopia Quality Of Maize Stored In Gombisa And Sacks In Jimma, Ethiopia Новинка

Quality Of Maize Stored In Gombisa And Sacks In Jimma, Ethiopia

Estimates suggest that the magnitude of post-harvest loss in Ethiopia is tremendous ranging from 5% to 19% for maize. Environmental conditions, insects, rodents, birds, fungi, yeasts and bacteria highly affect stored products. Maize is a staple food and one of the main sources of calories in the major producing areas of Ethiopia. However, the grain undergoes quantitative and qualitative losses during storage. The losses occur mainly because of improper storage. Survey conducted in three major grain producing areas of Ethiopia indicated that majority of farmers use such traditional storage containers. Hence need arose to study quality of stored maize. Insect damaged kernels, weight loss and germination showed significant differences on cob grain in Gombisa and Sacks. Significant increase in insect damaged kernels, weight loss and decrease in germination were observed both in Gombisa and Sack grains with storage period. Weevils and angoumois grain moth were the two insect species identified from maize samples. Eight species of fungi known to cause deterioration of maize and are health risks to human and animals due to toxins they potentially produce were detected from maize grains.
The Lake Chilwa Fishing Household Strategies The Lake Chilwa Fishing Household Strategies Новинка

The Lake Chilwa Fishing Household Strategies

In this book, I examine household strategies in response to water level fluctuations of Lake Chilwa. I also analyse the frequency and patterns of migration of fishers, conflicts and co-management. The following are the key results: First, the seasonal and periodic lake level changes affect livelihoods of the households. As a coping strategy, the households depend on fishing in pools of water located in influent rivers and hunt birds for income and food. When the lake rises during the rain season, inundated areas become suitable for production of maize and rice. However, when the floods recede in the dry season, farming of winter maize and vegetables is common.Second, migration of fishers is common around Lake Chilwa. The pattern of migration varies according to season and gear type. Conflicts emerge due to the Nkacha seine operations, which require removal of aquatic vegetation.
Groundnut Rust Groundnut Rust Новинка

Groundnut Rust

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is one of the most important oilseed crops of the world and one out of the nine annual oilseed crops of India. India ranks first in area (5 million hectares) and second in production (4.625 million tonnes) in the world. The cultivation of groundnut is increasing day by day in this country. Besides kharif, it is grown in summer season also and gives good yield too. Groundnut oil is considered as stable and nutritive as it contains right proportion of saturated fatty acids viz., oleic acid (40-50%) and unsaturated fatty acid viz., linoleic acid (25-35%). The nuts contain protein (30%), fat (48%) and carbohydrate (15%) besides vitamins and minerals. Groundnut crop is affected by several economically important pathogens such as early leaf spot, late leaf spot, rust, collar rot, aflarot, stem rot, bacterial wilt, root knot. Rust is the major disease cause heavy loss when it is in sever condition. Due to rust there are biochemical changes occur in sugar, amino acid, protein and phenol. Some biochemical component impart the disease resistancy and some are responsible for susceptible nature of crop.
Response of some corn genotypes to late wilt disease Response of some corn genotypes to late wilt disease Новинка

Response of some corn genotypes to late wilt disease

Late wilt disease caused by Cephalosporium maydis is economically the most serious fungal disease of maize in Egypt. It causes a noticeable reduction in maize grain yield. In maize breeding programs, resistance to late wilt is considered the most effective method to control this disease. The possibilities of obtaining marked improvement in maize cultivars through using resistant inbred lines in hybrid combinations, has focused attention on this problem. This book will clarify the type of gene action, heritability and probable number of genes (or gene groups) controlling resistance to late wilt disease in maize under natural and artificial infection conditions.
Screening and Management of Rhyzopertha dominica in Major Cereals Screening and Management of Rhyzopertha dominica in Major Cereals Новинка

Screening and Management of Rhyzopertha dominica in Major Cereals

Studies were conducted on screening and management of paddy, maize and sorghum genotypes against Rhyzopertha dominica and the results showed that there is gradual increase in per cent weight loss with increase in storage period which ranged from 0.83 to 24.67 in paddy, 1.08 to 16.22 in maize and 0.67 to 20.05 in sorghum. After 180 days of storage, the minimum per cent seed damage was found in the paddy cv. Sumati, maize hybrid Massile and in sorghum cv. M 35-1. In paddy RNR 2465, Samba Mahsuri, in maize DHM 111, DHM 117, GK 3076 and in sorghum SPV 462, CSV 15 and M 35-1 have maintained the minimum germination standards for a period of 60, 30 and 60 days respectively. In paddy, maximum population build up of R. dominica was found in Improved Samba Mahsuri and minimum in RNR 2645, in maize minimum population build up was noticed inDHM 117 and maximum in cv. GK 3076, in sorghum minimum population build up was recorded in CSH 16 while maximum in cv SPV 462 after 180 days of storage respectively. The mortality of R. dominica with various grain protectants has shown that in paddy the mortality of R. dominica is low compared to maize and sorghum.
Intercropping soybean with maize under high population densities Intercropping soybean with maize under high population densities Новинка

Intercropping soybean with maize under high population densities

The study aims to increase intercropped soybean and maize yields. Intercropping pattern 2:4 (H) gave the highest seed yield/acre as compared with those of normal population of 2:4 (N) and other patterns. Soybean variety (Giza 22) had higher values for all studied soybean parameters than Giza 111 variety. All studied parameters of intercropped soybean were increased by doubling distance between hills of maize plants from 30 to 60 cm under intercropping patterns. Leaf area and yield/plant of intercropped maize were higher than those of solid maize under the same density of maize in the ridges. Intercropping pattern 2:2 (N) gave the highest grain yield/acre as compared with the other intercropping patterns. Wider distance between hills of maize plants (60 cm apart) gave higher values for all studied maize characters. Increasing soybean plant densities under intercropping patterns (2:2 "H" and 2:4 "H") caused significant increments in soybean yield/acre and land equivalent ratio without significant reduction in maize yield/acre. Net return of intercropped maize with soybean varied between Euro 193.7 and 320.1 per acre as compared with recommended solid planting of maize (Euro 202.6).
Food Adulteration: The Demonic Onslaught on Health Food Adulteration: The Demonic Onslaught on Health Новинка

Food Adulteration: The Demonic Onslaught on Health

Adulteration of food cheats the consumers and poses serious risks to health. Adulterants are intentional and unintentional or accidental. In both the cases consumers remain unaware and consume foods without through check. A common consumer may not have sufficient knowledge about purity and quality of food articles he consumes. In India as well as other developing and backward countries, normally, the contamination or adulteration in food is done either for financial gain or due to carelessness and lack in proper hygienic condition of processing, storing, transportation and marketing. However, adequate precautions and knowledge of consumer at the time of purchase of such products can make him alert to avoid procurement of such food. It is equally important for the consumer to know the common adulterants and their effect on health. Keeping in view it, Government of India has introduced the Prevention of Food Adulteration (PFA) Bill in the and came in existence in 1955. In 2006 the food safety and standards authority of India has been established under Food Safety and Standards Act 2006 that consolidates various acts. CPA (1986) is to protect interests of consumers in India.
Food Production in the Face of Violence Food Production in the Face of Violence Новинка

Food Production in the Face of Violence

The study establishes the effects of Kenyan 2007 post election violence on maize farming calendar, farm input prices, food prices and infrastructural development in Uasin Gishu District of Kenya. The study reveals post election violence devastating effects on maize farming. When peace was breached; many maize farmers were displaced, maize crop in the field and granaries was burnt and looted, farm implements and machinery were destroyed. Food deficit in the study district was experienced, hence millers had to import maize to sustain local consumer demand. Maize farming inputs prices shot up resulting in a drop in farming activities, delayed timings and reduced acreages coverage which contributed to food crisis in Kenya in General. The study recommends the that Kenyan government and other stakeholders in the maize sub-sector facilitate peace building and reconciliation to boost cohesion, empower the maize farmer by providing farm subsidies, affordable tractor hire services and enhance security for the sake of preventing this vital sub sector in the country from collapsing. The study is appoint of reference for other Nation to learn from.
Use of imidazolinone resistant maize to control Striga weed in Uganda: Use of imidazolinone resistant maize to control Striga weed in Uganda: Новинка

Use of imidazolinone resistant maize to control Striga weed in Uganda:

Witchweed (Striga) is a parasitic weed that attacks cereals causing up to 80% yield loss. Many control options have been suggested and tested for the control and management of Striga in cereals. None has however been effective. Recently, the fight against Striga in maize in East Africa has shifted to the use of conventional imidazolinone resistant (IR) maize. This book focuses on testing IR- maize for the control of Striga in Uganda. It further focuses on biosafety and ecological impacts of the technology with two important questions in perspective; what happens to the non-target weed species co- existing with Striga in the same garden? What is the nature of offsprings resulting from crosses between IR- maize and conventional maize varieties grown near IR- maize? This work serves as a model for the adoption of herbicide resistant crops (both conventional and genetically modified) in the future in Uganda.
Sufism in Premodern India Sufism in Premodern India Новинка

Sufism in Premodern India

Zafar Mohyuddin''s book presents an analytical and comprehensive account of the region of Uch Sharif which was one of the early centers of learning and Sufism in premodern India. The region of Uch remained a nucleus of Sufi traditions in India, and from there Sufism spread all over the Indian Subcontinent. The book, begins with the historical background of the city of Uch and its rise as a seat of learning and piety. It also discusses the glory of Uch as a center of Suharawardi and Qadri Sufi Silsilahs in premodern India. It tries to analyze the relationship between the premodern Indian state and the Sufis of Uch and also highlights various role played by these Sufis in order to redress the problems of the common people. The Sufis of Uch spread the message of love, peace and religious harmony all over India. This book, in short is a readable account of the region of Uch and its contribution in the Development of Sufism in premodern India.
A Journey With Birds Of India A Journey With Birds Of India Новинка

A Journey With Birds Of India

Birds are a source of colossal pleasure. They fly fancily, sing magnificently and nurture their young ones like dedicated parents. They are well groomed, live in harmony and contribute in maintaining the balance of nature. They are the preeminent ornament for the earth. The current project “A JOURNEY WITH BIRDS OF INDIA” has been taken in hand to identify common birds and to observe their abundance and distribution in the common places; their features and characteristics, behavior, etc. Watching a bird is indeed a joyful and interesting work. One of the great pleas of bird watching is that it is relatively inexpensive. Basic equipment required in the study requires a binocular, a field book to aid identification and a notepad to record time and place of sighting.
Price Instability in the Maize Market in Malawi Price Instability in the Maize Market in Malawi Новинка

Price Instability in the Maize Market in Malawi

This timely book explores Seasonal Price Instability in the Malawi Maize Market over the 21-year period from 1989 to 2009, covering five interlocking dimensions. The first establishes the reasons why maize price instability in Malawi is critical. The second sets out the causes and effects of price instability, and its relationship to the history of the maize market in Malawi, including the current policy options for Price Stabilization such as the Market Based Risk Management Options. The third analyses the average magnitude of seasonal price changes. The fourth examines competitiveness of the Malawi maize market. The fifth provides an analytic narrative account of episodes of extreme maize price volatility in Malawi. Among the findings of the book include: the 21 year gross seasonal margin for maize averaged 60 per cent, and varies by location. Other food crops exhibit less price seasonality. The maize market is competitive, but politics characterize extreme price spikes. The book is an essential reading material for students, researchers, personnel and consultants working on food security issues in sub-Saharan African countries.
Impact of DTC on LIC's Business Impact of DTC on LIC's Business Новинка

Impact of DTC on LIC's Business

This book contain the new tax system(Direct Tax Code)implemented in India how it will affect to the Insurance sector especially in India Life insurance corporation of India is larger insurance company in India so its compare with the various policy of that company and the preference of the customer for various policy for the tax saving instrument in India as Direct Tax Code implemented in India will make lots of change in the preference of customer for selecting the product of tax saving instrument.
Perceptions of Genetically Modified Maize (as food aid) Perceptions of Genetically Modified Maize (as food aid) Новинка

Perceptions of Genetically Modified Maize (as food aid)

Zambia is one of the Southern African countries that experienced drought between 2001 and 2003. As a result the country had low levels of maize harvest, which is the country''s main staple food. The Zambian population depends on maize for both household food security and cash. For this reason the Government of Zambia appealed for help from the international community in order to meet the shortfall of maize with a view to feeding its starving population, particularly in the rural areas. In response to the government''s appeal, World Food Programme, (WFP) a United Nations Food agency brought assistance in the form of 27,000 tonnes of genetically modified (GM) maize into the country in July 2002. The Zambian government, however, rejected GM maize in both grain and milled forms, citing health, environmental and trade concerns with the European Union. Thus the focus of the research was to understand, on one hand the government''s action of rejecting GM maize as food aid, while on the other hand accepting that drought-stricken small-scale farmers would go hungry as a result of this decision.
Effect of Tephrosia vogelii and Inorganic Nitrogen on Soil Nitrogen Effect of Tephrosia vogelii and Inorganic Nitrogen on Soil Nitrogen Новинка

Effect of Tephrosia vogelii and Inorganic Nitrogen on Soil Nitrogen

The maize crop in many underdeveloped countries, particularly in Africa, plays an important role as main source of food and food security, the maize production is constrained for nutrient deficiency. Nutrient depletion and Soil degradation are major problems leading to low soil fertility productivity, hunger, and poverty. Nitrogen is the most deficient nutrient in nearly all soils and Phosphorus is the second limiting nutrient. Thus there is need to identify an affordable management strategy for sustainable maize production which conserves nutrients in the soil, increases yields of maize or other crops and improves soil properties with minimum use inorganic fertilizer. The aim of this work is to search for solutions to the high cost of crop production by partial use of organic sources of nitrogen in conjunction with small doses of inorganic fertilizer.
Genetic resources of local maize populations in Kosova Genetic resources of local maize populations in Kosova Новинка

Genetic resources of local maize populations in Kosova

The white maize landraces is characterised with a long history and with higher value for different purpose. There are plants genetic resources is a number of landraces. Before 1955, maize landraces were cultivated about 100 % of the areas. However now in Kosovo accounts approximately with maize landraces only less 5%, while with hybrid are planted more 95%. The rapid decrease of landraces has caused maximum genetic erosion of maize landraces. Maize landraces as well are linked to specific adaptations to farming system and specific different agro ecological condition. Diversity and variability of maize landraces due to is favourable geographic location and agro ecological climatic conditions, because in such areas for landraces are grown representing an important cultural heritage. The maize landraces represented with higher diversity between local populations and inside between their populations also have a good value for human and animal food. Some maize landraces are also associated with the production of particular traditional products. Kosovo is small area but, with different characteristics of maize landraces and climatic conditions.
Integrated Weed Management in Rabi Maize Integrated Weed Management in Rabi Maize Новинка

Integrated Weed Management in Rabi Maize

Among all the cereals, productivity of maize is highest accounts 18 per cent acreage and 25 per cent production in the world. Maize occupies an area of 66 lakh hectares producing about 133 lakh tonnes annually with the productivity of 2015 kg ha-1 in India. In agriculture, weeds cause more damage (45%) as compared to insects, pests and diseases but due to hidden loss by weeds in crop production, it has not drawn much attention of agriculturists. Weed problem is one of the major barriers responsible for low productivity of maize because weeds compete with the crop for moisture, nutrients, space and light. Moreover, they increase production cost, harbour insects-pests and plant diseases, decreases quality of farm produce and reduce the value of the land. Weed control through use of herbicides assumes a greater significance due to accessibility and selective and quick action. Herbicides use in cropland provides weed free condition from very beginning, increases crop yield, improves crop quality and reduces production cost.
Maize Production Maize Production Новинка

Maize Production

Maize is the most important cereal crop of the world after wheat and rice, growing everywhere in the irrigated as well as in rain-fed areas. Botanically, it is known as Zea mays L. and belongs to family Poaceae. It is an annual cross pollinated crop. Maize is grown as food as well as fodder crop and is the second most important crop after wheat in KPK Pakistan. Maize is the staple food of rural population in Pakistan. As a grain crop, maize is a rich source of food and it is also used on large scale in industries for manufacturing of corn oil, corn flakes, corn syrup and corn sugar.
Zinc, Boron and Sulfur effects on Yield and Nutrient quality of Maize Zinc, Boron and Sulfur effects on Yield and Nutrient quality of Maize Новинка

Zinc, Boron and Sulfur effects on Yield and Nutrient quality of Maize

Maize is the third important cereal crop in Pakistan after wheat and paddy. It is cultivated widely in the temperate, tropical and sub-tropical areas in the world. But, its function adversely affected by intense temperature and less humidity environments, gives rise to interfere in efficient pollination and resulted in failure in proper grain synthesis. In Pakistan the average production of maize is less than other maize growing countries of the world. The less production of maize is not because of cultivar but it was because of insufficient supply of water and nutrients, which are basic needs for getting greater production, and our soils and environmental conditions, are not supportive to provide adequate nutrients to crops especially micronutrients. The book in hand is an attempt to alleviate the menace of low production and have encompasses valuable information on various nutrient concentrations of pre and post harvest soil AB-DTPA extractable P and Zn, soil available SO4-S, leaf P concentration, plants density, maize grain yield of variety Jalal. This book can be an asset for the researchers, planner and agriculture students.
Effect of cropping systems on genetic analysis in blackgram Effect of cropping systems on genetic analysis in blackgram Новинка

Effect of cropping systems on genetic analysis in blackgram

This book based on empirical research provides comprehensive information on genetic analysis of blackgram under two cropping systems. In fact one of the areas in research on increasing plant productivity in developing countries is the preservation of inherent stability of traditional farming systems. Such farming systems are characterized by small holdings and growing of different crops under mixed and intercropping systems in variance to monocropping employed in large farms in developed countries. This shift in priorities is under standable because a substantial contribution of farm output in developing countries comes from small farms. Without radical alterations, there are remote chances of improving traditional farming systems.One such instance is the intercropping of maize with blackgram as a secondary crop in the mountainous tracts of North-Western India. It has been established by our study that significant progenies x cropping system interaction exists for grain yield and its component traits in blackgram-maize cropping systems. It may help to develop suitable breeding and selection criteria to seek genetic improvement of blackgram where it is intercropped with maize.
Resource Use Under Maize-green Manure Legume Intercropping Systems Resource Use Under Maize-green Manure Legume Intercropping Systems Новинка

Resource Use Under Maize-green Manure Legume Intercropping Systems

Maize (Zea mays L.) is a staple in the diet of many communities in Kenya. Its production in coastal Kenya is however very low due to low inherent soil fertility and high weed infestation.Studies conducted in the region demonstrated the great potential of Mucuna (Mucuna pruriens) for improving soil fertility and for suppressing weeds. However this legume has a depressive effect on maize when it is intercropped with the cereal, likely resulting from interspecies competition for light and soil resources. Modifications of the maize-mucuna intercropping system, with respect to legume plant density and time of under-sowing it to maize, have been suggested as measures for minimizing yield decline in intercropped maize. The book evaluates the impact of adjusting legume plant density and time of under-sowing it to maize on ground cover, light interception, soil moisture, root distribution, nutrient uptake, weed infestation, and the economic and agronomic benefits of the cereal-legume intercropping systems. Methods of determining LER for cereal-forage legume systems have been suggested. Information provided in this book is useful for agricultural research scientists and extension agents.
Educational Performance of Youth in India Educational Performance of Youth in India Новинка

Educational Performance of Youth in India

The book" Educational Attainment of Youth in India" will make a strong impact on the readers as the author has rightly pin pointed the ways in which the determinants like hierarchies of castes, economic status, gender relations, cultural diversities as well as uneven economic development deeply influence the issues relating to access, quality and equality in education. The author believes that qualitative education will certainly bring fundamental changes in the Indian social system. The study of relationship between youth and education is interesting as today, the youth represent the largest human capital of India. Youths will find this book close to their heart as it highlights the common attributes, perceptions, attitude and experiences of youth towards education. The role of the State and model of inclusive education are the factors which the author finds crucial while further determining the development of youth.
Replacing Maize with Malted Barley Improves Egg Quality and Production Replacing Maize with Malted Barley Improves Egg Quality and Production Новинка

Replacing Maize with Malted Barley Improves Egg Quality and Production

The production of ethanol from maize is increasing currently and expected to increase in the future as a result of rising cost of fossil oil and the environmental pollution issues. Because of this expected shifts in the use of maize, alternative sources of energy feed for poultry should be required. A feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of partial substitution of maize by malted barley grain (MBG) as energy source on egg production, fertility, hatchability, egg and chick quality, embryonic mortality, feed intake and feed conversion ratio of white leghorn layers. For the study 180 point of lay pullets and 24 cocks aged 5 months and fed previously on commercial diets were used for the feeding trial on litter housing system at Haramaya University poultry farm. Even though, feed cost slightly increased with increasing level of MBG in the ration, but egg was produced economically in groups in which MBG replaced maize. Therefore, it can be concluded that MBG can be replaced for maize grain as a source of energy up to 30%, since the inclusion level used in the present experiment is profitable and did not negatively affected laying performance and product quality.
Common Weeds of Sabarkantha District, Gujarat, India Common Weeds of Sabarkantha District, Gujarat, India Новинка

Common Weeds of Sabarkantha District, Gujarat, India

This book on ‘Common Weeds of Sabarkantha District of Gujarat State’ is a handy pictorial guide to identify seasonal weeds plant species available in various crop fields. In addition, this book also deals with crop wise dominant weeds, their flowering and fruiting season, status in general etc. The detail description with photographs on identification of weeds also helps to mobilize farmers, villagers, researchers, academicians etc. towards conservation of significance weed species.
Differential preference of maize genotypes to Sesamia inferens Walker Differential preference of maize genotypes to Sesamia inferens Walker Новинка

Differential preference of maize genotypes to Sesamia inferens Walker

Maize (Zea mays L.,) is an important coarse grain millet crop of India. Pink borer, Sesamia inferens Walker is one of the major serious insect pests of maize. Studies were undertaken on “Differential preference of maize genotypes to Sesamia inferens Walker and estimation of avoidable yield losses with endosulfan” under field conditions. The varietal screening studies of ten maize genotypes were carried out under field conditions with artificial infestation of S. inferens and the classification of the maize genotypes was done based on the dead hearts and leaf injury rating. The ovipositional preference studies of maize genotypes by S. inferens indicated that the distribution pattern of eggs on different leaf sheaths indicated that the moth preferred to lay more than 55% of eggs on first leaf sheath. The effect of crop growth stages and larval densities of S. inferens on grain yield of maize crop under unprotected conditions indicated that the crop protected with endosulfan at 2 leaf stage recorded maximum avoidable yield loss with different larval densities (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 larvae per plant) and hence spraying of endosulfan at early stages of crop growth was highly effective.
Common Heteromorphisms in Human Chromosomes Common Heteromorphisms in Human Chromosomes Новинка

Common Heteromorphisms in Human Chromosomes

Heteromorphisms are microscopically visible variant regions on chromosomes and are transmitted as Mendelian traits. Studies of heteromorphic variants allow determination of parental origin, paternity testing, maternal contamination in prenatal samples or tracing the chromosome to a parent in numerical or structural chromosomal abnormalities. Genetic counseling is important to interpret these common variants in context to patient history as they may have no consequences to mild to moderate consequences. This work presents the study and clinical correlation of common heteromorphic variations in 6166 individuals with bad obstetric history, developmental delay, fetal studies (fetal cells in amniotic fluid or product of conception) with appropriate controls. A review of published literature on the subject is also included. This work was also presented by the author as a doctoral dissertation (PhD in Life sciences) at Mumbai University India in 2012

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Maize is one of the most important cereal crops in the World’s agricultural economy both as food for humans and feed for animals and poultry. Maize is known as “Queen of Cereals” due to its higher yield potential compared to other cereals. In India it is the third most important food crop after rice and wheat. The demand for maize is increasing day by day in India, owing to the increased demand for poultry and cattle feed and for the same reason it is also emerging as an important cereal crop in India. In crop plants, the physiological basis of dry matter production is dependent on the source-sink concept, where the source is the potential capacity for photosynthesis and the sink is the potential capacity to utilize the photosynthetic products. Hence, for improving attainable crop yields the knowledge of yield forming physiological processes such as source-sink relationships is required. Many studies have been conducted on source-sink relationship in different crops including maize to understand this phenomenon towards maneuvering such crops. Since, maize being the sink limiting crop, it is important to study the source-sink relationship to improve the sink capacity and maize yield
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