climate change mitigation strategies ocean fertilisation



Climate Change Mitigation Strategies : Ocean Fertilisation Climate Change Mitigation Strategies : Ocean Fertilisation Новинка

Climate Change Mitigation Strategies : Ocean Fertilisation

The threat of climate change may be the greatest social and environmental challenge of our time. Yet if the increase in warming is to be stabilised then a reduction in atmospheric carbon dioxide is needed. Sink technologies, such as ocean fertilisation, claim to do this by stimulating phytoplankton to grow into massive blooms, thereby drawing down large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere into the deep ocean. But the science is still unproven and concerns have been raised, not only about its feasibility, but also the environmental and legal implications. Consequently a number of questions have been asked, such as: What is the effectiveness of current international and domestic legal regimes to regulate ocean fertilisation? Is ocean fertilisation feasible as a carbon mitigation measure? What are the concerns and/or benefits of ocean fertilisation for carbon trading and seafood production? This book provides a comprehensive examination of ocean fertilisation and considers the pros and cons of its use as a climate mitigation measure as well as for seafood production.
Climate change mitigation in Australia: tax or emissions trading? Climate change mitigation in Australia: tax or emissions trading? Новинка

Climate change mitigation in Australia: tax or emissions trading?

The primary question explored by this book is what alternative, carbon tax or emissions trading, would be an optimal policy for climate change mitigation in Australia. This book focuses on assessing carbon tax and emissions trading policy options on the basis of multiple criteria related to climate change policy in the Australian context. Recognising the complexity of the question, the author examines policy approaches capable of addressing the climate change mitigation problem and identifies the methodological approach appropriate to evaluate potential policy options. More specifically, the author determines the criteria necessary for climate change policy evaluation in Australia, ranks performance of the policy options adjacent to the criteria and, finally, evaluates and selects an optimal policy option for climate change mitigation in Australia.
Climate Change And Food Security Climate Change And Food Security Новинка

Climate Change And Food Security

Rising speculation and uncertainties about climate change makes it an interesting topic to work on . As such this book will try to review available literature's exploring the impact of climate change on different dimensions of food security apart from this it also gives a general view on how climate would impact health and different mitigation and adaptation strategies that could be used to combat in event of climatic extremes.
Integrating hazards, risks and climate change into land-use planning Integrating hazards, risks and climate change into land-use planning Новинка

Integrating hazards, risks and climate change into land-use planning

In the search for appropriate instruments for mitigating impacts of natural hazards and climate change, as well as risks, the integration of these factors into spatial planning practices is constantly receiving higher attention. The focus of most approaches lies on single hazards and climate change mitigation strategies. The current paradigm shift of climate change mitigation to adaptation is used as a basis to draw conclusions and recommendations on what additional concepts could be incorporated into spatial planning practices, and for example, multi-hazard approaches are discussed as an important approach that should be developed further. A special focus lies on the definition and applicability of the terms natural hazard, vulnerability and risk in spatial planning practices. Especially risk concepts are so many-fold and complicated that their application in spatial planning has to be analysed most carefully.
Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Indian Forests Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Indian Forests Новинка

Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Indian Forests

This book provides a comprehensive view of climate change and its interactions with the Indian forests. Carbon inventory, mitigation potential, impacts of projected climate change on forest ecosystems and vulnerabilities associated with these impacts - all these aspects of Interaction are comprehensively examined in this book. In chapter two, we present a detailed review of carbon inventory in Indian forests. In chapter three, policy relevant mitigation potential of Indian forests is presented. Chapter four aims to assess the impact of climate change on Indian forests by using a dynamic global vegetation model (DGVM) and climate projections from Hadley centre's regional climate model. Chapter 5, projects the impact of climate change on future mitigation potential, it also provides a comprehensive vulnerability Index for the Indian forests, by combining the existing vulnerabilities such as forest fragmentation, biodiversity loss etc with the projected vulnerabilities arising from the impacts of climate change. This book will certainly be very useful to students, teachers, researchers and foresters interested in climate change and forestry research, especially in the Indian context
Climate Change Adaptation Strategies Climate Change Adaptation Strategies Новинка

Climate Change Adaptation Strategies

Climate change is a global reality that affects livelihoods. These analyzes reveal the strategic responses of Buea peasant farmers to the potential effects of climate change on their main livelihood activity, agriculture. It provides an illustrious picture of peasant farmers’ awareness and coping strategies, as well as the initiators of strategies that help them adapt. Buea peasant farmers are aware of climate change due to its felt impacts on their livelihoods. Even in the absence of a national climate change policy and a support network, peasant farmers are unilaterally using on-farm (agronomic, agro-forestry) and off-farm adaptation strategies to lessen the impacts of climate change on agricultural output. This work argues that adaptation is farmer driven and the innovators are elderly and experienced farmers with an average level of education compared to others in the villages. However, on their own these strategies are insufficient for an off-set of the potential climate change risks facing these vulnerable communities. However, further research in: knowledge of awareness of climate changes, farmers’ attitude to climate change and agricultural innovation strategies is needed.
The Miss-understood Majority The Miss-understood Majority Новинка

The Miss-understood Majority

In many contexts, women are more vulnerable to the effects of climate change than men primarily as they constitute the majority of the world''s poor and are more dependent for their livelihood on natural resources. Women also face social, economic and political barriers limiting their copping capacity. Charged with the responsibility to secure water, food and fuel for cooking face the greatest challenges. Secondly, when coupled with unequal access to resources and decision-making and limited mobility, they disproportionately affected by climate change. However, it is important to remember that women are not only vulnerable to climate change but they are also effective actors of change in relation to both mitigation and adaptation. They have a strong body of knowledge and expertise that can be used in climate change mitigation, disaster reduction and adaptation strategies. This book, therefore, aims at identifying the gender impact of climate change on women''s life and women''s role in environmental management and natural resource protection and their special adaptation and mitigation measures.
Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change by Livestock Farmers Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change by Livestock Farmers Новинка

Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change by Livestock Farmers

Climate change has become our new reality. It brings with it changes in weather patterns that can have serious repercussions for all of us. Climate change is a major threat to the sustainable development of Nigeria. Responding to climate change from both mitigation and adaptation angles require strategic approaches. Global warming and the consequent change in climate have posed and are posing threat to existence of life. Many nations including Nigeria lack the necessary coping capability required for coping with the impact of climate change. It has become necessary to adapt to climate change. The study examined farmers’ strategies for adapting to climate change in Lagelu Local Government Area of Oyo State. Data were collected by using well-structured questionnaire and interview schedule administered on 120 farmers through the use of multistage sampling procedure in the study area. Description and analysis of data were carried out using frequency counts, percentages, means, tables and severity index calculation while multinomial Logit was used to test the hypothesis that there is no significant relationship between some selected socio- economic characteristics and adaptation method
Agriculture and Climate Change Agriculture and Climate Change Новинка

Agriculture and Climate Change

Global food production needs to be increased by 70 % in 2050. To feed ourselves we need innovative thinking on how to increase agricultural production while mitigating climate change. Agricultural production and land-use change are responsible for ~30 % of total anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. If agricultural production continues to be managed in a similar fashion as today, the effects on global climate change will increase. However, agriculture has a significant potential for climate change mitigation, but is still only marginally introduced to mitigation policies. To identify actions, that affect GHG emissions from agricultural production, the development of analytical models and tools is essential. Such models are necessary to identify factors, which can be addressed by future climate change mitigation policies. This book presents the Kaya-Porter identity as a novel inventory framework to estimate and analyse GHG emissions from agricultural crop production, by deconstructing emission into its relevant elements, as a basis for policy-making on climate change mitigation.
Utilization of Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge and Practices Utilization of Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge and Practices Новинка

Utilization of Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge and Practices

Climate change has remain a threat to crop production among farmers in the zone. Despite the effort of international agencies like IPCC and UNFCCC to fight against climate change through conventional mitigation and adaptation measures,farmers have not benefited from it because of cost, technical know-how required and alienation associated to it. Although,farmers are endowed with indigenous agricultural knowledge and practices(IAKPs)which are cost effective,and Eco-friendly, they have not been identified, documented and utilized by farmers in their crop production as climate change mitigation and adaptation measures that could be use in crop production stages like " pre-planting, planting,post-planting operations,and IAKPs farmers could use as climate change copping strategies" in their crop production. Therefore identifying,documenting and utilizing IAKPs in crop production activities now that conventional mitigation and adaptation measures are not within the reach of the poor farmers who are vulnerable to effects of climate change will be of great help to them and should be especially useful to research institutions,researchers,students, teachers and agencies like IPCC and UNFCCC.
Climate change mitigation in the forest sector Climate change mitigation in the forest sector Новинка

Climate change mitigation in the forest sector

The forest sector's importance in climate change mitigation, both by sequestering carbon and providing wood materials and fuels, have gained significant interest both in research and policy. However, despite the large body of research in the field, few studies have analyzed the trade-offs between carbon sequestration and utilization of wood products as substitutes for fossil-fuel intensive products. In this study, economic models of the Norwegian forest sector were applied to analyze costs and potentials of climate change mitigation policies in the sector. Policies targeting the entire sector are likely to decrease the mitigation costs substantially and increase the potential of mitigation. The study reveals the importance of integrated analyses including investment in forestry, harvest and various use of timber and their substitution effects in order to provide solid estimates of mitigation costs and potentials. This analysis would especially be of interest to anyone involved in climate change mitigation in the forest sector, as well as students and researchers of forest economics and in other sector where similar modeling approaches are useful.
Climate Change in Libya and Desertification of Jifara Plain Climate Change in Libya and Desertification of Jifara Plain Новинка

Climate Change in Libya and Desertification of Jifara Plain

The following points have been studied in this book: 1. Characteristics of Climate in Libya. 2. Recent climate changes over time and space in Libya comparing with the global change. 3. Trends of climate occurred recently in two periods:1946-2000 as a long-term period, and 1976-2000 as a short-term period. 4. Physical and human causes of climate change in Libya. 5. Impacts of climate change on Libya. 6. Effects of climate change on desertification in Jifara Plain. 7. Manifestations and degrees of desertification. 8. The other factors accelerated desertification in Jifara Plain. 9. Projections of climate change in Libya comparing with the globe. 10. Mitigation of climate change in Libya. 11. Combating of desertification in Jifara Plain. The book includes 87 tables and 93 figures and 10 photos
Climate Change Initiatives and Strategies Climate Change Initiatives and Strategies Новинка

Climate Change Initiatives and Strategies

This book examines climate change management initiatives in the quest of addressing climate change challenges. The book highlights key issues related to effects of climate change and, initiatives and challenges to climate change management. The authors use the Tanzanian experience to discern issues in climate change such as: historical perspectives of climate change management; policy framework; role of actors; climate change impacts, initiatives and implementation challenges to unveil emerging and pertinent issues in climate change management. This book is therefore highly recommended to postgraduate students of Environmental Studies, policy makers, development planners, trainers, environmental practitioners and private actors in climate change management such as non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs).
Biogas: Option for Mitigating and Adaptation of Climate Change Biogas: Option for Mitigating and Adaptation of Climate Change Новинка

Biogas: Option for Mitigating and Adaptation of Climate Change

This book is related with my dissertation work, which was conducted in Daiji VDC of Kanchanpur District. As Climate Change is becoming a challenging issue at current time, a study like this may helpful to know the existing situation of the study area and role of Bio-gas in adaptation and mitigation of climate change. I hope it will be beneficial to those who are working in the field of climate change and alternative energy like Bio-gas.
Impacts of Climate Change on Coffee Farming in Ethiopia Impacts of Climate Change on Coffee Farming in Ethiopia Новинка

Impacts of Climate Change on Coffee Farming in Ethiopia

Most small scale farmers in Gera in the Oromio state of south west Ethiopia are dependent on coffee farming for their livelihoods as it is a major source of income. The Agriculture sector in Ethiopia is more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change as it is basically rain fed. Climate Change impacts are already felt because farmers have reported decreasing yields and emergence of pests and diseases at Limu Plantation farm. Stakeholders are also concerned that coffee quality will be compromised as a result of increasing temperatures and disturbances in rainfall patterns.It is important to develop adaptation strategies that will help reduce farmers`vulnerability to climate change impacts. Several adaptation strategies exist but there is no full implementaion of these measures. Small farm sizes and lack of inputs and capital are major factors influencing farmers`responsiveness to the adaptation options. Generally stakeholders anticipate that plantation coffee will be more susceptible to climate change impacts than forest coffee. In the short term, stakeholders are focussing on adaptation as the only option but they also see the benefits of climate change mitigation on the long term.
Impact of Climate Change on Dryland Agriculture Impact of Climate Change on Dryland Agriculture Новинка

Impact of Climate Change on Dryland Agriculture

The present study carried out with the overall objective of analysing impact of climate change on dry land farming in the Virudhunagar district of Tamil Nadu, India. The study brought out the strength of association and quantitative relationship between weather parameters on the area, production and yield of different dry land crops over time, there by highlighting which climate variable is closely associated with the area allocation, productivity and total production of different crops in the district. Moreover, the study enumerated adoption and mitigation strategies followed by dry land farmers and recommended policies option to overcome the impact of climate change in long run to sustain crop productivity and thereby to improve livelihood of farmers.
The Role Of Ornamental trees In Climate Change Mitigation The Role Of Ornamental trees In Climate Change Mitigation Новинка

The Role Of Ornamental trees In Climate Change Mitigation

This book studies the contribution of trees to the fight against climate change. Usually we hear about the importance of vegetation in the fight against climate change. In Ghana for instance, governments organize mass tree planting exercises and spend huge financial resources trying to get people to plant trees for reasons they might not adequately understand. There is however inadequate explanation of climate change, its effects nor how the trees help in its mitigation. This book serves to educate people on climate change as well as its effects on various facets of our lives. It also makes important suggestions towards the mitigation of climate change and its effects. It does so from the perspective of the African continent. This work also shows by existing formulae how trees sequester carbon depending on their size, by making calculations involving specific trees in Kumasi, Ghana.
Climate Change Policies and Structural Change Climate Change Policies and Structural Change Новинка

Climate Change Policies and Structural Change

The long-run damage of climate change to economic and social well-being has been well documented. As more and more evidence accumulates, the urgency of establishing an adequate economic policy response is only increasing. Accordingly, global and national policy-makers have undertaken various initiatives to implement climate change mitigation measures, as proposed by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and many other scholars. The biggest obstacle, however, to the adoption of climate change policies, e.g., carbon taxes or cap-and-trade systems, is their uncertain impact on employment. Could climate change mitigation policies result in net employment gains by creating new jobs in new economic sectors? Or, would such policies be detrimental for overall employment goals? This book provides an in-depth analysis of the impact on employment caused by climate change policies using a variety of analytical approaches, including input-output modelling and vector autoregressions (VAR). The book is a collection of the author’s own research on this topic which was conducted during his time at the New School for Social Research in New York.
Small Towns, Water Access and Climate Change Small Towns, Water Access and Climate Change Новинка

Small Towns, Water Access and Climate Change

Climate change does not feature prominently in the mainstream development and water management literature, so much so that robust strategies have not been developed to adapt to the projected impacts nor have the consequences of future adaptation costs on water affordability and access been investigated.This book examines the impact of climate change on water resource management in small towns. Specifically it suggests that climate change be integrated into existing planning frameworks in order that small towns build resilient strategies against projected climate change impacts. An approach is proposed for small towns to develop their water adaptation response that includes an assessment of existing responses to climate variability. By screening these against qualitative and quantitative criteria, robust strategies can be identified that will ensure sustainable water supplies under projected climate change impacts. By drawing on a case study of a small town in South Africa, it is demonstrated that the consequence of climate change impacts on water resources is indeed an economic issue when it comes to meeting projected water demand and providing an equitable service.
Does Organizational Capacity Matter for Climate Change Adaptation? Does Organizational Capacity Matter for Climate Change Adaptation? Новинка

Does Organizational Capacity Matter for Climate Change Adaptation?

The study proposes a new line of investigation into how organizational capacity attributes and climate change adaptation of local communities can help policy makers in addressing issues of decreasing livelihood capital and adaptability to climate change. The general objective of the study is to identify the best organizational attributes that can complement and contribute to governmental and intergovernmental processes that currently shape climate change adaptation strategies in Bangladesh. It is necessary for efficient fund allocation to the organizations that can implement the specific task efficiently and it also assists in developing their organizational capacity. It helps decision makers and donor communities to better understand organizational capacity which is needed to design better strategies for climate change adaptation. Finally, it can protect "development leakage" which means the impediments of development project implementation.
Public understanding of climate change in urban Bangladesh Public understanding of climate change in urban Bangladesh Новинка

Public understanding of climate change in urban Bangladesh

Climate change is a complex problem without clear scientific and political solutions.The aim of this thesis is to examine the determinants and dimensions of public understanding of, response to climate change which could help to design effective public communication strategies and workable mitigation policies. This study uses mixed methodology approach to explore a variety of potentially salient influences on perception of and behavioural response to climate change. A purposive random sampling procedure was used to select 172 representative samples from Dhaka city, Bangladesh. The results indicate that there is a solid awareness and support for general environmental goals at local levels; an awareness and concern for climate change but limited understanding of scientific causes, possible consequences and solutions to the problem ; considerable perceived threat from climate change although it is not a “front burner” issue compare to other socio-economic and environmental issues. This thesis attempts to make some tentative recommendations on how community perceptions of climate change can be used by policy makers in the Bangladesh.
Pastoralist choice of adaptation strategies to climate change Pastoralist choice of adaptation strategies to climate change Новинка

Pastoralist choice of adaptation strategies to climate change

A recent mapping on vulnerability and poverty in Africa put Ethiopia as one of the most vulnerable country to climate change with least capacity to respond. Pastoralists are far worse jeopardized because of their geographic exposure, low income, greater reliance on climate sensitive sectors, and weaker capacity to adapt. The ambition of the manuscript is to solicit the knowledge about climate change, perceptions, adaptation strategies and the different socioeconomic, demographic and institutional factors influencing Ethiopian pastoralists’ perceptions and their choice of adaptation strategies. The proportion of the pastoralists perceived the climate change and its induced hazards is high. Pastoralists were using combination of different strategies to adapt the climate change adverse effects which include: herd composition diversification, herd and feed management improvement, water harvesting and reserving, and extended mobility patterns. Pastoralists choice of adaptation were constrained by different barriers. Therefore, the manuscript will look a possible means to strengthen the local pastoralists’ resilience capacity to the adverse impacts of climate change.
Climate Change Climate Change Новинка

Climate Change

This publication focuses on impacts assessment of climate change on agriculture, forestry, water and hydrology, health and sanitation, ecology and environment, and overall livelihoods of the community. It attempts to prepare the climate change adaptation activities and strategies based on vulnerability assessment in order to build self reliance of the community and conserve biodiversity for the future courses of action. Various tools and techniques were used to analyze a complete package on climate change impacts and adaptation practices (please see the full text). Students, teachers, researchers and policy makers can use this book for conducting their similar projects or take this book as a reference. Therefore,this book teaches you on basic concept of climate change, greenhouse gaseous, impacts assessment, community based adaptation strategies and recommended action for the future courses.
Farmers' behavior toward participation in carbon offset market Farmers' behavior toward participation in carbon offset market Новинка

Farmers' behavior toward participation in carbon offset market

The online survey research reported in this paper has been developed to assess Alberta farmers’ behavior and attitudes towards climate change and entering into mitigation contracts for adopting practices that reduce their GHG emissions and evaluate factors that constrain or enhance farmer’s willingness to enter into mitigation contracts. A common view is that climate change has resulted in the dry years getting dryer and the wet years getting wetter, and generally less snow. Drought has been the major problem in most areas as a result of less snowy winters to restore water levels. The results should help policy makers and other government personnel to develop strategies to further enhance the number of farmers involved in the 10 government-approved protocols related to agriculture.
Farmers’ Perception of Climate Change and their Adaptations Farmers’ Perception of Climate Change and their Adaptations Новинка

Farmers’ Perception of Climate Change and their Adaptations

Climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing the world today. Agriculture and Climate are mutually dependent. There is a need to understand the effect of climate change on agricultural sector both at Global and as well as at regional level, especially from the point of view of providing food to vulnerable section of the population. With unpredictable weather, farmers keep changing crop management practices by growing resistant varieties and be prepared for constant change in the farming practices. Impacts of climate change are diversified and need to be understood, so as to workout pragmatic strategies to mitigate ill-effects of climate change. With this background, this study has been designed to understand farmer’s perception about the changes in climate and their adaptation measures initiated in Eastern Dry Zone (Zone-5) of Karnataka, India.
Perceived Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation by Chepang Community Perceived Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation by Chepang Community Новинка

Perceived Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation by Chepang Community

Chepang is an indigenous community living in the marginal and fragile landscapes of central Nepal. They highly depend on climate sensitive biodiversity resources, shifting cultivation and collection and utilization of forest products. With climate change being a reality, how is this community perceiving and adapting to the climate change impacts needs to be explored to build on for sustainable management of those landscapes and ecosystems and to develop adaptation strategies of indigenous and other local communities against adverse impact of climate change in developing countries. This manuscript therefore provides Chepang community’s perceptions towards impact of climate change on livelihoods, culture and their associated forest ecosystems. Similarly, it presents the community’s existing strategies and practices of adapting to climate change impacts. In addition, it provides way forward to increase resilience of the ecosystems and adaptive capacity of Chepang community against climate change impacts. The author of this manuscript targets indigenous community groups, development agencies, donor communities, and professionals of climate change adaptation, researchers and students.
Climate Change, Oil & Gas Industry, and Investors Climate Change, Oil & Gas Industry, and Investors Новинка

Climate Change, Oil & Gas Industry, and Investors

The Australian oil and gas industry is highly important to the Australian economy. In this book author investigates the effects of weather, climate change, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on the market value of the Australian oil and gas industry, arising from an interdependent relationship between climate change and the hydrocarbon-producing oil and gas industry. The analysis is undertaken in the context of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and Kyoto Protocol GHG mitigation policies. The investigations are undertaken at both the industry (oil and gas) and firm (refining) levels using the most important asset pricing models and the application of advanced time series regression techniques. The findings confirm that investors consider weather, climate change and carbon dioxide information in their investment decisions. This book contributes to the emerging field of environmental finance.
Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions Новинка

Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions

Providing an up-to-date synthesis of all knowledge relevant to the climate change issue, this book ranges from the basic science documenting the need for policy action to the technologies, economic instruments and political strategies that can be employed in response to climate change. Ethical and cultural issues constraining the societal response to climate change are also discussed. This book provides a handbook for those who want to understand and contribute to meeting this challenge. It covers a very wide range of disciplines - core biophysical sciences involved with climate change (geosciences, atmospheric sciences, ocean sciences, ecology/biology) as well as economics, political science, health sciences, institutions and governance, sociology, ethics and philosophy, and engineering. As such it will be invaluable for a wide range of researchers and professionals wanting a cutting-edge synthesis of climate change issues, and for advanced student courses on climate change.
Climate Change, Variability and Human Health Protection Policy Options Climate Change, Variability and Human Health Protection Policy Options Новинка

Climate Change, Variability and Human Health Protection Policy Options

According to the 2007 Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC), changes in global mean temperature is now projected to increase by 2 °C – 4 °C above pre-industrial levels over the next two decades. Further, the 2007/08 UNDP report on climate change noted that climate change is likely to have far bigger effects on health in developing countries, which are already burdened with other serious health concerns, and are in need of financial and technical assistance to develop adaptive strategies to temperature variations. The report added that reducing morbidity and mortality related to climate change in these countries will be the global community’s defining challenge as it faces one of the biggest known threats to health and human survival. This monograph presents analysis on the actual impacts of climate change and variability on malaria epidemics in the highland districts of Kenya (East Africa) and presents policy options necessary for mitigation,risk management and adaptation. It establishes that more finite data of zone bands of mean altitude range not more than 200M is most appropriate in defining precise effects of climatic factors on malaria.
Economics of Farmers’ Choices of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies Economics of Farmers’ Choices of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies Новинка

Economics of Farmers’ Choices of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies

Climate change, today, is one of the greatest economic and environmental challenges faced by the world and every individual. It determines the agricultural sector’s contribution to an economy. Studies on climate change adaptation highlight the importance of agro-ecology based research for designing context-specific policies and programs to climate change. This book presents a case-study that examined farmers’ preference for climate change adaptation strategies and the factors deriving their preference. It presents review of the theoretical and empirical literature. Data sources, collection methods, analytical techniques and variables are also included. Then, statistical evidences on important variables, econometric estimation and results are discussed. It, lastly, presents conclusions and policy implications. The book can provide an insight for planners and policy makers regarding agricultural climate change adaptation options, the necessary factors and intervention areas. It also points professionals the problems and concerns of climate change for further research. The analysis would contribute to the existing research on climate change adaptation and modeling of preferences.
Impact of climate variability on wheat production in central Nepal Impact of climate variability on wheat production in central Nepal Новинка

Impact of climate variability on wheat production in central Nepal

Climate change is real and underway, so there is a need of economic assessment of impact of climate change on crop production and proper identification of adoption and mitigation measures. Lack of knowledge on climate change and its impacts on their farming system as well as weak Institutional supports to cope such impacts and poor knowledge on livelihood diversification is threatening farming communities. Climate change and agriculture are inextricably linked. Agriculture still fundamentally depends on the climatic condition and its impact on wheat production is of paramount importance for world food security.
Climate Change and Human Activities on the Availability of Surface Water Climate Change and Human Activities on the Availability of Surface Water Новинка

Climate Change and Human Activities on the Availability of Surface Water

Climate change & variability is of concern in the world in 21st Century. Human activities are responsible for climate change. Both are expected to impact surface water. This study assessed whether surface water unavailability in Rombo is the result of climate change & human activities. It explored adaptation and coping strategies developed in relation to climate change and human activities on surface water availability. The availability of surface water in Rombo had decreased between 1970s and 2010. Decrease in the amount of surface water was associated with rainfall variability and human activities; agriculture, deforestation and frequent bush fires. Buying water and plant crops that require little rainfall/water were copying strategies whereas harvesting rainwater, building reservoirs and environmental conservation are some of the adaptation strategies applied. This study is beneficial to all stakeholders and policy makers on the management and storage of surface water. The study is valuable for conservation, development and management of water resources. It is useful to anyone interested on the relationship between climate change, human activities & surface water availability
Coping with local disasters using indigenous knowledge Coping with local disasters using indigenous knowledge Новинка

Coping with local disasters using indigenous knowledge

Climate change adaptation is currently at the forefront of development discourse for the developing world, especially on the African continent. Given the importance of rain-fed agriculture in the economies of African countries, one of the most appropriate strategies for climate change adaptation in Africa is the use of accurate and timely climate early warning information to guide farming activities. Incorporating the local communities in the development of these strategies, and using their local/indigenous knowledge introduces local context to the problem, ensures ownership and promotes sustainability. This book presents a case study of the Nganyi community of Western Kenya, showing how the local/indigenous knowledge of a community can be used to improve a climate early warning system for enhanced resilience to impacts of climate change.
Climate Change and Marginalised Community Climate Change and Marginalised Community Новинка

Climate Change and Marginalised Community

Climate change is a burning problem of today.Studied showed that developing countries are more vulnerable to Climate Change and are expected to suffer from adverse Climatic impacts than developed countries.In a humid climate like that of Nepal,there will be changes in spatial and temporal distribution of temperatures and precipitation due to Climate Change. Agriculture is mostly affected by Climate Change.Decreased winter rainfall and prolonged drought leads to reduced production of Wheat.So there is a great need of Climate Change research.Study done in Nawalparasi District of Nepal showed that till date Climate Change have contributed positively to the yield of Wheat. Change in per unit percentage of temperature and Rainfall changed the yield by 1.7% and 0.29% respectively. Farmers have started to take adaptation strategies to be protected from the effect of Climate Change in coming days. Farmers in this District are shifting to other sources of income from the farming as it is seen to be less profitable.So this book will be useful for policy makers,researchers, and for small holder farmers suffering from Climate change.
Climate Change Mitigation And Carbon Trade In Kenya Climate Change Mitigation And Carbon Trade In Kenya Новинка

Climate Change Mitigation And Carbon Trade In Kenya

While carbon dioxide (CO2) from industrial and transport activities pose a global warming and climate change challenge to the developed countries, methane from agricultural/livestock production practices might have a similar effect in the developing countries. Therefore, there is a need for profitable emission reduction measures for methane, such as the carbon trade. Lack of data on the present GHG emissions and the projected emission reduction from small-scale projects denies dairy farmers not only a chance to participate in the profitable market based climate change mitigation of carbon trade, but it also excludes them from the income that can be accrued from such a business. This book demonstrates that one can use the number of dairy cattle owned by a farmer to estimate the smallest size possible of a biogas unit to install and at the same predict with 89% precision the amount of gas such a plant will produce. Small sized units will reduce the construction cost and this coupled with the carbon credits benefits will make the digesters affordable thus proliferation of digesters that are effective in climate change mitigation. The book can be of interest to stakeholders in biogas
Ocean Circulation and Climate,103 Ocean Circulation and Climate,103 Новинка

Ocean Circulation and Climate,103

Ocean Circulation and Climate,103
Climate Change Litigation Climate Change Litigation Новинка

Climate Change Litigation

This examination of the role of litigation in addressing the problem of climate change focuses not only on how the massive and growing number of lawsuits influences regulation directly, but also on how the lawsuits shape corporate behaviour and public opinion. It provides readers with an understanding of how these lawsuits have shaped approaches to mitigation and adaptation, and have been used to try to force and to block regulation. There is a particular emphasis on lawsuits in the United States and Australia, the two jurisdictions which have had the most climate change litigation in the world, and the lessons provide broader insights into the role of courts in addressing climate change.
Gender, Climate Change and Agriculture in Africa Gender, Climate Change and Agriculture in Africa Новинка

Gender, Climate Change and Agriculture in Africa

Policy makers, developmental agents and researchers are now aware of the need to incorporate gender and climate change issues in agricultural planning and development in order to improve food production. This book attempt to explore selected agricultural issues as they relate to gender and climate change and their implications for improving food productivity in Africa. Despite Africa being endowed with different livestock and crop species, the current food production strategies contribution to poverty reduction and food security is regarded as inadequate. Among some of the reasons given for unsatisfactory food production are negative climate change impact and gender differential disparities in ownership, labor allocation and decision making in agricultural production. Therefore, it is hoped that understanding gender differentials and climate change dynamics will increase and sustain food production.
Climate Change Impacts on and its Adaptation Strategies Climate Change Impacts on and its Adaptation Strategies Новинка

Climate Change Impacts on and its Adaptation Strategies

The current book focuses on climate change in Nepal. Climate change is the global challenge of our time for sustainable development whose impact is of great concern to humanity. In Nepal we are already starting to become aware of recent changes in our climate and the implications this is having for our society and our environment. Although Nepal has a negligible share in the global emissions of greenhouse gases, it is more vulnerable to climate change impact due to its fragile mountain ecosystems. A study entitled “Climate Change Impacts on and its Adaptation Strategies of Rural Community of Krishnapur VDC in Mohana Sub-watershed, Kanchanpur District” was carried out in Krishnapur VDC adjoining Mohana River in Kanchanpur district of Nepal, to assess people's understanding on climate change, identify its impacts on their rural community and document how they are coping with those impacts.
Climate Change Analysis in India: Exploring a regional picture Climate Change Analysis in India: Exploring a regional picture Новинка

Climate Change Analysis in India: Exploring a regional picture

Climate change is a major threat to the human society because of its adverse impacts on the ecosystems, water resources, agriculture, forests, economy, etc. India has a large growing population, which is tied to its natural resource base, hence it is more vulnerable to climate change. The increasing or decreasing rainfall trends and temperature profiles prevailing over different areas in the country get masked when averaging is done over the nation which implies that a regional and local analysis of the country holds great importance for the scientific community and the policy makers for efficient water resource management and for addressing climate change issues. This book, therefore, attempts to bring out patterns of trend over all the subdivisions of India through analysis of long (1901-2002) annual rainfall and temperature records. With this bottom-up approach, policy-makers and researchers can easily assess the distribution and magnitude of impacts of climate change at a local level and develop appropriate adaptation and mitigation strategies for that area.
Climate change and Hydro-meteorological Disaster Climate change and Hydro-meteorological Disaster Новинка

Climate change and Hydro-meteorological Disaster

Now days, we humans are facing huge natural disasters such as floods, drought, flash flood, storms, cloud burst, hurricane, cyclone, snowfall, fringing temperature etc over worldwide. This intensity and frequency have been increasing years to years and Scientist suggested that global climate change is responsible for these disasters. Earth has shown many ice and warm age with very high atmospheric Carbon dioxide concentration. There is evidence that it has affected the Earth throughout geological time. This book approached the topic by explaining about basics of Climate, Climate change & its impact on our ecosystem/earth, past climate changes and how to measure it, factors influencing the climate change and its future trends, effect of climate change on hydro meteorological disaster in Western Himalaya with factors affecting the intensity of hydro meteorological disaster and mitigation measures to be taken for minimize its impact. This is a small but important step in building capacity and awareness in the academic community and the public at large, about the critical need to mainstream gender in climate change and hydro meteorological disaster.
Vulnerability Assessment of Indigenous People's Livelihood Vulnerability Assessment of Indigenous People's Livelihood Новинка

Vulnerability Assessment of Indigenous People's Livelihood

Climate change is becoming one of the major environmental issues in Nepal. Thisresearch report entitled Vulnerability Assessment of Indigenous People's Livelihooddue to Climate Change in two VDCs of Kailali district endeavors to explore theperception of indigenous people about climate induced impacts and coping strategies toovercome those impacts. There is evidence that climate change is already affecting thebiodiversity and weakening the livelihood assets of poor, marginalized and indigenouscommunities. The research was based on the people's perception about the climateinduced changes since last 30 years. PRA tools and techniques were used to explore theknowledge, impacts and adaptation strategies to cope with risks and shocks of climateinduced impacts which are useful to built resilience of the indigenous communities toovercome with the immediate bottlenecks observed in climatic effects on livelihood ofpeople.
Climate Change and Society Climate Change and Society Новинка

Climate Change and Society

Both the causes of and solutions to climate change are grounded in human society. Climate Change and Society summarizes the existing approaches to understanding the social dimensions of climate change from a variety of theoretical and empirical perspectives, analyzing its origins, impacts, and responses.
Climate Change, Adaptation and Rural Livelihoods in Malawi Climate Change, Adaptation and Rural Livelihoods in Malawi Новинка

Climate Change, Adaptation and Rural Livelihoods in Malawi

Climate change continues to threaten the sustainability of rural livelihoods in Malawi and effective adaptation strategies are tools for rural communities survival. In Malawi the changing climate threatens the performance of the AgricultureSector, fisheries, water and wildlife because of their sensitivity to changing climate. Agriculture sector is heavily affected becuase over 90 percent of the people work on land and the sector constitutes a bigger share of the Malawi's economy.
Governing Climate Change, a Responsibility Perspective Governing Climate Change, a Responsibility Perspective Новинка

Governing Climate Change, a Responsibility Perspective

The build-up of scientific knowledge about climate change has increased its urgency within public debate, but also defined it as a formidable problem of governance. As such, climate change is an ‘untamed risk'', one with an accumulating effect and a time-dimension that differs from what ‘traditional'' problem-solving structures are used dealing with. International attempts at governance, like the UN Climate Change Conferences, only demonstrate this divergence. To understand these problem-solving strategies and their shortcomings better, an analysis is given of the conceptions of responsibility underlying them. It is then asked how these conceptions could better fit the specific characteristics of climate change. Through the work of the French philosopher Alain Badiou the book then arrives at an imperative for action that is at the same time inclusive and particular, offering examples of its implications for any problem-solving strategy on a national or global scale. This work thus offers ideas on policies and strategies regarding climate change, and as such can be insightful for a broad public; from policy advisors to scholars as to the generally interested reader.
Climate Change, Socio-Ecological Resilience Strategies in South Africa Climate Change, Socio-Ecological Resilience Strategies in South Africa Новинка

Climate Change, Socio-Ecological Resilience Strategies in South Africa

The Kyoto Protocol of UNFCCC which postulated that anthropogenic causes are the main drivers of global climate change was ratified by South Africa on the 31st of July 1997. As a result, South Africa has promulgated legislations in the form of progressive constitutions and NEMA, which aim at promoting sustainable development. This is evidenced by Section 24 of the South African constitution which contains “Environmental Clauses” addressing the national, provincial, and local governments. This book is grounded within the field of development studies and undertakes a case study of improving the socio-ecological resilience strategies of climate change in Nelson Mandela Bay Metropole. It provides an analysis of the barriers to climate change resilience initiatives. This analysis points to the need for the creation of a Sustainable Development Framework, which will provide a perfect platform for development, address threats posed by climate change and execute projects to this effect. This book is intended to form the basis for empirical research and act as a guide for policy makers in their efforts to implement proactive resilience and adaptation initiatives of climate change.
Awareness Of Climate Change Among Secondary Level Students Awareness Of Climate Change Among Secondary Level Students Новинка

Awareness Of Climate Change Among Secondary Level Students

This qualitative research has tried to explore the experiences of Nepalese students regarding Climate Change. Climate Change is one of the most important environmental challenges with profound implications for several different sectors such as food production, natural ecosystems, fresh water, supply and health. There are several consequences of Climate Change and in the country like Nepal we may be in difficulty by the vulnerability of Climate Change. Thus, this research provides students views on the awareness of Climate Change, sources and process of getting information.
Climate Change Challenges and Adaptation Policies in Bangladesh Climate Change Challenges and Adaptation Policies in Bangladesh Новинка

Climate Change Challenges and Adaptation Policies in Bangladesh

It is well recognized both in the scientific and global community level that Bangladesh is the worst sufferer and potential victims of climate change. Bangladesh is a low lying, highly densely populated countries in the world and her economy depends mostly on agriculture and natural resources that is vulnerable to the impact of climate change. The challenges and impacts of climate change and extreme climatic events on various sector has focused separately. Bangladesh has demonstrated good potential to adapt with adverse impact of climatic and non-climatic variability and extreme events over the generations. The government of Bangladesh has also undertaken several initiatives, policies and programs for adaptation against climate change. The paper has exposed several traditional community level adaptation and highlighted recent government policies, programs and strategies for adaptation against climate change. Finally, the paper fulfills the needs by providing adequate information and recommendation through analyses critically with due consideration of government policies, planning, institutional capabilities and multiple level adaptation strategies and techniques.
Adaptation to Climate Change Adaptation to Climate Change Новинка

Adaptation to Climate Change

Climate change has become one of the most challenging global environmental issues facing humanity. Urban centers especially cities with industries and infrastructure play a crucial role in the climate change and greenhouse gases which is expected to aggravate. Nowadays the expansion of cities is experiencing the growth of large slum areas notably in developing countries, threatening all aspects of the quality of life. This study focuses on Adaptation to Climate change and developing strategies for managing environment in such circumstances based on squatter settlement in Nepal. It is concerned with becoming better prepared and resilient to respond to changes in climate. More over it prioritizes the environmental problems and describes the importance of bio-degradable solid waste to generate bio-gas, carbon sequestration to reduce total carbon in the atmosphere together with the frequent flood control system.
Innovations in Urban Climate Governance Innovations in Urban Climate Governance Новинка

Innovations in Urban Climate Governance

Building on unique data, this book analyses the efficacy of a prominent climate change mitigation strategy: voluntary programs for sustainable buildings and cities. It evaluates the performance of thirty-five voluntary programs from the global north and south, including certification programs, knowledge networks, and novel forms of financing. The author examines them through the lens of club theory, urban transformation theory, and diffusion of innovations theory. Using qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) the book points out the opportunities and constraints of voluntary programs for decarbonising the built environment, and argues for a transformation of their use in climate change mitigation. The book will appeal to readers interested in sustainable city planning, climate change mitigation, and voluntarism as an alternative governance mechanism for achieving socially and environmentally desirable outcomes. The wide diversity of cases from the global north and south generate new insights, and offers practical guidelines for designing effective programs.
Climate Change Policy Outreach Communication Strategy Climate Change Policy Outreach Communication Strategy Новинка

Climate Change Policy Outreach Communication Strategy

"Climate Change Policy Outreach Communication Strategy" is a simple book for all categories of people who would like to get practically involved in all climate change policy issues and options. The book is highly recommended for a wide range of stakeholders such as: policy and decision makers, researchers, science technology practitioners, environmental educators, media communicators, lecturers, climate change students, and outreach curriculum developers and evaluators. The book is subdivided into the following five chapters: Chapter 1: Climate Change Communication Issues & Options; Chapter 2: Radio Climate Change Information Diffusion; Chapter 3: Biomass Energy technology Adoption Challenges in Africa; Chapter 4: Climate Change Policy Information Diffusion; and Chapter 5: Climate Change Outreach Science Communication.
Evaluating Traffic Congestion Mitigation Strategies Evaluating Traffic Congestion Mitigation Strategies Новинка

Evaluating Traffic Congestion Mitigation Strategies

In 2010, traffic congestion cost commuters in the U.S. approximately $101 billion in lost time and wasted fuel. Local governments and transportation agencies have used a variety of mitigation strategies to reduce the cost of traffic congestion. However, many of these mitigation strategies can be equally as costly to implement, maintain, and administer. With the federal government, and many local and state governments facing large budget deficits and dwindling tax revenues, it is imperative that these governments pursue mitigation strategies that are most cost effective. This book examines five traffic congestion mitigation strategies ranging from expanding roadway capacity to using toll-ways, to determine which ones are most and least cost effective.
Climate Change – Picturing the Science Climate Change – Picturing the Science Новинка

Climate Change – Picturing the Science

Climate Change – Picturing the Science
Carbon Footprint Carbon Footprint Новинка

Carbon Footprint

Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather over periods of time that range from decades to millions of years. It can be a change in the average weather or a change in the distribution of weather events around an average (for example, greater or fewer extreme weather events). Climate change may be limited to a specific region, or may expand across the whole of earth. Global change occurs over a wide range of temporal and spatial scales. For example, changes in the configuration of the continents occur slowly over millions of years as a result of plate tectonics. As the distribution of land and ocean changes, so do oceanic and atmospheric circulation systems, hence altering earth’s climate.
Can Science Fix Climate Change? Can Science Fix Climate Change? Новинка

Can Science Fix Climate Change?

Can Science Fix Climate Change?
Impact of Climate Variability on Agriculture Impact of Climate Variability on Agriculture Новинка

Impact of Climate Variability on Agriculture

This book titled "Impact of Climate Variability on Agriculture" Deals with retrospective climate variability and its current impacts on rainfed rice farming in Asian context; predicts future 50 years possible climate variability through intercomparison of GCMs and predicts the fate of rice agriculture based on the predicted variability. This study would serve as a milestone for further studies and a contribution for designinging practical climate change/variability adaptation strategies to minimize adverse effects of climate variability on agriculture
Sustainability Issues of Biomass based Rural Electrification Sustainability Issues of Biomass based Rural Electrification Новинка

Sustainability Issues of Biomass based Rural Electrification

Renewable energy technologies have gained widespread attention because of the modern day problems such as climate change and environmental pollution. Electrification by means of renewable energy technologies is a promising mitigation measure to address climate change and pollution related problems. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate sustainability issues related with renewable energy technologies. This work examines sustainability issues associated with biomass gasification based rural electrification.
Modeling potential impact of climate change in semi-arid areas Modeling potential impact of climate change in semi-arid areas Новинка

Modeling potential impact of climate change in semi-arid areas

Climate change is considered the issue in the 21st century. The impacts are global and far reaching, affecting directly or indirectly most of production sectors. The greatest impact is expected to be felt in agriculture. Even though economies of most African countries depend on agriculture, however, there is scanty of information on the potential impacts of climate change in agriculture. Without adequate information, farmers’ capacity to adopt is lowered; development and application of adoptive technologies could be slow, policy formulation targeting mitigation and adaptation may not be well informed. This study employed the use of APSIM crop model to simulate potential impacts of climate change on crop production, with focus in Arid and semi-arid areas (ASALs) of Kenya. This book strives to paint the picture of futurity of agriculture under different climate change scenarios and thus contributing to climate change information in ASAL areas. Agricultural extension workers, students and researchers in the agricultural field and policy makers, could benefit from the material in this book.
Impacts of Climate Change,Variability and Adaptation Strategies Impacts of Climate Change,Variability and Adaptation Strategies Новинка

Impacts of Climate Change,Variability and Adaptation Strategies

The dry central part of Tanzania, including Singida Region, has been affected by climate change to the extent that water for domestic use cannot easily be found. Although Singida Municipality is located in the semi-arid area where water resource is limited, it is not the only main factor for water scarcity in the Municipality. Climate change and climate variability have intensified as well as worsened the situation. Communities either have been coping or adapting to climate change impacts on water resource availability. They have been doing so by buying water at a very high price, sharing water with animals and traveling long distances, spending almost 8 hours on queues waiting for water as well as diversifying economic activities. However, such strategies need to be enhanced. Interventions to reduce climate change impacts need to consider households and communities’ differences in terms of resources endowments, experiences and safety mechanisms, which distinguish them in regard to exposure, sensitivity, vulnerability and hence, adaptive capacity.
Curiosity Guides: Global Climate Change Curiosity Guides: Global Climate Change Новинка

Curiosity Guides: Global Climate Change

Curiosity Guides: Global Climate Change

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Most small scale farmers in Gera in the Oromio state of south west Ethiopia are dependent on coffee farming for their livelihoods as it is a major source of income. The Agriculture sector in Ethiopia is more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change as it is basically rain fed. Climate Change impacts are already felt because farmers have reported decreasing yields and emergence of pests and diseases at Limu Plantation farm. Stakeholders are also concerned that coffee quality will be compromised as a result of increasing temperatures and disturbances in rainfall patterns.It is important to develop adaptation strategies that will help reduce farmers`vulnerability to climate change impacts. Several adaptation strategies exist but there is no full implementaion of these measures. Small farm sizes and lack of inputs and capital are major factors influencing farmers`responsiveness to the adaptation options. Generally stakeholders anticipate that plantation coffee will be more susceptible to climate change impacts than forest coffee. In the short term, stakeholders are focussing on adaptation as the only option but they also see the benefits of climate change mitigation on the long term.
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