asean china free trade area




Michael Meyer Die Einrichtung der ASEAN Free Trade Area

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1364 руб.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich BWL - Wirtschaftspolitik, Note: 1,7, Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg (Lehrstuhl für Internationale Beziehungen), Veranstaltung: Regionalismus in den internationalen Beziehungen: Ein Vergleich regionaler Kooperation in Europa, Asien, Afrika und den Amerikas , Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: In Südostasien schlossen sich bereits 1967 einige Staaten zur Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) zusammen. So wurde der südostasiatische Raum vom Regionalismus der Zeit erfasst.Ein loser Staatenbund, dessen Entwicklung im ursprünglichen Sinne sicherlich nicht auf die ökonomische Zusammenarbeit ausgerichtet war, aber spätestens nach Ende des Kalten Kriegs und der wachsenden Interdependenz der Märkte sich doch genau in diese Richtung verstärkt vollzog. Aufgrund der starken kulturellen, religiösen und wertemäßigen Heterogenität und dem Fehlen eines Bewusstseins einer gemeinsamen Geschichte der Staaten in Südostasien, trat echte Kooperation, wie sie aus Europa bekannt ist, nur sehr schleppend und erst sehr spät zu Tage. Die genannte Entwicklung gipfelte 1992 in der Gründung der ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA). Diese stellte alle bisherigen Versuche ökonomischer Integration in Südostasien in den Schatten.Bei allen Entwicklungen und Abschlüssen wurden aber die souveränitätswahrenden Prinzipien des „ASEAN Way" von Verhandlungen und Entscheidungen immer stark betont.Diese Arbeit soll nun die integrationstheoretischen Ursachen der Gründung u...

Khim Samitt The Contribution of Trade conditional on Human Capital, Financial Development and Institution to Economic Development. Evidence from ASEAN Nation

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5052 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: 1,3, , language: English, abstract: This thesis addresses the relationship between economic development and tradeopenness as well as some structural factors (i.e., human capital, financial resources andinstitution) in the ASEAN countries. This thesis has three objectives. First, it attempts toqualitatively describe the ASEAN cooperation in order to promote interest in ASEAN.Second, it quantitatively estimates the effect of international trade on economic developmentof the ASEAN nations. Finally, it investigates how the effect of international trade oneconomic growth varies as a result of differences in human capital, financial resources andinstitution across the ASEAN nations.To accomplish these tasks, panel dataset on the ASEAN nations from 1980 to 2010are collected and pooled OLS, fixed-effect and instrumental variable models are applied tothe dataset. Taking into account a variety of specification issues as well as endogeneity oftrade openness, the research results show that trade openness plays an extremely importantrole on economic development of these countries. In addition, the benefit from tradeopenness is greater in countries that have more educated workers, deeper financial resourcesand better quality of institution. In conclusion, this thesis suggests that these structural factorsneed to be strengthened in order to benefit more from international trade.Key words: Inte...

Ralf Schröder Die Kompatibilitat des regionalen Freihandelsansatzes AFTA mit GATT/WTO

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4664 руб.
Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: Die ASEAN-Free-Trade-Area (AFTA) ist erst im Entstehen. Um derzeit schon Aussagen über ihre Kompatibilität mit GATT/WTO treffen zu können, bedarf es der Analyse verschiedenster Faktoren. Zu diesem Zweck wird die Arbeit aus drei großen unterschiedlichen Kapiteln bestehen. Gang der Untersuchung: Im ersten Teil wird die Regionalisierung des Welthandels und deren Auswirkungen auf das multilaterale Welthandelsystem von GATT/WTO untersucht. Mit einer theoretischen Einführung soll die Bedeutung der Problematik unterstrichen werden. Sind die alten und neuen Bestimmungen von GATT/WTO geeignet, die Regionalisierung zu regulieren und in ein wirksames Regelwerk einzubinden ? Können regionale Wirtschaftsgemeinschaften durch die WTO überhaupt regulativ beeinflußt werden? Das zweite Kapitel befaßt sich mit der Entstehungsgeschichte und dem bisherigen Weg der AFTA. Rechfertigt das mögliche Austauschverhältnis eine Freihandelszone ? Wie sah die wirtschaftliche Kooperation der ASEAN im Vergleich zum GATT vor 1992 aus ? Welche Ziele verfolgt die ASEAN mit der AFTA ? Rechtfertigt der Intrablockhandel der ASEAN eine Freihandelszone ? Welchen Stellenwert im Welthandel nehmen die ASEAN-Staaten ein ? Wie sieht der AFTA-Handel mit Drittstaaten aus ? Ist eine Handelsumlenkung absehbar ? Sind durch die AFTA bereits Bestimmungen von GATT/WTO verletzt worden ? Der dritte Teil der Arbeit richtet den analytischen Blick auf die indonesische Handels- und Investitionspolitik. Indones...

Stefan Ulrich Hegner The implementation of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Protocol on Trade

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4702 руб.
Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: The SADC Protocol on Trade lays the foundation for the planned free trade area in the SADC region. Its ratification is expected in the near future and therefore the question arises in how far the creation of the free trade area will affect the patterns of intraregional trade. After an examination of the framework of preferential and free trade agreements in the region this study employs a customised methodology based on Viner's theory of customs unions in order to identify those areas of trade that will be affected by trade creation or trade diversion effects. I have examined the trade creation and trade diversion potential of the most relevant goods for each of the twelve SADC countries, resolved to a 2 digit HS code level. These results were then put into relation to the overall macroeconomic situation in each country. There were a number of data problems that make the findings of this study less meaningful. However, to some extent this report can be seen as a best possible approximation and as a starting point for further and more detailed research. The overall findings can be summed up as follows: · South Africa is not going to be the only winner from the free trade area and especially its textile and clothing sector might suffer as a result. · There are virtually no trade creation and trade diversion effects to be expected for the BLNS countries but there is a good possibility of additional exports. Therefore, they are likely to profit the mos...

Menandro Abanes ASEAN Way of Peacebuilding through Performing Arts, Community Building, and Humanitarian Operations

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2052 руб.
Internship Report from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: A, University for Peace, course: International Peace Studies, language: English, abstract: Internship bridges the gap between the theory and practice in the field of studies. The training includes provision of theoretical foundations of the field of peace and conflict and opportunity to have a professional experience in international and local organizations as a final requirement for the completion of the program leading to a master's degree. This internship final report focuses on the latter part of the training.Specifically, this final report describes the conduct of internship in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), particularly in the Bureau for Resources Development (BRD), from June- October 2008. The internship was divided into three assignments/activities, namely, the Best of ASEAN Performing Arts, the ASEAN Political and Security Community meeting, and the ASEAN Humanitarian Task Force in Myanmar. These activities and events are characterized as ASEAN Way of peacebuilding in Southeast Asian region. The report contains mainly seven sections; 1) a profile of the organization that hosts the internship, 2) conceptual framework on the area of work, and 3) the relationship of the area of work with the field of peace and conflict studies, 4) accomplishments and assessment, 5) lesson learned, 6) summary, 7) recommendati...

Nima Pouyan AFTA.s impact on Vietnam

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1539 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: International Organisations, grade: 1,3, King`s College London, course: The Business Environment in the Asia-Pacific, 15 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This book analyses and evaluates the question, in how far the creation of the Asian Free Trade Area (AFTA) brought economic benefits to the ASEAN country Vietnam. To evaluate this question the impacts of AFTA on Vietnam's trade and their foreign direct investment (FDI) are evaluated and in a further step the question analysed in how far AFTA can affect the government income revenues of Vietnam. For the analysis of AFTA's impact on Vietnams' trade, the trade structure of Vietnam will be analysed. In general it can be said that for Vietnam the accession to AFTA is a very important step in their transition process to a more market economy. Furthermore it is a major step in Vietnams' integration in the world economy. Especially the access of Vietnamese firms to a huge market such as ASEAN seems to be very advantageous. In the case of foreign direct investments, the question is if AFTA is seen by foreign firms and investors as a positive factor which would lead to investments in Vietnam or if it does not change the situation or if it has even a negative impact on the FDI due to the reason that the industries are not protected anymore by the tariffs and quotas. A further question to analyse is the ori...

Torsten Biedermann Identitatsbildende Elemente regionaler Handelsabkommen in einer globalisierten Weltwirtschaft am Fallbeispiel der ASEAN

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1577 руб.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Globalisierung, pol. Ökonomie, Note: 1,7, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena (Institut für Politikwissenschaft), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „ASEAN´s fundamental norms are directed toward protecting and enhancing the sovereignty ofits member states. Sovereignty is the foundation on which ASEAN is built [...] In Practice, thatmeans that the ASEAN regional identity does not prevent the ASEAN states from putting narrownational interests above regional interests. [...] In addition, ASEAN´s members often do notshare economic and political philosophies, systems, or levels of development. [...] The commoninterests and objectives that are crucial to the formation of a strong regional institution are oftenmissing in the ASEAN."In Bezug auf die Ansicht Shaun Narines können innerhalb der Wissenschaft äquivalenteMeinungen bezüglich der ASEAN konstatiert werden. Gemäß den Aussagen James Clauds istdie ASEAN eine „[...] bisslose Schwatzbude, die bestenfalls regungslos überlebe, oder längstpolitisch irrelevant geworden sei." Kritisiert werden strukturelle Schwächen, geringeInstitutionalisierung, Nichteinmischungsprinzip, verfrühte Erweiterung und Versagen bei derBewältigung regionaler Probleme im Zuge der Asienkrise. Wiederum ist es der ASEAN jedochfür mehr als dreißig Jahre gelungen, im internationalen System zu überleben und sich zuetablieren. Einschätzungen darüber, welchen Stellenwert die Or...

Joseph Katie Impact of Chinese Exchange Rate Policy and its Trade Balance with the United States

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2577 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: B, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: From 1993, united states-china trade deficit has been increasing with the gap becoming bigger. Widening imbalance in bilateral trade has caused a number of concerns. This dissertation uses both secondary data and primary data to examine Chinese exchange rate policy and its trade balance with United States. Consequently, it was found that when statistical data was adjusted between 1989 and 2005, the trade imbalance of United States - china trade is not as united states report but occurs inevitably due to economic development. In addition, occurrence of trade deficit may not b a profit loss. Moreover, United States consumers and investors are benefiting from the trade between United States and china. According to the results, the china-united states debate on Chinese exchange rate debates are merely differences in perception in sequencing Chinese adoption of policies of making the exchange rate system flexible and reducing capital control.

Jiang Yanqing Technology Diffusion and Growing China

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8677 руб.
Technology diffusion plays an important role in shaping China's growth patterns and strategies. Continuous and sustainable development of the Chinese economy depends heavily on taking advantage of technology diffusion induced by international trade and foreign investment. This book examines how technology diffusion facilitated by openness to foreign trade and foreign investment affects the evolution of China's regional growth and interregional inequality. The book aims to provide the reader with analyses, findings and insights that shed new light on related issues and problems regarding China's growth and development.

Balbir Bhasin, Balbir Bhasin Doing Business in the ASEAN Countries

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4439 руб.
Southeast Asia is home to the ten ASEAN nations of Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. Collectively they comprise a huge market of over half a billion people, with a total land area of 4.5 million square kilometers, a combined domestic product in excess of US$1.1 trillion and total trade of over US$1.4 trillion. It is the most dynamic and fastest growing region in the world but also has some of the world's most distinctive cultures and business systems. It offers tremendous opportunities for investors and businesses. But to succeed you need to be familiar with the unique business environment including political and business systems, cultural idiosyncrasies, management practices, social structures, legal frameworks, government priorities, potential competition, establishing relationships and selecting partners, and dealing with corruption and other ethical pitfalls. The book will apply a framework to understand each country along these dimensions. This book is a practical and comprehensive guide to succeeding in ASEAN countries. It allows for a deeper understanding of the business environment of these diverse economies. You will be better able to evaluate the risk factors and make meaningful decisions.

Michael Hug Moglichkeiten der Bearbeitung der sudostasiatischen Markte fur kleine und mittlere deutsche Unternehmen durch eine Niederlassung in Singapur oder Malaysia

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4789 руб.
Inhaltsangabe:Gang der Untersuchung: Diese Diplomarbeit soll eine sehr praxisrelevante Arbeit sein. Zielsetzung war, eine Guideline für interessierte Unternehmen zu schaffen. Die Zielgruppe sind kleine und mittlere deutsche Unternehmen, die schon internationalisiert sind oder im Begriff dazu sind, sich zu internationalisieren. Der Blick soll dabei auf die stark wachsenden Volkswirtschaften Südostasiens gelenkt werden - auf die Staaten, die sich zur ASEAN, der Association of Southeast Asian Nations, zusammengeschlossen haben. Dieser Zusammenschluß hat zum Zeitpunkt der Erstellung dieser Arbeit, im Sommer 1997, sein 30-jähriges Bestehen gefeiert. Konzentriert dargestellt werden sollen die Standorte Singapur und Malaysia, welche geografisch ziemlich genau in der Mitte der Staatengemeinschaft und des sich bildenden einheitlichen Wirtschaftsraumes der ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) befinden. Zunächst soll darauf eingegangen werden, warum ein Engagement in der Region gerade auch für KMU sinnvoll ist und wie die momentane Situation aussieht - auch unter Berücksichtigung der aktuellen Finanz-, Währungs- und Wirtschaftskrise, welche die meisten der hier behandelten Länder betroffen hat. Im folgenden wird en detail auf die beiden Länder Singapur und Malaysia eingegangen und interessante Formen des Engagements für deutsche KMU in diesen beiden Ländern vorgestellt. Auf eigenen empirischen Untersuchungen basieren die dann dargestellten Vergleiche von Vorteilen und Nachteilen der Investition...

Kareem Bayo Changing trends in North-South trade contexts. An assessment of the intra-industry trade patterns between Germany and Nigeria

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2277 руб.
Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2016 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: 1,0, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (Department of Economics), language: English, abstract: The objective of this paper is to analyse whether and how recent North-South trade relations have been influenced by intra-industry trade patterns. The assumption is that there are continuous patterns of intra-industry trade within and outside the product categories the Northern and the Southern country trade with each other most commonly. However, they only represent a fraction of the otherwise dominating inter-industry type of trade. By analysing a case study of the bilateral trade between Germany and Nigeria, it is found that the nature of intra-industry trade is governed by two central causes: 1) the minor diversification of the Nigerian economy and low levels of trade in non-mineral products and 2) the revitalisation of traditional inter-industry trade dynamics brought about by the gradual move towards a Euro-African Free Trade Area.

Dennis Pohlmann The economic impact of NAFTA on Mexico

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2214 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: 1,0, Drury University (Breech School of Business Administration), course: International Economics, 19 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Many countries are reducing trade barriers and promoting regional economic integration. A result of this is the rising of free-trade areas in which the belonging countries trade freely among themselves without tariffs or trade restrictions.One example for a free-trade area is the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) founded by the U.S., Mexico and Canada. When NAFTA took effect on January 1, 1994, it created the world´s largest free-trade zone with a combined population of over 416 million and a total GDP of $12 trillion. Of course, the U.S., as the world´s largest single market, dominates the North American business environment. The goal of NAFTA is to eliminate all the trade barriers between the three countries over a 15-year period, completed in 2009. NAFTA also substantially reduces, but does not completely eliminate, nontariff trade barriers like import quotas, sanitary regulations, and licensing agreements. From the beginning, NAFTA had a lot of opponents in the U.S. as well as in Mexico. For example, U.S. labor unions feared a loss in jobs because of dislocating production from the USA to Mexico by reason of lower wages. In Mexico, farmers opposed and still opposing NAFTA because of the high U.S. subsidies...

David Greenaway The World Economy. Global Trade Policy 2010

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2107.25 руб.
This is the seventeenth volume in an annual series in which leading economists provide a concise and accessible evaluation of major developments in trade and trade policy. Examines key issues pertinent to the multinational trading system, as well as regional trade arrangements and policy developments at the national level Provides up-to-date assessments of the World Trade Organization's current Trade Policy Reviews A vital resource for researchers, analysts and policy-advisors interested in trade policy and other open economy issues Analyses global trade policy in Turkey, China and The Dominican Republic, and a survey by Tarlok Singh questions whether international trade does cause economic growth Includes chapters exploring WTO issues, and a section on regional trading agreements

Sebastian Streich Die sudostasiatische Staatengemeinschaft ASEAN. Ein Uberblick und aktuelle Entwicklungen

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1889 руб.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich VWL - Fallstudien, Länderstudien, Note: 1,3, Technische Universität Chemnitz, 19 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Im Rahmen dieser Arbeit zur Entwicklungsökonomik soll die südostasiatische Staatengemeinschaft ASEAN näher betrachtet werden. Sie hatte sich zum Zeitpunkt ihrer Gründung 1967 der Förderung des wirtschaftlichen Wachstums, des sozialen Fortschritts und der kulturellen Entwicklung ihrer Mitgliedsstaaten verschrieben. Die aus mittlerweile zehn Staaten bestehende Gemeinschaft hat in der Vergangenheit durch euphorische Jahre des Wirtschaftsbooms, aber auch durch die Asienkrise 1997 für Aufsehen in der westlichen Welt gesorgt. So wurden immer wieder Diskussionen um das Entwicklungsmodell der ASEAN ausgelöst und heiß diskutiert.In diesem Sinne gestaltet sich der Aufbau der Arbeit wie folgt: In Kapitel 2 wird erläutert, wer und was die ASEAN ist. Dazu werden kurze Ausführungen zu ihrer Geschichte, zu ihren Mitgliedstaaten sowie zur Organisation der ASEAN dargeboten. Da ein Ziel der ASEAN in der Förderung des wirtschaftlichen Wachstums liegt, wird im dritten Kapitel ein Überblick über die wichtigsten Entwicklungstheorien des Außenhandels und des Wachstums gegeben. Es sollen dabei die Ursachen des Außenhandels erklärt und seine möglichen Folgen aufgezeigt werden. Ziel des Theorieteils soll ein besseres Verständnis darüber sein, weshalb sich die ASEAN so im Bereich Außenhandel engagiert. Die Kapitel 4 ...

David Greenaway The World Economy. Global Trade Policy 2011

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3011.97 руб.
This is the eighteenth volume in an annual series in which leading economists provide a concise and accessible evaluation of major developments in trade and trade policy. Examines key issues pertinent to the multinational trading system, as well as regional trade arrangements and policy developments at the national level The 2011 issue analyses global trade policy in areas such as Malaysia, West Africa and China Includes a review of antidumping, safeguards and countervailing duties from 1990–2009 Includes chapters exploring WTO issues, and a special section on agricultural trading issues Provides up-to-date assessments of the World Trade Organization's current Trade Policy Reviews A vital resource for researchers, analysts and policy-advisors interested in trade policy and other open economy issues

David Greenaway The World Economy. Global Trade Policy 2012

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3011.97 руб.
This is the nineteenth volume in an annual series in which leading economists provide a concise and accessible evaluation of major developments in trade and trade policy. Examines key issues pertinent to the multinational trading system, as well as regional trade arrangements and policy developments at the national level Includes chapters exploring WTO issues, and agricultural trading issues Provides up-to-date assessments of the World Trade Organization's current Trade Policy Reviews Analyses global trade policy in areas such as Australia and Sri Lanka, and includes special sections on both China and Malaysia A vital resource for researchers, analysts and policy-advisors interested in trade policy and other open economy issues

Johanna Grotendorst Myanmar und ASEAN. Die Rolle der ASEAN im politischen .Wandel Myanmars

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4627 руб.
Seit August 2011 überraschte die burmesische Regierung unter Staatspräsident Thein Sein internationale Beobachter mit einer ganzen Reihe demokratischer Reformen. Auch wenn es weiterhin zu schwerwiegenden Menschenrechtsverletzungen in Myanmar gerade gegen Angehörige ethnischer Minderheiten kommt, sind erstmals - nach fünfzig Jahren Militärdiktatur - positive Veränderungen im Hinblick auf eine politische Liberalisierung des Landes und eine Verbesserung der Menschenrechtslage feststellbar.Die vorliegende Untersuchung fragt, wie dieser „politische Wandel" Myanmars seit 2011 zu erklären ist und beleuchtet dabei insbesondere die Rolle der Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), in die Myanmar 1997 eingetreten war. So zeichnet sie die Beziehung zwischen der ASEAN und Myanmar von 1997 bis 2012 in ihren verschiedenen Phasen nach und analysiert, inwieweit die ASEAN als "teacher of norms" angesehen werden kann, welche durch Sozialisation zum „politischen Wandel" in Myanmar beiträgt.

Paul Petersen An analysis of the benefits and critique between the free trade agreements NAFTA and CETA in a historical comparison

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5314 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2018 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: 1,9, Cologne Business School Köln, language: English, abstract: The following paper refers to the potential of international free trade agreements to create interconnected economic markets, which require a common trade policy of the contracting countries. The difficulty in this approach is to ensure an economic integration of both countries on the basis of bilateral treaties, despite differing cultural, social and economic attitudes. As an effect of the continuing globalization and the increased international interconnectedness, there is generally a rising number of international free trade agreements among countries with the intention to achieve economic growth and welfare that on the other hand simultaneously led to an increased amount of criticism arising from non-governmental organizations, consumer protection organizations or environmental groups. This oppositeness has received a lot of attention during the recent negotiations and implementation of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the European Union and Canada. Similar to the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), which is a foreseen free trade agreement between the European Union and the United States that has been temporarily suspended due to huge protests, both agreements have in common that they bear more criticism that than any other free trade agreement ever before. This is...

Henry George Protection or Free Trade

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789 руб.
Economist HENRY GEORGE (1839-1897) was, at the height of his popularity in the 1880s and 1890s, considered the third most famous American, behind Mark Twain and Thomas Edison, and his liberal philosophies on taxation, copyrights, poverty issues, and more continue to influence progressive movements today.Here, in this 1886 book, George examines the pressing issues of free trade and protectionism... issues that continue to thwart and challenge our economies today. How do tariffs impact production and revenue? Do high wages necessitate protectionism? What is lacking in arguments for free trade? What are the strengths and weaknesses of both free trade and protectionism? George answers these questions, and others, in this incisive work.ALSO FROM COSIMO: George's Progress and Poverty, The Science of Political Economy, A Perplexed Philosopher, The Condition of Labor, and Social Problems.

Hüsrev Akaslan Ist die EU Handelspolitik WTO-konform.

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1352 руб.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Sonstiges, Note: 1,0, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Veranstaltung: Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen, 19 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Das General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) sah einheitliche Rechte und Pflichten für alle Vertragsparteien vor. Die Präambel betonte, dass auf Grundlage der Gegenseitigkeit die Handelshemmnisse abgebaut und die Diskriminierungen im internationalen Handel beseitigt werden sollen. Während sich die Zahl der WTO-Mitgliedsstaaten stetig erhöht, steigt seit den frühen neunziger Jahren auch die Zahl der regionalen Handelsabkommen. So stellen zum Beispiel die Europäische Union (EU), die North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA) und Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) regionale Handelsabkommen dar. Die Mitgliedsstaaten der Handelsabkommen begünstigen sich gegenseitig, räumen diese Vorteile aber Drittstaaten nicht ein. Dies verstößt gegen wichtige GATT-Prinzipien. Während also die EU selbst ein wichtiges Handelsabkommen ist, entwickelte sie seit den 90er Jahren auch Handelsabkommen mit vielen Entwicklungsländern und Industrienationen zu einem bedeutenden Instrument ihrer Außenwirtschaftspolitik. Im Rahmen dieser Arbeit wird die EU als Integrationsraum sowie die Handelsinstrumente der EU auf ihre GATT-Konformität geprüft. Unter den Handelsinstrumenten stehen vor allem die präferenziellen Abkommen mit vielen Entwicklungslän...

Pierre Reiner The Role of Free Trade Agreements in a Globalizing World

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2627 руб.
Referat / Aufsatz (Schule) aus dem Jahr 2016 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Globalisierung, pol. Ökonomie, Note: 1,4, , Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: The document analyzes the impact of Free Trade Agreements, as part of globalization, on societies, economies, and the environment. It offers answers to the question whether the global gap between industrial and developing states will increase in the process of globalization while summarizing many factual connections of global governance precisely. "The Role of Free Trade Agreements in a Globalizing World" is written in English.The base of the thesis expressed in this document consists of the conclusion that free trade, as part of globalization, is inevitable and being implemented at increasing speed. Thus, the analysis of the impact of free trade on societies, economies, and the environment is crucial to the understanding of future developments. This document covers all of the above aspects and aims at providing an outline of global trends.This document will solely discuss the role of FTAs and pay less attention to the other methods of free trade expansion. Nonetheless, most arguments, correlations and findings concerning FTAs can also be mentioned when discussing these other measures. They do not only apply to FTAs. The importance of the issue presented in this introduction becomesclear as one takes a closer look at the phenomenon of globalization.Das Dokument analysiert den Einfluss von Freihand...

Daniel Bays H. A New History of Christianity in China

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7761.77 руб.
A New History of Christianity in China, written by one of the world's the leading writers on Christianity in China, looks at Christianity's long history in China, its extraordinarily rapid rise in the last half of the twentieth century, and charts its future direction. Provides the first comprehensive history of Christianity in China, an important, understudied area in both Asian studies and religious history Traces the transformation of Christianity from an imported, Western religion to a thoroughly Chinese religion Contextualizes the growth of Christianity in China within national and local politics Offers a portrait of the complex religious scene in China today Contrasts China with other non-Western societies where Christianity is surging

Alexander Reck From GATT to WTO to what.

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1414 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: International Organisations, grade: 1,7, University of Potsdam, language: English, abstract: Die Ursprünge und aktuelle Problemstellungen des multilateralen Handelssystems.The multilateral trade Regime, the World Trade Organization, arrived, asso often in its past, at a cross road. The Doha Development Agenda is now in its7th year, once again cancelled and once again tried to be revitalized. How come?On the one hand a broad consensus exists, saying that free trade is better foreveryone. From farmers and fishermen to bankers and C.E.O.'s, everybody fromwhite to blue-collar is supposed to gain welfare from global free trade. And thosewho don't even have collars can get some through trading. China's rise in the lastdecades is not imaginable without global trade. Almost 1 billion people profitfrom that and that is just one country!But on the other hand there are protectionist measures, bilateraloverreaching treaties, subsidies for bankrupt industries and non-tariff barriers totrade installed from those countries that benefitted the most of the liberalizationsof the past decades.Today the small ones, the former colonies, the developing countries try topick their piece of the pie and are not willing to let the industrialized countriesbreak the rules they used to engage years ago. They are not willing to take theinequality anymore and raise their voices in one of the only forums th...

Thi Thu Huong Dang Examining the engagement between civil society in Southeast Asia and ASEAN in the ASEAN Community building process

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1789 руб.
Essay from the year 2008 in the subject South Asian Studies, South-Eastern Asian Studies, grade: A-, LUISS University of Rome (LUISS University of Rome, Faculty of Social Science), 47 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The essay examines the engagement between civil society in Southeast Asia andASEAN in the ASEAN community building process. It argues that in spite of initial efforts inmutual accommodation, both sides have been divided from within, which slows theengagement and gives it more form than substance. The efforts by ASEAN so far will onlycreate a community of the governing elite, not a community of the people. Regionalcommunity building, just like nation-building, is very much a people-centered process. It isnot a simple top-down chain of command and control. If ASEAN wants to establish a realcommunity, it must change its modus operandi. It must be much more than an exclusive clubfor the governing elite by giving more space as well as power to civil society in its agendasettingand decision-making. A community is much more a cognitive than material construction; it is somethingthat has to be believed in, sensed, and nurtured by the people. In Southeast Asia, theAssociation of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is building an ASEAN Community, whichis its most far-reaching project. Yet is it possible for a regional organisation that has beenwidely criticised by civil society for being remote to and detached from the people toestablish a community of...

Alina Pricopi Market access for foreign investors in China 2016. Investigating the Draft Foreign Investment Law

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3139 руб.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Law - Civil / Private / Trade / Anti Trust Law / Business Law, The Hague University, language: English, abstract: The present bachelor thesis aims to analyse whether the proposed changes of the Draft Foreign Investment Law address the existing legal issues identified within the current market access structure of China.

GLOBALISATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN CHINA

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6114 руб.
In the 26 years since market-oriented reforms were introduced, China has emerged onto the world stage as a major economic presence, particularly since her accession to the World Trade Organisation in 2001.This book is a collection of papers on the effects of globalisation on China's growth prospects and of China's growth on the wider economy. The issues explored include the sustainability of China's continuing economic reform and the necessary reforms to sustain that growth; the considerable effects of her integration into the global economy and its implications for the conduct of Chinese economic policies, including the exchange rate regime; and the influence of China on the regional and world economy. China's competitiveness in exports has also begun to challenge the market share of developing and developed economies; this role in promoting intra-regional trade is also explored.

World Trade Organization: Dispute Settlement Reports 2012: Volume 9: Pages 4583 to 5302

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13777 руб.
The Dispute Settlement Reports of the World Trade Organization (WTO) include Panel and Appellate Body reports, as well as arbitration awards, in disputes concerning the rights and obligations of WTO members under the provisions of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization. These are the WTO authorized and paginated reports in English. An essential addition to the library of all practising and academic trade lawyers and needed by students worldwide taking courses in international economic or trade law. DSR 2012: IX reports on European Union - Anti-Dumping Measures on Certain Footwear from China (WT/DS405).

Edgar Alfred Bowring Free Trade and Its So-Called Sophisms, a Reply By E.a. Bowring and V.H. Hobart to .Sophisms of Free Trade., Examined by a Barrister Sir J.B. Byles.

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748 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.

Fawcett Henry Free Trade and Protection, an Inquiry Into the Causes Which Have Retarded the General Adoption of Free Trade

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1276 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.

L S. 1873-1955 Amery The fundamental fallacies of free trade, four addresses on the logical groundwork of the free trade theory

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759 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.

Henry George Protection or free trade. microform

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692 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "[S.l. : s.n.]", 1892 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Protection or free trade? microform.

John Barnard Byles Sophisms of free trade and popular political economy examined

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974 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "Seeleys", 1851 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Sophisms of free trade and popular political economy examined.

World Trade Organization: Dispute Settlement Reports 2012: Volume XII, Pages 6249-6772

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13777 руб.
The Dispute Settlement Reports of the World Trade Organization (WTO) include Panel and Appellate Body reports, as well as arbitration awards, in disputes concerning the rights and obligations of WTO members under the provisions of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization. These are the WTO authorized and paginated reports in English. An essential addition to the library of all practising and academic trade lawyers and needed by students worldwide taking courses in international economic or trade law. DSR 2012: XII reports on China - Countervailing and Anti-Dumping Duties on Grain Oriented Flat-Rolled Electrical Steel from the United States (WT/DS414).

Pruektanakul Nuchit Impact of Foreign Exchange Policies in Asia on the World Economy

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9302 руб.
Over the recent years, a prominent issue of global imbalances has centered upon increasingly large current account surpluses in emerging and developing Asia, corresponding to a huge deficit in the US. The US government and economists have accused China of keeping its currency undervalued as part of its export-led growth policy. Some also criticizes that other Asian countries tend to intervene in currency markets in order to keep their currencies weak against the dollar to stay competitive with Chinese goods. Thus, this book aims to investigate whether the Asian region, in particular China, can help global current account rebalancing through their exchange rate appreciation by using a global macroeconomic model, namely CAM, originated by Cripps and Godley (1978). From simulation results, real appreciation of Chinese yuan improves not only the US trade deficit, but also enhances trade balances for Japan and other Asian countries. Moreover, a reduction in China's trade surplus due to the yuan appreciation would be amplified if there was an expansionary fiscal policy in China. In addition, joint appreciation among Asian countries is totally superior to their unilateral appreciation.

Farrer Thomas Henry Free trade versus fair trade

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1287 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.

Lawrence Okolo Abutu The economic Relations between China and Nigeria

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5439 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Other States, grade: None, Xiamen University (Research School of South-east Asian Studies), course: International Relations, language: English, abstract: This paper examines China-Nigeria economic-political relations. On February 10, 1971 a historical stage was set between China and Nigeria, one of not only bilateral relations but of mutual respect for each other. Although this relationship dates back to more than three decades, recent developments call for a careful and detailed analysis of this union and to this end, i seek to provide analysis of the relationship with respect to investment, trade, aid, and economic cooperation. Recent developments in China and Nigeria relationship are not unconnected with the renewed ties between the two giants as Nigeria has become one of China's most important trading partners in Africa. The contemporary waves of diplomatic relations appear to a reasonable extent mutually beneficial. Nigeria's quest for development with an aggressive campaign for FDI as one of the motivating forces has opened the economy which China is seen as an ideal business partner. Accordingly, this paper, through a critical review of the literature examines, and evaluates the opportunities and challenges abound in the nascent economic and trade relationships, and discusses the prospects of the deals for the Chinese, Nigerian, and African socio-economic growth.Ke...

Hilmar Müller Bedeutung unterschiedlicher Kulturen im Rahmen des internationalen Marketing

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4677 руб.
Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: Schlagwörter wie Globalisierung, ‚global sourcing‘, ‚global village‘, Handelsliberalisierung und internationale Arbeitsteilung begegnen uns immer häufiger in den verschiedensten Medien. Die letzten Jahrzehnte waren durch eine ausgesprochene Dynamik der Außenhandelsverflechtung sowie durch Veränderungen in der Weltpolitik geprägt. Die Erweiterung der EG (= Europäische Gemeinschaft) auf zuletzt 15 Mitgliedstaaten sowie ihr Ausbau zur EU (= Europäische Union) mit der Realisierung eines europäischen Binnenmarktes (seit dem 1. Januar 1993), die Bildung von Freihandelszonen in Nord- und Südamerika in Form der NAFTA (= North American Free Trade Association) und des MERCOSUR (= Mercado Común del Como Sur) bzw. die wirtschaftliche Kooperation von asiatischen Staaten in der ASEAN (= Association of South-East-Asian Nations), aber auch die Weiterentwicklung des bisherigen Zoll- und Handelsabkommens GATT (= General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) zur Welthandelsorganisation WTO (= World Trade Organization) stellen Markpunkte in dieser Entwicklung dar. Darüber hinaus bildet der Umbruch in den mittel- und osteuropäischen Staaten durch den Transformationsprozeß ebenso automatisch eine neue Perspektive. Dies hat eine veränderte Problemsituation für das Internationale Marketing (= IM) zur Folge, denn die "Entwicklung zur Internationalisierung der Aktivitäten von Unternehmen trifft mit der grundsätzlichen Marketingorientierung von Unternehmen zusammen, die sich im ...

CHINA-EU. A COMMON FUTURE

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6114 руб.
Negotiations for a new EU-China Partnership & Cooperation Agreement have just got underway and are likely to take two to three years. This is the first book to explore the wide range of issues affecting the China-EU relationship, including the US factor, environmental issues, WTO, governance, trade matters, civil society, democracy, the RMB, energy security, arms embargo, UN reform, Taiwan, Japan, North Korea, Africa and many others.The result of an intense, collaborative exercise between over 30 respected Chinese and European scholars, this timely book highlights the necessity of a China-EU relationship and why it will be mutually beneficial. Recommendations for the harmonious development of relations between China and the EU are offered as well.

China Reports On Trade at the Treaty Ports

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1287 руб.
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания, созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.

Philipp Gauß International Trade China. Coal, Oil and Gas

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1664 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Trade and Distribution, grade: 1,0, European School of Business Reutlingen (ESB), language: English, abstract: China's extremely fast growing economy has made the demand and supply of energy a crucial topic. Today, China is the largest consumer of primary energy and the third largest producer.In the years between 1978 and 2000, the Chinese economy grew by 9% while at the same time the energy demand only grew by 4%. This trend has been turned around in 2001, when growth was stable at 9%, but energy demand grew by 13% a year.While China demanded 10% of the world energy demand in 2001, supporting these demand by 96% of domestic production, in 2007 they already accounted for 15% of the worlds energy demand, making them dependent on imports for coal, oil and gas,due to domestic supply lower 90%.As a result of these movements in the domestic demand and production picture of primary energies, China will have to face growing dependencies on the international energy markets, to secure sufficient energy to industry and population.The purpose of this paper is to show the change of trade flows in China with a focus on the primary energy resource coal, oil and gas. The change of production, consumption,import and export of these as well as related topics as price and transportationwill be identified.Illustrating government involvements and economic players will complete the researchto offer a comprehensive picture.[....

Martin Mittelstädt, Björn Bornemann China.s distinctive links with Africa

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1527 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: 1,0, Norwegian School of Management, BI (Norwegian School of Management, BI), 28 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: "China has become the most confident and assertive commercial player in Africa.It appears that China will over time displace Western commercial interests andpolitical influence on the continent. But China is not the new coloniser. It is anexpanding global power toward which Africa must pragmatically align itself."(Dr. Martyn J. Davies, Director, Centre for Chinese Studies).Sino-African trade sextupled from 1998 to 2005 to $1 36 bn (Schüller and Asche,2007: 4) and on a conference in Beijing in 2006 China's Premier announced theaim to increase the trade volume to $ 100 bn in 2010 (Hui, 2006). These figuresrepresent China's growing engagement in Africa. But it is not quite clear ifChina's impact on Africa is positive or not. One point of view, of which the quotepresented above is a part, is that China's engagement has the potential to increaseAfrica's importance in the global economy and to significantly reduce poverty onthe continent. Whereas others heavily criticize Beijing's approach towards the Africancountries and claim that China is nothing but a new coloniser.The purpose of this study is to conduct a descriptive analysis of China's impact onAfrica. We therefore first describe China&...

FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS IN THE ASIA PACIFIC

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7427 руб.
Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) have proliferated in East Asia as regional economies rush to catch up with the rest of the world — but what difference do they make? This book answers that question by providing an up-to-date assessment of the quality and impact of FTAs in the region. Featuring a collection of papers originally written for the prestigious Research Institute for Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) in Tokyo, it presents contemporary analysis and insights into the evolution of recent FTAs. The book is suitable for use by trade policy negotiators, policy analysts, and people developing business strategies in organizations, as well as graduate students and researchers in the field.

Roy Della Savia Migration and Emigration in Canada until 2003

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6677 руб.
This research discusses the relationship between the migration of skilled professional and managerial workers from Canada to the United States, the so-called "brain drain", and seeks to determine if and how the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) may have affected bilateral flows of permanent and non-permanent immigrants between the two countries.Classical economic theory suggests that trade and factor movements are substitutes, so that freer trade between Canada and the United States could be expected to reduce incentives for bilateral migration. On the other hand, the labor demands of multinational corporations in the emerging global marketplace require a greater degree of worker mobility than has heretofore existed. The research reviews available historic and longitudinal evidence related to political, social and economic effects of the FTA and the NAFTA.

Dispute Settlement Reports 2012: Volume 8: Pages 3931-4582

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13777 руб.
The Dispute Settlement Reports of the World Trade Organization (WTO) include Panel and Appellate Body reports, as well as arbitration awards, in disputes concerning the rights and obligations of WTO members under the provisions of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization. These are the WTO authorized and paginated reports in English. An essential addition to the library of all practising and academic trade lawyers and needed by students worldwide taking courses in international economic or trade law. DSR 2012: VIII reports on China - Measures Related to the Exportation of Various Raw Materials (WT/DS394, WT/DS395, WT/DS398) and Philippines - Taxes on Distilled Spirits (WT/DS396, WT/DS403).

Agus Biyanto PREDICTING PURCHASE INTENTION OF NATIONAL CARS

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9602 руб.
Only a limited number of researches have been conducted to study the consumer behavior in Malaysian automotive market so far. In fact, Malaysia is going to face the consequences of Asean Free Trade Agreement (AFTA) in year 2005. Considering that Malaysia belongs to one of the most highly protected automobile markets in the world in order to shield the national car manufacturers, certainly AFTA will enable global car manufacturers to come into Malaysia with serious challenges. Based on current situation, this research tries to find out some crucial factors underlying the consumer behavior. The model of five consumption values by Gross, Newman, and Sheth (1991) was adapted to serve the research framework.

Sebastian Streich, Nicole Blaschitz, Alexander Maronitis Freier Handel in der Welt. Die Auswirkungen internationaler Handelsabkommen und Freihandelszonen

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4602 руб.
Fachbuch aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich VWL - Außenhandelstheorie, Außenhandelspolitik, , Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: "Der Welthandel boomt. Das verdanken wir nicht zuletzt den verschiedenen internationalen Freihandelszonen und Handelsabkommen, die lange vor TTIP einen Welthandel mit günstigen Konditionen und niedrigen Zöllen erst möglich machen.Doch welche Auswirkungen haben solche Freihandelszonen auf die beteiligten Länder? Hat die Bevölkerung profitiert? Welche Abkommen gibt es überhaupt und durch welche politischen und wirtschaftlichen Prozesse wurden sie beeinflusst? Antworten auf diese und weitere Fragen werden Sie im Buch finden.Aus dem Inhalt:NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)MERCOSUR (Mercado Común del Sur)ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)GCC (Global Climate Coalition)

Britta Meys The Role of Human Rights in Contemporary U.S. Foreign Policy towards China

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1039 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2002 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: USA, grade: 1,0 (A), Ripon College (Department of Politics and Government), course: Senior Seminar, language: English, abstract: Due to economic reforms that were started in the late 1970s, China has stepped into the center of international politics and economy during the past years. These reforms helped the country to achieve an immense economic upturn with annual growth rates of almost ten percent and thus made China an ever more important actor on the international stage of politics. The United States strongly support China's economic development by granting it permanent Normal Trade Relations, for example, and investing directly in China's manufacturing sector. But whereas China has been liberalizing its market, using American interests to gain profits, it largely maintains its defensive and rejecting attitude about changing its human rights situation. There are controversial opinions about how the United States should respond towards China human rights situation.In order to make aware of the stagnated situation of the human rights issue in U.S. China policy, this paper explores how the Clinton administration handled human rights in China policy and looks at the role of human rights in the Bush jr. administration's policy towards China.

Vishaal Kishore Ricardo.s Gauntlet. Economic Fiction and the Flawed Case for Free Trade

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2227 руб.
'Ricardo's Gauntlet' advances a critique of the mainstream economic case for international free trade. While the core of the case for free trade is David Ricardo's principle of comparative advantage, the book argues that this case relies on a cluster of interconnected and mutually enforcing 'economic fictions' - economic theories or doctrines that pretend to be fact but which upon examination turn out to be mirages. Exposing the layers of fictions nested in the subfields of mainstream economies empties comparative advantage of its persuasiveness, bringing down the case for free trade.This book is not, however, confined to dealing with esoteric puzzles within economic theory. Rather, it takes a social theoretical perspective and grapples with comparative advantage and its associated economic fictions as ideas that ground an argument with social currency, social validity and social effects. While 'Ricardo's Gauntlet' engages in economic debates, it does so with the purpose of demonstrating the fragility of mainstream economic ideology and the flaw at the heart of its justification of free trade.Proposing a novel disaggregation of the case for free trade into its component fictions - and drawing on and uniting heterodox and radical strands including social theory and political philosophy - 'Ricardo's Gauntlet' reveals that the case for free trade fails precisely on its own terms. This failure unnecessarily and dangerously limits ou...

John Keay China: A History

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828.32 руб.
An accessible, authoritative single-volume narrative history of China, from the earliest times to the present day, designed both to engage the general reader and to challenge the horizons of the China specialist.Most histories of China appear to have been written by sinologists for sinologists. As China rejoins and perhaps comes to dominate our world order, the need for an authoritative yet engaging history is universally acknowledged.Modelled on the author's own 'India: A History', 'China: A History' is informed by a wide knowledge of the Asian context, an approach devoid of Euro-centric bias, and acclaimed narrative skills. Broadly chronological, the book presents a history of all the Chinas – including those regions (Yunnan, Tibet, Xinjiang, Mongolia, Manchuria) that account for two thirds of the People's Republic of China land mass but which barely feature in its conventional history (which tends to concentrate on the succession of mainly north China imperial dynasties).The book also examines the many non-Chinese elements in China's history – the impact of Buddhism, Islam and Christianity; the effects of trade; the nature of 'barbarian' invasion; the relevance of many imperial dynasties being of non-Chinese origin.Major archaeological discoveries in the last two decades afford a chance to flesh out and correct much of the written record. 'China: A History' will tell the epic story from the time of the Three Dynasties (2000-220 BC) to Chairman Mao and the current economic transformation of the country.

Arnost Stanzel Die ASEAN und Walter Mattlis .Logic of Regional Integration.

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1689 руб.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Int. Organisationen u. Verbände, Note: 2,0, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die letzte WTO Ministerkonferenz in Hong Kong im Dezember 2005 hat ein weiteres mal be wiesen, wie schwierig es ist, sich gemeinsam auf eine Liberalisierung des Welthandels zu einigen. Die anfangs enthusiastisch begonnene sogenannte Doha Entwicklungsrunde hat spürbar an Bewe gung verloren, sogar ihr Scheitern wird für möglich gehalten. Vor diesem Hintergrund muss das neu aufgeflammte Interesse an bilateralen bzw. regionalen Handelsbündnissen gesehen werden. So zum Beispiel Japans Abkehr vom Handelsmultilateralismus hin zum Bilateralismus und vor allem die Wiederentdeckung und Stärkung von regionalen Integrationsprojekten wie dem Mercado Común del Sur in Südamerika (MERCOSUR), der Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) oder der Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in den letzten Jahren. Als Vorbild der meisten Integrationsprojekte gilt die Europäische Union (EU). Jedoch gibt es neben der EU als Paradebeispiel für die wirtschaftliche und auch politische Integration viele Negativbeispiele, z. B. die West European Free Trade Zone (WEFT) oder der Andenpakt. Die Frage nach dem Gelingen und Scheitern solcher Integrationsbemühungen beschäftigt seit den 50er Jahren vor allem Polito logen und Wirtschaftswissenschaftler, so dass sich über die Zeit eine Fülle an Theor...

Alois Maichel Regionale Wirtschaftsverbande. NAFTA, MERCOSUR, ASEAN und EU

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1889 руб.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2002 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Int. Organisationen u. Verbände, Note: 1,0, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Regionale Wirtschaftsverbände, die in der Regel auch regionale Wirtschaftsintegrationen oder Regionalintegrationen genannt werden, sind wichtige Akteure in der Weltwirtschaft. Die vier wichtigsten wirtschaftlichen Regionalintegrationen behandelt die folgende Arbeit: NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement, Nordamerikanisches Freihandelsabkommen), MERCOSUR (Mercado Común del Cono Sur, Gemeinsamer Markt im südlichen Lateinamerika), ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations, Verband der südostasiatischen Nationen) und EU (Europäische Union).Nachdem die Ziele, Formen und Wirkungen der ökonomischen Integration in regionalen Wirtschaftsverbänden im Punkt II aufgezeigt werden, folgt unter Punkt III.1 bis III.4 eine Analyse und Darstellung der vier Regionalintegrationen nach ihrer Aufgabe und ihrer Struktur, wobei sich dies in den entstehungsgeschichtlichen Kontext eingebettet vollzieht. In Punkt III.5 geschieht die vergleichende Einordnung der regionalen Wirtschaftsverbände nach integrationsspezifischen Gesichtspunkten in eine Form der wirtschaftlichen Integration, welche bereits im Punkt II.2 erläuternd dargestellt sind.Die oft diskutierte Frage, ob die Prozesse der Regionalisierung und Globalisierung als Konkurrenz oder Ergänzung zu betrachten seien und welche Standpunkte sic...

Hannes Mungenast EU-Chinese Trade Relations

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1252 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject South Asian Studies, South-Eastern Asian Studies, grade: 90, Dongbei University of Finance and Economics (School of International Business), course: Chinese Foreign Trade, 32 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The EU-Chinese trade relations are a very important aspect of today's world economy and are expected to even increase in future. These trade relations are equally important for both sides and will have a strong impact on the future of both parts.First of all, chapter 2 gives a summary of the most important aspects of trade-related statistics about China and the EU to give an overview of the two parties. In chapter 3, the history of the EU-Chinese relations and the most essential trade statistics will be presented. Before ending with an overall conclusion, chapter 4 will deal with some special trade issues of importance, like technological cooperation, the textile conflict and the everlasting issue of intellectual property rights.

Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements

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9266 руб.
The stalling of the Doha Development Round trade negotiations has resulted in bilateral and regional free trade agreements becoming an important alternative. These agreements have proliferated in recent years, and now all of the major trading countries are engaging in serious bilateral trade negotiations with multiple trading partners. This second edition provides a new collection of case studies illustrating the latest trends and innovations in bilateral and regional trade agreements (BRTAs). The selected BRTAs represent a good sampling of regional variation and cover the most important substantive issues. Authored by leading scholars and practitioners, each case study offers comprehensive analysis of the featured BRTA, and the format allows for quick comparisons.

Maier Stephan Private Banking in China

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4939 руб.
Many private bankers are very enthusiastic about the potential of the Chinese market. Despite that, a lot of entrants which came to China after its accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2006, experienced quite harsh conditions and had to deal with long periods of loss-making. This book aims at answering the questions whether medium-sized pure-play private banks (PBs) should already go onshore in China and which entry mode would be the most advantageous one. In order to come to a conclusion an analysis of the private banking environment in China and of the business model of medium-sized PBs is conducted. Then, key results of internationalization theory are applied and all these theoretical findings are tested in a survey among leading private banking experts.

Benjamin Hätinger Multilateral vs. Regional Economic Integration. - The Middle East and North African Region

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4189 руб.
Diploma Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: 2,3, University of Hohenheim, language: English, abstract: In this study it is intended to investigate today´s actual economic interdependence of what we would call the Middle East and North African (MENA) region and to analyze its economic interweaving, both among its member countries and into the global trading system.Being aware of the complexity and breadth of this topic, the author has chosen only three subset economic integration agreements, both between the countries of the MENA region (intraregional) - also comprising a subregional agreement - and between the MENA region and other regions (interregional), for closer analysis.Concerning the efforts made towards interregional economic integration, this thesis concentrates mainly on the so-called EU-MED Partnership which was initiated at the Barcelona Conference in 1995 and aims to establish an EU-Med Free Trade Area (EMFTA) by the year 2010 including the EU and the 12 so-called Mediterranean countrieswhich, apart from Malta, Cyprus and Turkey, all belong to the MENA region.In contrast, on the intraregional level, the latest initiative in 1997 will be examined, where 17 out of 22 Arab League member states - all of which also belong to the MENA region apart from Sudan - joined to constitute a "Greater Arab Free Trade Area" (GAFTA, mainly to get rid of traditional trade barriers for goods.On the smaller subregional level, ...

Sabrina Schleimer 25 Years of MERCOSUR. A successful Example of Regional Integration.

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3402 руб.
Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: 1,3, Berlin School of Economics and Law, language: English, abstract: The following extended term paper will analyse MERCOSUR and examine whether it can be regarded as a successful example of regional integration. To do so, the paper will review the objectives set in the founding treaty, the Treaty of Asunción, and analyse whether they have been fully met. At a glance, the objectives of MERCOSUR were to "eliminate trade barriers, establish a common external tariff, coordinate macroeconomic policies and develop the harmonization of laws" (Arieti, 2006, p. 764). To fulfil these objectives, the development of MERCOSUR was supposed to go through three gradual stages: the first goal was to create a free trade area, this was to be followed by a customs union, and the third and final aim was the creation of a common market. These stages will be analysed to conclude if they have been reached. At the same time, the main achievements and challenges of MERCOSUR's integration experience will be presented. The limited scope of this term paper does not allow for an analysis of every aspect in great detail. Due to this, the main focus after the theoretical section will be on the area of trade and on the earlier stages of the agreement, as this is most important to establish the success of MERCOSUR as a regional trade agreement and thus highly relevant to find an answer to the res...

Josephine Susan Götze The EU.s bilateral Strategic Partnerships. Drivers or blockers of interregional free trade agreements.

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5314 руб.
Master's Thesis from the year 2018 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: 1,0, University of Cologne (Lehrstuhl für internationale Politik und Außenpolitik), language: English, abstract: At the beginning of the 21st century, the international system is characterised by ever increasing interdependence, forcing actors to re-organise their relations. The new overlapping foreign policy instruments and cooperation formats on a bilateral, (sub)regional, interregional and multilateral level, in which states pursue different strategies for the assertion of interests, result in constellations that can be favourable but are often problematic for the conclusion of free trade agreements (FTAs). The EU, only recently having started to develop a common foreign policy and institutionalising relations with partners on a bilateral, interregional and multilateral level, is not free from this problem. Following an incoherent foreign trade policy, in which it shifts from bilateral (South Africa) to interregional (South East Asia) an mixed strategies (South America), the Union faces challenges in the conclusion of interregional FTAs. A current example is the ongoing bloc-to-bloc trade negotiations with the MERCOSUL (Mercado Comum do Sul in Portuguese or Common Market of the South in English) countries and the recent establishment of a bilateral SP with the MERCOSUL member Brazil that aims at cooperation on several topics, including trade. In the liter...

Robert Torrens An essay on the external corn trade

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0 руб.
Полный вариант заголовка: «An essay on the external corn trade : containing an inquiry into the General Principles of that important branch of traffic; an examination of the exceptions to which these principles are liable; and a comparative statement of the effects which restrictions on importation and free intercourse, are calculated to produce upon subsistence, agriculture, commerce, and revenue / by R. Torrens».

George Webb Medley, Sheffield Jnr. Liberal Ass. England England Under Free Trade

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1489 руб.
England Under Free Trade is an unchanged, high-quality reprint of the original edition of 1881.Hansebooks is editor of the literature on different topic areas such as research and science, travel and expeditions, cooking and nutrition, medicine, and other genres. As a publisher we focus on the preservation of historical literature. Many works of historical writers and scientists are available today as antiques only. Hansebooks newly publishes these books and contributes to the preservation of literature which has become rare and historical knowledge for the future.

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An accessible, authoritative single-volume narrative history of China, from the earliest times to the present day, designed both to engage the general reader and to challenge the horizons of the China specialist.Most histories of China appear to have been written by sinologists for sinologists. As China rejoins and perhaps comes to dominate our world order, the need for an authoritative yet engaging history is universally acknowledged.Modelled on the author's own 'India: A History', 'China: A History' is informed by a wide knowledge of the Asian context, an approach devoid of Euro-centric bias, and acclaimed narrative skills. Broadly chronological, the book presents a history of all the Chinas – including those regions (Yunnan, Tibet, Xinjiang, Mongolia, Manchuria) that account for two thirds of the People's Republic of China land mass but which barely feature in its conventional history (which tends to concentrate on the succession of mainly north China imperial dynasties).The book also examines the many non-Chinese elements in China's history – the impact of Buddhism, Islam and Christianity; the effects of trade; the nature of 'barbarian' invasion; the relevance of many imperial dynasties being of non-Chinese origin.Major archaeological discoveries in the last two decades afford a chance to flesh out and correct much of the written record. 'China: A History' will tell the epic story from the time of the Three Dynasties (2000-220 BC) to Chairman Mao and the current economic transformation of the country.
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